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dough. Two scrapers fixed to the framework serve to of candles in such a manner that they shall readily fit the similar books. (A communication) Dated February 14, prevent the dough from adhering to the wood of the appa nozzles of candlesticks that may be of a larger or smaller 1868. ratus. By this arrangement the tub in which the flour is size than the candle. For this purpose the inventor makes This invention consists in so fixing the leaves in the placed turns on a vertical axis, and successively brings the lower end of the candle with a series of steps, either album or book that they can be removed and rearranged, all parts of the dough on one side to the scrapers, which in the form of complete concentric rings, or in the form and various characters of leaves, and leaves with openings separate it, and to the first set of beaters or blades which of projections, at certain distances apart round the candle; of various sizes and forms, for photographs or otherwise, cut and mix it, and on the other side to the helical blades or a combination of both forms may be employed, of may be inserted or removed at pleasure, whilst the form which raise it and then let it fall.-Patent abandoned. which steps the uppermost one is larger than, or projects of the album or book is retained.—Patent completed. 487 W. E. DEVERNA. A new or improved fastener appli- beyond, the upper part of the candle, while the second

501 W. E. GEDGE. A process having for object the separacable as a substitute for buckles and such like purposes. Dated

one projects rather less, and so on, the lowest one being tion of animal from vegetable substances in textile fabrics, rags, February 13, 1868.

either rather smaller than, or equal to, the diameter of or any other material containing them. (A communication.) This fastener consists of a plate or frame of metal, hay

the candle. Such steps or graduated rings may either be Dated February 14, 1868. ing two side pieces attached thereto; one end of the plate cast, upon the candle by having the portion of the mould

The object here is the separation of the vegetable from is turned up, and two openings or spaces are cut out of such

for the lower end of the candle formed in a corresponding the animal substances by means of acid vapours acting in ond, the division between the two spaces forming a bar

manner; or the candle may be cart with a cylindrical an oven or kiln into which the materials to be heated are around which the strap or band is attached, the upper enlargement or several parallel projections, and the introduced.—Patent completed. space serving to receive the other end or tab of the strap graduated steps be subsequently cut thereon.-Patent

502 G. A. F. EICHBAUM. Improvements in means or appaabandoned. or band; the sides are prolonged beyond the plate, and

ratus for indicating the amount of money received by omnibus contain a roller having a series of divisions or fluted 493 W. R. LAKE. An improved mode of, and apparatus conductors and other persons. Dated February 14, 1868. spaces with angular ribs or projections between them; for, extracting and condensing the volatile portions of ores. (A

Here the inventor employs apparatus consisting of a the tab of the strap or band is to be passed through the communication.) Dated February 13, 1868.

train of gearing giving motion to hands pointing to suitspace between the plate and roller, and drawn upwards The nature of this invention (which is more especially able marks, divisions, or indications upon dials, and he and above the upper part of the plate, and, finally, through designed for the treatment of ores containing quicksilver) causes motion to be given to such train of gearing by tho aperture in the curved end of the plate. Within the consists, chiefly, in the combination of a furnace for means of a handle actuated by the attendant to which å side pieces a flat finger plate is hinged, and provided with roasting ores with apparatus for condensing the volatile suitable click or driver is connected, such driver giving a spring at the end nearest the curved end of the under substances expelled from the same. The said invention motion to a suitable ratchet wheel which, in its turn, gives plate on which the spring bears. The other end of the also consists, partly, in the means for creating a draught motion to the hands. The handle in giving motion to the Bpring plate comes sufficiently near the roller to keep the or current of air, whereby the combustion in the furnace gearing also gives motion to a hammer, which, for every strap or band in contact with the roller ; thus, when the is increased, and the said volatile products are carried penny or other unit of money paid, is caused to sound a strap or band is passed through the fastener, it will be from the furnace to the condensing apparatus.---Patent bell, and thereby indicates by sound the number of pence impossible to loosen or withdraw it until the spring plate completed.

or other unit of money received by the person in charge, is tilted by pressure of the finger, so as to increase the 495 D. ELLAND. Passengers travelling in railway carriages whilst the hands will, by pointing to the marks, divisions, space between it and the roller, and until this is done, the signaling driver and guard. Dated February 14, 1868. or indications on the dials, indicate the gross amount of tighter the strap or band becomes pulled the firmer it According to one portion of this invention, a friction money received in a given time.-Patent abandoned. becomes fastened.-Patent completed.

wheel is fixed underneath each carriage with a tyre of 303 G. V. WISEDILL. A new or improved ring for keys and 488 J. Wood. Improvements in indicating the position of wood, iron, or india-rubber, to be worked by the carriage other useful purposes. Dated February 14, 1868. railway points, and in the apparatus or means employed there axle when needed. In connection with the friction or

This invention relates to a novel construction of ring for for. Dated February 13, 1868.

No. 1 wheel, No. 2 wheel is fixed, and worked by a strap the purpose of holding keys, or for suspending articles in This invention relates to certain new and improved or band passing over a drum fixed on the axle of No. 1 shop windows, or for other useful purposes to which rings means for indicating the position of railway points, and wheel; for signalling driver and guard a rope, chain, or

are applicable, such as for finger rings, or for cravat or consists in using a bar or rod which passes through suitable strap runs along the centre and underneath the carriage scarf fasteners, The ring may be of metal, bone, ivory, or holes formed in the rails and movable points; the bar or in separate lengths, and is connected with the axle of other suitable material, and is made to open or divide and rod is not fixed to either the rails or the points, but at one

No. 2 wheel by means of a ring, hook, pulley, or by pass: to close by the spring of the ring itself, one extremity end a head is formed, or a nut is placed on it, to enable ing through the axle; hooks are affixed to the ends of each having a guide or groove cut on the under surface, beyond the point to pull back the bar or rod as the points return rope, chain, or strap, for the purpose of adjusting between which a cavity is formed for the reception of a small proto their fixed position; its opposite end is connected to the carriages the said rope, chain, or strap. Under the jection or stud on the other end of open ring, so that, when one arm of a bell crank lever fixed upon the indicator tender a spiral spring is fixed through which a rope, chain, the projection is pushed along the groove, and into the post, or in any other convenient position, the other arm of rod, or elastic band passes, and is connected with the cavity, the ring is fastened, and in order to open it the a bell crank lever being coupled to a rod which is again valve of the whistle on the engine, also to the said spiral under half of the ring is slightly pressed inwards, whereby attached to the lever which actuates the indicator itself. spring, and is then coupled to the rope, chain, or strap the projection springs back and leaves the cavity. If the When an engine or train is passing over the points, the that passes under the carriages ; a direct communication ring is made of bone or ivory, or similar substance, the action or blow of the wheels on opening them is not com

is thus effected from the whistle on the engine to the last projection may be of metal fixed in the ring, and the groove municated directly to the indicator, for the reason that carriage or van in the train.-Patent abandoned.

and cavity may also be of metal for the sake of durability. the rod before referred to is not rigidly fixed to them; 496 H. A. BONNEVILLE. Certain improvements in com- The projection or stud may be circular, square, or polyimmediately, however, the points are free to move, a pound of aniline colour's. (A communication) Dated Feb- gonal, as desired.-Patent completed. spring or weight attached to one of the levers before ruary 14, 1868.

504 J. A. Hogy. Improving gas burners. Dated Febreferred to comes into action and draws the indicator into This invention consists in a compound which is soluble

ruary 15, 1868. position, so that the signalmen at the semaphore signal in water, aud made of aniline colours, which, in them

Here the inventor states he has found that when the box, or engine driver, may know when the train has selves, are not soluble in water, by treating the said flame from an ordinary gas jet is made to impinge in a cerpassed. If the points are properly closed, in this way no colours with glue or gelatinous materials, or with different tain manner upon a bar composed for the most part of shock is directly communicated to the indicating me- kinds of gums, such as gum arabic, or gum tragacanth, iridium, a much more perfect combustion of the gas is chanism by the train on passing the points. ---Patent aban or with starch, which is soluble in water, or with other caused, 'attended with a great increase in its illuminating doned. equivalent materials, either alone or mixed together in

power. In accordance with this fact, he has constructed 489 C. BLYTH. Improvements in machinery and apparatus combination with acetic acid or glycerine or saccharine

à gas burner in which the flame is caused to strike against for measuring and cutting cloth for bags and for other purposes. solutions or decoctions of plants, or any other liquid which Dated February 13, 1868. will produce the desired effect, the said materials being suitable metal.

a flat bar or plate of the aforesaid iridium alloy, or other

The manner in which he carries out the We cannot here give space to the details of this inven- combined mechanically to a thick syrup-like homogeneous invention is to erect, by a suitable support, a small plate of tion.-Patent completed.

mass, and then mixed together with the aniline colour the aforesaid metal so that it shall stand in the same 490 F. TOLHAUSEN. New or improved processes and ma(which is to be rendered soluble in water) and heated in

vertical direction as the axis of the burner, by which more chinery or apparatus for brush making. (A communication.) such a manner that a product is obtained which retains

oxygen from the atmosphere is admitted to the centre of Dated February 13, 1868. all the colouring properties and qualities inherent to the

the flame, and is consequently attended with a more perThis invention consists of the following three parts:aniline colour, and which is so perfectly soluble in water

fact combustion of the gas.---Patent abandoned. First, the handle stock, case back, or containing part of the that it can be used with the best success for dyeing and

505 J. S. RAWORTH. brush, which is made of wood, ivory, bone, horn, india- printing all tibrous materials.- Patent completed.

