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rings havo for their common centre the vertica N the afternoon of Wednesday week, the first


iron shaft which forms the centre of the dise

Owing to this peculiar arrangement, the disc ciple, built on the Tyne, for the Government, the SUGGESTIONS ON THE DEFENCE OF battery is enabled to revolve round its vertical “ Cerberus," was launched from the building-yard


axis, without perceptibly changing the position of Messrs. Palmer and Co. (limited), Jarrow. She

No. IX.

where it is anchored. Let us now suppose the is of 500-horse power, and is intended for the TO THE EDITOR OF THE "MECHANICS' MAGAZINE." said battery, when in action, to revolve from left colonies, having been designed by Mr. E. J. Reed,

to right, the enemy being in front; then every the Chief Constructor of the Navy. Her dimen

Sir, — The strength and efficiency of a country's fourth part of the revolution would bring two sions are : -Lengths between perpendiculars, coast and harbour defences should be quito im- fresh guns to deliver their fire from almost pre225ft. ; length of koel per tonnago, 195ft. 74in. dependent of the direct and local (or “ tactical") cisely the same spot whence the fire of the prebreadth extreme, 45ft. 2in.; depth of hold, 16ft. assistance derivable from a floet of sea-going war- ceding guns has been delivered, and in this manner 6in.; burden in tons, O.M., 2107 23-94ths ; moulded ships, because the proper work for a fleet is to there will be a continuous rapid fire delivered from depth, 18ft. Gin. ; loading draft, 15ft. Gin., leaving attack the hostilo flect on the high sea, and other one spot—a fire so rapid as would be quite imposonly 3ft. side exposed when in action. The turrets wiso try to çripple the enemy's resources, as it siblo to deliver from guns in position, owing to are situated one at the fore end and the other at were, at their fountain head. the after end of the breastwork. Each turret is that the ships of a defeated and dispersed feet be. effected by machinery, but the recoil fores of 21ft. 3in. in diameter, and constructed of a shell skin may have to seek shelter in our seaports renders tho guns would also considerably contribute of -inch plates in two thicknesses, upon which is it so much the more necessary that the defensive towards that end, as owing to the position of the built the backing of wood and the armour-plating, strength, both passive and active, of the latter guns in the radial front the direction of their recoil of equal thickness to that in the other portions should be abundantly sufficient to defy the foe, force would coincide with the direction of the re

It is not of the ship. The turrets are revolving, being worked independent of any other assistance.

volution. I am, Sir, yours, &c., by auxiliary engines, and moving upon à centre the place here to make any remarks on the utility

December 5.

G. J. GÜNTHER. spindle of great strength. Each turret will be of large sea-going ships in naval sallies, in the manned with two 450-pounder Armstrong guns, pursuit of a retreating enemy who has been beaten each gun being 18 tons weight. To give additional off our coast, and other similar services. For a

SOLAR HEAT. protection, however, to the men, the upper deck is successful coast defence, various floating structures,

SIR, -About a twelvomonth ago, you did mo tle of greatly increased strength,' to withstand the such as floating batteries, gunboats, &c., whose battering of any raking shot. Alongside the base shape, size, draught of water, armament, &c., favour to insert in the MECHANICS” MAGAZINE TWO

communications, one upon Heat, the other upon of the turrets, and fore and aft, aro placed the berths would be carefully adapted to the local peculiarities the Intensity of Cold.

In a portion of a theory and cabins of the officers and crow, providing ac- of the coast or harbour where they have to operate, imperfectly advanced, it was stated, that a sun is a commodation for thirteen officers, five engineers, would be almost indispensable. The famous primary body in an igneous or active state ; in other twenty-five marinos, fourteen stokers, and ninety

"Skärenflotta" ("Cliff fleet"), which so efficiently words, a state of decomposition, whose decomposed eight seamen, making in all 155 men.

Below the defended the coast of Scandinavia against superior parts are absorbed by the secondary and other bodies turrets and breastwork is a lower deck, on which hostile forces, is a well-known historical instance of the system. I have at last the satisfaction to find are arranged the usual store-rooms, powder maga- of a most judicious utilization of peculiar local fea- in the solar discoveries that have recently agitated zine, shot-rooms, &c. The hull of the “ Cerberus ” tures; and Mr. Ericsson's bow-armoured raft gun- the scientific world, evidence so corroborative of the is divided by seven bulkheads, each being water- boats, of which the modern “Skärenflotta" will theory then laid down. I await with entire con

fidence the result of a more perfect observation.tight, and the bottom of the ship is double, so that be composed, will doubtless, in case of need, prove I am, Sir, yours, &c.,

H. SALOWAY. if the outer shell or skin should be damaged by any equally as formidable as their famous predecessors.

13, Standard-street, Dover-road, means, the water can only get into one tank or comThe absence in Great Britain of any defensive

December 5. partment, and so the safety of the ship and crew is floating structures specially adapted to the local secured. As a further protection in case of tem- peculiarities of the seaport or coast where they poiary damage, they are five of Downton's large would be stationed, is probably owing to the over

HYDRAULICS. pumps on board, and each pump is connected with great reliance placed in the efficiency of the sea

SIR,-Would any of your correspondents be kind the whole of the ship, and can be used in cases of going fleet. But a feeling of too great security is enough to tell me whether any books or table is fire. The "Cerberus" is ordered to be sent to very frequently anything but a guaranty of safety. published which gives the quantity of water deChatham, at which port she is to be fitted and com- At Portsmouth, for example, without a sufficient livered per second or minute by different sized pleted, at the charge of the Melbourne Government, supply of floating batteries, and an efficient system pipes running full bore, and also under different it being intended that she shall be sent to Australia. of submarine defences (chevaux de frise, &c.), | heads of pressure.-I am, Sir, yours, &c., an enterprising and spirited enemy, well furnished

December 5.

H. H. with shallow-going floating batteries and other

[Box's “Practical Hydraulics," published by MILITARY AND COLONIAL CART.

similar “naval and siege structures," would soon Messrs. Spon, 48, Charing-cross, contains exactly WE pecenilgende ticad, a incremento do stem of iron. render the position of the garrisons of at least what “ H. H.” requires.-ED. M.M.] Addis, executive engineer to the Local Fund I am not far wrong in stating that the superiority Works, Bombay. We now bring before our readers of floating batteries, properly so called, over sea

WORKING GUNS. another practical invention by the same gentleman. going ships, would chiefly consist in the capacity

