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inner circular frame are fitted longitudinal bars in the positions by the use of slides or vertical guides and sliding out the aid of an experienced workman,-Patent comdirection of the length of the cask, from one side of which blocks between them and the levers for applying the pleted. two fixed straps, fitting the circular form of the cask, brakes, as described.-Patent completed.

1741 F. WORTH, Frankfort-on-the-Maine. Regulator or project into the recess just formed; the cask is dropped und

1732 W. E. NEWTON, Chancery-lane, London. Rotary, governor, for steam and other engines. (A communication). secured on the opposite side by chains or straps hooked on steam, and other engines. (A communication). Dated Dated May 26, 1861. each side of the longitudinal bars. By means of the com- May 26, 1863.

This invention is not described apart from the drawings. bined rotary motion of the outer circular frame on the

This invention consists, first, in a combination with a

- Patent completed. main shaft, and that of the inner circular frame through revolving wheel or hollow ring, working in contact with

1742 J. Dixon, SheMeld. Coupling link for railway the spur wheel and fixed pinion, the cask in its revolutions a fixed outer ring or cylinder of curved steam pipes or vehicles, dc. (A communication); Dated May 27, 1868. is caused to the various positions already arms to the wheel. The wheel is divided into buckets or

This invention is not described apart from the drawings. described; or by throwing the stop pawl out of the ratchet chambers, the divisions establishing which constitute --Patent completed. wheel, and allowing the pinion to revolve with the spur pistons for operation in connection with revolving or 1743 H. A. BONNEVILLE, Sackville-street, Piccadilly. wheel, the cask will rotate without changing its position. other abutments. The wheel is further furnished with Permanent way of railways. (A communication). Dated Water mixed with gravel, sand, or chains is used for suitable side escapes for the steam as it is exhausted from May 27, 1868. cleansing.-Patent completed. or works its way through the engine, whereby the latter

This invention consists in the use of a sector, the 1725 C. E. BROOMAN, Fleet-street. Decolorizing tannin is operated, not only by direct action of the steam on the essential characteristic and main advantage of which are juices. (A communication) Dated May 26, 1868. pistons, but also as it flows through the steam inlet pipes the suppression of the needles or pointers, and, conse

The object of this invention is to decolorize tannin or arms and into and within or through the buckets or quently, of the counterpoint now used to operate the juices to render them suitable for tanning bides and skins. chambers in the hollow ring, or periphery of the wheel transfer of a train off one pair of rails on to another, the The characteristic feature of the invention is to decolorize by its action, as in the case of a simple emission engine same presenting continual danger, and often being the without precipitating the tanning material.-Patent aban- or Barker's mill or wheel. The invention also consists in

cause of the carriages running off the rails.-Patent condoned. the employment of oppositely curved steam pipes or arms

pleted, 1726 J. A.JOYNER and J. H. JENKINS, Liverpool. Screw with the wheel, provided with valves or controlling inlets and outlets to the buckets or chambers arranged in oppo

1744 H. A. BONNEVILLE, Sackville-street, Piccadilly. propellers. Dated May 26, 1868. The boss and blades of a screw propeller constructed site sides of the pistons, so as to effect the reversal of the Breech-loading firearms. (A communication). Dated May 27,

1868. according to this invention are of any usual or convenient engine. Also the invention consists in combining with

This invention is not described upart from the drawings. form. Instead, however, of the outer ends or tips of the such valves pistons working in cylinders that are in comblades being left free, as heretofore has been the practice, munication with opposite or reverse steam supply pas- --Patent completed.

1745 W. COOPER, Bradford. Sliver cans or cotion cans. the patentees connect and protect them by a circular flat sages to the engine, that may be made in the main shaft hoop or band, preferably of about the same width across

of the latter, so as to work the valves automatically by Dated May 27, 1868. its periphery as the blades. The said hoop can be cast

the pressure of the impelling fluid, accordingly as it is This invention consists in constructing such cans with with the blades and boss in one piece, or it can be afilxed let into one or other of the supply passages for the purpose bottoms of wrought iron, in form of an inverted dish, the by rivets, or otherwise fastened. ---Patent completed.

of revolving the engine in opposite directions. Likewise sides being of tin or other material, as usual, riveted and

the invention consists in connecting these valves for con- soldered thereto. By this improvement such cans or 1727 A. and C. EDMESTON, Salford. Printing hanks of trolling the inlets and outlets of the revolving chambers receptacles are rendered more durable than heretofore.yarns or threads and warps with one or more colors. Dated or buckets by a link motion, so as to secure a joint and Patent completed. May 26, 1868.

simultaneous action of the valves. Also the invention This invention is carried out as follows:-In suitable embraces a combination of sliding racks or bars, carrying

1746 J. MARRIS, Liverpool. Facilitating the printing of framework the inventors place one, two, or more pairs of racks revolving in common with the buckets and pinions printed sheets of paper. Dated May 27, 1868. ordinary grooved printing rollers, one above the other which are worked by the racks for operating the indet diately after they leave the printing machine, or as soon the rollers being supplied with colour rollers in colour ar

In adjustable character or independent thereafter as may be convenient, through, between, and boxes in the usual manner. On the shaft of the printing motion is given to the racks which operate the inlet rollers there are bevel wheels, gearing into bevel wheels valves to the buckets for the purpose of giving to the

direct contact with rotating or rocking rolls, attached to boxes fixed to a shalt driven by worm or valves a cut-off motion or action. A locking and unlock-heated or otherwise, such rolls being kept clean by toothed gearing from the driving shaft of the machine, ing device or combination of devices is adapted to the direct application to the surfaces thereof of whiting or the said boxes being provided with serews for adjusting rerolving abutments, and operate in connection with

other powdery substance, and rubbing or friction.-Patent the wheels to enable the projecting ribs of the rollers to projections on the revolving wheel, or their equivalenta,

completed. correspond with exactness. At the insides of the frame- to secure a proper action of the abutments relatively to

1747 J. VIDIE, Dean-street, Finsbury-square. work, beyond the ends of the rollers, they place two the travel of the pistons past and between them.

Anmentation of glass, earthenware, dc. Dated May 27, 1868. elevating or carrying screws, having square threads of outside stationary exhaust steam jacket or jackets is

The subject of this invention is the application of any required pitch, and turned by bevel wheels from the adapted to the buckets for use in combination with them soluble alkaline silicates, mixed or combined with driving shaft of the machine, and the hanks of yarns or and their side escapes and outer stationary ring or metallic or earthy bases or matters, according to the threads are held on rods placed in the grooves of the cylinder to the wheel, so that while a boxed-in character nature and uses of the objects to be ornamented, to obtain screws, the rods having projecting ends fitted to work in is given to the buckets, and the latter are kept warm ex

at a reduced cost most beautiful designs in clear and two metal guides at the front of the screws. The screws ternally by the exhaust steam, the same are relieved from frosted glass, and perfect imitations of opal and enamel, are turned at a speed exactly corresponding with the unequal or side friction through working in contact with leaving the glass (or other material) still of its original surface speed of the printing rollers, and at the tops of the the jackets.-Patent completed.

uniform thickness, and converting it at will from the most screws there are cams fixed, so that when the rods arrive

plete opacity at the tops of the screws they deliver the rods with the ridges. Dated May 26, 1868.