An improved mode of connecting rubber, leather, metal, or any other substance suitable for

and disconnecting revolving cylindrical surfaces. Daied Feb

497 II. A. BONNEVILLE. Improvements in moderator or the purpose. Second, this stock or handle receives the carcel lamps. (A communication.) Dated February 14,

ruary 15, 1868.

This invention is founded on the following principle, elastic or brushing matter, which the inventor terms the 1868. “weft" of the brush, and which constitutes the active This invention relates to an apparatus or mechanism slipped on to a shaft or pulley which fits it rather tightly,

namely, that if a short helix of some elastic metal be portion of the brush. This weft is selected from the fol- adapted to moderator or carcel lamps, which, by means of it will be found that, if one end of the helix be attached to lowing animal, vegetable, and mineral matters, such as automatical clockwork, gives warning when the mechanism horse hair, gutta-percha, sorgho, vulcanized india-rubber, of the lamp requires winding up, and consists in fixing volve within the helix much more readily in one direction

some fixed object, the shaft or pulley may be made to remetallic wire, or any capillary or ductile matter suited for under the gallery which receives the glass tubo, and on the purpose. Third, these matters, which form, as it the uprights which support this gallery and the upper that is, if it has a suficient number of turns in it, whilst

than in the other, and, if the helix be made long enough, were, the weft, are fixed or bound by means of a “warp part of the lamp, an aların bell, or any other such like or allowing the shaft or pulley to revolve easily in one direcor texture which is made up of thread, twine, or wire, analogous sounding apparatus, and a little movable tion, it will entirely prevent it revolving in the other direcsuch as hemp, flax, cotton, silk, iron, copper, brass, or hammer carrying a tailpiece or appendix well nigh reachother pliable matters. The object of this invention is, ing the ordinary rack of the lamp. The upper portion of which the invention may be applied. First, for communi

tion. The following are amongst the various purposes to therefore, to weave or interlace together the three parts the said rack is furnished with one or several studs aforementioned, constituting a brush, by means of self- which, when the said rack has well nigh attained the shaft to a pulley wheel or crank, and vice versa. Second,

cating rotary motion from one shaft to another, or from a acting mechanical processes for effecting this texture.- lower end of its course, consecutively hook on to the for a clutch, whereby a shaft or wheel may be thrown in Patent completed.

hammer, which being provided with a spring actuating it, and out of gear with another shaft or wheel, without re491 W. WOODFIELD. Improvements in papering needles or strikes when freed from the studs the bell or alarum as quiring the driver to be brought to a state of rest. Third, making up packets of needles for sale. Dated February 13, many times as there are studs upon the rack.-Patent for all the purposes to which ratchet motions are now 1868.

completed. Here the inventor takes a rectangular piece of paper of

applied, namely, for preventing rotary motion in one direc

498 A. LEMASSON. Improvements in the construction of tion whilst allowing it in the other direction, for convertthe kind commonly employed in wrapping up or enclosing dials or indicators for showing the distance travelled by cabs and ing (rectilinear, carvilinear, or rotary) motion into perineedles, the said paper being creased in the usual way; other public conveyances, and the fares due for the same. Datedodical or continuous rotary motion in any given direction, and he makes at about one-third the distance from one end February 14, 1868.

as in self-acting feed motions, treadle motions, and others. of the said paper, transverse incisions or cuts, the said

The patentee claims a system of jointed rods or organs Fourth, for a brake. This invention is not fully described incisions extending from the edge of the paper on either side to the longitudinal creases in the said paper, leaving for showing the distance travelled and the fares due; and

for transmitting motion to the dials; certain indicators apart from the drawings.-Patent completed. the middle division of the paper undivided. The sides of the combination of three levers whose indications on aing oils. Dated February 15, 1868.

506 R. MARTIN. An improvement in treating and deodoris. the paper below the cut or divided parts are folded upon the middle division of the paper, and pasted or gummed the rate of speed of the horse, substantially as described. of heat a certain length of time, the oil being kept at such

card check the driver by marking the fares collected and This invention consists in subjecting oil to a low degree for a short distance. Or a label is pasted or gummed upon -Patent coinpleted. the said folded sides, so as to hold or secure them together.

a temperature as shall be suficient to volatilize and drive By then doubling the folded paper at its transverse crease, 499 J. STEELE and J. HASTIE. Improvements in appa- after being so heated purer, and no longer emitting offen

off in vapour certain prejudicial matters, leaving the oil a case or sheath open at top is formed, the unfolded por- ratus for conveying and treating animal charcoal and sugar. sive or objectionable odour.-Patent abandoned. tion of the paper, separated by the transverse cuts Dated February 14, 1868. described, being situated above and on either side the said This improved apparatus is designed for dealing with 507 R. H. RIMES. Improvements in boots and shoes. Dated case or sheath. The needles to be held in the case or the animal charcoal or sugar in a granular state, and is February 15, 1868. sheath are stuck upon a strip of fabric and enclosed in a applicable in sugar refineries, and wherever ground This invention is not described apart from the drawings. paper wrapper, the heads of the needles being, by pre- animal charcoal or sugar requires to be conveyed or to be -Patent completed. ference, exposed; or the needles are enclosed loosely in a treated in the manner indicated. The invention consists paper wrapper. The needles so wrapped up are introduced in arranging pipes or ducts in horizontal, vertical, or

508 D. WHITTAKER. Improrements in healds or heddles into the case or sheath, the heads and upper ends of the other required directions for the conveyance of the

and other parts of looms, and in machinery or apparatus conneedles projecting from the top of the said case or sheath. animal charcoal or sugar, and in causing air currents,

nected therewith. Dated February 15, 1868. By folding the loose side pieces or wings upon one produced by any convenient blowing, or exhausting tallic healds or heddles, and in machinery or apparatus

This invention consists, first, in improvements in meanother, the needles are covered and concealed from view, apparatus, to travel along such pipes in the direction in for manufacturing the same. and the wrapper now presents the appearance of an ordi which the material is to be conveyed. If the animal char

He employs the ordinary nary wrapper. By finally folding the flaps at the top and coal is in a heated state from having been reburned, cold heald, the eye being linked to each pair of wires, and so on

two pieces of bent wire in connection with cach eye of the bottom of the case or sheath, and tucking or engaging air may be employed so as to cool and air it whilst conthem together, the papering or making up of the packet

The outer ends veying it from the situation of the reburning kilns or

for as many eyes as the heald requires. of needles is complete.- Patent abandoned. retorts to that of the cisterns wherein it is to be used. Or yarns or threads which are passed over the two heald

of the wires are formed as hooks, to which are attached 492 G. ROBERTS. Improvements in candles. Dated Feb

if the material is damp, the air current may be heated by staves of the heald, and either fastened or allowed to be ruary 13, 1868. well-known means, so as to dry it.-Patent abandoned.

loose, as may be required; and for preventing the eyes The invention has for its object to form the lower ends 500 J.P. LACK. Improvements in albums, scrap, and other and wires from locking or buckling, and also for protect


the hooks and yarns on the staves, the patentee keeps the whistles at the points in communication are caused to and the cuffs or wristbands of linen or like material.staves of each heald at a fixed distance apart by wooden sound by pneumatic pressure in tubes connecting the said Patent abandoned, or metal rods of improvod shapes, a rod being placed at whistles, and the invention consists, chiefly, in the novel

525 J. WALKER. Improvements in the manufactnre of ornaeach end of the staves, and so formed as to prevent the construction of a joint or coupling for connecting and dis

mental tiles, slabs, bricks, and other articles. Dated Febstaves of the several healds from touching each other.- connecting separate lengths or sections of the said tubes

ruary 17, 1868. Patent completed.

in the employment of a peculiar self-closing mouth-piece, 509 W. EASTERBROOK. Improvements in machinery or

According to this invention, the patentee perforates the and in the combination of the said joint and mouth-piece absorbent mould in the parts where it is recessed, in order apparatus for actuating, locking, interlocking, and controlling with the tubing and other parts of a signalling apparatus. to form the pattern with small holes which serve to supply railway points and signals. Dated February 15, 1868.

the air more freely between the die or mould and the This invention is not described apart from the drawings. 517 J. CLARK and T. VICARS. An improved tobacco box moulded tile, and cause the two to separate more readily. -Patent completed.

and tobacco cutting machine combined. Dated February 17, Also, in place of Alling the mould as usual, he forces it 510 W.J. BENNETT and J. JOBSON. Improved apparatus 1868.

upon a batt or slab of clay or clays by means of a press or for separating the solid and watery particles of slop and and others a portable or pocket box for containing to the batt or slab of clay or clays, the holes giving free

The object of this invention is to provide for smokers otherwise, and the requisito impression is thus formed on sewage. Dated February 15, 1868.

