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Name of Company.
Poughkeepsie, Hartford and Boston...

New York and Coney Island..
Rochester and Lake Ontario....

Carthage, Watertown and Sackett's Harbor.
Clayton and Theresa....
Niagara Falls Branch..
Oswego and Rome.....
Rochester and Ontario Belt..
Syracuse, Phenix and Oswego.

Ưtica and Black River....
Saratoga, Mount McGregor and Lake George..
Schoharie Valley..
Silver Lake....

Ithaca, Auburn and Western
Southfield Branch......

Staten Island....
Sterling Mountain...
Stony Clove and Catskill Mountain.
Syracuse, Ontario and New York....
Tonawanda Valley and Cuba...

Troy and Bennington..
Troy Union....

Hobart Branch..
Wallkill Valley....


Miles in Stato of New York.

36.16 5.75 2.41

6.05 388.51 29.59 15.87 15.74 28.49

6.00 15.74 133.94 10.50 4.38 6.50

6.00 114.00 37.72 1.00 6.00 13.00

17.60 14.30 43.49 59.09 34.74 5.09 2.14 78.00

3.61 33.46

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The following reports are condensations made by the inspector from his field notes. The field notes themselves are filed in the office of the Board, and show in very much greater detail the condition of the structures and road-bed. (R. R. COMRS.)

ADDISON RAILROAD. The half mile or more of this railroad in the State of New York is operated by the Central Vermont Railroad Company. It extends from Addison Junction, with the New York and Canada railroad, to the center of the channel in Lake Champlain. One train each way only per day constitutes the traffic of the road in this State. The rail is iron, very much worn, secured at ends with iron chairs. The maintenance of superstructure is poor, both in line and surface on the road-bed, which constitutes about one-balf the length of road, the other half consisting of a trestle and pile bridge from the west shore to center of channel in lake. A portion of this structure has been repaired and some of the old tim. ber replaced with new. The spans of trestle are about twelve feet from center to center of caps, and the stringers consist of two pieces six by thirteen inches in section, under each rail. The ties have been renewed and are spaced about one foot in the clear. One span was noticed seventeen feet between centers of caps, with two seven by fourteen inches section stringers under each rail. This is too light, leaving little, if any, factor for safety. Near the channel the renewals have not been as thoroughly made, and many of the caps, stringers, ties and guards, are seriously decayed. A few of the bents were in poor condition. One cap was noticed as badly decayed, and the blocking used to retain surface of track was crushed down into the old cap. At another point where the inside piles supporting a bent had become useless, or ice had removed them, one new pile at each end of a sill had been driven, and the bent was a truss from outside to outside pile. This trussed bent was canted sideways, giving inadequate support to the stringers. A number of bents were noticed leaning sideways, and not vertical under stringers.

Subsequent to this inspection, an opportunity was offered your inspector to again make a casual examination of the channel end of the structure, and he found the warped trussed bent had been righted, and further renewals had been made. It is a difficult matter to keep the trestle in the lake in proper position by reason of moving ice. Much of this could be obviated by filling with large stone and forming an embankment.

As now constructed and maintained it is unworkmanlike, and appears to be insufficient.

The president of the company has sent the following copy of a letter received by him from the bridge master, to whom the report was referred :

DEAR SIR - Yours of the 8th received, with inclosed report of Thos. W. Spencer, inspector for Board of New York Commissioners, and in reply I will say that I have made examination of the bridge referred to and find the condition of it as follows:

1st. The trestle, about 700 feet in length, from the west shore of the lake west to the hard ground, that was built in place of earth and stone embankment and intended to be filled at some future time, has been nearly all rebuilt, all except some of the pin posts that were good were left in. The ties are spaced only eight inches in the clear, and a guard rail six by eight is locked and bolted to the ties in as good workmanlike manner as we do on any bridge. The bridge proper from the west shore of the lake to the channel, about 500 feet in length, is constructed of pile bents driven into bed of lake. There is one of these bents that is seventeen feet span, as reported, with two seven by fourteen-inch stringers under each rail, and in addition there is outside of these a ten by fourteen-inch stringer under the guard stick that gives additional support, and I have ordered two more sticks of two by fourteen put in, which will make it secure beyond any question. The decayed cap and stringer referred to have been taken out since their inspection was made, and also the bent that was canted. More have been put into place, and there are one or two more bents that are to be renewed this fall, and I consider the bridge in safe condition for the traffic over it. It is a difficult matter to always keep the bents all in their original positions, as the ice moves them more or less every winter, but the plan proposed to obviate this, by filling with large stone, I should not think advisable, as it would be very difficult to drive new bents or guard piles after had been filled with the stone. We have done considerable work on the whole bridge this season, more than in any one year before, all that we con. sidered necessary (except the general repairs) to make it secure until next spring, and then shall commence and renew nearly all of the old timber, and with this view I have already made schedule of timber for that purpose.

