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ARTICLE XVIII.- On the Natural History of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. ' By ROBERT Bell, jr. (Continued from our last Number.)
RADIATA. Ophiocoma bellis.—Abundant at Ste. Anne adhering to the roots of Agarum Turneri*
Astrophyton scutotum.—This beautiful species does not seem to be very rare in the Gulf. I was informed by a person at Green Island, who possessed a specimen, that about a dozen of them were found clinging to a chain which had been submerged for some time, at a short distance from the island. A fine specimen from the Gulf in the collection of the Survey is about 16 inches in diameter, and I saw a fresh specimen in the hands of some fishermen who had, however, already disposed of it, which was nearly as large.
Cribella oculata.-Near Ste. Anne, I found two fine specimens of this species which had just been thrown up by the waves.
Solaster papposa. Rather small specimens dredged at Marcouin in about 30 fathoms.
• An Alga with large perforated fronds. CANADIAN NAT.
VOL. IV. No. 4.
Uraster, — f-The species described by Principal Dawson on page 159 of this volume, and which may be Asteracanthione Forbesi, is by far the most abundant starfish on our coast. This is a well marked species and its characters are very constant. Aniongst multitudes of them, I have never seen one which had either fewer or more than six rays, although an occasional individual was otherwise deformed. When alive their colour is deep purple above and light straw-colour beneath.
U. rubens.—Very abundant near low tide at Les Islets.
Echinarchinus Atlanticus.- Very abundant on smooth or muddy bottoms along the whole coast, from Rimouski downwards, and often found in stomachs of cod and haddock.
Echinus granularis.—Extremely abundant along the whole coast.
Cucumaria corumarius.—Sea Cucumbers, which seem to be identical with this species, were found alive very frequently at low tide about Ste. Anne, and for some miles farther up the coast; but they may have come from the Laminarian zone, as specimens were afterwards dredged in 12 fathoms at the same place.
Psolus (?)-A species of this genus is abundant in many places on the coast between Metis and St. Clair. When the black skin covering the scaly arrangement is removed, the whole of the body is of a bright vermillion colour. They seem to differ from P. phantopus of Linnæus, but may be only a variety of that species.
Montreal, 14th May, 1859.
CATALOGUE OF COLEOPTERA COLLECTED BY MR. ROBERT
Cicindela longilabris, Say.-Green Island Seigniory, between Metis and
Lake Matapedia, and Ste. Anne. « vulgaris, Say.-Ste. Anne, Ruisseau de la Grande Vallée, and
between Metis and the mouth of the Matapedia. 6. duodecimguttata, Dej.--Metis River, between Metis and the
Matapedia, and Ste. Anne. 4 Baltimorensis, Herbst..(repanda, Say).-Rimouski, Metis River,
and Capuchin. Brachinus, (not determined).--Abundant at Metis River. Cymindis reftexa, Lec. (marginata, Kirby).-Rivière du Loup, Rimouski,
Metis, and Matanne.
Calathus gregarius, Say-St. Simon, from the mouth of the Marcouin
to the Shick Shock Mountains, 14 miles up that river, and Mount
Commis on the Metis.
extensicollis, Say.-Metis River.
tenuis, Say.-Berthier and Ste. Anne.
between Metis and the Matapedia. 16 lutulentus, Lec.-Point Levi. " placidus, Say.-Berthier, Matanne, and Ruisseau de la Grande
Vallée. Fæcilus lucublandus, Say.-Very abundant at Point Levi, Berthier,
Rivière du Loup, Green Island Village, St. Simon and Metis.
" patruelis, Dej.-Green Island Seigniory.
and the Shick Shock Mountains.
orinomum, Leach. (vitreus, Esch.)-Abundant from Rivière du Loup to Ste. Anne, and Mount Commis on the Metis.
Luczotii, Dej. (var. præc. ?)—Metis and Ste. Anne. " adjunctus, Lec.-Rivière du Loup to Ste. Anne. Amaru libera, Lec.-Rivière du Loup.
" pallipes, Kirby, (depressa. Lec.)-Rimouski.
" interstitialis, Dej.—Rimouski and Matanne. Anisodactylus Harrisii, Lec. (agricola, fide Harris).-Point Levi and
Berthier. Harpalus viridiæneus, Beauv.-Very abundant at Green Island Seigniory,
between Metis Lake and the Matapedia, Matanne, and Ste. Anne. 46 pleuriticus, Kirby-Abundant from Berthier to Rimouski.
megacephalus, Lec.-Rivière du Loup. u rufimanus, Lec.--St. Anne. Chlenius sericeus, Say.-Point Levi, Berthier, and St. Simon.
" chlorophanus, Dej.-Metis River.
