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carry before it all the vows and feel- not at least allowed to find a place in ings of the nation. The friends of the address or resolutions. On these government, and the aristocracy in occasions, the whigs declared, that general, who had looked on with dis. they were in no degree conscious of dainful indifference, or had consider- yielding in loyalty to the movers of ed it vain to attempt to stem so im- the resolutions; but they were wholly petuous a tide, now took the alarm,

at a loss to conceive what reason there The Queen's party, emboldened by could be at the present moment for the current of popular favour, had coming forth with so ostentatious a disnot merely given vent to indiscrimi. play of these sentiments. They were nate abuse of all in power, without not aware of any general prevalence, excepting those whom the constitu- either of disaffection or irreligion. tion shielded most entirely from per- They considered the allegation as a sonal responsibility. They had more- libel against the people of England. over taken the opportunity of intro- Considering all circumstances, they ducing all the most violent and revo. could no longer doubt, that however lutionary topics, which derived new studiously the name of ministers was importance from the unqualified as- kept back, the real object was to atsent with which they were echoed by tempt to shelter them from the pubthe misjudging object of this adula. lic odium under which they laboured, tion. This class, therefore, now met and to defeat the universal cry of the in all quarters, for the purpose of pre. nation for their removal. They must, paring loyal addresses, and stamping therefore,'object to the address or rewith their reprobation, the doctrines solution, unless there were appended of an opposite description, which had to it an expression of entire convicbecome so general. Every city, every tion of the Queen's innocence, a sotown, and almost every village in the licitation for her full restoration to empire, was agitated by these eddy- rank and dignity, and, above all, a ing tides of political conflict. The prayer for the immediate dismissal of movers of the loyal addresses endea- those ministers, who, by their defiance voured to disarm opposition, by avoid. of public opinion, had shewn theming all allusion to the Queen, and even selves unworthy of their situations. all introduction of the names of the The results continued to be such as ministers. They proposed addresses, were observed in the assemblies at containing merely general expressions the close of the former year. In all of loyalty, of attachment to our glo- privileged and aristocratic corporarious constitution, and abhorrence of tions—in almost all the Scotch, and the attempts so industriously made to in many of the English counties, the propagate the principles of sedition motions, though vehemently, oppoand irreligion. In proof of their as- sed, were carried by large majorities. sertions, they referred particularly to But wherever general meetings of inthe licentiousness of the press—to the habitants were called, the movers abuse heaped on the most respectable were dismayed by the entrance of an characters—and to the blasphemous unbidden and unwished for crowd, publications so zealously circulated against whom, if they attempted to among the lower orders. If any of make head, they were quickly outthe more zealous speakers could not voted. In general, therefore, a secesbe restrained from thrusting into their sion took place, and, in most places harangues an expression of their con- two several petitions lay for signaviction of the Queen's guilt, this was ture in the same town ; in the issue

of which the loyalists boasted that They had to propose a series of resotheir deficiency of number was com- lutions in favour of the Queen, which, pensated by superior respectability of notwithstanding the sensible abate character and property. In several ment of enthusiasm in her favour, of the English counties, the amend- might still be considered as popular; ment was carried.

and which, if carried, would soon be The most tumultuary proceeding followed up by others, more directly took place in Ireland, at the meeting tending to effect the grand objects of of the county of Dublin. The ad- their policy. On the other hand, the dress being proposed, a member on friends of government predicted, that the other side began to oppose it; in this parliamentary warfare, the when the Sheriff, insisting that inde- whigs would not only have to encorous language had been used, calle counter the influence by which aded to order, and closed the debate. ministration was usually supported; Then, taking the vote, he declared it, but that though the termination of upon the mere show of hands, to be the bill of Pains and Penalties had carried on the side of government. been accepted by the multitude as a On which side the majority really lay, full acquittal, different feelings had became a matter of vehement contro- been cherished by the higher classes. versy, each party declaring that they These had been equally manifested by were a hundred to one of the other. the adherents of both political creeds. The Sheriff then abruptly dissolved Even the most zealous of whig mem. the meeting ; but the whigs, indig. bers continued to decline family innant at this certainly very irregular troductions; and all the efforts of the course, mustered, and calling Lord Queen's partizans had been unable to Cloncurry to the chair, began forth- collect a female court, which bore with to frame a counter address. The even the appearance of respectability. Sheriff, however, conceiving that such It was alleged, moreover, that by conduct, after the dissolution of the this new alliance, formed with a party meeting, was an illegal invasion of that had proceeded to such extremes, the court-room, and having in vain the whigs would lose more on one side summoned the members to depart, than they gained on the other; in conintroduced a body of troops, who ef- sequence of the terror struck into all fected a forcible clearance. The ex- that numerous parliamentary body, pelled body retired to a neighbouring which was attached to established or. inn, where they passed their counter der, and fearful of revolution. address. Another meeting was after- Under these circumstances, Parlia. wards held, in which Mr Hamilton ment were assembled on the 22d Rowan being called to the chair, re- January. Ministers had prepared a solutions were entered into, expres- speech, in which every thing that sive of the strongest indignation at could irritate the present state of the the conduct of the Sheriff, and where public feeling, was carefully omitted. deliberation was held as to the mode It was as follows:of appealing to the legislature for redress.