1733 W. BUTTERY, Sheffield. Turning and closing cart- perfect translucency to the most

Patent completed. hanks on to two brackets ixed to the tops of the two

This invention consists in employing to hold and press

1748 H. and G. KEARSLEY, Ripon. Mowing and reaping metal guides. One printing roller of each pair, with its forward the cartridge a lever jointed to one side of the machines. Dated May 27, 1868. corresponding colour roller and colour box, is mounted on tube or cylinder, and having a projection upon it so

This invention consists in constructing mowing and sliding pedestals adjusted with screws and springs, so that when the rods with the hanks pass between the placed that, when the lever is used to press forward the reaping macbines in the following manner:-Upon the

axle of the travelling wheels of the machine which suprollers, the springs shall yield to allow them to pass, and cartridge in the tube or cylinder, the projection bears afterwards expand, to give the required pressure for print- tube or cylinder, holding it tightly against the interior which gears into a spur pinion; this said spur pinion is

one side of the head of the cartridge in the port the framework thereof the patentees tix a spur wheel ing the colours.-Patent abandoned.

of the tube or cylinder, and so nipping it that it cast fast to a spur wheel, and runs on a morable iron stud 1728 A, S. MACRAE, Liverpool. Removing ink and colours cannot turn, whilst at the same time the movement of which allows the machine to be thrown in and out of gear from paper and dirt from rags and other paper stock. (A com- the lever about its centre carries it up to the closing cone. by an eccentric lever; the above-mentioned spur wheel munication). Dated May 26, 1868.

The tube or cylinder is notched on one side to allow the gears into a spur pinion that is cast fast to a bevel wheel, This invention consists of an improved process of, and projection on the lever to enter.- Patent completed. and runs on the main axle and in the same direction, composition for, extracting ink and colours from printed

1734 J. B. MILLER, Hackney-road, London. Packing for is fixed on the crank shaft, and gears into the bevel wheel.

thereby saving a great amount of friction. A bevel pinion paper, which operation at the same time reduces it to a

steam engines, &c. pulp suitable for use in the manufacture of white paper: May 26, 1868.

(Partly a communication),


Thus they derive the moving power acting on the cutting

knife. The whole of this gearing or wheels and the cleaning rags and other paper stock.-Patent abandoned. of superposed tubes of fibrous and metallic tissue, or a keeps all dust and dirt from getting among the wheels

This invention consists principally in the employment shafts are encased or covered in a neat metal frame, which 1729 J. MORGAN, Kidderminster. Regulating the tem- combination of these kinds of tubes, with the interposition and axles. The lifting apparatus is attached to the guide perature of and ventilating hothouses, conservatories, dc. or impregnation of any suitable lubricating material.-

bar and joint bar in the following manner:--The patentees Dated May 26, 1868. -Patent completed.

have an ordinary lever and chain attached to an iron In carrying this invention into effect the inventor constructs a mercurial thermometer, in the bulb or lower

1735 W. E. DEBENHAM, Haverstock-hill. Wristbands, quadrant, which latter is attached to the joint bar by a

double stud and bolt. A short slotted lever, attached to part of the stem of which a platinum or other metallic cuffs, collars, &c. Dated May 26, 1868. wire is sealed, so as to be in metallic communication with

Here the cuff should be attached to the band of the the guide bar by a single stud and bolt, is provided with s the mercury of the thermometer. In the upper part of sleeve along the middle, or nearly so, and the cuff should notch, and a corresponding notch is formed in the end of the bore of the thermometer stem is another similar wire, be flat,, as in ordinary wear; then it may turn or be the joint bar, the notch in the joint bar forming a fulcrum capable of sliding through a stuffing-box, or otherwise, viously exposed will then be inside, and a new surface vill the slotted lever, and thus should the outer end of the

guide bar be in a grip or hole, the driver can lift the outer in the said bore. The two wires described are respectively be exposed in its stead.-Patent abandoned. in communication with the positive and negative elements

end of the guide bar perfectly level the moment the inner

1736 B. BURTON, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A., Breech-end of the guide bar begins to move, and he can further of a voltaic battery, and in the circuit of the said battery loading firearms and cartridges. Dated May 26, 1868. is an electro magnet. When the temperature of the hot This invention is not described apart from the drawings. standing grass, or any other obstruction. Another part

lift the guide bar sufficiently high to clear either cut or house or other room rises so high that the mercury in the -Patent completed. bore of the thermometer ascends sufficiently in the said

of the invention is the peculiar shape of the guider. They bore to come in contact with the wire in the said bore, an

1737 W. R. LAKE, Southampton-buildings, Chancery- make the guider with a step or notch in it next the guide electrical communication is thereby established, the vol

lane. Ploughs, &c. (A communication.) Dated May 26, bar; this step or notch in the guide forms part of the taic circuit is completed, and the electro-magnet referred 1868.

guide bar for the knife back to work in; by this step or to is excited and becomes powerfully magnetic. When

This invention consists in the application to a plough or notch in the girder they get a larger slanting edge under the temperature of the hothouse or room falls so far as

like agricultural implement for turning over the soil of the guider in front of the guide bar, which prevents the to cause the mercury in the bore of the thermometer no

an apparatus which the patentee terms a rotary mould- soil or dirt from accumulating in front of the guider longer to touch the wire in the bore, the electrical circuit board in such implements of husbandry.-Patent com under the knife, and allows the stubble of the cat grass is broken, and the electro-magnet referred to loses its pleted.

to brush the soil and dirt away under the guide barmagnetic power. When the wire in the bore of the ther 1733 W. B. LORD, Hampstead Heath. Portable fillers.

Patent completed. mometer is sealed, and its position fixed, the electro-Dated May 26, 1868.

1749 A. E. MINNS, Cheltenham. Improrements applicable magnet is brought into and thrown out of action at fixed This invention relates to the arrangement and combina- to register stoves or grates for curing smoky chimneys and temperatures.. When, however, the wire in the bore is tion of Alters with pocket drinking flasks, or other port controlling the draught of air. Dated May 27, 1863. capable of sliding, it may be adjusted to such a position able vessels or receptacles, a flexible tube being also com

Here the inventor proposes to form the stove with a in the bore as to bring into and throw out of action the bined there with for the purpose of withdrawing the air door or register at the upper part in the usual manner, but electro-magnet at any desired temperature.—Patent aban- from the flask or vessel by such when it is placed in the generally to keep such register in a closed position unless doned.

water to be filtered, such tube also acting as a syphon it may be found necessary to open it to a slight extent, 1780 J. R. WILLIAMS, Liverpool. Printing and number when a continuous supply of filtered water or other fluid is the door being chiefly intended for the purpose of cleaning sheets or rolls of paper. Dated May 26, 1868. required.---Patent completod.

ing or sweeping the chimney. A space is cut in the back The object of this invention is to provide machinery 1739 W. ADKINS, Birminghamn. Stocks and ties. Dated extending across the width of the same, such space or

plate of the grate or store, just above the level of the fire, and by which paper can be printed in a web or a continuous May 26, 1868. roll of any length in one or more colours of ink, and after

aperture communicating with a tube somewhat of a semi

This invention consists in making any three dies (which circular form, the two extremities of which point upwards being printed can be cut into sheets of any convenient is the number the inventor prefers using) on the dovetail within the opening of the chimney, and not in the walls. size as it moves forward on tapes, when as a separate principle, letting them in on the top side, and level with sheet it is numbered and perforated and again cut, if the surface of the stock, or allowing them 10 project, if tutes a dead stop to all descending draughts, so that they

The space between these flues formed by the tube constineedful, into any necessary size, and folded so as to be required, on the lower side; and holding them in position will return with the smoke, the upward draught of which made into all kinds of printed check work, and particu- by a top plate with slotted holes for passing over the being increased by the application of the tubular dues larly drapers' counter check books.-Patent abandoned. screws, by which the plate is held in position in the usual when such draught would otherwise be sluggish or insafi

1731 T. SHEDLEY, Holywell, Flint. Brakes for carriages manner, or by equivalent means.- Patent abandoned. cient in an open chimney, drawing the smoke or products on common roads. Dated May 26, 1868. The patentee claims the arrangement of apparatus in millstones. (A communication). Dated May 26, 1868.