Very respectfully,

(Signed) L. E. ROYS, B. M. RUTLAND, Nov. 18, 1886.


(Three feet gauge.) This road remains in much the same condition as when inspected in 1884. About two and one-half miles of steel rail bas been laid, which, with the moving of the line of track into

the hillside where embankments have settled away, and the renewng of a few ties, constitutes about all the changes. Mile posts hare been put in place and bridges numbered. The surface and line of track has been improved as much as possible with the light iron rail, and the material used as ballast. The ditches along the road-bed are generally in good condition. The hemlock tres - six by six inches section - already show wear and age, and a larger tie is now used in the renewals. Where the road is laid with steel it is in much the best condition. The truss bridges over the Canisteo and Tuscarora creeks are in good order, but the trestle at the north end of the Tuscarora Creek bridge was washed away last spring, and is now cribbed up with timber. Probably new and larger piles will be required under the north end of truss. The trestle bridges begin to show age, and the filling or repair of some of them will soon be necessary. The ties on one or two of them should be at once renewed. The rails are laid with alternate suspended joints, some of which were without a full complement of bolts, and a few without bolts in one rail. One or more wooden box culverts were noticed as failing, the covering breaking in. These should be repaired or stone culverts substituted. There are a number of points on the down-hill side of embankments that are quite too narrow and should be widened, or the track thrown into the hillside. . The hauling of loaded standard car bodies on narrow gauge trucks makes the widening of banks and a well-maintained surface and line of track the more necessary.

The two depots in New York, at Addison and Freeman, are well and neatly maintained, and the equipment appears to be in good order.

Generally, the property may be said to be in fair condition, but another season will probably develop the necessity of considerable renewals in ties, rail and bridging.


BOSTON AND ALBANY RAILROAD. The last inspection of this railroad was made in October, 1884, and on page 242 of the Commissioners' report for that year may be found the result of that examination.

The general outline of the property remains unchanged, but considerable improvements have been made, particularly in the truss bridging and in the rebuilding of masonry. the crossing of Third avenue, Greenbush, an iron foot-bridge has been placed over railroad tracks, and at the highway crossing at Second avenue the trusses have been inclosed to prevent the frightening of horses while crossing over the railroad. Both of these improvements were made in accordance with recommendations of the Railroad Commissioners.

At an over-highway crossing between Van Hoesen's and Kinderhook is a plate-girder deck bridge which has a strong tie flooring with guard timbers twelve inches square, well bolted to ties; but it would be advisable to extend the floor system a few more ties at each ap. proach, or widen the embankements to connect more securely with bridge floor.

The bridges between Kinderhook and Chatham, noted in last report as insufficient in the condition of flooring, have all been thoroughly repaired or entirely renewed. Between the same points, an iron highway bridge, with excellent masonry abutments, has been constructed, resulting in the doing away with two grade crossings. The company endeavor to pass all highways either under or over their tracks, urging town authorities to aid them in this respect, and as fast as it can reasonably be done, the work is being accomplished. At an under-street crossing, east of Chatham depot, where was, when last inspected, a wooden truss, the company have constructed heavy masonry abutments and spanned the street with a plate-girder deck bridge.

Between Chatham and the State line of Massachusetts, the Chatham creek is crossed several times. Four of these crossings were at time of last inspection spanned with wooden trusses. Last year these wooden bridges were replaced with heavy iron lattice deck structures and the masonry rebuilt in the most substantial manner. There are now no wooden trusses on the main line of road.

The roadway and fencing are thoroughly and neatly maintained. All old material is removed or burned, and weeds and bush cut from fence to fence. At highway crossings the cattle-guards and fences are kept in good order to prevent trespass of farm-stock, but the sleepers on these cattle-guards are too widely spaced and would probably let a derailed wbeel through them; a good strong flooring is suggested for each cattle-guard. Highway warning signs, and warnings of overhead obstructions were all found in place.

