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and a Number of the like Points of Husbandry. So as the Earth seemed a Sea to him, in respect of the perpetual Importation. It was truly observed by one, that himself came very hardly to a little Riches
, and very easily to great Riches. For when a Man's Stock is come to that, that he can expect the Prime of Markets, and overcome those Bargains, which for their Greatness are few Men's Money, and be Partner in the Industries of Younger Men, he cannot but increase mainly. The Gains of ordinary Trades and Vocations, are honest ; and furthered by two things, chiefly: By Diligence ; and by a good Name, for good and fair dealing. But the Gains of Bargains, are of a more doubtful Nature; when Men shall wait upon others' Neceffity, broke by Servants and Instruments to draw them on, put off others cunningly that would be better Chapmen, and the like Practices, which are crafty and naught. As for the chopping of Bargains, when a Man buys, not to hold, but to sell over again, that commonly grindeth double, both upon the Seller, and upon the Buyer. Sharings do greatly enrich, if the Hands be well chofen, that are trusted. Usury is the certainest Means of Gain, though one of the worst; as that, whereby a Man doth eat his Bread; In sudore vultús alieni : And besides, doth Plough upon Sundays. certain though it be, it hath Flaws; for that the Scriveners and Brokers, do value unfound Men, to serve their own Turn. The Fortune, in being the First in an Invention, or in a Privilege, doth cause sometimes a wonderful Overgrowth in Riches;
as it was with the first Sugar Man, in the Canaries : Therefore, if a Man can play the true Logician, to have as well Judgement, as Invention, he may do great Matters, especially if the Times be fit. He that resteth upon Gains certain, shall hardly grow to great Riches : And he that puts all upon Adventures, doth often times break, and come to Poverty : It is good therefore, to guard Adventures with Certainties, that may uphold loffes. Monopolies, and Coemption of Wares for Refale, where they are not restrained, are great means to enrich; especially, if the Party have intelligence, what Things are like to come into Request, and so store himself beforehand. Riches gotten by Service, though it be of the best Rise, yet when they are gotten by Flattery, feeding Humours, and other servile Conditions, they may be placed amongst the Worst. As for Fishing for Teftaments and Executorships (as Tacitus faith of Seneca ; Teftamenta et Orbos, tanquam indagine capi ;) It is yet worfe; but how much Men submit themselves, to Meaner Persons, then in Service. Believe not much them, that seem to despise Riches : For they despise them, that despair of them; and none worse, when they come to them. Be not Pennywife; Riches have Wings, and sometimes they fly away of themselves, sometimes they must be set flying to bring in more. Men leave their Riches, either to their Kindred; or to the Publick: and moderate Portions prosper best in both. A great State left to an Heir, is as a Lure to all the Birds of Prey round about, to seize on him, if he be not the better stablished in Years and Judgement. Likewise glorious Gifts and Foundations, are like Sacrifices without Salt; and but the painted Sepulchres of Alms, which foon will putrify, and corrupt inwardly. Therefore, Measure not thine Advancements by Quantity, but Frame them by Measure; and defer not Charities till Death: For certainly, if a Man weigh it rightly, he that doth so, is rather liberal of an other Man's, than of his Own.
xxxv. Of Prophecies.
MEAN not to speak of Divine Prophecies ; nor of Heathen Oracles; nor of natural Predictions; but only of
Prophecies, that have been of certain Memory, and from hidden Causes. Saith the Pythonissa to Saul; To-morrow thou and thy fon shall be with me.
Homer hath these Verses.
Et Nati Natorum, et qui nafcentur ab illis :
A Prophecy of the Discovery of America. The Daughter of Polycrates dreamed, that Jupiter bathed her Father, and Apollo anointed him: And it came to pass, that he was crucified in an open Place, where the Sun made his Body run with Sweat, and the Rain washed it. Philip of Macedon dreamed, he fealed up his Wife's Belly : Whereby he did expound it, that his Wife should be barren: But Ariftander the Soothsayer, told him, his Wife was with Child, because Men do not use to Seal Vefsels that are empty. A Phantasm, that appeared to M. Brutus in his Tent, said to him; Philippis iterùm me videbis. Tiberius said to Galba; Tu quoque, Galba, deguftabis Imperium. In Vespasian's Time, there went a Prophecy in the East; That those that should come forth of Judea, should reign over the World: which though it may be was meant of our Saviour, yet Tacitus expounds it of Vefpafian. Domitian dreamed, the Night before he was slain, that a Golden Head was growing out of the Nape of his Neck: And indeed, the Succession that followed him, for many years, made Golden Times. Henry the Sixth of England faid of Henry the Seventh, when he was a Lad, and gave him Water ; This is the Lad, that fall enjoy the Crown, for which we strive. When I was France, I heard from one Dr. Pena, that the 2. Mother, who was given to curious Arts, caused the King her Husband's Nativity, to be calculated, under a false Name; and the Astrologer gave a Judgement, that he should be killed in a Duel; at which the Queen laughed, thinking her Husband to be above Challenges and Duels : but he was slain, upon a Course at Tilt, the Splinters of the Staff of Montgomery, going in at his Beaver. The trivial Prophecy, which I heard, when I was a Child, and Queen Elizabeth was in the Flower of her Years, was;
When Hemp is spun;
England's done. Whereby, it was generally conceived, that after the Princes had reigned, which had the principal Letters, of that Word Hemp, (which were Henry, Edward, Mary, Philip, and Elizabeth), England should come to utter Confusion. Which, thanks be to God, is verified only, in the Change of the Name : for that the King's Style is now no more of England, but of Britain. There was also another Prophecy, before the year of 88, which I do not well understand.
There shall be seen upon a day,
For after Wars Mall you have None. It was generally conceived, to be meant of the Spanish Fleet, that came in 88. For that the King of Spain's Surname, as they say, is Norway. The Prediction of Regiomontanus ;
Oɛtogesimus o&tavus mirabilis Annus; Was thought likewise accomplished, in the send