1740 A. M. CLARK, Chancery-lane, London. Dressing of combustion through the register door, in the usual

manner-Patent abandoned. which the brace blocks are suspended from standards This invention relates to apparatus to be employed for 1750 M. GRAY, Highbury. Manufacture of insulated fixed to the axle, or to the spring immediately over the dressing millstones at any inclination, or in any direction. electric conduclors. Dated May 27, 1868. axle, the brake blocks being applied to and acting on the This operation is effected by the aid of a diamond cutter This invention consists, first, in curing or vulcanizing. periphery of the wheels, and being kept in their required I which forms the groove in an expeditious manner with I the successive lengths of the cable as they are joined up


in such a manner that the free end for, say, from one to comers by each party turning the taking-up roller, which 3658 J. H. Johnson, Lincoln's Inn-fields. Improvements two feet of its length, will be left uncured and unchanged, is prevented from being turned back, or the wrong way, in carding engines. (A communication.) so that the next length can be joined on without difficulty. by a ratchet wheel fixed thereon, and a catch taking into 3659 H. W. Fuller and I. W. Barnum, New York, U.S.A. The invention consists, second, in a mode of facilitating it. When required to be turned back for reading the Improvements in tuck markers for sewing machines. the joining up cured lengths of insulated electric con- records in writing thereon, the desk or box, being locked 3660 J. Grindrod, Leighton House, Chester. Improveductors. In carrying out the first head of the invention, when in use, must be opened and the catch taken out of ments in the construction of screw ships or vessels, and the patentee forms in the curing or vulcanizing vessel two gear with the ratchet wheel and paper supply roller; the in propellers for the same, part of which improvements openings through which the ends of the conductor when first-named roller may then be turned the reverse way so are also applicable to paddle vessels. coiled up in the curing vessel are allowed to project, so as to unwind the strip from the taking-up roller upon the

Dated December 2, 1868. that those portions may not be operated on by the curing same supply roller.-Patent completed.

3661 0. S. Rostaing, Paris. Improvements in electric process.-Patent abandoned.

1758 F. HANDUCEUR, Paris. Malaxating butter. Dated telegraph cables. 1751 J. SCHOLL, Berwick-street, Soho. Gas burners. May 28, 1868.

3662 P. Ellis, Orange-court, Liverpool. An improved Dated May 27, 1868.

This invention consists in the construction of an im- and safe letter receptacle or letter box, and inviolable

letter bog. This invention consists, first, of a guard or protector, proved apparatus for mixing butter in which the washing and modes of applying the same, to be used in combina- and unsalting or salting operations are performed.-Patent

3663 P. Ellis, Orange-court, Liverpool. An improved tion with a platinum or other metal gas-light improver or abandoned.

public conveyance or omnibus. perfector for the purpose of preyenting the same from

3661 J. Tidmarsh, Twickenham, Middlesex. Improve

1769 W. E. NEWTON, Chancery-lane. Horse rakes. (A ments in apparatus for clipping or shearing horses and being accidentally displaced or put out of adjust communication). Dated May 28, 1868.

other animals. ment on the burner, or from being accidentally bent This invention is not described apart from the drawings. or otherwise injured. Second, in the adaptation of Patent completed.

3665 T. Warburton, jun., Haslingden, Lancashire. & platinum or other metal light perfector, with or

Improvements in piercing cardings of cotton or wool, es without a guard, to a double or cross cut "bat's

1760 W. E. NEWTON, Chancery-lane, Hopping beer. delivered from the carding engine.

3666 E. Hely, Lower Ormond Quay, Dublin. Improvewing" burner, having two or more slits cut therein. (A communication). Dated May 28, 1868. Third, of a revolving smoke consumer and diffuser, ad

This invention consists in the application of a stirrer ments in machinery for the manufacture of envelopes. justed over the flame of any gas burner, in order that, by is provided with an air tight cover, and suitable pipes for Dublin. Improvements in the means of, and apparatus

between two perforated shelves in the extractor box, which 3667 J. Alexander, Westport, Ireland, and J. Hill, reason of the elevated temperature it attains, it may con- drawing off the liquid, and for preventing its overflow. for, signalling on railways, sume the smoke arising from combustion of the gas.

A valve is placed at the lower part of the apparatus for 3668 H. N. Maynard, Viaduct Works, Crumlin, Mon1752 J. REIDY, Doddington-grove, Konnington-park. discharging the spent hops, and there is a pipe for carry mouthshire. Improvements in girders for bridges, Pickaxes, dc. Dated May 28, 1868.

ing off the aroma to any place where it may be required. viaducts, piers, jetties, and buildings and other structures. This invention is not described apart from the drawings. -Patent abandoned.

3669 S. C. Lister, Manningham, near Bradford, York-Patent completed.

1761 T. GREENWOOD, Leeds. Machinery for assorting the shire. Improvements in weaving velvets and other piled

fabrics. 1753 H. and F. BAILEY, East Retford. Valves for the pas- fibres of dressed silk. (Partly a communication). Dated sage of air, water, &c. Dated May 28, 1868.


3670 S. Pallant, Regent-street, Middlesex. May 28, 1868. The body of this valve may be made of any of the usual This in vention is not described apart from the drawings. ments in fastenings applicable to stays, gaiters, and other

articles of dress. forms, and with any suitable number of connections. In -Patent completed.

An one side thereof (by preference the upper side or top), im 1762 J. and J. B. PALMER, Old Ford-road, Bow.

3671 T. B. Hubbell, Euston-squaro, Middlesex. mediately opposite to the valve seat, is formed an opening facture of matches and fusees, and of friction surfaces to be (A communication.)

Manu improved reflector for oil and other lamps and burners. of rather larger diameter than the valve itsell, and haviag a used therewith, (Partly a communication). Dated May 28, screw thread on its interior circumference. Into this open- 1868.

3672 P. Hooker, Old Street-road, Middlesex. Improveing is screwed a cover having an octagonal or other suit

ments in brick-making machinery. For the purpose of making friction matches or fusees,

3673 A. M. Clark, Chancery-lane. Improvements in ably formed collar, so that it may be readily screwed in or according to one feature of this invention, the patentees paving blocks or slabs, and in the means of fixing the removed by means of a spanner or key. Through the employ a composition consisting of hyposulphite of lead, same. (A communication.) centre of this cover passes the valve spindle, the upperchlorate of potash, oxide of manganese, oxide of iron, part thereof working through or stuffing box attached to chrome yellow and glue.

3674 E. W. P. Taunton, Birmingham. Improvements in, or formed in the upper side of the cover. The upper end

or additions to, chairs. (A communication.) of the spindle is provided with a wheel or handle for turn1763 J.R. HAMBLING, East Dereham, Norfolk. Threshing

Dated December 3, 1868. ing the same, so as to open or close the valve, which latter machines. Dated May 28, 1868.-Patent completed,

3675 D. Dorrity, Ile Lacroix, Rouen, France. Improveis attached to the lower extremity of the spindle. The valve labour to the beating drum of the machine, as is usual, as well as for mounting or fitting pieces on the beds or

In place of feeding the crop to be threshed by manual ments in mechanical means for locking printers' formos, is provided with three or more straight guides working and which is an operation of some danger, the patentee tables of planing machines, and for other cognate purposes inside the seat to keep the former in its proper position.- arranges endless chains or bands with teeth or spikes upon Patent completed.