SIR, -It is very curious to see my old inventions This is a cart which he designed to meet the oxi- of carrying the hoa viest armour and the heaviest cropping up overy now and again. A few days ago, gencies of the late Abyssinian War, and which com- and most destructive guns, combined with a dow of the “ Engineer,” a complete copy of my prises many essential points, and differs from any minimum of rolling, and hence a maximum of steadi- patent, No. 5, January 1, 1862, for working guns, & existing construction. The wheels are formed of ness of aim. The cruciform floating battery (with model of which system I had shown to Lord Palsegmentary parts of wrought iron, circumferenced the guns placed at the centre) proposed by Cap- merston and Sir George Cornewall Lewis in 1861. with wooden felloes, and tyred in the usual manner. tain Moody, would combine the above conditions I send you herewith the printed specification, from By this arrangement the shrinkage is reduced to in a very eminent degree. There may, however, which you will see at once that the ship called the a minimum, so that the wheels are better adapted be certain positions from which it might be " De Tigre," built by Napier, of Glasgow, is a fair calculated to be more durable than the ordinary rapid, and, at the same time, very steadily aimed kind enough to say that a ship on that plan would. for hot climates. Among other advantages, it is highly advantageous to be able to deliver a very copy: At the time my patent was first made public wooden wheel, and runs much easier. The nave fire, for the which purpose a rapid replacement of not sail. "My opinion at that time was that she is flush with the spokes and tyre, thereby lessening both guns and gunners, all to act in quick succes- would not only sail well, but as a war ship would be the risk of collisions. The axles are two in number, sion on and from one and the same 9in. in length, and which work in two plummer would be highly desirable.

on, very steady under fire ; and wonder if the Messrs.

In order now blocks fixed in the frames of the cart, and are easily fulfil those conditions, I would suggest the con- like it.

to Napier agree with me now: I must say it looks very arranged in case of damage. Another palpable struction of a “revolving disc battery.".

I now observe in the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE OF advantage is that the pole is so arranged as to admit of the cart being drawn back without the shall attempt to give a rough sketch of such a

To avoid encumbering you with diagrams, I the 20th a scheme by a Mr. Clerk to work guns by

a counterbalance, so as to raise the platform and necessity of turning, while it can also be wholly structure, by requesting the reader to look at the gun when required, and lower it again into the hold withdrawn and passed through the centre of the longitudinal middle soction of a central-turret of the ship to reload. I herewith send you my box in the bądy of the cart, which contains a tent, monitor, with stern and stem of same shape, and specification, N os bosia heebrenica 23, 1866 for a similar and it can also be used as a tent pole.

then to imagine a disc-shaped floating structuro, same in your paper.-I am, Sir, fours, &c.,

all of whose vertical diametrical sections wonld THE MANUFACTURE OF WATCHES AND CLOCKS. resemble the section of such a monitor. Obviously,

43, Mansell-street, Nov. 30. J. WALKER

[We have examined both specifications, and find „A most interesting and instructive little work, such a disc-shaped monitor battery would possess Mr. Walker's statement substantially correct. He describing briefly, but with great clearness, the rise a maximum of flotability, and hence be able to embodies the general principles in both cases. been published by Mr. J. W. Benson, of 25, old carry not only a large central battery of one or working guns, he uses either one or two guns. In Bond-street, 99, Westbourne-grove, and the City more extra heavy guns, but also other "armour- the latter case, the guns counterbalance each other, Steam Factory, 58 and 60, Ludgate-hill. The book, punchers" arranged on other parts of the disc. one being loaded below while the other is being Which is profusely illustrated, gives a full descrip-In one of my designs for a 10-gun " revolving disc fired in the battery or on deck.-Ed. M.M.] tion of the various kinds of watches and clocks, battery," two large guns are arranged in the cenwith their prices, and no one should make a purchase tral battery, the eight remaining being divided in without visiting the above establishments or consult-four divisions of two guns each, and placed on the

THE SAFETY OF OUR COLLIERIES. ing this truly valuable work. By its aid persons disc in such a manner that the four frontages of the

SIR,—The work carried on underground by miners residing in any part of the Poited Kingdom, India, said four divisions are the radial boundary lines of is such that they must ever be subject to occasional of the Colonies, are enabled to select for themselves the four quadrants of the circle, which would re- unforeseen accidents, but we shall never be in a sent to them with perfect safety. Mr. 'Benson, who present the horizontal section or plan of the disc. position to reduce those so frequently caused by bad holds the appointment to the Prince of Wales, 'sends Such a battery, when in action, should be anchored ventilation, ignorance, and mismanagement, until we this pamphlet to any address on receipt of two in a well-chosen position, by means of at least in former rude and quasi semi-barbarous times, postage stamps, and we cannot too strongly recom- three stationary or “harrow” anchors, connected when coal first began to be obtained from the bowels mend it to the notice of the intending purchaser. with the disc by as many cables, all of which are of the earth. A shaft was sunk as near as possible LADVT.

I looped to one or more central pivot rings, the which to the lowest dip of the coal measures, in order that

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In the third place, simpathe introduction of the Nabal, Ylilitary, and Gunnery Jtems. Ang by 18ft, beam, and suit. depth of hora, coppered,

the underground water might flow to the sumph, or

Meetings for the Week. amounted to 2,600,000 dollars, and will reach pump-well, and so drain the whole of the works.

500,000 dollars in the current year. The wooden Thus far the operation was judicious, but when, Mon.-Society of Engineers:--The Annual General Meet- head-boards are decaying, and it is proposed to instead of sinking a second, they came to divide the

ing for the Election of Officers for the ensuing replace them with blocks of galvanized iron. Fifteen

year, at 7.30 p.m. one shaft into two with a bratticed partition for both down and up cast, as well as for other purposes, a

Royal Institute of British Architects.- Ordinary rolls of honour have been published, and 11

General Meeting. Professor T. H. Lewis on moro are to follow. They will contain a list of the series of fatal errors was introduced. In the first

"Notes on the Celtic, Roman, Moorish, and graves of nearly 200,000 soldiers identified, and of place, fire-damp or impure hydrogen is lighter than

other Architectural Remains in Algeria," at about 100,000 as yet unknown, but which existing atmospheric air, therefore a less power of ventilation

records may identify. Careful records have been will be required, when the upcast is sunk more

Royal Geographical Society.-Dr. H. Blanc on " A towards the higher level of the strata; but the owners

Journey in Western Abyssinia, from Metemma preserved of everything found with each body, and to the King's Camp in Damot," at 8.30 p.m.

of all that could serve to identify it. formerly would not go to the expense of sinking two | TUES.--The Institution of Civil Engineers. - Mr. Samuel THERE sailed the week before last from Cardiff shafts. In the second place, as exhaustion is con

Parker Bidder, jun., Assoc. Inst. C.E., on the steamer “ Pacifico," which is the first sea-going sidered the best mode of ventilation, and the furnace

** Machines Employed in Working and Break- steamer built at Gloucester. The “Pacifico" has been the cheapest, the custom is to put it half

ing Down Coal, so as to Avoid the Use of Gun- built and engined by Messrs. Fielding and Platt, of the upcast, in order to save the expense of building

powder," at 8 p.m.

the Atlas Iron Works, Gloucester, for a Liverpool a high chimney above ground, and so force the foul

flrm, and is intended for towing purposes at and explosive gases through the fire-bars, often the