The form of this apparatus will depend greatly upon the bacco, 80 Atted or combined with a knife and feed me- escape to the air, and allowing the clay to penetrate into ground available for its reception, but where circumstances chanism that tobacco can be conveniently and with despatch all the recesses of the mould afterwards in the usual way. are favourable the inventors prefer the following arrange-cut as required, to any desired degree of fineness. The box is The hollows in the moulded slab or batt of clay or clays ment. At a suitable level with respect to the adjacent made of metal, gutta-percha, yulcanite, or other suitable are Alled in with clay of another colour or colours, and road level, they construct two or more rectangular tanks material, of a cylindrical, oval, or other form; the pa- the tile is finished as heretofore. The same process of of any required dimensions to receive the slop direct from

tentees prefer the oval and cylindrical forms. Inside the manufacture is applicable to slabs, bricks, and other the scavengers' carts. These tanks they build side by box, preferably through its greatest length, they rest in articles.-Patent completed. side, or end to end, but provide a space between to allow short distance beyond the end or mouth of the box, and other beasts of burden without inserting nails in the hoof.

526 A. M. DUFILHOL. A process for shoeing horses and free access for workmen all round the tanks. tanks they build of bricks so laid that the walls will pre- this knife is hinged to the lid of the box, such lid serving

has attached firmly to it a knife of any convenient shape; Dated February 18, 1868. sent a reticulated appearance from top to bottom, or

The object of this new process of shoeing is to subnearly so. These tanks they surround with a solid wall, as an operating handle, or, if preferred, a separate operat- stitute in lieu of the actual method of fixing the shoe and there is thus formed around and between the tanks ing handle is provided. Between the hearings and on the with nails an intermediate body or cement, at the same passages of a depth equal (say) to that of the reticulated said screw a travelling nut or feed-piece is placed. When, time very adhesive and very elastic, thereby permitting walls, and of a width sufficient to make it accessible at therefore, the screw is rotated, the feed-pieco pushes the foot to retain all its elasticity.—Patent abandoned. all parts to workmen. These passages are intended to forward the tobacco at a low speed beyond the end or

527 J. CRONIER. An improved universal rotary heel for form channels for or receivers of the filtering water, and mouth of the box, and such tobacco is cut off by the knife they cover them with York paving, or otherwise, and sink as it comes round each revolution.-Patent completed.

boots and shoes. Dated February 18, 1868.

This improved heel is made of leather adapted by a' their floor below the level of the tanks to facilitate the 518 W. H. TASKER. Improvements in, or applicable to, metal plate well riveted to the heel, the same having a deposit of sediment therein. In order to strengthen the machinery for spinning and twisting fibrous substances. Dated round hole for a screw or screws to pass through to an inwalls of the tanks, they throw at intervals brick arches February 17, 1868.

terior plate of a smaller size from the inside of the boot or from the solid to the reticulated walls. Inside the tanks This invention relates to further improvements in shoe not interfering with the top part of the heel, giving they apply a filtering substance composed, by preference, machinery for which provisional protection has been facility to be repaired, the same as in any ordinary boot of hurdles enclosing a layer of straw, and forming there- granted to J. Speight, October 9, 1867, in which invention

or shoe.-Patent abandoned. with a porous lining to the sides and ends of the tanks. inetal flyers are employed suspended by the neck, and

528 W. R. LAKE. Improvements in kilns and apparatus The channels or water receivers they connect with a sur- having a hole through the said neck for the passage of the rounding or adjacent water main by means of branch yarn. In practice it is found that the yarn in passing employed in the manufacture of bricks. (A communication.) pipes leading from the channels and passing through the becomes chafed by constant friction on the metal, unless Dated February 18, 1868.

This invention relates to a method of burning or baking walls of solid brickwork; and the water main thoy con- the metal is rendered very smooth in the interior, and the nect with a water tank, from which a pipe will lead off labour required to effect this is expensive. Now, to bricks, tiles, and other articles by passing them on trucks the water to the main sewer or other receptacle.-Patent remedy this evil the inventor introduces a tube of fine

or moving platforms through a long tunnel provided with abandoned.

polished glass, or of glazed pot or of metal, or other means for regulating the temperature, whereby the bricks 511 E. COTTAM. Improvements in breech-loading firearms in the neck of the flyer enamelled.—Patent abandoned.

or other articles are hented and cooled gradually during material enamelled, or by having the interior of the hole

their passage through the tunnel. The improvements Dated February 15, 1868.

consist, chiefly, in the peculiar construction of the kiln or The patentee claims, first, the general arrangements 519 A. H. BRANDON. Improvements in breech-loading fire- tunnel, in the means for effecting the gradual heating and and combination of parts of breech-loading irearms arms and cartridges. (A communication) Dated Feb- cooling of the bricks therein, in the novel construction of whereby the exploding pin is set and the empty cartridge ruary 17, 1868.

the trucks or platforms for carrying the bricks, and in case withdrawn by the raising or opening of the breech This invention relates, first, to what are known as needle the devices for controlling the motion of the trucks and block, as described and shown in the drawings. Second, guns, and consists in means of opening and cocking the for adjusting them in any desired position in the kiln. the construction of a tube or quill with the extractor gun by one single motion. For this purpose the patentee Patent abandoned. forming part of or attached thereto for the purposes de forms on the extremity of the closing bolt a groove of such

529 L. WOLLHEIM. Improvements in apparatus for baroscribed, and fitting the same within the joint or knuckle a form that, immediately after fring, the bolt can be

metrical and thermometrical purposes. Dated February 18, of the breech-block, as described, and fitting the same turned round on its axis, then drawn back with the

1868. within the joint or knuckle of the breech-block, as hammer, and after inserting the cartridge pushed home

Here the inventor constructs an apparatus for barodescribed and shown in the drawings. Third,' the and turned back on its axis, leaving the hammer in a posi

metrical and thermometrical construction of an additional tube or quill formed tion for firing by pulling the trigger. Second, in giving

purposes, consisting, with a spiral slot or inclined cheeks it, and such a form to the slot in which the bolt is drawn in a mainly, of two hollow vessels communicating with each

other by means of a tube, of which the one vessel is fitting the same on the pin upon which the breech- straight line, and then turned on its axis for opening and

These vessels aro block turns for compressing or setting the main spring closing the arm that, by curving the extremity or such closed, while the other is open at top.

filled with a fluid, by preference mercury, in such a in the manner described and shown in the drawings. grinding slot, the rectilinear motion is gradually blended

manner that the fluid encloses a certain quantity of air, or Fourth, constructing and arranging a lever on the tube into the rotary one, by which means the closing and or on the pin of the breech-block, so that the spring and opening are effected much more rapidly and easily, whilst, vessel it is in contact with the atmosphere. These com

other suitable gas, in the closed vessel, while in the other rammer may be set at half-cock' without the necessity of when using metallic cartridges, the danger of explosion bined vessels are so connected to the beam of a balanco opening the breech, as described and shown in the draw- by rapidly closing the bolt is avoided. Third, in adapting that any passage of mercury from the one vessel into the ings. Fifth, he claims fitting the main spring within to such arms an extractor moving in a line with the barrels other, owing to a change in the atmospheric pressure, will the body of the breech-block or within the thumb-piece and bedded in the breech-piece, and actuated by a stud in the manner shown and for the purposes described and projecting from the same in a cavity cut in the bolt, the preponderance on the one side thereof, and thus cause it

disturb the equilibrium of the balance by producing a illustrated in the drawings.- Patent completed. form of which cavity being such that the extractor

to alter its position. As from the construction of these 512 B. FARMER. Improved breaking and crushing and the bolt, and is only actuated by a part of the the rectilinear vessels it is evident that, irrespective of any change of hammering machinery useful for crushing stone and minerals motion. Fourth, in metallic cartridges adapted to these atmospheric pressure, a change of temperature will also and hammering iron, steel, brass, copper, and other substances, arms, and wherein the shell is made in one piece with no and in forming wrought-steel bells. Dated February 15, 1868. hole or opening at the back, and charged with a cap or

acts or neutralizes such latter effect upon the equilibrium This machinery consists of a hollow block with a num

of the balance by adding to the apparatus & contrivance þer of holes (seventeen, for instance), with a hammer pressed cardboard or "compreessd gunpowder.—Patent so arranged that a change of temperature shall affect it in having a jagged face-piece let into it. When lifted up by completed.