3676 L. J. Marechal, Bishopsgate-street Without, E.C. them to carry the crop forward, and present it to the A peculiar system of safety lock. 1754 R. FELL, Robinson-row, and R. BARLOW, Shackle drum. The crop is spread by the workman on a table or 3677 H. W. Grylls, Great St. Helen's, City. Improved well-lane, London. Apparatus for prerenting waste of water surface at the top of the machine, and is raked forward apparatus for obtaining and applying motive power. in or from waler-clobets and drinking fountains, cisterns, tanks along this table by the teeth or spikes until it is taken 3678 W. Pugh and J. Field, Bow-street, Middlesex. &c. Dated May 28, 1868.

by the beating drum. The endless chains or bands Improvements in the construction of cataract and other This invention, as applied to water-closets and drinking are driven at comparatively slow speed by & belt lenses for defective visions. fountains, consists in combining with the service pipe, in passing around a pulley on one of the axes which carry 3679 W. E. Gedge, Wellington-street, Strand. Improvethe manner hereinafter described, a peculiar three-way them, or it may be in other convenient manner.-Patent ments in the construction of ploughs. (A communication.) cock, in connection with a compressed air vessel. This completed.

3680 J. H. Banks, Brook-street, Knutsford, Cheshire. peculiar three-way cock has about one-third of the diameter 1764 B. H. BENTHAM, Bedford-row, London. Appa

An improved method of constructing buildings, such as side the body of the cock for the forming of a communi- closed vessels, and for lifting or forcing liquids to any desired where economy of cost is an object, and for an improved of its plug cut away, so as to leave an opening or space in- ratus for facilitating the flow of liquids from barrels or other mission churches, chapels, schools, or any other buildings cation between two out of the three passages leading from height. Dated May 28, 1868. the barrel of the cock. This cock is situate under the This invention consists in forcing air into an elastic or

3681 J. Littler and J. H. Banke, Knutsford, Cheshire. balance bar of the closet (when applied thereto), a lever compressible bag, bladder, or vessel made of Ady suitable

An improved method of constructing furnaces, whereby in connection with the balance bar being coupled with the material, when such said bag is placed in a barrel or other

more perfect combustion takes place, and the smoke from key or plug of the cock.

The service pipe is connected closed vessel for facilitating the flow of tho liquid there the fuel is more thoroughly consumed. with one of the openings in the barrel of the cock, whilst from.-Patent completed.

3682 C. H. Chadburn, Liverpool. An improved instruthe other two passages or openings are respectively in

ment for sketching and drawing. communication with the compressed air vessel and the Hanley, Stafford. Steam generators. Dated May 28, 1868. Works, Grantham, Lincolnshire. Improvements in reap


3683 R. Hornsby and J. E. Phillips, Spittlegate Iron basin of the closet. On drawing up the handle or "pull In carrying out this invention, as applied to an ordinary ing and mowing machines. of the closet the lever or balance bar which is connected with the key or plug of the cock opens the passage com- internal flues, and with side or return flues constructed Improvements in steam and other boilers. Cornish boiler, for example, provided with one or more

3684 H. Kinsey, Robin Hood Works, Nottingham. municating between the service pipe and air vessel. On releasing the handle, or returning it to its former position in the setting, the inventors secure to the back end of the

3685 W. Simpson and J. Hutton, Northampton. Imthe condition of the cock will be changed, a communica-,

boiler a small steam generator, which may be of any con.provements in lubricating apparatus, and the application

venient form, but should be so shaped and situate as not of the same to machinery. tion being then establisbed between the air vessel and the basin of the closet, the compressed air in the air vessel at the same time the flame and heated products of comto interfere with the draft through the central flue, whilst

Dated December 4, 1868. forcing the water into the basin with a pressure equiva- bustion will impinge directly upon it as they issue from lane. Improvements in knitting machines. (A commu

3686 W. R. Lake, Southampton-buildings, Chancerylent to that due to the height of the column of water in the the mouth of the central flue on their way to the side pipes or main, in addition to the pressure of the air in the fues. Along each side flue there extends a pipe, in com

nication.) air vessel. The peculiar self-acting apparatus which the

3687 W. R. Lake, Southampton-buildings, Chancerypatentees propose to apply to cisterns, tanks, water-butte,

munication at the back end with the small generator, and lane. An improved machine for cutting edible roots. (A and other like receptacles, for th: purpose of preventing the top of the small generator there is provided a steam at the front end with the front of the main boiler. Upon

communication.) waste of water therefrom arising from overflow, consists dome furnished with a removable lid or cover for the

3688 H. Robinson, Bridge Mills, Lewisham, Kent. Imof a peculiar equilibrium float yalve, worked by the action facility of access to the interior of the said generator, with

provements in apparatus for dressing millstones. of a float lever, the float of which rests upon the surface of

8689 S. Hirsch, Glasgow. Improvements in dyeing the water in the cistern or tank.-Patent completed.

a view to repairs, cleansing, and for other purposes.

This steam dome is connected by a pipe with the ordinary yarns in hanks or skeins, and in the mechanism or appa1755 W. DALZIEL, Deptford, Kent. Combination of cock

steam dome of the main boiler; communication is thus and valve for controlling the flow of water from constant supply of the main and supplemental generators, the whole form

3690 R. Charles, Birmingham. Certain improvements established between the respective steam and water spaces in thimbles. pipes. Dated May 28, 1868.

3691 J. H. Johnson, Lincoln's Inn-felds. An improved This invention will probably be described and illustrated ing in effect one combined steam generator. In order to

vacuum electrical and medicated vapour apparatus for the in a future number of this journal.-Patent completed. heat the feed water before entering the main boiler the in

treatment and cure of diseases. (A communication.) ventors pass the cold water pipe into the front end of one of 1756 W. ALEXANDER, Liverpool. Applying auxiliary the generator tubes in the side fiues, and continue such

3692 J. G. Rollins, Old Swan Wharf, Upper Thamespower lo sailing ships. Dated May 28, 1868.

street, City. Improvements in nozzles Por oil cans and pipe along the interior of such tube, thence through the

other vessels. (A communication.) For this purpose the steam winch or winding engine, main body of water in the small generator, back tbrough 3693 W. G. Ainslie, East India Avenue, Leadenhallpow extensively used on board sailing ships, or other mo- the centre of the second one of the two generator tubes street, City. Improvements in means for drying peat, tive power, is employed to operate by a train of wheels or other gear a lying shaft. Such lying shaft can be placed the main boiler itself at the front end thereot. The feed peat compounds, and other materials, in one of three positions, first, underneath the deck, close water, it will thus be seen, is heated before it enters the Imray, Westminster Bridge-road, Surrey. Improvements

8694 M. P. W. Boulton, Tew Fark, Oxfordshire, and J. to the deck beams; second, partly under and partly over main boiler by the water in the small generator.-Patent in rotary propellers, pumps, and fans. the deck; and, third, over the deck altogether. On the ends abandoned. of the said shaft theinventorships, when required, ordinary

3695 H.L. D. Marsiden, Louth, Lincolnshire. Improveside-paddle wheels, or side-paddle wheels fitted with

ments in machinery or apparatus for toning, fixing, and fing floats or arms, to be adjusted to suit the draught line. When APPLICATIONS FOR LETTERS

washing photographic prints, which improvements are winds are available, these paddle-wheels are unshipped and

also applicable to rocking machinery or apparatus for

PATENT. stowed away inboard. Making the paddle-wheels remov

other purposes. able is an important feature of the invention.-Patent aban

3696 J. S. Capelle, Boulevart Bonne-Nouvelle, Paris. doned.

Dated December 1, 1868.