Considerable trouble bas been experienced in the clay cuttings and on some embankments, between Albany and Kinderhook, by reason of the clay being disposed to slide from the shale rock upon which it rests and dips in the direction of the slope of hillside. This trouble was encountered more than usual last spring. In one instance an embankment slid bodily for a number of feet, and the road-bed has since been restored by filling with engine cinders. The ditches at angles of road-bed were being reopened all along these clay cuttings at time of inspection.

Great care is taken in the maintaining of the superstructure of this road, and its general condition was found, even at the early season in which this inspection was made, to be workmanlike in its line and surface. The work of renewing the too old sleepers was in progress, and is to be thoroughly done during the season. All sharp.curves are strongly braced outside of both rails. "Point switches are exclusivly used in main tracks, with points located whenever possible in the direction of train movement. All sidings out of main tracks have a stick of timber secured across the rails to prevent cars moving by gravity, or otherwise of themselves, on to main tracks.

Each of the passenger stations were inspected, and in no instance were they found neglected, either in maintenance or cleanliness, and sufficient and comfortable sittings are provided. The passenger station at Chatham, now located in an awkward position between the main tracks, is to be moved outside of both tracks to a more accessible locality.

Hudson and Chatham Branch. This branch line remains in much the same physical condition as when last inspected. With the exception of three and one-half miles of iron, the superstructure is laid with steel. The iron rail is in fair condition, the road-bed is well drained and ballasted, the sleepers thorougbly maintained as also the line and surface of track. Great care is noticeable in keeping the road.way

neat and

orderly, but the fencing at many points is much neglected, often entirely gone. "The reason for such deficiency is said to be owing to the fact that when the right of way was purchased, the burden of fencing and its maintenance remained with the land-owners.

Crossing Indian river is a through Howe truss bridge, covered, and timber in good con. dition. The truss rods have been reinforced with additional rods; the bridge has a good floor system. South of Ghent is a twenty feet span opening for a waterway. This opening is spanned with two eight by sixteen inches sectional stringers, having a two-inch girder truss rod under each rail

. The cross ties are closely spaced, but there are no guard timbers or spacing ribbons. This bridge is in good condition. 'At Pulver's station there is a low Howe truss with trusses only, housed. Some of the floor timbers are too old and should be renewed. The truss rods have been reinforced. Crossing Claverack creek are two one hundred and twenty-five feet spans of through Howe trusses. One span is quite new and has very large members. The other span is in fair life of timber and has additional truss rods. The whole has a good floor and is inclosed.

Crossing a street at Upper-Hudson is a plate girder deck bridge of about thirty feet span, which has a standard floor. All these structures have excellent masonry substructures. The cattle-guards and minor openings are constructed of fair masonry, but the ties are too widely spaced, and guard-rails omitted. In reinforcing the truss rods above referred to, and generally throughout the State, the plan adopted is to place an additional rod on each side of the truss at or near the panel point and pass them through an oak saddle at top and bottom of truss, with a washer and nut applied in usual manner. In the cases in question the oak blocks are about three inches thick and eight inches wide, and about one-half of the washer is under and over the outside chord members. Your inspector has frequently noticed oak saddles split in the line of holes bored to receive the truss rods, and when too thin a bending of the block occurs. Often the rods are located away from the panel point, and sometimes on opposite sides top and bottom. It is sug. gested that a heavy channel iron saddle be used with holes to receive the original rods, the iron saddle to be of sufficient weight of tiange to positively resist bending. If so arranged, the original and additional rods properly adjusted will act in unison. Particular reference is made to this matter, as upon many roads the reinforcing of Howe truss rods is crudely done, and reliance placed upon an insufficient wooden saddle.

All the station buildings on this branch were examined and found to be in the same excellent condition as those on the main line. A number of the depots have been recently renovated and painted.

From Upper-Hudson to Hudson, a distance of about one mile, the road is double tracked and crosses the New York Central and Hudson River railroad at grade near the freighthouse and coal docks of the branch road. From Upper-Hudson to a point near the grade crossing, the grade of the branch road descends about one hundred and fifty feet per mile. (See report of Railroad Commissioners, 1856.) The passeuger station of the Central-Hud. son road is located about one-third mile north of this grade crossing. The Central-Hudson trains do not stop, only as approaching and departing from the station. The cars of the branch road stop before crossing the Central-Hudson main tracks. There is a large amount of switching done across the Central-Hudson road. It is respectfully suggested, in view of the liability of couplings breaking on the heavy grade, and of cars becoming unmanage. able, that suitable throw-off switches, a sufficient distance from the Central-Hudson tracks, be placed in the tracks of the branch road and interlocked with the signal at the crossing:


Formerly Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island. Considerable change has quite recently been made in this property, and further alterations and betterments are now in progress.