other side of the balance beam equal to the preponderance the action of a steam cylinder and piston, which forms

520 J. P. WORRALL. Certain improvements in the treal- produced by the same change of temperature in the compart of this machinery, the stone or material to be crushed or acted upon is put into the hollow space in the block, Dated February 17, 1868.

ment of fabrics for the purpose of imitating skins of animals. bined vessels, whereby it will be evident that any alterathe jagged part of the hammer coming down into the

tion in the position of the balance beam will indicate only hollow of the block crushes the stone or material through wholly of silk, or partly of silk and partly of cotton (or furthermore provided with a scale and a pointer; by

The woven fabrics the inventor employs are made either a change of atmospheric pressure. The apparatus is the holes aforesaid. The cylinder should be made to rest on the top of two iron columns, and be stayed by iron rods. and they are first submitted to the action of a machine beam are made to indicate the variations of atmospheric

other interior fibres), and usually termed union silk fabrics, means of which the angles of deviation of the balance The columns to have a groove in each to keep the piston termed a raising machine, which raises the long silk pressure which produce suc rod in direct motion to the cylinder. A lever is provided Abres out of the fabric, and after this operation has been details.-Patent abandoned.

deviations. There are other naving the hammer'attached at one end, and an oscillating continued for a sufficient time, the raised piece is to be link at the other end.-Patent abandoned. dyed and finished in a similar manner to silk, or union

530 R, BUTTERWORTH. Certain improvements in looms 513 A. M. CLARK. An improved material applicable for silk velvets or plushes.-Patent abandoned.

employed in the manufacture of smallware goods. Dated Febthe manufacture of felted fabrics, and for other purposes. (A

ruary 18, 1868.

521 W. H. WILKINSON. An improved system of type com This invention relates more particularly to small ware communication) Dated February 15, 1868. This invention relates to the application of a weft in all position and mode of constructing and arranging the type cases looms in which narrow fabrics, such as tapes, ribbons,

for the same. kinds, of machine-knitted fabrics, to be used more par

webs, or bands are manufactured, and to that portion ticularly in the manufacture of cloth fabrics, and also is founded on a careful analysis and study of words with tion is designed for the purpose of receiving and winding

This invention (the details of which are voluminous) thereof termed the “ taking-up" motion, and the invenfor other fabrics in which fulling is not required. — Patent especial regard to their relative values or comparative the tapes or ribbons as manufactured in a uniform manner abandoned.

frequency of recurrence in ordinary English composition. upon * beams" or bobbins, instead of allowing the tapes 514 J. BARLOW. Improvements in carriages. (Partly a The invention aims at securing the highest approximate or ribbons to fall and accumulate in a box or trough as communication.) Dated February 15, 1868.

economy in the work of type composition without the use hitherto employed. The improvements consist in the This invention is not described apart from the drawings. of any mechanical appliances, and without making application and use of a series of "beams" or bobbins -Patent completed

changes in the arrangement and use of the letter types supported in brackets secured to the frame of the loom in

so far as they need to be employed in this system. front of the "knee" or taking-up roller, ono 515 L. MUMMENHOFF. Improvements in compositions for invention relates to the combined use of types consisting roller or beam being used for each tape or ribbon the manufacture of building blocks, and for use in building. of words and to the peculiar arrangement of the cases delivered from the emery or “taking-up” roller; these (A communication) Dated February 15, 1868.

or boxes containing such types.--Patent completed. bobbins are separately driven by the “ taking-up" roller Here the patentee combines together ashes of coal and coke and Portland cement, or Roman cement, or other

522 W. LINCOLN. An improved lamp burner. Dated

by means of endless bands which pass around such roller

and round pulleys or "wharfs," the tape bobbins or similar cement, and he also combines with the mixture February 17, 1868.

This invention relates to burners for lamps for burning manufactured tape as it is delivered from the taking-up"

beams which when so driven “take up other materials, varying according to the purpose for

or receive the which the block or composition is required. Thus, for petroleum and other mineral oils, and consists, chiefly, in

roller, a lateral to and fro traverse being given to the use out of doors and in massive structures, he employs constructing such burners with an adjustable part which ashes of coal or coke, cement, slag, lime, and water glass. carries the base or gallery for supporting the chimney. they may receive the ribbons uniformly upon their whole

bobbins or “beams" by means of a cam, in order that For use inside buildings, as for fireproof arches, and for ---Patent abandoned.

width or surface.---Patent abandoned. other purposes, he uses ashes of coal or coke, cement, 523 J. G. TAYLOR. Improvements in puzzles and puzzle slag, and lime, without water glass. For use inside build- chains, and in the applications thereof. Dated February 17, wearing. Dated February 18, 1868.

531 R. BAGULEY. Improvements in shuttles for looms for ings for lighter purposes he uses ashes of coal and coke, 1868. slag and lime. For use in structures exposed to water, This invention is not described apart from the drawings. construction of that part of the shuttle called the peg or

The first part of this invention has for its object the for building cellars, and for similar purposes, he uses -Patent abandoned. ashes of coal or coke cement, slag, lime, and river sand.

skewer with the desired expansion and elasticity for

524 F. CHEVASSU. The prepared materials may also be used for flooring.

An improred shirt. Dated Feb-securely holding the cop thereon, without the aid of -Patent completed. ruary 17, 1868.

springs or other contrivances, as heretofore used for that

This invention consists in making shirts, the bodies of purpose. This the inventor effects by securing the bent 516 J. LEETCH. An improved apparatus for transmitting which are of flannel, and in applying thereto a front of or arched portion of the said peg or skewer at the nose sigals. Dated February 15, 1868.

linen or like material, with the collar band of the same end thereof, and tempering or hardening the same whilst This invention relates to signalling apparatus in which material. The inventor also forms the sleeves of flannel, in an arched position, thus securing the elasticity required


preparation or compound applicable to the uses or pur plates, thus forming a strong stay, strengthening the keir Surrey. Improvements in the manufacture of hats and

the loose end of the arched portion of the said peg or 540 W. BETTS. Improvements in the production of trade pipe, shutting off the steam jets, and also closes the air skewer is pointed and received in a hole or groove formed marks or other designs upon metallic capsules for Lottles and valves, excluding the air until the furnace door is again for that purpose at the block end of the peg or skewer. Other like receptacles, and in the apparatus or means employed opened.-Patent abandoned. The second part of this invention has for its object the therein. Dated February 18, 1868. construction of shuttles in such a manner that the weft,

The patentee claims, first, the application and use to and in delivery therefrom, is cut or broken when a warp in the printing of trade marks or other designs upon the thread breaks, or when from other causes the shuttle race sides of metallic capsules of suitable printing blocks or

PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. is not clear. He thus prevents the formation of “floats surfaces in combination with an elastic or yielding transfer and production of inferior cloth.- Patent abandoned. surface, substantially as described and illustrated in the

Dated July 21, 1868.

2290 J. M. Hector, Blandford Saint Mary. Dorsetshire. 532, J. and J. HINKs. Improvements in portable stores. drawings. Second, the application and use of a roller made Dated February 18, 1868.

to fit accurately the interior of a capsule for the purpose of Improvements in fuzee boxes, and in mechanism conStoves made according to this invention are especially rolling such capsule over an elastic or yielding transfer nected therewith.

2291 J. J. Aston, Barrister-at-Law, Middle Temple-lane Buitable for burning petroleum oil, or petroleum spirit, but surface in the printing of trade mark capsules, as described. other liquid combustibles may be employed. The patentee Third, the use of an adjustable gauge for adjusting ac

Improvements in paddle wheels.

Dated July 25, 1868. constructs a portable stove in the following manner:- curately the position of the roller and capsule upon the

Fourth, the

2335 C. Ritchie, Upper Tulse-hill, Surrey. Improvements The body of the stove consists of a hollow perforated printing or transfer surface, as described. cylinder of metal, the bottom of which has an opening use of an adjustable stop-piece for arresting the rolling in portable head-dress and other coverings for protecting

the head or body against sun, rain, or weather. sufficiently large to permit of the cone of the burrer being motion of the capsule at the proper place, as described. —

2347 A. M. Clark, Chancery-lane. Improvements in the passed through it. The said body is supported above the Patent completed.

means of steering steam vessels, and in apparatus for the lamp at the required distance by means of arms or 541 H. CHAMBERLAIN. Improvements in the manufacture same. (A communication.) brackets on the lamp stand. The lamp is supported on a of compressed bricks, and in the machinery or apparatus em

Dated July 30, 1868. stand provided with handles, by means of which the stove ployed therein. Dated February 18, 1868.