The application of a system of perpetual calendar to desky, 1757 T. DRAKE, Huddersfield. Apparatus to be employed Improvements in the manufacture of mineral teeth. (Agullies or stench' traps, and in mud boxes connected there3652 H. A. Bonneville, Sackville-street. Piccadilly. secretaries, and other articles of furniture.

3697 F. Beech, Salford, Lancashire. Improvements in for receiving communications, orders, messages, and appoint- communication.) ments. Dated May 28, 1868.

3653 W. Betts, Wharf-road, City-road, Middlesex. with. This apparatus consists of a box in the form of a writ- Improvements in the manufacture of capsules for bottles,

3698 A. C. Sterry and F. Lambe, Rotherhithe New-road, ing desk containing two rollers or drums, and upon one of jars, and similar vessels.

Surrey, and J. Fordred, Blackheath, Kent. Improvements which is wound a strip of paper of any convenient length. 3654 W. Brookes, Chancery-lane. Improvements in in the mode of treating and purifying parasin, and in An aperture is formed in the lid of the desk the width of means employed in the manufacture of fabric in lace apparatus to be used therein. the strip of paper, so that the paper may pass through it, machinery. (A communication.)

3699 J. R. Swann, Leith-walk, Edinburgh. Improveand over a small table or platform fixed to the bottom part of the box projecting through the aperture in the lid, and securing the contents of botiles, jars, and other similar 3655 J. B. Shillcock, Bromley, Kent. Improvements in ments in kilns for calcining limestone.

Dated December 5, 1868. even with its surfaces as a supp to the paper, which essels.

E. Francillon, Puteaux, near Paris, Departmont of thence passes and is attached to the other roller, by the 3656 S. A. Daniell, Birmingham. Improvements in ma- the Seine. Improvements in dyeing fur and hair. turning of which the strip of paper may be wound off one chinery or apparatus for cleaning bottles and other vessels. 3701 J. A. Fawcett, Wakefield, Yorkshire. Improveroller upon the other, and in passing over the table may (A communication.)

ments in means or apparatus for supplying steam boiler be written upon by different parties in succession. And such writing may be carried forward out of sight of after combined shirt front and collar,

3657 E. Price, Cheapside, City. A new or improved and other furnaces with fuel, and for promoting and regu

lating the combustion thereof.



3702 B. Hunt, Serle-street, Lincoln's Inn. Improve 2438 T. Ward. Desks for schools.

PROVISIONAL PROTECTION FOR SIX MONTHS ments in wheels for railway carriages and other vehicles 2439 W. Spence. Treatment of auriferous ores. (A Has been granted upon Specifications bearing the folof like description. (A communication.) communication.)

lowing uumbers: 3703 D. Thomson, Johnstone, Renfrewshire. Improve 2457 E. Edwards. Pumps. ments in sawing machinery. 2458 M. Benson. Low water indicators, (A communi


3403 3488 3501 3516 3531 3542 3704 R. Girdwood, Edinburgh. Improvements in appa- cation).


2870 3413 2476 W. E. Newton. Regulating the speed of machinery.

8490 3503 3517 8532 ratus for crushing or reducing ores and similar materials,

3544 3557 2990 3429 3492 3506 3518

3534 3545 and for compounding different ingredients, such as the (A communication).


3218 3450 3493 2480 S. Gardner. Annealing pot and stand.

3507 3519 3535 3546 oleaginous and resinous matters used in making sheep

3-559 2506 J. H. Johnson. Permanent way of railways. (A 3245

3463 3494 3508 3520 3536 Emears.

3547 3561 3309 3470 3496

3509 3521

3537 3548 3705 H. Denton, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire. [m- communication.)

3563 2536 H. Steffanson and J. Hadley, Machinery for 3352 3479 provements in chain and other harrows, and apparatus or

3497 3510 8523 3538 3549

3565 decorticating grain.

3375 3481 3498 3512 3524 8539 3552 machinery connected therewith.

3567 2562 B. Hunt. Decomposing the sulphurotz of iron 3978 3483 3199 3706 E. K. Dutton, Smithy-door, Manchester. Improve

3514 3526 3511 3554 3569 ments in gig mills employed in the finishing of woven contained in ores. (A communication).

3400 3487 3500 3515 8528 fabrics. (A communication.)

2580 J. Llandless. Boilers or generators for steam. 3707 A. v. Newton, Chancery-lane. Improved appa 2782 G. Davies. Stamping or embossing horn. (A comratus for treating flour. (A communication.) munication).

ROSCOE'S SELF-ACTING LUBRICATORS FOR 3708 A. Masson, Edinburgh. Improvements in steam 3032 D. West. Presses for packing cotton. engines. 3151 W.R. Lake. Apparatus for generating the vapour

STEAM ENGINES. 3709 J. Abraham, Birmingham. Improvements in of hydrocarbon liquids. (A communication.)

TESTIMONIALS AND PRICES POST FREE. central-Are cartridges for breech-loading firearms and 3192 W. E. Newton. Manufacture of gun barrels. (A ordnance. communication).

APPLY TO 8710 J. Holmes, Bradford, Yorkshire. Improvements 3233 G. T. Bousfield. Machinery for propelling water

EDWIN H. NEWBY, in the construction of kilns for the purpose of burning craft. (A communication). articles made from plastic materials. 3331 S. Ault. Plastering trowels.

39A, KING WILLIAM STREET, CITY, late 3711 B. Fowler, D. Greig, and R. Burton, Steam Plough 3402 J. L. L. Sweatnam. Kiins for burning bricks.

31, CHEAPSIDE, E.C. Works, Leeds. Improvements in the construction of 3425 M. H. Davies. Construction of fences.

The above Lubricators grease every particle of steam previous to steam cultivating machinery. 3431 C. J. Chaplin, Composition for cattle food. (A

passing through the valves into the cylinder.

A 47 3712 D. H. Paterson, Sprucefield, Downshire. Improve-communication). ments in the process of bleaching, dyeing, or scouring 3440 E. Haas. Sewing machines.

OLLED JOISTS or textile materials and fabrics, and in the machinery there 3483 J. Hare. Apparatus for expanding tables.

GIRDER BEAMS, for. 3501 C. W. Siemens. Adjusting telegraphic line wires.

of a variety of sizes, from 3in. to 20in. deep, 3713 W. R. Lake, Southampton-buildings, Chancery 3569 C. W. Siemens, Manufacture of iron and steel,

with top and bottom flanges to 6in., varying lane. An improved apparatus for removing the stem of

in thickness from gin, to lin. thick on the metal formed upon printers' type in the process of casting.


web, and rolled out to 40ft. lengths, (A communication)

Sealed December 4, 1868. 3714 A. M. Clark, Chancery-lane. A new or improved

PLATES, ANGLES, BULBS, TEES, 1301 J.C. and H. T. Fugl 2011 W.A. Gilbee chemical compound for the disinfection and treatment of

BARS, 1819 A. Prince

2013 A, M. Clark sewage and other liquid and solid matters. (A communi1851 0. T. and G. A. New 2014 O. Whitehouse



2042 E. Mucklow 3715 A. B. Berard, of Avenue Montaigne, Paris. Improve

1852 J. Wadsworth
2096 A. M. Clark

Books of Sections, Prices, and other informaments in the processes and apparatus for manufacturing,

tion, will be supplied on application to 1864 G. Finnegan

2296 J. H. Johnson collecting, and purifying gas for heating and other pur

1881 R. B. Boyman
3003 B. W, Stevens

WILLIAM RYDER, poses. Dated December 7, 1868.