Rio Janeiro. She is a wooden-built vessel, 102ft. cause of accidents and stoppages. safety lamp, that invaluable test of the state of the

under special survey, and exceedingly strong. Her air of the mine, the men have been enabled to work A LETTER from Jerusalem announces that a great machinery consists of a single-cylinder inverted in a poisonous atmosphere highly detrimental to illumination lately took place in that city, on the engine. Cylinder 42in. diameter and 24in. stroke; health, and shortening by many years the duration occasion of an edict of the Sultan, liberating the steam jacketed, with surface condenser, and all of working life. It has indeed been observed that Holy City for ever from military service and from modern improvements. The screw propeller is of since the introduction of the lamp fatal accidents all payments of taxes connected with the same. gun metal, four bladed, and 7ft. diameter. The have been more frequent, but perhaps the great CAPTAIN W. Houston STEWART, C.B., Super- boiler has three furnaces and a superheater. The increase of collieries of late has not been sufficiently intendent of the dockyard and naval establishments " Pacifico " on her trial trip, drew 7įft. forward and taken into consideration ; probably the proportion is at Chatham, left the dockyard last Saturday, after 9ft. aft., giving a speed of eleven knots per hour, on much the same, a proof that the lamp has been of no handing over the chargo of that establishment to his a low consumption of fuel. real benefit to the miner. More than all, it is highly successor Captain William C. Chamberlain, late flag improper to cause the life of the men to depend upon captain of the " Asia,” flag-ship of Rear-Admiral strictly carrying out minute regulations, upon their G. G. Wellesley, C.B., commanding the steam reserve own carelessness or ignorance, as well as upon the at Portsmouth. perfect state of the lamp, itself subject to various By a return recently issued, it appears that the

Miscellanea. · unavoidable, sometimes wilful accidents.

number of boys in Her Majesty's naval service on In order to conduct our collieries with safety and the 1st of April, 1868, was 7,646, the number of economy, the ventilation should be carried out so as

which left the service from all causes during the ACCORDING to “ La Presse,” the decimal system to be totally independent of the miners themselves, year 1867-8 amounting to 550. The number of bona is about to be adopted in Greece. The unit will be who should be able to work as freely as above fide seamen on the 1st of April last was 19,456, the dramma, equal in value to a franc, and its groun i, save the unavoidable inconvenience of con- coast-guard men on shore 3,080, and the number of hundredth part will be called the septa or centime. fined space to work in and liability to suffer from bona fide seamen who left from all causes in the The consumption of coal in Italy at the present falls, which however are caused either by improper year 1867-8 was 3,558.

time is estimated at upwards of eight millions of cutting or insufficient timbering. The fact is that A SERIES of experiments on gunpowder is at pre- tons per annum, of the value of 360,000,000 francs the very prohibition of smoking below is a certain sent being carried out at Woolwich by the Ordnance (£14,400,000), the average cost per ton being indication of bad or insufficient ventilation, and a Select Committee with the new chronoscope for 45francs. law to compel owners and lessees to defray every measuring the velocity of projectiles within the bore THE number of visitors to the Patent Office incidental expense attending on or following colliery of the gun, invented by Captain A. Noble, late of Museum, South Kensington, for the week ending explosions, would be a most salutary move. I

the Royal Artillery. The results hitherto obtained December 5, was 2,985. Total number since the merely throw out these few crude suggestions with are preliminary, but have been attended with great opening of the Museum, free daily (May 12, 1858), the view of starting the subject.--I am, Sir, yours, 1 of measuring the hundrehth-thousandth part of a

The instrument has proved itself capable 1,441,756. &c.,

A GIANT tree, of the Eucalyptus species, was Reading, December 10. second with great accuracy.

felled lately in the Dandenong Ranges. At 1ft. from Some important trials were made on Thursday the ground the circumference was 69ft. ; at 12ft. from and Friday week, at Shoeburyness by the Ordnance the ground the diameter was 11ft. 4in. ; at 78ft.,

Select Committee, in reference to the new muzzlo- diameter 9ft. ; at 144ft., diameter, 8ft. ; at 210ft., LAWS OF TELEGRAPHY.

loading guns about to be introduced into the British diameter 5ft. The tree was 330ft. high.

and Indian services, and in respect to double shells NOTWITHSTANDING the little attention given by Sir, -Being but little acquainted with the laws of for mountain warfare, particularly with reference the Italian peasantry to their bees, the produce of telegraphy, I beg to ask the favour of an answer to to the more certain iguition of the fuzes, the length honey during the present year amounted in value to the following queries :-In communicating between of the shells now in the service rendering the lap 1,385,000 francs, and that of wax to 1,590,000 francs. wo stations, say Ireland and Newfoundland, does of the flame over the front of the projectile very The best honey comes from Bormio, Empoli, and

e electric fluid pass from one shore to the other, uncertain. Trial was also made of case shot for Otranto. and then back through the earth to the starting 600-pounder rifled guns, the effect being terrific.

ENCLISH books of the value of 40,000 dollars, point, so as to complete the circuit, before the VICE-ADMIRAL SAMUEL PERKINS PRITCHARD shipped to Montreal, and smuggled across the line, message can be received at its destination? If so, died at his residence, Southend House, Southsea, have been seized by the revenue officers in Cincinnati. how was this law carried out in the case of the

on Monday week, in his eighty-second year. He Another shipment, of the value of 100,000 dollars, "Great Eastern" communicating with the shore, while was father of the present Captain Samuel Pritchard, has been made from England, it is said. For this laying the Atlantic Cable. An answer wouid oblige R.N., and entered the navy, April 12, 1792, and the officials are sharply watching. myself and one or two more of your readers.--I am, served under the flags of Sir Richard King, the Hon.

MR. DAVIDSON, merchant of Ningpo, Sir, yours, &c.,

R. S. W. Wm. Cornwallis, Sir Roger Curtis, and Sir Charles presented on his duparture for Europe with a pair of 35, Mason-street, New-cross, S.E., Dec. 8. Cotton. He was commander of the “Blenheim," Wan-min-san, or "public umbrellas," as a mark of

[In telegraphy, the circuit must be completed by taking the forts of the Rocca Tigris and operations respect and esteem in which he was held by the the earth or a return wire before signals can be against and capture of Canton in 1841, for which lie Chinese. The honour is both great and unusual, received. In paying out from the “Great Eastern,” was posted. He became retired rear-admiral July 29, he being the first foreigner on whom it has been or from any ship, the earth is usually made by a 1861, and vice-admiral April 6, 1866.

conferred. connection with the outside protecting iron wire of VICE-ADMIRAL SIR THOMAS SYMONDS, K.C.B., A REPORT from Dingle states that an extensive the cable. This is as efficacious as the earth connec- who has been appointed Commander-in-Chief of the and valuable bed of slate, extending over several tion on land.--En. M.M.]

Channel Squadron, is the son of the late Sir William hundred acres, has been discovered close to the sea Symonds, who for many years was the Surveyor of shore at Dunarlin, in the extreme west of Kerry, the Navy. Sir Thomas has the reputation of being and on the estate of Lord Ventry; Competent

a very smart seaman and intelligent officer. Rear- authorities pronounce the material to be of the best TO CORRESPONDENTS.