2387. A. Watkins, watch and chronometer maker, may be carried about. A short distance above the flame This invention consists, essentially, in pressing the brick Henrietta-street, Covent-gården. Improvements in the is å hollow cone of sheet metal, up which the current of two or more times, and each time in a fresh mould, so heated air and products of combustion from the lamp that the second pressure which is exerted upon a bricktimekeepers.

construction of watches, chronometers, clocks, and other pass, and on the top of the perforated cylindera hot water delivered from the first mould in the more or less defective

Dated July 31, 1868. reservoir or boiler fits. The hot water reservoir has a state usual in dry brick moulding, perfects the article by 2403 J. Ratcliffe, power loom manager, Back-oth-Bank, conical tube passing through it, up which the current of completing the expulsion of the confined air, and equaliz- Little Boulton, Lancashire. Improvements in machinery for hot air from the lamp rises and passes into the room. ing the density of the brick, which, according to this in- increasing the motive power of steam engines and all The cover of the hot water reservoir and conical tube is so vention, is turned over or reversed whilst passing from other motive machines. formed that the heated air, in passing into the room, one mould to another, and, consequently, becomes equally

Dated August 1, 1868. carries with it a portion of steam rising from the water, pressed on the top and bottom surfaces.-Patent completed. and thus keeps the air of the room sufficiently supplied

2426 C. Geoghegan, Dublin. "Improvements in sellwith moisture. By means of a tap, hot or boiling water

542 J. HIGGINBOTHAM and L. MOORE. Improvements in acting regulators, and in the cocks or taps to the same, may be drawn from the boiler. The lower part of the machinery for turning, grinding, and polishing rollers or cylin- for supplying fluids at high pressure, and preventing the body may be made of glass, so that the lamp serves as a

ders composed of metal or other material. Dated February 19, bursting of cocks, pipes, or taps under ordinary circum

1868. source of light as well as heat. When the body of the

stances, or from the effects of frost. The bed of this improved lathe is, by preference, formed

2428 J. Scott, coach proprieter, Sheffield. Improvements stove is of metal, the patentees insert near the bottom a piece or pieces of tale through which the state of the flame double, that is to say, with an additional bearing surface. in the preparation of food for horses, cattle, and other can be observed.-Patent completed.

At one end of the bed a fast headstock is mounted, a fol- animals,
lowing headstock being fitted to slide on the bed, as usual,

Dated August 5, 1868. 533 A. M. CLARK. An improved vegetable ertract for culi-the centres of the two headstocks being formed of a suffl

2451 J. Hamilton, 54, Chancery-lane. Improvements in nary purposes. (A communication.) Dated February 18, ciently large cone to sustain the copper rollers employed the manufacture of artificial fuel. 1868.

in printing machines without the use of an internal 2453 A. V. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improvements in This invention consists in the preparation of an aromotic mandrel, keyways being cut in one or both of the centres

the manufacture of iron and steel. (A communication.) liquid or extract by the distillation of vegetables and con- to suit the fixed key inside the roller, the centre in the 2454 N. D. Spartali, steam ship agent, Liverpool. An diments used for culinary purposes. The object of this following headstock revolving in a bearing, or in bearings, improved mode of and apparatus for propelling vessels extract is to offer to consumers of Liebig's extract of meat, for instance, or other similar preparation, the means of following headstock is fitted with a suitable adjusting; or being attached to a shaft revolving in bearings. The through the water.

Dated August 6, 1868. preparing a soup on the shortest notice, possessing all the

screw and locking nut or handle, as, or nearly as, is usual 2455 W. Millard, engineer, Trowbridge, Wiltshire. Im. flavour of the best stews or mixed soups.----Patent com A sliding carriage is mounted on the bed, and is actuated provements in looms. pleted.

by means of a screw or a rack and pinion, and is fitted 2456 H. Churchman, Horsham, Sussex. Improvements 534 O. E. BROOMAN. Improvements in breech-loading fire- with a suitable slide or elides, and with a tool box or tool in apparatus for cleaning boots and shoes. arms. (A communication) Dated February 18, 1868. holder. On a part of the carriage is fixed the bearing, or 2457 E. Edwards, Buckingham-street, Adelphi, West

This invention has reference to a former patent granted the bearings, of a revolving shaft, the said shaft carrying minster. Improvements in pumps. to the present patentee on September 7, 1866 (No. 2304), on the end which is towards the roller a flat grinding sur 2458 M. Benson, Hinde-street, Manchester-square, the subject of that patent being the now celebrated face composed of stone, or other suitable grinding material Middlesex. Improvements in low-water indicators and Chassepot's gạn, recently adopted in the French army. or composition; or the said flat surface may be composed safety valves for steam boilers. (A communication) The present invention is not described apart from the or made of a suitable material to be fed with grinding or 2459 L. Price, manufacturer, Birmingham. Improvedrawings.-Patent completed.

polishing powders, arrangements being made for readily ments in spring slides for candlesticks. 535 W. PERKINS and G. G. TANDY. An improred pre- into contact with the roller.- Patent abandoned. changing the grinding surfaces, and for bringing the samo 2460 W. Pearson and W. Spurr, engineers, millwrights

and machine makers, and H. Bradbury, loom turner, paration or compound applicable for insulating electric conductors, and for such purposes as india-rubber and other vul543 T. BEELEY. Improvements in keirs. Dated Feb-Birstall, Yorkshire. Improvements in looms for weaving.

2461 J. Hargreaves, analytical chemist, Darlington, canizable gums are applicable. Dated February 18, 1868.

ruary 19, 1868. The patentees claim the combination of anthracene or This invention consists in introducing a flanged per- Improvements in the manufacture of steel and iron, and paranaphthaline and naphthaline with india-rubher, gutta- forated pipe (which the patentee prefers to be of wrought in the preparation of materials and agents, and in appa

ratus to be employed therein. percha, gum ballata, and other analogous vulcanizable iron) into the interior of such keirs as are subjected to

2462 H. F. Freutel, Kingsland-road, Middlesex, and H. substances and sulphur, for the purpose of producing a

pressure. This pipe reaches from one end to the other of

the keir, and the flanges are attached or riveted to the end Zox, hat and cap manufacturer, Nelson-square, Blackfriars, poses above mentioned, or any analogous purposes. Patent completed. in its weakest direction, and thus preventing the explo- cap3 and other coverings for the head.

2463 A. M. Clark, Chancery-lane. Improvements in 536 W. E. NEWTON. An improved material for the base sions which so frequently take place in unstayed keirs.

scissors. (A communication.) of artificial teeth and for other purposes, and also an improved The pipe is perforated in order to admit the steam or

2464 W. and E. M. Hann, Hetton Colliery, Fence construction of mould for forming dental plates. (A commu- | liquor.-Patent completed.

Houses, Durham. Improvements in safety lamps. nication) Dated February 18, 1868. 515 J. KIRKLAND. Improrements in the construction of

2466 A. V. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improvements in The patentee claims, first, the method set forth of pre- pumps. Dated Februory 19, 1868.

the manufacture of boots and shoes. (A communication.) paring and working pyroxyline and its compounds to form This invention consists, first, in placing the suction and 2467 W. M. Moore, Balscadden House, Dublin. Improvean improved solid and homogeneous material for dental discharge valves on the same spindle or rod, the distance ments in invoice and other paper holders. plates and other purposes. Second, forming dental plates between them corresponding to the distance between their

Dated August 7, 1868. of the improved material prepared by working pyroxyline respective seatings. The said seatings are formed in a 2468 T. W. Stapleton, wine merchant, Regent-streer, and its compounds in the manner described. Third, form- valve chamber communicating with the suction pipe or Middlesex. Improvements in breech-loading firearms. (A ing dental plate moulds of sectional castings within a pipes and the working barrel. The suction valve is made communication.) cylindrical adjustable flask, as specified. Fourth, the use smaller than the discharge valve, or part of the discharge 2469 C. J. Curtis and A. Fiddes, Bristol. Improvements of a clamping adjustable flask for forming a dental plate valve seating is movable, so that the spindle and both of in safes and strong rooms. mould in sections within it, constructed and operating the valves can be easily withdrawn in one piece. Second, 2470 G. W. Maddick, Camden-road, Holloway, Middleas described. Fifth, forming a dental plate of plastic in the employment of a chamber in communication with sex. Improvements in combining forks and spoons. material within a sectional mould under pressure, as set the working barrel from which two or more suction pipes 2471 B. Hunt, Serle-street, Lincoln's Inn, Improveforth.-Patent completed,

are led away to any desired places or place. In a ship's ments in india-rubber fabrics. (A communication.) 537 J. and J. THOMPSON. Improvements in fastening railpump, five suctions could be conveniently led away on to

2472 J. Whitohead, Manchester. Improvements in way rails. Dated February 18, 1868.

each side of the keelson, one to the starboard, and another dandy rollers used in the manufacture of paper. The object of this invenfion is to prevent the nuts turnto the port bilge, and a fifth to the sea. The said chamber

2474 H. Benjamin, Abbey-road, Middlesex. A new or ing, and so to save the cost of the superintendence which

or the upper ends of the suction pipes is or are fitted with improved washing machine. is now necessary. For this purpose, each bolt is filed or valves or plugs attached to stems or otherwise, so that

2475 J. Litchfield, Southey-street, Nottingham. Imformed flat on one or more sides at the part where the place or places at pleasure. These valves or plugs are

communication can be established or cut off between any provements in the manufacture of lace fabrics and in appascrew thread is cut, and the screw nuts are each formed rendered easily accessible by providing the said chamber

ratus employed therein. with a mortise or key way into which, when the nut is with a removable or lifting cover.-Patent completed.