My Lords and Gentlemen, All this conflict of parties had one “ I have the satisfaction of acobject in view, that of acting upon quainting you, that I continue to rethe meeting of Parliament, which was ceive from foreign powers the strong. now approaching. The whigs were est assurances of their friendly dispo. prepared for a most active campaign. sition towards this country.

fore you ;

“ It will be a matter of deep regret it will

, under present circumstances, to me, if the occurrences which have be for you to consider what new ar. lately taken place in Italy, should rangements should be made on this eventually lead to any interruption of subject. tranquillity in that quarter ; but it will, in such case, be my great object My Lords and Gentlemen, to secure to my people the continu- “ I have great pleasure in being ance of peace.

able to acquaint you, that a consider

able improvement has taken place Gentlemen of the House of Commons, within the last half year, in several of

“ The measures by which, in the the most important branches of our last Session of Parliament, you made commerce and manufactures; and provision for the expenses of my ci- that, in many of the manufacturing vil government, and for the honour districts, the distresses which prevailand dignity of the crown, demand ed at the commencent of the last sesmy warmest acknowledgments. sion of Parliament have greatly abated.

« I have directed that the estimates “ It will be my most anxious defor the current year shall be laid be- sire to concur in every measure which

and it is a satisfaction to may be considered as calculated to me to have been enabled to make advance our internal prosperity. some reduction in our military esta- I well know, that, notwithstandblishments.

ing the agitation produced by tempo“ You will observe from the ac- rary circumstances, and amidst the counts of the public revenue, that distress which still presses upon a notwithstanding the receipts in Ire- large portion of my subjects, the land have proved materially deficient, firmest reliance may be placed on in consequence of the unfortunate that affectionate and loyal attachment circumstances which have affected the to my person and government, of commercial credit of that part of the which I have recently received so united kingdom, and although our many testimonials from all parts of foreign trade, during the early part my kingdom ; and which, whilst it of this time, was in a state of deprese is most grateful to the strongest feel. sion, the total revenue has, neverthe- ings of my heart, I shall ever consiless, exceeded that of the preceding der as the best and surest safeguard year.

of my Throne. A considerable part of this in- “ In the discharge of the importcrease must be ascribed to the new ant duties imposed upon you, you taxes; but in some of those branches will, I am confident, be sensible of the which are the surest indications of in- indispensable necessity of promoting ternal wealth, the augmentation has and maintaining, to the utnost of fully realized any expectation which your power, a due obedience to the could have been reasonably formed laws, and of instilling into all classes of it.

of my subjects, a respect for lawful “The separate provision which was authority, and for those established made for the Queen, as Princess of institutions under which the country Wales, in the year 1814, terminated has been enabled to overcome so mawith the demise of his late Majesty. ny difficulties, and to which, under

“ I have, in the mean time, direct. Providence, may be ascribed our haped advances, as authorized by law; and piness and renown, as a nation."

On the following day, the debaté, cence is no shield; and at a time as usual, took place on the address. when the evil eye of discontent not It was moved in the Lords by the only envies its neighbour's goods, but Earl of Belmore, and seconded by covets its neighbour's character, we Lord Prudhoe; while, in the Com- have, sir, to dread and to repel one mons, the mover was Mr G. Bankes, general levelling system, both of proand the seconder Mr James Browne, perty and of good name. The barrier fmember for Mayo). These gentle of the Constitution will not fall down men, as usual, went over the various at the first giddy shout of the multitopies referred to in the speech. They tude; the high tribunals, which are congratulated the House on the tese its bulwarks, will yet stand, though timonies of loyalty, and of regard for treason deny their authority, and con. religion and the laws, which had flow- scious guilt their justice ; blasphemy ed in from every part of the king. may rail at the holy place, and hypodom-upon the assurances of amity erisy dehle it with her pageants, long, received from foreign powers, on long before the dome will totter ; but whose proceedings it might at the the ruin must come at last, if the resame time be necessary to look with medy be not fitly interposed. When a watchful eye-upon the degree of the league of what is base and false, improvement which had taken place profligate and malicious, shall unite in the commerce and manufactures of honour and integrity to oppose it, the country-and upon the reduction the evil then works its own cure, and proposed by his Majesty, in the mi. the remedy is near at hand; we know litary establishment. Ireland was its efficacy, we have proved it scarce mentioned as the only part of the a twelvemonth since. In the shows empire still labouring under distress, and processions of the year which has which, however, its inhabitants had just expired, who but must have callborne in the most heroic manner, and ed to mind the like exhibitions of the which, it was hoped, would soon be twelvemonth which preceded it? The relieved.