Admiral Warden, C.B. (as anticipated by us, “ Army quality.

and Navy Gazette," many weeks since), has been DURING the last postal quarter in America, THE MECHANICS' MAGAZINE is sent post-free to subscribers nominated to relieve Rear-Admiral Buckle, C.B., at 938,111 letters were received from and 1,063,650 of fuls. 80. yearly, or 105. 101. half-yearly payable in Queenstown, who has been placed on the retired list, letters were despatched to foreign countries, making

All literary communications should be addressed to the owing to his having attained the age of 65 years, a total of 2,001,761 letters having reference to the Editor of the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE. Leiters relating to although it is certainly a very green and vigorous foreign correspondence with the United States. the advertising and publishing departments should be ad

The postage received for these letters amounted to dressed to the publisher, Mr. R. Smiles, MECHANICS' MAGA LIVERPOOL was one of the first ports to adopt the 260,399 dollars. ZINE Office, 166, Fleet-street, London, use of iron in shipbuilding, and Mr. John Laird, of

The number of visitors to the South Kensington To insure insertion in the number, advertise-Birkenhead, was

of the earliest and most Museum during the week ending December 5, 1868, ments should reach the office not later than 5 o'clock on Thursday evening.

successful of iron shipbuilders. In 1837 Mehemet was-on Monday, Tuesday, and Saturday, free, We must absolutely decline attending to any communi- Ali placed an iron steamer built by him on the Nile, from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m., 8,447; on Wednesday, cations unaccompanied by the name and address of the and about the same time he constructed the vessels Thursday, and Friday (admissior 6d.), from 10 a.m. writer, not necessarily for insertion, but as a proof of good in which Col. Chesney explored the Euphrates, and to 4 p.m., 1,318; total—9,765. Average of correfaith, ED, M, M. Advertisements are inserted in the MECHANICS' MAGA- Shortly afterwards, the Quorra and the Alburca, in the opening of the Museum-7,936,810.

a set of transports for the Indus and the Sutlej. sponding week in former years, 7,778. Total from tions, or 4d. per line for 26 insertions. Each line consists which Mr. M'Gregor Laird explored the Niger, were MR. PEABODY has just given another munificent of about 10 words. Woodcuts are charged at the same rate turned out, as well as the fine steam frigate donation to the poor of London. In a letter as type Special arrangements made for large advertise- Birkenhead, whose tragic fate on the coast of Africa, addressed to Lord Stanley and the trustees appointed

and the heroic conduct of the troops on board, have under the former deeds of gift, Mr. Peabody RECEIVED.-J. B.-R. S.E.T. L.-R. F.-T. T.-F. M. rendered her name historic.

announces that he is desirous of adding to the fund -G. H. 0.-R. T.-W. K.-H.S.-H. H.-P. B.-T. C. GREAT attention has been paid in the United a further sum of £100,000. Mr. Peabody's donaJ. G.-W. A.-J. W.-R. G. S.-A, J. M.-W. P:--. O. E. States to gathering and identifying the remains of tions to the poor of London now amount to £350,000. -S. K. M.-T. and B.-R. T.-B. J.-E. S.-R. B.-J. P- soldiers who fell in the recent civil war. The DURING November last 6,484 emigrants left the S. and Co.-F. H. and B.-R.T.-P.M.-R.S. W.-G. E. P. -E. S. and Co.-J. P.-R.T. H.-S. M. and Co.--. w. & Quartermaster-General reports the total number of Mersey—5,592 in Government, and 892 in “ short" -G. H.-R. G. 6.-2. W. #-S. E.-T.B.-J.B.L.- graves 316,233, and the occupants of 175,764, have ships, showing an increase of 181 as compared with S. P. B.-L. P.-G.J. G.-H.J.

been satisfactorily identified. The expenditure has the corresponding month of last year. “As usual,


old age.



Patents for


the United States absorbed the bulk of both sections, THERE are in the United Kingdom 90,668 miles 1677 R. FRYER, Manchester, and J. FRYER, St. John's in all 6,020. Of the remainder, 157 went to Canada, of telegraph wire for public use, and 4,969 miles of Wood. Apparatus for tiling land. Dated May 21, 1868. 108 to Victoria, 108 to South America; 20 to China, wire used for the purposes of railway companies

This invention is not described apart from the drawings. 16 to the West Indies, and 55 to Africa.

--Patent completed. only. The number of miles of posts and underThe negociations relative to the cession of the ground lines constructed is 21,751 open to the public, May 21, 1868.

1678 J. STARLEY, Coventry. Sewing machinery. Dated State railway of Berne to the Swiss Central Com- and 285 used for railway purposes only; the average This invention is not described apart from the drawings. pany have just been brought to a conclusion. The number of wires per milê is 4:16. There are 4,695 -Patent completed. latter undertakes, during ten years, to work the lines miles of submarine telegraph cables (of course inNeuveiller-Bienne-Langnau, for an annual indemnity cluding the Atlantic cables) connected with places in spinning of flax, &c. Dated May 21, 1868.

1679 J. R. BATTY, Leeds. Saddles for frames used in the of 425,000 francs, to commence from the 1st of the United Kingdom, and 8,146 miles of wire; the In spinning frames now in uso the common adjusting January, 1869. By the terms of this agreement, the average number of these wires per mile is 1-73. saddle is worked by the guide of a stand-piece fixed os canton of Berne realises a considerable profit, and There are 3,381 telegraph stations open to the the beam of the spinning frame, These improvements frees itselt from a charge which has weighed heavily public

consist in the employment of what the patentee calls a

link saddle, which is constructed of three parts connected on its finances for several years.

The following Britislı railways each carried more

together by flexible joints, and is attached to the horiThe subscription list for the Cam Improvement than 1,000,000 tons of coal and minerals in 1867: zontal beam of the machine, and may be adapted to the has already assumed such proportions as to justify Blyth and Tyno, 2,062,309 tons; Caledonian, spinning frame either with or without stands.-Patent the committee in putting out the contract for deepen - 5,566,072 tons; Furness, 1,843,820 tons; Glasgow completed. ing and widening the river from Jesus Sluice to and South-Western, 2,550,239 tons; Great Eastern, 1680 W. E. NEWTON, Chancery-lane. Gorernors for steam Baitsbite, for £4,000. The Cam conservators have 1,083,537 tons; Great Northern, 2,415,723 tons ;

and other motive power engines. (A communication). Dated undertaken to cleanse the upper part of the river, Great Western, 6,423,150 tons; Lancashire and May 21, 1868. and the Cambridge Improvement Commissioners Yorkshire, 4,767,795 tons; London and North

This invention is not described apart from the drawings.

-Patent completed. are completing arrangements for diverting the Vestern, 11,674,347 tons ; Manchest Sheffield, sewage of the town from the river at a cost of from and Lincolnshire, 2,638,333 tons; Midland, 6, 294,108 paratus for propelling vessels. Dated May 21, 1868.