2476 W. É. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improvements in screwed home, a taper key is driven, and this bearing

apparatus or mechanism for regulating the speed or power against the flattened side of the bolt effectually prevents

546 E. WRIGHT. Improvements in self-acting means or of machinery. (A communication.) the nut turning upon it. Or the nut may have a notch apparatus applicable to steam boiler and other furnaces for the 2477 G. Leach, manufacturer, Leeds, Yorkshire. Imcut in it on one side extending down into the bolt-hole in consumption or prevention of smoke. Dated February 19 provements in machinery for carding wool and other the nut; this notch is wider at the bottom than the top, 1869.

fibrous substances, and in the mode of and apparatus for so that a key or wedge of corresponding form driven into This apparatus consists of a cylinder attached to the forming bats or slivers. it endwise, or in a direction at right angles to a radius of front of the boiler, or otherwise to the front part of 2478 W. E. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improvements in the bolt-hole in the nut, cannot escape outwards from the

the furnace, such cylinders having a piston valve or firearms, (A communication.) notch, and the key or wedge locks the bolt and nut

bucket therein, to which is attached a rod passing through 2479 J. Arnold, engineer and boiler maker, Sheffield together, as in the former case, the key or wedge hearing a stuffing box in the cylinder corer, and connected to a Improvements in the construction of steam boilers. against a flattened side of the bolt. `In either arrange- lever hinged to the front of boiler or furnace. A pipe

Dated August 8, 1868. ment the key or wedge may be split in its smaller end

connects the two ends of the cylinder, and a tap is intro 2480 S. Gardner, ironfounder, Eaglesbush Foundry, and opened out when it has been driven to prevent its duced into the pipe to stop or regulate the passage of Neath, Glamorganshire. A new or improved annealing return.-Patent completed.

water supplied to the cylinder. Attached to one end of pot and stand. 538 A. M. KEIGHLEY. Improved night and day signals for in the steam pipe, and to the other end is a chain con- Improvements in water-closets.

the lever is a rod which is connected to the lever of a tap 2481 J. Broadfoot, plumber and brassfounder, Glasgow. railway carriages. Dated February 18, 1868. This invention consists of an arrangement of bars in

nected to the air valves or doors hinged in an opening of 2182 B. Hunt, Serle-street, Lincoln's Inn. Improvements combination with communicators, and other suitable the furnace door, To the furnace door is hinged a rod in blind furniture. (A communication.) apparatus, for signalling from one part of a railway train connected to a lever, which, when the furnace door is 2183 J. Kirk, contractor, Woolwich, and J. Batstone, to another, and for effecting communication between lifting the first-named lever, and also for pressing the purpose of protecting fortifications, ressels, and other

surveyor, Westminster.

An improved shield for the passengers and guard or driver in trains of carriages used piston or bucket to the bottom of the cylinder. A weight structures or buildings against projectiles or other missiles on railways, as described and set forth.-Patent completed.

or spring is applied to the first-named lever, which gradu- of war. 539 W. WEILD. Improrements in the process of treating ally acts on the valve or bucket to raise it as the water 2484 J. Standen, Blackman-street, Borough. Improve. sewing threads to prepare, starch, dress, polish, and wind the passes through the pipe to the other end of the cylinder, ments in the construction of multitubular boilers. same, and in some of the machinery to be employed therein. Areording as the tap therein is opened more or less to 2485 A. V. Newton, Ohancery-lane. An improved conDated February 18, 1898.

allow or admit its passage, so that when the furnace door struction of steam engide governor. (A cummunication.) The object here is to save labour and waste of material is opened for the charge of fuel, or breaking up of the fire, 2486 W. E. Newton, Chancery lane. Improvements in in the operations of bleaching, dyeing, starching, dressing the steam pipes or jets are opened to inject steam into the screws and screw drivers. (A communication.) and winding sewing thread. The specification of the furnace, and also the air valves or doors are opened to 2487 D. Nickols, engineer, Manchester. Improvements invention is too voluminous to be quoted here at sufficient admit air to the furnace, and when the furnace is closed, in cocks or taps. length for an intelligible abstract.-Patent completed. the lever acting on the piston gradually closes the steam 2489 F. Walton, Staines, Middlesex. Improvements in

the treatment of resins or resinous gums, and in the of railways and rolling stock therefor, and the arrangement 1361 P. Spence. Purifying gas used for illumination. application of the products obtained therefrom.

of electric telegraph line wires in connection therewith. 1373 D. Geraci. Armour plating. 2490 J. Hird. Bristol. Improvements in the means of 2532 R. Saunders, Croydon, Surrey. Improvements in 1377 H. Chaytor. Rolling stock of railways. and apparatus for obtaining and applying motive power. anchors and appliances to the same, also applicable to 1382 E. M'Donnell. Impervious concrete or cement. Dated August 10, 1868. other tackling liable to sudden strains.

1384 G. T. Bousfield. Manufacture of hair seating. 2493 T. Corfield, auctioneer, Falmouth, Cornwall. Im 2534 I. M. Milbank, Greenfleld-hill, Connecticut. Im- (A communication.) provements in the manufacture of paper bags, and in the provements in breech-loading firearms and cartridges. 1385 G. A. Cox. Carpets. means of closing or fastening the same. (A communi 2535 B. Ingham, dyer, Bradford, Yorkshire. Improved 1388 A. Dietz. Process of treating glue. eation.)

means of dyeing werps of worsted, cotton, silk, or other 1389 H, Waugh. Apparatus for screening grain. 2494 B. Hunt, Serle-street, Lincoln's Inn. An improved fibrous substances.

1397 W. Wright. Manufacture of iron steel, machine for making eyelets. (A communication.)

2536 H. Steffanson, engineer, Brompton, Middlesex, and 1401 J. J. Long. Machinery to be used in the manu2495 B. Hellwag, chief engineer of the Hamburg and J. Hadley, City Flour Mills, Upper Thames-street, City. facture of matches. American Steam Ship Company, Greenock, Renfrewshire. Improved machinery for decorticating grain,

1404 R. Scott. Apparatus for dressing millstones. A new or improved system or mode of telegraphing on 2537 J. Holding, overlooker, Wheelton, Lancashire. 1409 J. Gough. Gearing for actuating the knife in board of steam ships, and in the means or apparatus Improvements in the healds or harness employed in looms paper-cutting machines. employed therefor, also applicable for other vessels and for weaving.

1424 C. D. Abel. Production of a colouring matter from purposes.

2538 S. d. Lister, Manningham, Yorkshire. Improve- aniline. (A communication.) 2496 W. W. Hughes, Porchester-terrace, Middlesex. ments in machinery for combing wool, silk, and other 1428 J. Warne. Fastening for pipes and tubes. Improvements in fans or apparatus for forcing or draw-Abre.

1442 J. E. Boyce and R. Harrington. Umbrellas and ing air.

2539 T. R. Crampton, Great George-street, Westminster. parasols. 3497 A. V. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improvements in Improvements in grinding coal, in preparing coal for 1443 J. H. Johnson. Apparatus for exhibiting minute Automatic indicators for steam boilers. (À communica- burning, in supplying it to furnaces, and in burning photographic pictures. (A communication.) tion.)

powdered coal, also in apparatus to be used for these 1472 W. Walker and H. F. Smith. Apparatus for ex2468 D. Fruwirth, artist, Norwood, Surrey, and A. purposes.

pressing oils from seeds. Hawkins, glyphographer, Camberwelí. An improved 2540 H. K. York, Grange Town Iron Works, Cardiff 1516 J. A. Jones. Manufacture of iron and steel. process for producing raised printing surfaces.

Improvements in treating cast iron and other metals, and 1520 W. E. Everett. Casting copper tubes and cylinders. Dated August 11, 1868. in apparatus employed therein.