1981 W. S. Carr

3063 W. E. Newton 3716 I. E. Woolf, New Bond-street, Middlesex. Improve

NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE. ments in apparatus for cooling milk and other fluids. (A Sealed December 8, 1868.

BO communication.)

1876 R. Husband

1917 A. S, Stocker 3717 W. Chiswell, Halton-road, Cross-street, Islington, 1883 J., J. W., and D. S. 1927 N. D. Spartali

STERNE'S PATENT Middlesex. The purpose of preventing horses slipping in


1931 W. Richards suowy, frosty, or other slippery weather, and for render 1888 W. Ferrio

1961 J., J., and J. Booth PNEUMATIC RUBBER BUFFERS, ing it unnecessary to remove their shoes for roughing.

1889 J.T. Ladyman

1964 D. Mitchell 3718 A. Homfray, Witley Lodge, Halesowen, Worces

1892 C. W. Siemens
1972 A. M. Clark

DRAW & BEARING SPRINGS. tershire. Improvements in the manufacture of coke, and

1901 T. E. Williams
1993 W. Umpherston

These springs'are no longer an er in machinery or apparatus to be employed in the said

1910 W, Henderson
2087 0. E. Brooman

periment, and are more elastic manufacture, 1911 J. S. Cockings and 2097 W. Daglish

durable, and economical than any 3719 J. Ridley, Belsize Park, Middlesex. Improvements

A. Umbach
2356 F. Lambe, A. C.

others, possessing the advantage of in apparatus for obtaining motive power.

1913 J. Lord
Sterry, and J. Ford-

being suitable for either hot or cold 3720 A. Krupp, Essen, Prussia. Certain improvements

1914 A, E, G. Thenard

climates, and without liability to in breech-loading ordnance.

breakage; and are in use on the PATENTS ON WHICH THE STAMP DUTY OF £50 3721 E. Symons, Sheffield. Improvements in the con

Great Western, London and South struction of shoes for horses and other animals.


Western, Metropolitan, Hoylake, 3722 W. R. Lake, Southampton-buildings, Chancery

3071 W. Thompson
3153 P. de Mondesir, P.

AT REST-Fig. 1. Great Southern, Great Southern lane. Improvements in rooms, and apparatus for photo

3093 T. A. Weston
Lehaitre, and

and Western, Delhi and other lines graphing by artificial light. (A communication).

3095 E. B. Wilson

of Railway at home and abroad. 3723 W. R. Lake, Southampton-buildings, Chancery

3116 J. J. Ashworth
3172 A. V. Newton

Kl. They are also in use for Mining lane. Improvements in railway carriage wheels, parts of

3123 I. Holden
3174 R. A. Brooman

Cages. Sections and models of the 3127 G. E. Donisthorpe


3184 N. W. Wheeler which improvements are applicable to locomotive wheels.

above, and other railway and me(A communication).

3130 A, B. Brown
3233 T. R. Hetherington

chanical appliances, and also 3724 O. F. C. Cretin and J. Watson, Glasgow. Improve

3142 A. C. Bamlett

and S. Thornton

COMPRESSED IN various applications of the junction

3143 N. Salamon and W. ments in supplying air to divers, and lamps for burning

3326 R. M. Marygold and

ACTION.-Fig. 2. of rubber to metal, can be seen at

J.L. Da vids gases and oils.

S. Fitzjohn

the Offices of 3725 T. Kennan, Dublin. Improvements in fences, and

3163 A. Parkes
3379&G. Hawksley

in latches or fastenings for the gates of the same, which
are applicable also as fastenings for other purposes.

PATENTS ON WHICH THE STAMP DUTY OF £100 8, Great Queen-st., Westminster.

B 89 3726 A. M. Clark, Chancery-lane. Improvements in 3031 G. T. Bousfield thread winders, and in the mode of arranging threads for 3060 J. D. Napier

3066]:J. J. Russell and B.

L. Brown
the purpose of retailing the same. (A communication). 3078 C. F. Varley


For the week ending December 5, 1868.
From the “London Gazette," December 8, 1868.
2288 F. Warren. Apparatus for heating water.

No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. 2310 J. Bowron and G. Lunge. Manufacture of iron and steel.


s. d. 8. d. 8. d. s. d. 3. d. 2318 M. T. Shaw and T. H. Head. Hydraulic apparatus 1158 0 8f12211 6|1262 0 8 1295 2 4 13750 4.1408 0 4 Leather for lifting.

1163 1 10 12220 812640 8|1297 0 10 13800 4 1411 04 2328 G. Snith. Machinery for obtaining rotary motion. 1167 1 2/1227 1


6 12650 8 13040 4 1385 0 4 1413 0 4 2349 J. A. Hogg. Lamps. 1169 0 10 1233 1 2 12660 813060 1013860 4 1414 0 4

extraordinary 2350 G. R. V. Loughton and E. B. Jackson. Material 1172 1 10 1237 0 10 12700 10 13120 for the manufacture of bosses for flax spinning machinery. 1179 1 4|1238 0 10 1272 2

6 13870 41417 0 4 strength with

2 13130 613880 4 1418 0 2361 H. Watts, Construction of rails for railways. 1183 1

E. lightness and great

6|12391 4.12740 10 13140 6139010 4 141904 2364 J. Webster. Manufacture of gas and vapour. 1188 1 0 12420 8|12751 2366 J. Bullough. Looms for weaving.

013151 61391041422 0 4 suppleness. For

1194 1 0 12480 8/127710 2367 0. A. La Mont. Preparation of eggs.

8 13200 8 13920 4|1423 0 4 1197 1 2 12490 81127910 10 13210 10 1394041424 0 4

MILLBANDS and 2368 W. R. Lake. Apparatus for manufacturing glue | 1198 4 1250 1 012810 10 1326 0 10 13950 4/1425 0 4

LACES (A communication).

1199 1 2 1252 0 10 12840 813290 4 13970 4.1429 0 4 2369 S. M. Martin and S. A. Varley. Train intercom- | 1202 1 10 1254 0 10 1285 0 10 1330 1 munication.

413980 4.1430 O 4

it is unrivaled. 1211 1 012561 0 12860 10/13500 6 14020 4/1440 0 4 2372 J. Simpson. Machinery for moulding toothed 1213 0 8 12590 812880 6/13620 10/1403 1 0 1467 0 4 wheels.

Also Manufacturers of all other descrip12161 4 12601 4 12890 2373 F. Winser. Manufacture of sulphate of magnesia. 1219 3 012610

6/1372 0 4 14050 41522 0 4

tions of

612920 4137310 4 2381 J. Radcliffe. Machinery employed in the manu

Leather, Fire Engine Hose, Bands, &c. facture of iron and steel.

B & 2383 S. C. Lister. Manufacture of cut pile fabrics. 2384 J. Jeffreys. Preserving animal substances.

PARIS EXHIBITION, 1867.-GOLD MEDAL. 2386 G. Woodhouse and J.G. M.Minnies. Construction of mills,

2387 A. Watkins. Construction of watches.

2389 S. C. Lister. Manufacture of silk velvets. (A communication).

At the Great Triennial Trials of the ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY of ENGLAND, held at 2393 J. Duguid. Apparatus for dressing flour, 2402 F. A. Leigh. Carding engines.

Bury St. Edmunds, July, 1867, received the following Awards :2406 P. N. J. Macabies. Water-feeding apparatus for For Single Cylinder Portable Steam Engine,

THE FIRST PRIZE OF £25. boilers. 2410 R. E. Drinhaus. Instrument to be used in the For Double Cylinder Portable Steam Engine,

THE FIRST PRIZE OF £25. treatment of rheumatism. (A communication). For Horizontal Cylinder Fixed Engine,

THE FIRST PRIZE OF £20. 2411 W. W. Symington. Machinery for cutting up For Double Blast Finishing Thrashing Machine,

THE PRIZE OF £15. loaf sugar. 2413 H. Moritz and J. Reinach. File-planing machine.