1631 H. HALL and J. A. Mason, Burton-on-Trent. Ap. £7,000 to £8,000.

tons; Monmouthshire, 2,215,040 tons; North British, The patentoes claim employing hollow water-tight One of the most important mechanical establish- 4,325,923 tons; North-Eastern, 16,398,988 tons; drums in combination with rigid or elastic webs or banda, ments in Southern Italy is that of Peitzarsa at Naples, North Staffordshire, 1,387,037 tons ; Rhymney, as described, for propelling vessels.—Patent completed. belonging to the Societa delle Industrie Meccaniche. 1,262,794 tons ; and Taff Vale, 3,692,662 tons. Some 1682 F. E. B. BEAUMONT, the Garrick Club, and C. J. These works employ about 1,250 persons, and are of the least known railways have thus a very con- APPLEBY, Emerson-street, Southwark. Apparatus for furnished with 300 machine tools driven by nine siderable mineral traffic.

drilling rock and stone for blasting and other purposes. Dated steam-engines, amounting in all to 88-horse power. The total exports of coal from Belgium in the first May 21, 1868.

The patentees claim arranging apparatus for drilling At this establishment they make locomotive carriages eight months of this year, amounted to 2,249,378 rock by means of diamond or gem drills, in such manner and every description of railway plant, iron bridges, tons, as compared with 2,187,900 tons in the corre that the feed forward of the drill may be positive so long boilers, cranes, pumps, war material, and marine sponding period of 1867, and' 2,508,207 tons in the as the drill meets with no more resistance than it can engines up to 500 horse-power.

corresponding period of 1866. The largest share of safely overcome, but that as soon as the resistance becomes states that to imitate the cry of the cuckoo has | 2,166,451 tons in the first eight months of this year, the driving gear. They also claim the arranging appa

A COMMUNICATION from the city of Hanover these exports was made to France, which took cxcessive the abutment of the drill may yield slightly, become seditious in that State. Two young ap- as compared with 2,116,451 tons in the correspond- ratus for drilling rock and stone, substantially as described. prentices were the other day brought before the ing period of 1867, and 2,410,592 tons in the corre -Patent completed. Court of Appeal by two Prussian gendarmes, who sponding period of 1866. It is a singular fact, that 1683 J. W. WHITTAKER, Great Lever, Bolton-le-Moors. complained of being insulted by the note in question. the imports of coal into Belgium have been rather Carding engines. Dated May 21, 1868. After a series of vocal experiments, in which the increasing of late years. They amounted in the The patentee claims constructing carding engines with counsel of the two parties took part, the Court first eight months of 1868 to 175,293 tons, against a series of roliers, which should be of small diameter, quashed a sentence of imprisonment pronounced by 269,221 tons in 1867, and 73,333 tons in 1866 (corre- ordinary carding engine, such rollers having interposed an inferior tribunal, and set the two accused at sponding periods). Of the coal imported into Bel- between them other rollers revolving more slowls, and liberty.

gium, to August 31, this year, 63,761 tons came from so arranged that, having worked the fibre with one of the The quantity of home-made spirits paying duty the United Kingdom, as compared with 92,337 tons rapid rollers, and taken fibre therefrom, they carry the as retained for consumption in the United Kingdom in the year 1867, and 18,655 tons in 1866 (correspond-fibre so taken on and lay it upon the next rapid roller, and in the three first quarters of the year 1868 has been ing periods).

so on throughout the machine, as described, whatever be

the number of rapidly revolving rollers employed. He 14,740,479 gallons, being 633,975 gallons less than in

also claims constructing carding engines substantially as the corresponding period of 1867. The quantity in

described.-Patent completed. England was 8,041,531 gallons, showing a decrease

1684 R. RAYNER, Lower Clapton. Frictional gearinj. of 5,561 gallons; in Scotland, 3,358,426 gallons, a

(A communication.) Dateo May 21, 1868. decrease of 142,206 gallons; in Ireland, 3,340,522

This invention consists in constructing or forming the gallons, a decrease of 486,208 gallons.


working face or faces of friction wheels or gearing of one The new tower of the parish church of Moirans,

or more layers of india-rubber, or other soft and elastie PATENTS.

material, in combination with a protecting layer of leather, France, fell to the ground a few evenings back, doing considerable damage to the roof and nave. THE Abridged Specifications of Patents given below are

felt, or other flexible or rigid material, in such a manner

that a more efficient friction surface is obtained, which The cause of the disaster was the elevation of the classified, according to the subject to which the respective effectually prevents the friction wheels or pulleys slipping structure without means being taken to strengthen of classification adopted, the numerical and chronological

when in contact.-Patent abandoned. the base, which at last gave way beneath the addi-order of the specificatious is preserved and combined with 1685 A. M. CLARK, Chancery-lane, London. Differential tional weight. Fortunately no person was in the all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be gearing applicable to lifting jacks, cranes, windlasses, &c. (A building at the time, although only a few hours understood that these abridgments are prepared exclu- communication). Dated May 21, 1868.

This invention is not described apart from the drawings. before the church was filled with persons assembled sively for this Magazine from official copies supplied by

-Patent abandoned. to hear the music of a choral society in celebration Proprietors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby of St. Celia's day.

1686 C. Fusnot, Carighemlez, Bruxelles. Central Are warned not to produce them without an acknowledg- cartridges. Dated May 22, 1869. For several days past-in consequence, no doubt, ment:

The object of this invention is to simplify the construcof the prevalence of heavy winds in the Channel -a BOLLERS AND FURNACES—1689, 1693, 1703, 1765

tion and manufacture of central-Are cartridges, explodling porpoise of considerable dimensions has been dis- BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS-1676, 1704, 1708

either by the percussion of a hammer, or of a pin or porting himself in the Thames ; he was first seen CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPHY-1725

striker, and applicable to guns, rifles, and revolvers. In on Sunday at Waterloo, and, gradually working his CULTIVATION OF THE Soil, including agricultural imple carrying out the invention, the patentee makes the cart. way up river, met his death yesterday forenoon, for ELECTRICAL APPARATUS__1750

ments and machines—1677, 1690, 1737, 1748, 1759, 1763

ridge bottom or the cartridge case of one piece, as described

in the specification of letters patent granted to him when off Barnes Elms, some enterprising Hammer- Fibrous Fabrics, including machinery for treating fibre, hacking ring or washer, the copper cup, the pin or needle.