At points where were very sharp curves, additional lands have been purchased, and the degree of curvature reduced. About one-half mile of steel rails were laid last season, and 700 tons purchased and delivered. The present management deem this rail too heavy for the needs of the road, and it is to be exchanged for a lighter section, and the remaining iron rail removed.

Improvements were made last season in the road-bed and more or less reballasting and surfacing of superstructure accomplished. Tbe track is now in reasonable condition for the character of the road. A few point-switches have been added and other minor improvements made, adding to its efficiency and safety. At Greenwood the old depot has been remodeled, making a more convenient terminus, and at Coney Island some improvements and repairs have been made.

The wooden draw-bridge over Coney Island creek, the only opening of any moment on the road, was found in very poor condition. The timber in the pivot pier, forming the support of the draw, was in very poor life and the transom beam of the draw too far gone with decay. The flooring of the draw and arrangement of its bearings on the receiving abutment were insufficient for absolute safety. The management propose an immediate renewal and upon a more secure plan of construction, which was strenuously urged, and cannot safely be delayed. The draw is in frequent use, and will not admit of bents under. Death.

During the past season the renewing of sleepers was quite thoroughly done, and the further placing of the road in the best condition is contemplated this year. In fact, arrangements bave already been made to accomplish such a result. Also a further improvement of the line of the road is intended.

The passenger cars and locomotives were being thoroughly overhauled, and every thing appeared to point toward a better maintained property.

À further inspection of the above road was made April 17, 1886, especially of the defective draw-bridge at Coney Island creek. An entire new draw has just been completed, and the pivot rest of draw repaired. As now constructed, the structuro is every way competent for its work.

BROOKLYN, FLATBUSI AND CONEY ISLAND RAILROAD. From Bedford station, Atlantic avenue, Brooklyn, to Brighton Beach, Coney Island; seren and one-half miles in length; all double track, laid with steel.

The large hotel at Brigbton Beach, used in part as a passenger station, has suffered much by the encroachment of the ocean.

At high tide the entire front and basement on the ocean side is flooded. Piles were driven last winter, and the larger portion of the main building now rests on a timber and pile sub-structure. The railroad and station yard in the rear have thus far escaped in. jury, and the platforms and tracks are in very good order.

During the winter season only one track is operated, and this one was found in fair line and surface, but the sleepers require a larger renewal than was made last year. The same may be said of the other track, which at the early time of inspection had not been put in condition for the summer travel of July and August.

Six thousand ties were renewed in 1884, 2, 000 in 1885, and it was stated that 2,000 would be renewed this year. This volume of renewals would make an average of 3,333 in three years, and the general life of ties about ten years, which is somewhat longer than can be safely depended upon. As a whole the ties appear to be fairly maintained, but many were observed as having the rail cut too deeply into them, indicating over-age or inability to sustain the traffic.

The cuttings through Flatbush and northerly have more or less exposed boulders on the slopes which should all be removed, being much better than depending upon watchmen, although a watchful care is maintained during the busy season. Reference to this matter was made in the previous report.

There is very little bridging supporting the superstructure. What there is consists of a pile bridge over Coney Island creek and a short wooden stringer opening with masonry abutments near Gravesend. The pile bridge has lately been repaired in part with new stringers, ties and guard-rails. The other structure is in fair order.

At time of inspection the passenger cars were being renovated and trucks put in good order.

The motive power is in very good condition.

BROOKLYN AND ROCKAWAY BEACH RAILROAD. A single track railroad, three and one-half miles in length, extending from Atlantic ave. nue, East New York, to Canarsie, on Jamaica bay. The property also includes the hotel and other buildings at the southern terminus, on the bay shore.

May 29, 1884, was the last inspection, a report of which is given on page 245 of the Roport of the Railroad Commissioners of that year.

The road shows a much better condition than when last inspected. One and one-half miles of steel rail has been laid, the sleepers thoroughly renewed, and the superstructure well ballasted, lined and surfaced throughout. The roadway from fence to fence is in a clean, orderly condition.

There are but two openings — both of which are short single span waterways - and have been strongly floored, as advised by the Commissioners.

One new engine and one passenger car have been added to the equipment since the previous inspection.

Every thing about the property shows care and good judgment in its maintenance, to an extent that is commendable.

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