1527 G.T. Seydel. Apparatus for heating and ventilat2429 R. Robinson, engineer and tool maker, Preston,

Dated August 14, 1868.

ing buildings. Lancashire. Improved apparatus for regulating, con 2541 H. B. Bink, chemist, Kingsland, Middlesex. Im 1537 W. R. Lake. Dovice for holding scrubbing brushes. trolling, and for varying the speed of shafts and machi-provements in the treatment and preparation of indigo for (A communication.) nery laundry and other like purposes.

1590 H. C. Crofts. Manufacture of bricks. 2591 J. Brown, machinist, South Stockton, Yorkshire. 2542 W. Shaen, Bedford-row, Holborn, Improvements 1681 H. Hall and J. A. Mason. Apparatus for propelling Improvements in rolling iron and steel, and fin machinery in the manufacture of explosive compounds. (A commu vessels. connected therewith. nication.)

1691 A. M. Clark. Rotary steam engines. (A communi9502 A. M. Clark, Chancery-lane. Improvements in 2543 O. Evotte, practical engineer, Rue Riquet, Paris. cation.) propelling vessels, and in apparatus for the same, also A portable machine for turning, dividing, and cutting 1759'W. E. Newton. Horse rakes. (A communication.) applicable to other purposes. (A communication.) wooden cogs of cog wheels of all descriptions and sizes, 1778 P. Buchan. Preparation of hemp and flax.

2503 J. Salmou, printers' engineer, Manchester. Im- either in building shops or manufactories, when such 2324 R.G. Hatfield. Sliding door rollers.
provements in printing machinery.
wheels require to be supplied with fresh cogs.

2428 J. Scott. Preparation of food for horses. 2504 H., T., and G. Moore, brassfounders, Aston, Bir 2545 J. B. Thompson, Horton, Slough, Bucks. Improve 2475 J. Litchfield. "Manufacture of loose fabrics. mingbam. Improvements in the manufacture of windowments in coating iron and steel with gold, silver, and 2479 J. Arnold. Construction of steam boilers. and other cornices, poles, and rods for internal or house copper, and in apparatus for carrying out the same.

2516 H. H. Henson. Metallic ropes. decorations.

2546' W. E. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improvements 2520 H., J. W., and R. E. Dewhurst. Process of orna2505 M. Gray, engineer, Highbury-hill, Middlesex, and applicable to machinery for combing silk and other fibrous menting seal-skin cloths. F. Hawkins, electrician, Silvertown, Essex. Improve- substances. (A communication.)

The full titles of the patents in the above list can be ments in the mode of and apparatus used in manufacturing

Dated August 15, 1868.

ascertained by referring back to their numbers in the list telegraphic insulated wires and cables.

2547 J. Macintosh, North Bank, Regent's-park. Im- of provisional protections previously published. 2506 J. H. Johnson, Lincoln's Inn-fields. Improve-provements in submarine telegraphy.

Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to ments in the permanent way of railways. (A communi 2548 C. D. Abel, Southampton-buildings, Chancery- any of the parties in the above list, who have given notice cation.)

lane. Improvements in the production of brown colouring of their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from 2507 A. Argamakoff, Stockwell-green, Surrey. Im- matters for dyeing and printing. (A communication.) the date of the "Gazette" in which the notice appears, by provements in the production by means of photography of 2550 J. Hickisson, Southgate-road, Middlesex. An im- leaving at the Commissioners' office, particulars in writing printing surfaces adapted to lithography, typography, and proved pencil for marking on linen and other fabrics. of the objection to the application. chromotype. (Partly a communication.)

2551 R. Robinson, engineer and tool maker, and G. D. 2508 J. W'Farlane, wire cloth manufacturer, Edinburgh. Edmeston, foreman, Preston, Lancashire. Improvements PATENTS ON WHICH THE STAMP DUTY OF £50 Improvements in rollers for paper-making machines. in or applicable to lathes, and in mechanism for varying 2509 J. R. Croskey, Cannon-street, City. Improvements rotating speeds applicable to other tools, machines and

HAS BEEN PAID. in looms for weaving. shafting.

2192 F. Hazeldine

2224 G. F. White and H Dated August 12, 1868. 2554 H, Y. D. Scott, Lieut.-Col. R.E., Ealing, Middlesex. 2196 F. A. E. G. de Massas

Chamberlain 2510 E. P. G. Headley, agricultural implement maker, Improvements in pottery and other kilns.

2208 H. A. Bonneville 2282 T. Wrigley and M. B. Cambridge. An improved hydraulic apparatus for water 2556 A. M. Clark, Chancery-lane. Improvements in the 2213 W. P. Piggott

Westhead ing streets, roads, gardens, and other places, extinguishing manufacture of size. (A communication.)

2215 G. Robinson

2264 W. Barford and T. fires, attaching to fre-engines and other similar or anala 2558 W. B. Espeut, Southwark-street, Hyde-park. Im 2223 W. Clark

Perkins gous purposes.

provements in curing, drying, and extracting molasses 2511 D. Hill, J. Richardson, and C. J.Johnson, Stockton- from sugar and other substances, and in apparatus emon-Tees, Durham, G. N. Duck, Coatham, Redcar, York-ployed therein.

PATENTS ON WHICH THE STAMP DUTY OF £100 sbire, and W. F. Masterman, Aislaby Hall, Whitby, York

Dated August 17, 1868.

HAS BEEN PAID. shire. Improvements in the manufacture of iron and 2569 A. Smith, merchant, Glasgow. Improvements in

2141 J. Ronald

2253 R. A. Brooman steel.

the manufacture of sugar and in apparatus therefor. (A 2143 W.S. Guinness 2512 J. Winsborrow, Livemere-place, Livemere-road, communication.) Dalston, Middlesex. Improvements in apparatns for mea 2564 W. E. Newton, Chancery-lane. An improved insuring water and other liquids, which improvements are strument to be used as a fog alarum and to produce audible

LIST OF SEALED PATENTS. also applicable in obtaining motive power. signals. (A communication.)

Sealed August 28, 1868. 2513 I.T. Pendlebury, machinist, and T. Pendlebury, 2566 W. Edwards, shoe manufacturer, Redditch, Wor

592 W.R. Lake

744 W. K. Stuart foreman, Bury, Lancashire. An improved valve motion, cestershire. Improvements in sewing machine neodles.

690 E. Baker

745 J.G. Kincaid applicable to direct-action steam pumps and similar 2568 G. F. Bradbury and T. Chadwick, sewing machine

691 H. B. Wilder

746 W. and T. Mitchell purposes. manufacturers, Oldham, Lancashire. Improvements in

695 G. Lindesley 2514 J. Thompson, Handsworth, Staffordshire, Im- sewing machines. (Partly a communication.)

750 J. Brigham and R. 700 W. Barrfod and T.

Bickerton provements in reducing and utilizing certain descriptions 2570 C. J., W, A., and F. Simpson, cotton spinners and


752 C. R. Rockley of son homogeneous iron or stee). manufacturers, Preston, Lancashire. Improvements in

710 T. Horsley

753 C. Schinz 2515 I. Broad, Arthur-street West. Improvements in machinery or apparatus for sizeing and drying yarns for

714 W. E. Gedge

770 A. M. Clark machinery, apparatus, and process in the treatment of weaving.

718 J. Barker

772 D. Price and C. Rowe carboniferous plants and other fibrous material for the

Dated August 18, 1868.

785 J. Houston manufacture of paper, cardboard, and other similar

720 W. B. Thompson and 2576 G. Fitz-Gerald, electrician, Battersea, Middlesex.

W. Gall articles.

788 J. Campbell A new or improped mode of constructing electric tele

721 J. A. Haswell and G. 796 R. Tooth 2816 H. H. Henson, Parliament-street, Westminster. graphs and voltaic batteries.


833 S. Brooks Improvements in metallic ropes.

2580 J. Landless, Manchester. Certain improvements 9517 C. D.J. Seitz, manufacturing chemist, Bury, Man- in boilers or generators for steam, which are also appli

722 J. Manley

834 E. and J. Broadbent 723 W. Spence

842 W. Hawthorn chester. Improvements in the construction of furnaces cable for other beating purposes.

728 E. Burton and J. Law 877 J. Carter tor the recovery of the boda from the waste lyes resulting

renee from the boiling of esparto grass or straw in the working

920 A. V. Newton NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED WITH or incinerating of the residue resulting from evaporation,

729 H. Kennedy

985 A. V. Newton PATENTS.

730 S. A. Bell and G. H. and in an improved means of depriving it of any offensive

1043 J. H. Johnson odour. From the “ London Gazette," September 1, 1868.


1077 J. II. Johnson 2518 J. Wilson, Salford, Lancashire. Improvements in

1156 J. M. Plessner 1266 E. T. Hughes. Apparatus for the manufacture of

783 B. W. A. Sleigh outside blinds or sun shades for windows. hats and bonnets. (A communication.)

734 J. A. Lee

1467 J. Hiekmott

787 6. Jeffries 1281 J. and J. A. Fawcett. Steam boilers.