music, the march, and the banner, Mr G. Bankes, in his animated the meeting, the resolution, and ada speech, made pretty close application dress; those first were the very prototo events which had caused so much types of these last arrays: the same recent agitation. In a nation, in in their real origin, and in their real which all are free, folly must have object, differing only in their method her freedom, and mischief will mark of pursuing it; the first pursued its her for its tool : folly will discharge object by denouncing the aristocracy; her debts of gratitude by denying the second by denouncing the crown: their amount, by forgetting the dan- the aristocracy was then true to itself; ger from which she has been deliver the representatives of the people were ed, though ever when in peril herself then faithful, and if the highest duties the loudest to complain, and the fore- of fidelity be now as well fulfilled, the most to despair. He afterwards add- country is yet safe. If we turn our ed," it is no new thing for slander to eyes from the cares of domestic soliarraign all that is high and holy; but citude and look abroad, the whole the tongue of slander, however ve- world is to us a scene of calm, of nomous, can inflict no wound-can tranquillity; our flag flies on every effect no puncture in the character sea-our busy industry plies in erery that is sound and whole-it is the pen port-our merchants are the rulers of the libeller, against which inno- of kingdoms- our character every

1

where high, and our credit every- admiring and sharing those sentiwhere firm.'

ments of loyalty which the country Mr Browne, as an Irish member, in general had so strongly expressed, dwelt particularly on the state of that it was impossible not to remark, that kingdom. This was a subject in which these had in no degree been coupled he felt so deep an interest, that even with any approbation of the conduct if he should be supposed to have de- of ministers. Lord Grey, on the conparted a little from the course usual trary, would venture to assert, that upon such occasions, he hoped he public opinion was most unfavourable should be forgiven. For his part, he to them; and he might have thence could not consider it irrelevant, until expected that some intention would he should believe that there existed a be expressed of changing that fatal separate interest between the two policy so long pursued. Mr Tierney countries composing this empire- saw indeed, in the speech, that loyal until he should believe that their des- addresses were declared by the King tinies were not interwoven, and that to be most grateful to the strongest they must not stand and fall together. feelings of his heart. If heartfelt saBy some of those infatuations which tisfaction had resulted from them, he sometimes afflicted wisdom itself, Ire. firmly believed it belonged altogether land, hitherto, unfortunately, the sub- to the King; for the addressers had ject of cold debates and short con- taken especial care that no attempt sultations-what had been her de- should in any manner be made through portment during those agitations ? these addresses to give satisfaction to Not the meanest of her populace- any other person but the King himnot the most furious demagogue, had self; there was not a word of satisstrained his voice to applaud depra- faction for his ministers, (a laugh) vity-none had attempted to exalt quite the reverse ; for the only chance affronted debauchery into suffering, of carrying them was to say nothing dignified virtue; and, above all, none of the acts of ministers; there was had presumed to outrage society by only one man in the kingdom for the introduction of a new doctrine- whom the heartfelt satisfaction was new even to the professors of profli- intended, and he was glad that that gacy in this country—that which man was his Majesty. He should be granted to female manners the same glad if any of the gentlemen opposite licence which society endures in men, could point out to him one word in the very distinction between which it any of the addresses which could be was that stood between society and construed into an approval of any

of national prostration.

the measures of administration ; no, In reply to these speakers, it was not one word ; and he made the apobserved by the Opposition members, peal to the present set of gentlemen, that the royal speech was of so cau- who were so good as to take upon tious and negative a character, that themselves the care of the affairs of they found little room to object to the country. There was candour at what it actually said, or to propose least in ministers not asking any of any counter address. Its sins were their friends to put in a single word those of omission. They found in it of approbation of their measures. none of those topics on which a Bri- Next, as to the improvement in natish ministry, at such a crisis, might tional industry, it had taken place liave been expected to dilate. While only in a few departments, even of

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