Also the Society's Silver Medal for Adjusting Blocks for Michines. 2414 H. Moritz and J. Reinach. File-cutting machine. 2424 M. Wilkin and J. Clark. Steam boilers and

The duty performed by all C., 8., and Co's Engines on this occasion considerably exceeded that of any others. C., 8., and Co. refer furnaces.

with pleasure to the fact that the duty of their" Commercial," or Single Valve Engine, at Chester, so long ago as 1858, was not equalled by 2426 C. Geoghegan. (Self-acting regulators for supplying any " ordinary" Engine at Bury. fluids at high pressure. 2429 H. O. Robinson. Dredging machines.'

2430 S. Plimsoll. Means for unloading coals from railway waggons,





8. d.











is vastly different, the manufacture of the con- furnish cable which, in its electrical qualities, ductor and insulator having improved since even surpasses our specified standard of exthat date, partly due to greater care in the cellence."

manufacture, but principally, we think, to the MECHANICS MAGAZINE.

There has always been in submarine telerigid tests everything has to undergo before graphy a difficulty with regard to joints being passed. After the core has been in the core. It is one of the points

properly insulated, it is kept for twenty-four that too much care cannot be taken with, LOVDO.Y: FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1868.

hours in water, at a temperature of 75deg. and it is really the one weak point in our Fah.; it is then subjected to a series of elec- submarine cables. It is, however, en

trical tests by the electricians appointed for couraging to learn that the care bestowed THE FRENCH ATLANTIC (ABLE. the purpose, and having successfully gone upon these joints at the gutta-percha works TIME flies so rapidly, that it appears but through that ordeal, it is carefully wound on is very great, for a very careful test is made

the other day that one and all were daily drums and forwarded to the contractors' of every joint, and out of 320 tested, only reading with intense interest the telegrams sheathing works, where it receives its sheath- one was found in the least degree defective. sent from on board the “Great Eastern," ing, and is coiled away in tanks ready for For some time past workmen have been respecting the progress of the submersion of shipment.

engaged upon the " Great Eastern" fitting the Atlantic cable, and yet, short as that time The distances given above are those from her up with the necessary tanks for receiving may appear, it is even a less time to that point to point, but as a certain amount the cable. They will be three in number, of period when in all expectation the big ship of slack cable has to be allowed for paying which the largest will be 75ft. in diameter will once again leave our shores with an elec-out, the amount of cable to be manu- and 16}ft. high. The first of the tanks will, tric freight for the United States.

factured will somewhat exceed those lengths. it is expected, be finished on January 4, and, The company projected during last summer The deep sea cable will, therefore, be 2,788 according to present arrangements, shipping for carrying out certain concessions for sub- nautical miles, including 145 miles for the will be commenced on January 7. This will merging a cable between the French and the two shore ends; the section from St. Pierre be effected by transporting the cable from American coasts have commenced to carry out, to the United States will be 776 nautical Greenwich to the “Great Eastern ” in hulks, up to the present, all their promises, and this miles, including an allowance for shore ends; fitted with water-tight tanks, lent by the cable, about the longest ever contracted for, so, therefore, a total amount of 3,564 nautical Admiralty. is now undergoing rapid manufacture, and miles will have to be manufactured. The A very satisfactory report is presented by doubtless will be shipped on board the Great completed deep sea cable does not differ the electricians, Professor Sir William ThomEastern " to contract time. We will now en- much from that class of cable of wbich the son and Mr. C. F. Varley. They state, deavour to give our readers some description of Atlantic may be taken as the type; the are satisfied that the manufacture is being this work, and the amount of progress up to insulated core is served with a good serving conducted in such a manner as to secure a the present time. It is intended that the cable of tanned jute, it is then protected with ten perfect and efficient cable, to give the strongest should start from the French coast, at or best galvanized homogeneous iron wires, reason for confidently looking forward to near Brest, and be laid across the Atlantic to served helically round the core, each iron complete success in the undertaking.” So far, the French Island of St. Pierre, off the wire being first served with strands of the progress of the work cannot but be looked American Continent, a distance of 2,325 miles, Manilla hemp well saturated with tar. The upon as most satisfactory, and we trust that and consisting almost entirely of deep sea shore ends attached to the deep sea cable it will continue so; and, finally, that the succable. From St. Pierre a heavier cable will be will be of different weights, an intermediate cessful completion of the cable will be a laid to some point in the United States, not next the main, weighing about 6 tons, and matter to congratulate our readers upon next yet determined on, but probably in the State the heavy shore end on to the shore weighing year. For the present, we leave the subject, of New York; this gives a further distance of about 20 tons. The construction of these promising, however, to return to it at a later 722 miles. Taking the two sections together, cables is similar to the plan now generally date with fuller and more complete details. the total length will be 3,047 nautical miles adopted-solid galvanized iron wire protected The contract for the entire amount of work externally by coatings of kemp and asphalte. has been let to the Telegraph Construction In the heavy shore end, however, a double

THE SMITHFIELD CLUB SHOW. and Maintenance Company, the successful sheathing will be used, -first, an ordinary contractors for the previous Atlantic cable, sheathing served with hemp, then sheathed

E resume our notice of the late show of similar appliances, it is but reasonable to ex- with servings of hemp and asphalte ; this ments, at Islington, at the stand of Messrs. pect the same success.

form of cable has now been satisfactorily Edington, of Chelmsford, who exhibited a The manufacture of the entire insulated proved to be the strongest and most service- good 10-horse portable engine, and a quantity core is going on rapidly at their gutta-percha able. The section from St. Pierre to the of india-rubber, gutta-percha, and leather works, in the Wharf-road, and the serving United States has an ordinary wire sheathing belting. At the next stand, occupied by and sheathing the deep sea cable at their of ten best galvanized iron wires of about No.12 Messrs. Allchin and Son, of Northampton, works at Greenwich; the shorter section will gauge, this sheathing is protected, as in the were examples of an 8-horse portable be sheathed at the cable works of Mr. Henley, case of the shore ends, with servings of hemp engine, with a steel boiler, as well as of a at North Woolwich. The copper wire received and asphalte. All the iron wire used in the 3-horse portable. These engines are simple at the gutta-percha works is first tested for several kinds of cable has to bear certain in construction, all the working parts being its quality and its conductivity; the standard tests to see whether it comes up to the placed on the outside of the boiler, so that being known, it is easy to determine whether required standard of excellence. And to every part can be got at by the person in the wire received is up to it; all copper above ensure none but the best wire and of charge. The boilors are made on the most the standard is passed and prepared for form- standard quality going into the cable, the modern principles, and of ample size and ing the conductor, which consists of a strand engineers have a staff of assistants at the strength. They are covered with hair felt, of seven wires. In making this strand the works of the various wire-drawers, where all then lagged with wood, which is afterwards centre wire is passed through a bath of what defective wire is rejected on the spot. covered with sheet iron. The cylinder is also is generally known as Chatterton's compound According to the report of the engineers, cased round to prevent loss by radiation(a mixture of tar and gutta-percha) before it would appear that the amount of work giving to the whole a neat appearance, and having the remaining six wires wound round accomplished up to the present date, is about economizing fuel. Messrs. Ransomes and it, the object of this compound being to 600 miles of deep sea cable. This is estimating Sims, of Ipswich, exhibited one of their newly prevent any water permeating through the according to the rate of progress, which is designed economical portable engines, instrands of the conductor. The stranded con- given at 85 miles per week, a rate which will tended for use in countries where fuel is ductor is then coated with alternate coats of be probably increased, as in a few days more scarce and costly, and in manufactories where Chatterton's compound and gutta-percha to machinery will be erected. The heavy shore the motive power required is constantly varythe required thickness, the compound being ends for the Brest and St. Pierre section have ing. This engine is of 8-horse vominal power, placed next the wire and between each layer also been commenced down at Greenwich, and is fitted with a single equilibrium slide of gutta-percha. The quality of gutta-percha and in a few days the manufacture of the valve, hot and cold water pumps, and appaused is the very best, similar to the Atlantic St. Pierre and United States cable will be ratus for heating the water before it enters cables, and to that for which the Gutta-Percha commenced at Mr. Henley's works. The the boiler. Its principal features are a large Company are well known. The core for the engineers of the company are Messrs. Latimer cylinder, giving ample space for the proper deep sea cable is of the following weight :