1845 H. A. Bonneville 2519 R. H. Southall and W. Hallam, boot and shoe

740 E. Clifton 1283 W. Malam. Apparatus for the manufacture of gas.

1867 T. A. Weston manufacturers, Manchester. A new or improved method

741 J. Lewthwaite 1284 J. M Ghie. Apparatus for spinning.

2086 G. H. Wilson of and apparatus for protecting the side springs or elastics of boots and shoes.

1285 S. W. Worssam, jun. Machinery for planing 2520 H., J. W, and R. E. Dewhurst, Apsley Print Works, wood.

LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS PUBLISHED, Huddersfield. An improved process of ornamenting seal 1287 J. J. R. Humes and J. G. Sullivan. Machinery

For the week ending August 29, 1867. skin cloths.

for making bricks. 2521 H. Lann, merchant, Horncastle, Lincolnshire. 1502 M. s. Maynard and R. Grime. Machinery for No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. Xo. Pr. No. P.r INO. 1 Pr. Improvements in postal sample bags or envelopes. governing the speed of motive power engines,

1816 W. R. Lake. 2522 J. Cleaver, Leen Side, Nottinghamsbire. ImproveMachinery for manufacturing 9. d.

8, d. S. d.

3029 08137201 480 10 129 0 8 2080 242 0 4 ments in ornamenting bobbin net lace and other fabrics. carpet linings. (A communication)

1317 H. Hill. 2523 R. O. Rapier, Victoria-street, Westminster. Im


3583 1 8723 0 8 610 & 1330 10 207 0 4 213 0 4

20 8 521 215610 8 2090 4 245 0 provemen te in electric clocks, and in apparatus connected 1328 E. Samson. Utilizing the rim or frame under the 3624 0 8

3626 0

530) 81 164/1 therewith

31 4

2100 4 247 0 4 top of an ordinary lod table.

8535 2 0 1325 1. Hardcastle. Manufacture of bowls.

4 0 8 1524 1. B. Walker, woolstapler, Sawrey-place, Bradford,

680 1681 2110 4 249 0

50 10 Yorkshire. Improvements in extracting burs from wool. 1328 J. Bush and H. Welchman. Spring fastening for 3651 24

600 10 16:10 2130 41 233 0

3662 0 8 72 610 1921821910 4256 0 2525 W. Payne, Balham, Surrey. Improvements in brooches.

1832 J. Armstrong.

3600 5 Crossinge, and in switch appa

8,0 690 8 19: O 41 221 0 steam cocks or valves, also applicable for hot or cold

4) 257 0

26162 ratus to be used with the permanent way of railways.

11'1 7210 (194) 4 223.0 4 2600 water.

12 0 6 1333 W. R. Lake. Steam cultivator. (A communica- | 3679 L

7510 19:24 22:04 262 04 2526 G. A. Backholtz, Shepherd's Bush, Middlesex.

SOS) 10 190 760 8 194 4 227,0 4 264 0 Improved machinery for hulling grain. tion.)


200 6 1939 W. R. Lake. Cartridge boxes or holders. (A com

840 I 1910 8 2:30 4) 2660 2527 J. Petrie, machine maker, Rochdale, Lancashire.

3702 0 8 240 8 1910 ! 20:41 2310 4 267 0 Improvements in machinery or apparatus for washing munication.)

30'0 10 920 1 204) 2.60 4 205 0 wool and other fibrous materials.

1312 T. T. Macneil. Apparatus for indicating the dis-3709 2

3712 0 8 440 1c 1100 20

2:10 4 269 0 2528 W. E. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improvements in tances travelled by cabs. photographic frames, and in mechanism for making same. 1946 D. C. Lowber. Wiro tie for securing balos of (A communication.) cotton.

NOTE. --Specifications will be forwarded hy post from the 2529 R. Sim, M.D., Naples. Improvements in composi 1347 C. W. Harrison. Veans of preventing incrustation Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department), on retions for preventing tho fouling of ships' bottoms and in boilers.

ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding other buildings exposed to the action of sea or impure 1348 J. Liddard and G. Buxton. Rails and chairs of 53. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable at water. railways.

the Post Oflice, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennett Wooderoit, Dated August 13, 1868.

1554" G. A. Welsh. Apparatus for the preservation of Great Seal Patent Oftice, 25, Southampton-buildings, 2531 W. Thorola, Norwich. A new or improved system | life and property at sea.




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37. Deep Well Pumps for Horse or Cattle Power.
112. Crab Winches, Single and Double Purchase.

108. Pulley Blocks of all sizes. 102. Bernays's Patent Centrifugal Pumps of all sizes. 123, Bottle and other Lifting Jacks.

44. Wrought-iron Portable Pumps for Builders, &c. Oil Mills for Steam, Bullock, or Hand Power.

Boring Toolsof every description for Artesian Wells, 179. Double-action Pumps for Steam Power. 185. Steam Donkey Pumps for Feeding Boilers, for

boring for Minerals, testing foundations, &c. 18. Brass Lift Pumps for House Use. Breweries, &c.

26. Single, Double, and Treble Barrel Pumps of all | 284. Deep Well Pump s for Hand Power. 60 Hydraulic Rams for Raising Water,

sizes. 4. Cast-iron House and Yard Pumps.

136. Vertical Combined Steam Engines and Boilers. Estimates of any of the above, also of Fixed and other Steam Engines, Boilers, Steam Wharf and Warehouse Cranes, Wrought and Cast-iron Girders overy description of Single and Double Barrel, Centrifugal and Chain Pumps of all sizes, and to any depth ; Mortar Mills, and every other description ol Contractors' Plant, promptly forwarded on application.



B 82


AND GENERAL IRONFOUNDERS. Manufacturers of Brewery, Distillers', and

Pharmaceutical Plant,

Prize Medal, International

Exhibition, 1862.


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FIRE BUCKETS AND HOSE, fidently recommended as a simple but certain remedy for

MANUFACTURED BY Iudigestion. They act as a powerful tonio and gentle aperient, are mild in their operation; safe under any circumstances; and

WEBB AND SON, thousands of persons can now bear testimony to the benefits to be

COMBS TANNERY, derived from their use.

Sold in bottles at 1s, 14d., 25. 9d., and 11s. cach, in every town in the NEAR STOWMARKET.

CAUTION !-Be sure to ask for “NORTON'S PILLS," and do not bepersuaded to purchase the various imitations.

A 54 Awarded for Superior Quality and Manufacture, six First-
class Medals, two Honourable Mentions, and one

A 18
Indigestion, Sick Headache, Loss of Appetite, Drowsines


ADAPTED FOR PITS, Giddiness, spasms, and all Disorders of the stomach and Bowels

QUARRIES, &C.; SIMPLE are quickly removed by that well-known remedy, FRAMPTON'S

PATENT PACKING FOR STEAM PILL OF HEALTH. They unite the recommendation of mild

AND STRONG; REQUIRE NO operation with the most successful effect; and where an aperient

ENGINES, &c. is required, nothing can be better adapted.

FOUNDATION OR CHIMNEY Sold by all Medicine Vendors at ls. 11d. and 28. 9d. per box, or

STALK, AND obtained through any Chemist.



TUCK and Co.
beg to call attention to the annexed

Sizes, from 9 to 30-horse power.
" TRADE MARK,” which in fu-
ture will appear upon oach length

Stationary Engines, 1 to 30-horse power, with or

without gearing. ING," as also upon their

Steam Cranes, 30 cwt. to 20 tons, for Wharf or Valves, guaranteed quality. Sheet India

Hoisting Engines, 2 to 30-horse power, with or

without jib. rubber, Buffers, Hose,

Contractors' Locomotives, 6 to 27-horse power. Tubing, Banding, &c.

Traction Engines, 6 to 27-horse power, This

TUCK & Co.,

Ships' Engines, for Winding, Cooking, and DisLeather


tilling, passed by H.M. Government for halfcombines

116, Cannon Street, E.C.

Steam Winches. Engines and Boilers for Light

Screw and Paddle Steamers. extraordinary

Liverpool:-42 and 44, QUEEN STREET. strength with


ALEXANDER CHAPLIN & CO., lightness and great

Contractors to the Admiralty.

A 11






The Medical Profession for thirty years have approved of EDWIN H. NEWBY,

this pure Solution of Magnesia as the best remedy for Acidity of the

Stomach, Heartburn, Headache, Gout, and Indigestion: and as the Also Manufacturers of all other descrip

39A, KING WILLIAM STREET, CITY, late best mild aperient for delicate constitutions, especially adapted for tions of


Ladies, Children, and Infants.
Leather, Fire Engine Hose, Bands, &c.

The above Lubricators grease every particle of steam previous to it

172, New Bond-street, London,
passing through the valves into the cylinder.

A 47

And of all other chemists throughout the world.






A 51



A 59

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