October 22, 1863 (No. 2597), and dispenses with the internal sinith fishermen gave chase, and near Rose Cottage, pulp, paper, &c.-1679, 1683, 1697, 1697, 1702, 1710, 1711, and the paper cylinder supporting the igniting portion of the stranger was shot by a Mr. Williams. On Mon 1717, 1719, 1722, 1727, 1745, 1761

the cartridge. The cartridge bottom carries the cap day, too, several sea gulls were seen from Vauxhall- FOOD AND BEVERAGES, including the apparatus for bridge, and two wero shot; none of them went abore FURNITURE AND APPAREL, including household tiunsesl,

paring food for men and animals--1701, 1705, 175, 1760 externally in a central hollow or sink, in the centre of

which is formed a projection or nipple on which the Pimlico.

time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, &c

deflagration of the fulminate is effected, two or more seat A JAPANESE New Testament, translated and 1688, 1706, 1735

holes serving to communicate the fire from the cap to the

charge. The cartridge bottom is made of one piece, az elited by the American missionaries, is now in GENERAL MACHINERY-1675, 1678, 1682, 1694, 1635, 1692,

1698, 1707, 1713, 1714, 1715, 1718, 1624, 1753, 1754, 1755

of any suitable metal, by meang of a stamping machine course of publication in Japan. The English and


and dies. The base of the cartridge bottom is made by an Japanese are printed in parallel columns and in LIGHTING, HEATING, AND VENTILATING-1695, 1729, 1751, improved process, and by which a cleanly cut dise with a Roman type, an arrangement which will facilitate Merals, including apparatus for their manufacture

rim or projecion is obtained, and hy which he dispenses with the mastery of both languages, enabling the natives 1696, 1716

a plate now employed in the Boxer cartridge. This imto learn English and foreigners Japanese. There is MISCELLANEOUS—1694, 1700, 1728, 1730, 1738, 1739, 1740, proved process consists in placing at the end of & panch

a piece of cardboard, india-rubber, or other elastic material, no sound in the Japanese tongue which corresponds

1746, 1747, 1749, 1752, 1757, 1762

and forcing the punch to the end of its stroke, so as to to either the letter 1 or th. The former is expressed ROADS AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and car

riages, saddlery, and harness, &c.—1720, 1721, 1731, 1 it to expand, thereby producing in the interior a hollow

press heavily on the cardboard or india-rubber, and canse by substitnting r, and the latter by s.

1742, 1743

which forms the projection or rim on the outside.- Patent It appears from a Parliamentary return that the Suips And Boats, including their fittings—1681, 1709, railway companies of the United Kingdom hold more

1723, 1726, 1756


1687 C. D. ABEL, Southampton-buildings, Chancery. than 289 square miles of land ; 213.2 in England and STEAM ENGINES -1680, 1691, 1699, 1712, 1732, 1734, 1741 WARFARE–1686, 1733, 1736, 1744

lane. Drawing cop and other threads through shuttle lea'es and Wales, 38.5 in Scotland, and 38 in Ireland. The

eyer. (A communication). Dated May 22, 1868. quantity is one acre of every 273 in England and 1674 Provisional protection has not been granted for

This invention consists in drawing cop and other threads Wales, one of every 813 in Scotland, one of every this invention.

through the holes or eyes of shuttles by means of a 853 in Ireland; or, taking the United Kingdom as a 1675 T. G. MESSENGER, Loughboro', Leicester. Fire- mechanically or artificially produced vacuum, saction, or

current of air, instead of by the present mode of drawing whole, one of every 421 acres. The total is equal to engines or double action pumps. Dated May 21, 1868. 12:32 acres per lineal mile of railway, or an average there is a base or body (made of cast iron or other mate

This invention consists of an engine or pump in which the thread through by the suction produced by the breath

of the operator. - Patent completed. width of land of 102ft. for every railway. rial) having spaces in it, which spaces convey the water

1688 6. MOLE, Farringdon-road. Manufacture of boats.

Dated May 22, 1868. At the general monthly meeting of the Royal or other liquid from valves to each end of a cylinder made

This invention is not described apart from the drawings. Institution of Great Britain, held Monday, December 7, of brass or other malleable or suitable material, and placed 1858, Sir Henry Holland, Bart., M.D., D.C.L.; horizontally or perpendicularly, in which cylinder works | -Patent completed.

a solid plunger. When this plunger is moved, the water 1689 W. E. NEWTON, Chancery-lane, London. F.R.S., President, in the chair, Robert Douglas or other liquid is forced through other valves into an air bars. (A communication.) Dated May 22, 1868. Hale, M.D, Frederick Gutteres Henriques, Esq., vessel, and thence to a jet or spout.-Patent completed, The patentee claims, first, constructing grate bars with Edward Frankland, Esq., Ph.D., F.R.S., Correspond 1676 J. REVILL, Walmer-crescent, Notting-hill. fuel points or rests formed by transverse recesses of ing Member of the Academy of Sciences, Paris, and volving or coiling shutters. Dated May 21, 1868

conical or tapering character, so as to give an increasing Professor of Chemistry at the Royal School of

This invention consists in making each lath with a rule width of opening below relatively to their mouths or tops, Mines, George James Shaw, M.D., Captain the surface. The laths are connected by chains, gutta-percha, be claims in combination with the fuel points and air

joint, whereby the whole sh ter will appear flush on its and establishing air heating points, as set forth. Second, Hon. William Le Poer Trench, and John Peter | leather, string, or cords passed through holes in each lath ducts or recesses to the bar certain channels or ways, she Wilson, Esq., were elected members. about two feet distant.--Patent completed.

and for the purpose or purposes set forth. Third, he




claims the arrangement of the channels or ways alternately 1705 T. J. BAKER, Farndon, near Newark. Manufacture 1714 H. FERGUSON, South Wharf-road, Paddington, and or successively on opposite sides of the bar for operation of wheat and other grain into flour. Dated May 25, 1868. A. MULVEY, Kilburn, Machinery for cutting lenons and in combination with the air ducts or recesses and fuel This invention consists, first, in a new form of feeder, shoulders. Dated May 25, 1868. points, as described.-Patent completed.

by which the patentee is enabled to regulate the feed in This invention relates to certain improvements in ma1690 C. J. FOSTER, Maldon, Essex. Improvements in

exact proportion to the velocity of the stones. The second chinery for cutting tenons and shoulders of rails or other obtaining the transverse reciprocating motions of the cutter bar improvement consists in using a double blast to aid in work in wood, whereby the use of saws is entirely disin reaping, moving, and other similar agricultural machines, grinding and cooling the stones and meal joiutly. The pensed with, and the tenon and shoulder are cut at one and improvements in wheels for agricultural machines. Dated third improvement consists in placing a flexible tube operation.-Patent abandoned. May 22, 1868.

in the meal spout through which the meal is caused to

exhaust the

1715 W. H. KENT, St. George's-place, Knightsbridge. This invention relates to certain improvements in descend, so that when working with an machines for reaping, mowing, and other agricultural patentee gains a greater strength of exhaust than hereto- Machinery for fluting, crimping, and pufling fabrics. (A comuses, the object being, Arst, to dispense with geared or fore. The fourth improvement consists in a new method munication) Dated May 25, 1868.

Here a pair of rollers is employed, having upon them at toothed wheels for operating the traverse reciprocating of building the millstone. -- Patent completed.

intervals rings of cog-like teeth which gear together. The motions; and, second, to enable the motor wheels to obtain

1706 H. W. EVERARD, Manchester, Braces. Dated toothed rings on each rollerare arranged in pairs, and the two a better adhesion with the ground, and to prevent their May 25, 1868.

rings of each pair of rings are at a short distance apart; slip.-Patent abandoned.