" tricolor, Dej.-Berthier. Cychrus (Sphæroderus) Brevoortii, Lec.-Rivière du Loup, St. Simon,
Mount Commis, 20 miles up Metis River, Ste. Anne, and Marcouin
River. Carabus serratus, Say.--Rivière du Loup to Matanne, and between
Metis and the Mata pedia River. " Lapilayi, Lec.--Rivière du Loup and Green Island Seigniory.
Calosoma calidum, Fabr.-L'Islet, Rimouski, Metis, Matanne, and Ste.
Anne. Elaphrus californicus, Mann. var. punctatissimus, Lec.–St. Simon. Patrobus longicornis, Say.—Berthier, Metis, and mouth of the Matapedia.
1 angicollis, Randall.-Metis River. Bembidium dilatatum, Lec.—Metis River.
" lucidum, Lec.--Point Levi. Dytiscus confluens, Say. (O. oligbukii, Kirby.)-Mouth of Metis River. Agabus striatus (?), Say.-Rivière du Loup, Green Island Seigniory, and
Ste. Anne. Necrophorus velutinus, Fabr.-Metis River. Silpha lapponica, Herbst. Very abundant at Ste. Anne. Staphylinus villosus, Grav.-Rimouski, Metis, Matanne, and Ste. Anne. Omosita colon, Fab.-In vast numbers in fields manured with Capelin. Pediacus planus, Lec.-Between Metis and the Matapedia. Byrrhus picipes, Kirby.-Ste. Anne. Platycerus depressus, Lec.-Ste. Anne. Aphodius fossor, ("absolutely the same as the European," Leconte, in lit.)
-Rivière du Loup and Ste. Anne. " fimetarius, Fabr.-Abundant from Metis to the Matapedia.
1 N. sp. (?).--Metis. Lachnosterna fusca, Fröhlich.-Point Levi and Rivière du Loup. Dichelonycha subvittata, Lec.-Ste. Anne. Ancylochira maculiventris, Say.-Metis River, and between Metis and the
Matapedia. Ellychnia corrusca, Dej.-Capuchin, Ste. Anne,and Ruisseau de la Grande
u scutellatus, Say.--Metis and Ste. Anne.
NOTE.—The species in the above catalogue were most kindly determined for me 'by Dr. J. L. Leconte, and great confidence may therefore be placed in it. A considerable number of species besides the above were also collected by Mr. Bell, but were unfortunately destroyed on the journey to Phildelphia.
W. S. M. D'URBAN.
CATALOGUE OF LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED BY MR. ROBERT
RHOPALOCERA. Papilio Turnus, Linn.-Extremely abundant at Ste. Anne and along the
coast from Cape Chatte to Martin River, from June 18th to the end of July, frequently assembling round muddy places in great
numbers. Colias philodice, Godart - Abundant at Cape Chatte and Ste. Anne from
June 10th to the middle of July. A few were observed between Metis and Lake Matapedia and at Campbellton, at the mouth of the River Ristigouche in August. It was very numerous at the mouth of the Matapedia on 27th August and was last seen on the
Ristigouche on 1st September. Pieris oleracea, Harris.-Observed at St. Simon on May 28th. Common
at Ste. Anne from June 20th to the middle of July. Limenitis arthemis, Drury.-One specimen was taken at Ste. Anne on July
10th, and another was observed on Marcouin River July 26th. Cynthia cardui, Linn.-Two specimens only were met with ; the first in
the Seigniory of Grand Metis, August 16th. and the second near
Dalhousie, N. B., August 25th. Vanessa J. album, Boisduval.-Two specimens taken on the Patapedia
River at its junction with the Awaganissis, September 12th. 4 antiopa, Linn.-One specimen taken at Metis, and another near
Rimouski, September 29th. It was not observed elsewhere. Grapta progne. Fab.-Frequently met with from Rivière du Loup to Ste.
Anne from May 18th to July 19th. Very abundant at Lake Matapedia August 17th, and all along the Ristigouche and Patapedia
Rivera up to September 12th. " C. aureum, Cramer (?).—One specimen taken at the mouth of the
the Awaganissis Brook Argynnis aphrodite, Fab.-First observed at Ste. Anne on the 20th June,
and was very abundant there for the next month. It was also observed at the Marcouin River, between Metis and Lake Matapedia, at the mouth of the Matapedia, on the Ristigouche, and lastly, at
the mouth of the Awaganissis September 12th. 6 Myrina, Cramer.-Not uncommon at Ste. Anne about the end
of June and beginning of July. It was also observed between
Metis and Lake Matapedia August 16th. 46 Bellona, Godart.-One specimen at the mouth of the Matapedia
River August 27th. Melitæa Tharos, Cramer.-A few specimens of this species were taken at
Ste. Anne at the beginning of July. Polyommatus pseudargiolus, Boisd.-Numerous at Rivière du Loup May
19th, and from thence to Chatte River June 18th. Hesperia — — (?).-Numerous about Metis August 13th, and at Lake
Matapedia August 17th.