The chief feature of this invention consists in forming between them the peripheries of the rollers are not in con1691 A. M. CLARK, Chancery-lano. Rotary steam engines. the button hole in the elastic material or webbing em- | tact, and they receive at these points adjustable pressers of (A communication). Dated May 22, 1868.

ployed for “ braces," and in covering or binding the edges an S-line form; each presser partly encircles the two The patentee claims the improved arrangements of of such button hole, and securing such binding both to the rollers, passing around somewhat less than a quarter of rotary enginos described and illustrated in the drawings, webbing and to an extra piece of leather or material at the circumference of each of them. Between the pairs of the principle consisting in the simultaneous rotation of the the back, in contradistinction to forming button holes toothed rings on the rollers the distances are longer, and piston and cylinder, which are coupled together on different and binding them in "tabs" or extra pieces to be sewn here also the peripheries of the rollers are not in contact, axes.-Patent completed.

on to the attaching end of elastic "braces."-Patent aban- but there are no pressers. In front of the rollers is a fixed doned.

guide, consisting of a top and bottom plate set at a short 1692 J. OURY, Blois, France. Apparatus for measuring

distance apart; the parts of the guide which stand between liquids or gases, dc. Dated May 22, 1868.

1707 E. HUNT, Glasgow. Obtaining motive power. Dated the pairs of rings are curved or arched. The operation of This invention is not described apart from the drawings. May 25, 1868.

this arrangement of parts will be obvious to those con--Patent completed.

This invention has for its object to economize fuel in versant with similar machinery.-Patent completed. 1693 C. DELAFIELD, Factory Ville, Richmond, New obtaining motive power by means of steam or other

1716 W. W. R. and M. W. JOHNSON, Limehouse. ManuYork, USA. Furnaces to be used in oxidizing lead or in the similarly liquefable vapour, and it comprises arrange-facture of sheets of lead or tin, &c. Dated May 25, 1868. manufacture of litharge. Dated May 22, 1868 ments whereby steam from a low pressure receiver or

This invention has for its object the imparting to the This invention is not described apart from the drawings. boiler is made to actuate any convenient kind of steam -Patent completed. engine, and is then wholly or in part returned to the low

surface of sheets of lead or tin, or alloys or compound of pressure receiver by means of a jet or jets of steam from gives to the surface of the sheets nn appearance similar to

these metals, a slightly roughened surface, which not only 1694 R. K. BOWLEY, Upper Sydenham, Kent. Floral à high pressure boiler or receiver.-Patent completed. devices. (A communication). Dated May 22, 1868.

deadened or frosted silver, but also facilitates the uniting This invention consists of a peculiar combination of

1708 T. CRAIG, Carey-street, Lincoln's Inn, Hanging one sheet to another by a solder joint.-Patent abandoned. plant or bouquet holder and water jet, the jet being so and supporting windows, doors, shutters, &c. Dated May 25,

1717 J. SCOFFERN, New North-street, Finsbury. Treating situate and shaped in reference to the form of flower

1868. holder as to throw a sheet or thin film of water over the

This inyentton consists in cutting a groove in one or

paper and woven fabrics to produce therefrom waterproof sheets

and slabs. Dated May 25, 1868. holder when charged with the bouquet, thereby causing both sides of either the sash or frame of the window or

The patentee states that he does not claim copperized the bouquet to appear as if it were covered by a glass shade other fittings to any required depth of width, and insert- ammonia as a cement, but the use of the same in connec-Patent abandoned.

ing therein one or more loose or detached rollers or wheels tion with roller or straight edge pressure acting upon 1695 E. JONES, Bristol. Shadowless lamps. (A commu- of any required dimensions, which, when the window is put perized ammonia.—Patent completed.

of india-rubber, or any other elastic substance or compound fabrics partially dissolved by immersion in a bath of copnication). Dated May 23, 1868. This invention is not described apart from the drawings. and form a kind of flat wedge when at rest capable of and Axed on its place, are to a certain extent compressed

1718 J. E. HOLMES, Ruabon, North Wales. Machinery for -Patent completed.

maintaining the sash in any position to which it may be cutting or dressing stone. Dated May 25, 1868. 1696 J. J. HARROP, Manchester, and W. CORBETT, moved.-Patent abandoned.

This invention is not described apart from the drawings. Clayton, near Manchester, Production of iron and steel from

-Patent completed. ores and from waste producls containing iron. Dated May 22,

1709 P. CAMERON, Glasgow. Ships' compasses. Dated 1868. May 25, 1868.

1719 H. L. A. LIPPENS, Southampton-buildings, ChanThis invention consists in a method of manufacturing This invention consists in obtaining a strong directive cery-lane. Looms. Dated May 25, 1968.

Power loom weaving has hitherto been imperfect in so iron and steel whereby the patentees are enabled to dis- power by employing a sheet or disc of steel or iron mag

far that the production of a regular and continuous web pense with the usual blast furnace operation, and to make netized according to the reed or Abre of the said steel or

has not been practicable, because the roller on which the steel direct during the reduction of the ores and other sub- iron. The disc or sheet is suspended between centres, and

is also arranged that it may rest on pivots horizontally, in warp is wound, as hitherto arranged, does not deliver the from the manufacture of sulphuric acid, from iron pyrites, which position it at once indicates the dip when passing the same number of threads in the warp as in the west, hammer slag, and forge cinders, or other such substances containing iron, with the waste product which forms the to east or west it assumes an upright position; the compass which is the perfection of weaving, and the present invenblack ashy residue in the manufacture of prussiate of card being attached to it, the true bearings are indicated. tion consists in the employment of improved apparatus potash, and also with crude creosote or other mineral oil Surrounding the instrument there is a movable circle or whereby this difficulty is obviated.-Patent abandoned. well known to be of the same family group.-Patent com- which, when moved to the cardinal points, indicates the

card marked with the degrees and points of the compass, 1720 H. A. DUFRENE, South-street, Finsbury, London. pleted.

Construction of railroay wheels, pistons, and other articles made ships true course. The outer bowl of the compass, in place of wrought iron. (A communication). Dated May 25, 1868. 1697 J. HIGGINS, Salford. Machinery for spinning and of being suspended, as hitherto, is hung by springs, so that This invention consists in employing crude iron taken doubling cotton, &c. Dated May 23, 1868.

the instrument may be less affected by the vibrations and direct from the puddling furnace, and submitting it to This invention is not described apart from the drawings. tremor of the ship.-Patent completed.

suitable pressure in moulds.--Patent abandoned. -Patent completed. 1698 J. FLETCHER, Bow, Middlesex. Revolving retoris for

1710 F. HARGREAVES and J. R. COLLINS, Bradford. 1721 W. R. LAKE, Southampton-buildings, Chancerythe manufacture and reburning of animal charcoal. Dated Looms. Dated May 25, 1868.

lane. Horses` harness. (A communication). Dated May 25,

1868. May 23, 1868.

The patentees claim, first, the application and use of a This invention consists in an improved arrangement of roller covered with india-rubber, alone or in combination This invention consists in the employment of indiafittings for the interior of revolving retorts, by which the with other material, to act in conjunction with the warp rubber or its compounds for the bearing surfaces of charcoal operated upon is more extensively and more

beam for holding and letting off the warp as required. collars, saddles, and pads, and also in the employment of a equally distributed over the surface of the retort than by Second, the combination and arrangement of apparatus coating of india-rubber, or other waterproof material, the present arrangements of Attings in retorts, the in- for effecting the let-off, actuated by the lathe sword, sub- between the stuffing of such collars, saddles, or pads and creased heating surface with which the charcoal is stantially as shown and described. Third, the application their covering.--Patent completed. brought in contact greatly facilitating the process. The and use of india-rubber, alone or in combination with other

1722 J. FERRABEE, Briscombe Port Mills, near Stroud, invention is not fully described apart from the drawings. material, as a covering to the taking-up roller to act in Gloucester. Machinery for feeding carding engines. Dated -Patent completed. conjunction with the piece-beam.-Patent completed.

May 26, 1868. 1699 E. W. DE RUSETT, Lewisham. Improvements in 1711 S. A. SMITH, Walton-le-Dale, Lancashire. Carding ing frame described, with its apron, laying rollers, and

The patentee claims, frst, the application of the vibratengines worked by steam, or other motire fluid, specially engines. Dated May 25, 1868.

rail to an applicable to steam pumps. Dated May 23, 1868. This invention consists in an improved mode of remov- and laying the sliver without stretching in diagonal layers,

Apperley feed," for the purpose of supporting The object of this invention is to produce the return or ing the fly or waste from under the carding engine, that is, one overlapping the other in a zigzag direction. And, lifting stroke of the pump, piston and steam piston of from under the doffer, main cylinder, and licker-in,” by second, the arrangement of parts and mechanism single acting steam pumps by steam of a lower pressure a mechanical or self-acting motion, and coiling or lapping described for giving motion simultaneously to a cross than that which produces the forcing stroke of the said it up in the form of a coil or lap, in such a manner that apron of a carder, and to the rolls or apron which receive pistons. The invention is not described apart from the the fly or waste is prevented from accumulating under the the sliver and the "traveller" of the feed of another drawings.--Patent complete

carding engine, or under the doffer, main cylinder, and carder, together with the mode of varying the speed by 1700 T. ASHFORD, Birmingham. Gas tube, hooks or licker-in. The mode of carrying out this invention is by means of cone pulleys, whether used in connection with fastenings. Dated May 23, 1868. means of a travelling lattice or apron placed under the

an “Apperley feed," or otherwise, or any mere modificaThis invention consists in the construction and arrange- carding engine, the said lattice or apron being made to tion thereof.-Patent completed. ment of certain parts of machinery for the manufacture carry off the waste or fly, and enable it to be coiled or of gas tube hooks or fastenings from heated strip iron, lapped underneath the lap of cotton supplying the carding 1723 H. J. BAKEWELL, Devonport. Apparatus for sleering whereby the cutting off of the blank, and the piercing of engine, or in any other convenient position. ---Patent com- ships. Dated May 26, 1868. the notch or shoulder end of the blank, are effected in the pleted.

This invention consists in the application of differential same machine, and an unbent gas hook or fastening made

1712 A. M. CLARK, Chancery-lane. Rotary engines. (A the helmsman, and a chain wheel on the rudder post, so

wheels or pulleys in connection with the hand wheel of at each stroke of the machine.-Patent abandoned. communication). Dated May 25, 1868.

as to obtain increased leverage and perfect control over 1701 W. SECK, Richmond-terrace, Clapham-road. Kilns The chief features of novelty in the rotary engine of this the rudder, which, by this means, may be maintained or apparatus applicable to the drying or treating of grain for invention consists, first, is the peculiar construction and firmly in any position in which it may be placed.-Patent the manufacture of mall. Dated May 23, 1868.

arrangement of the piston on an entirely new principle completed. This invention relates to an arrangement of apparatus Second, in the mode of reversing by means of a simple in which the grain, after having been steeped or moistened arrangement. The piston is constructed as follows:-The

1724 J. ADAMS, Cork. Washing or cleansing casks or in the ordinary manner, is laid upon a series of shelves or inventor describes two circles, the one true and the other barrels. Dated May 26, 1868. trays and subjected to a current or currents of heated air. slightly elongated, and gives them a common centre, and

These improvements have relation to that particular - Patent completed. an equal diameter. He divides the true circle into a cer

class of machines wherein casks or barrels are caused to 1702 J. S. RICHARD, Paris. Apparatus for stopping the by increasing the length of these lines to a certain extent ference, as well as every intermediate position, by the

tain number of parts, from which he draws radial lines, and revolve end over end, and in the direction of their circummotions of spinning machinery, and machinery for manu for one-half the circumference of the circle, and diminish- rotation of the main or driving shaft on which the mafacturing, textile fabrics when a thread breaks or a bobbin is ing them on the opposite half of the circumference to an chinery is suspended. The present patentes forms two exhausted, or the tension of a thread is too great. Dated May 23, equal extent, he obtains a heart-shaped curve, having the circular frames or rims, one atting within the other, the 1868.

The documents relating to this invention are with he places a piston having a length equal to the diameter ference of the outer frame, and resting upon suitable bear the law officer under objection, and cannot at present be

of the said circle, it may be made to follow in its motion the ing plates attached thereto. In two suitable standards the

outline of the curve, and so produce a combined rotary outer circular frame is suspended on two main shafts in 1703 W. FIRTH, Frankfort-on-the-Maine. Apparatus for and to-and-fro motion. The reversing motion is obtained the direction of its diameter; one shaft is fixed to the causing the circulation of water in steam boilers. (A commu- in this apparatus by means of a slide provided with port

outer circular frame, and revolves with it, whilst the other nication). Dated May 23, 1868. This apparatus has for its object the circulation of Patent abandoned. so as to alter the admission and escape of the steam.- shaft is stationary, and the outer circular frame revolves

upon it. On the inner end of the stationary shaft which water in boilere, and to increase the speed of boiling, by

projects within the outer circular frame a pinion is fixed, sucking up a quantity of water and allowing it to returning motive power. (A communication). Dated May

1713 A. M. CLARK, Chancery-lane. Obtaining and apply- whilst on the other end is a ratchet wheel into which & back into the boiler. ---Patent abandoned.

1868. pawl stop gears, by which the shaft is prevented moving in

Here the patentee proposes to employ spiral steel spring one direction, though free to move in the opposite, whilst 1704 C. WINDHAUSEN and H. BUSSING. Chimney cowls. power as a substitute for the elastic force of steam, water, the outer circular frame revolves upon it. On the circumDated May 23, 1868.

air, or other fluids or material force whatsoever, the inven- ference of the inner frame he forms, or attaches thereto, a This invention is not described apart from the drawings. tion consisting in the mode of applying the springs as a spur wheel, extending entirely round the periphery, which -Patent completed. motive power. -Patent completed.

gears into the pinion on the stationary shaft. On the


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