-Clark, H. C. Forde, and Fleeming Jenkin, expansion of steam; a steam jacket comConductor, 400lb.; insulator, 400lb. ; total, and from a coalition of such an amount of pletely enveloping the cylinder and covers, 8001b. per mile. For the shallower section, practical experience we may rest assured that thus preventing radiation; the injection of the weights are :-Conductor, 1071b. ; insu- nothing will be left undone to ensure the boiling water at 210deg. Fah. into the boiler ; lator, 150lb. ; total, 2571b. per mile. The cable being as perfect as our present manu- great strength of boiler and all the wearing insulated core of the deep sea cable is larger facture can make. Of the quality of the parts ; in fact, every means is employed to than the previous Atlantic cable, and is larger material it is gratifying to learn from them obtain a large development of power with the than any other cable hitherto manufactured, that “ the electrical tests of the core at the least possible consumption of fuel. We unwith the exception of the old Malta and gutta-percha works, and those of the finished derstand that in the single-slide engines of Alexandria line, the core of which as to weight cable at Greenwich, are most satisfactory; this series, the consumption of coal is oply is precisely similar. The quality, however, I and we find that the contractors are able to 41b. or 4-251b. per horse power per hour, whilst


in the double-slide engines it is reduced to appliances in connection with their engines ; motion is thus direct, and the slanting spindle 3.501b. to 3.75lb. These engines have obtained and they have turned out some very success- of the old fashion (a great loss of power) is first prizes at Paris, 1867, Berar (India) ful examples. · Messrs. Nalder and Nalder, of dispensed with. and Brussels, 1868, and are giving most Wantage, exhibited a very good 5ft. combined Messrs. Walter Fox and Co., of 32, Chickcomplete satisfaction both at home and abroad. finishing thrashing machine, fitted with their sand-street, Osborn-street, Whitechapel, had Messrs. Ransomes and Sims also exhibited graduated or adjustable corn screen. In this a collection of galvanized wire netting, screens, one of their standard portable engines of machine the meshes are made fine at the feed and sieves of excellent make. We particu8-horse power, which was simple, strong, end, and gradually enlarged to the outlet end, larly noticed their sand and gravel screen, well finished, and although fully capable of thus making a mathematically perfect adjust- which required no lacing wire, and therefore working up to twice its nominal power, able screen, and giving all the advantages justly deserves to be recommended. Mr. within the draught of one horse on ordinary offered by the complicated and expensive ma- White, of 15, Trinity-street, Borough, was roads, a point of considerable importance to chines made with shifting wires, without any close by with his excellent oil feeders and a farmers and others, who are frequently mov of their disadvantages. The quantity of tail, number of needle lubricators, which he has ing engines from place to place. Either one or thin corn, is increased by moving a handle adapted for several special uses in machinery. of these engines is admirably adapted for between two given points, and setting it ac- Our old friends, Messrs. Owens and Co., of contractors and builders, for winding, saw- cording to the quantity required.

Whitefriars-street, had a good show of hy. ing, pumping, &c., as well as for thrashing Messrs. Crosskill, of Beverley, were, as draulic machinery and apparatus. There and the ordinary work of the farm. The usual, strong in clod crushers and carts, both were steam pumping engines and fire extinsteam thrashing machines, for which Messrs. of which implements maintain their well- guishers in great variety, and well adapted Ransomes and Sims are specially celebrated, known reputation. We would call especial for their special uses. Bernay's centrifugal were represented by a patent double-blast attention to the wheels and axles of this firm, pump was also exhibited, and we are glad to finishing machine, marked A 1. Three dis- in the manufacture of which Messrs. Crosskill hear that it is making good way. Messrs. tinct patents are embodied in these machines; employ the most recently improved machinery: J. B. Brown and Co., of 90, Cannon-street, and for simplicity, lightness, and durability, The spokes are cut to the exact form required were well represented by their lawn mowers, they have no equals. First prizes have re- by self-acting Blanchard lathes, each of which wrought-iron hurdles, and wire and round cently been awarded to them at Bury, R.A.S.E., is capable of turning out sufficient for a wheel bar fencing, all of which were of the best 1867 ; Paris, 1867; and Brussels, 1868. We every hour, with precision and accuracy. The material and make. Messrs. Moser and Sons, must not omit to notice the splendid case of felloes, after being planed, are rounded to the of the Borough, attracted attention by their fifty-eight silver cups (exhibited by Messrs. proper shape by a machine especially adapted patent forges and bellows, as well as by a Ransomes and Sims), all of which have been for the purpose, which entirely obviates the very neat apparatus for straining wire fencwon with their ploughs. Of these cups, necessity of placing them in the lathe, thus ing: Messrs. Tangye Brothers and Holman thirty-nine were won at ploughing matches, doing away with the holes in the back of each exhibited several varieties of their “ special in different parts of the kingdom, by farmers' felloe, formerly found objectionable in these steam pump, and as a novelty their “London" sons; five by local ploughmen; and fourteen wheels. The tyres are bent cold, bevelled double-action pump. All the cumbersome by Messrs. Ransomes' own men. These cups when hot, and after being put on the wheels details of ordinary pumps, which soon become are perhaps the best testimonials that could are cooled by instant submersion in water, so worn and out of repair, are dispensed with be presented to a farmer in favour of the that the wheel is not weakened by the forma in these pumps ; they are cheap, compact, ploughs, and we should think such an exhi tion of a ring of charcoal underneath the hoop, strong, and occupy very little room. 'l'hey bition could not fail to induce many farmers as is often the case when the fire has been are eminently suited for house, farm, and to become purchasers of them, not only for imperfectly extinguished by pouring water on garden purposes, and are well worthy attentheir sons to win similar cups, but for the it in the ordinary manner. In casting the iron tion. practical every-day work of the farm. The naves, the internal surface is always chilled Messrs. E. Page and Co., of Bedford, had celebrated patent chilled shares of this firm hard enough to resist the file, and the part an assortment of chaff-cutting machines of are especially known for their durability and which receives the spokes is very strong and their usual stamp. This firm also exhibited the way in which they preserve a keen cutting tough. The metal is sufficiently ductile to a set of drag harrows, into which some subedge to the last. Messrs. Ransomes and permit of a thread being cut on the front end stantial improvements have just been introSims were also large exhibitors of food pre- to receive an oil cap when required. The duced. The object of these improvements is paring machines of the highest claes. last stand in the lower department is that of to obtain a simple and rigid fixing for the

Messrs. Ashby and Jeffery, of Stamford, Mr. John Tye, of Lincoln, and where we tines of the harrows, with facility for adjusthad a well-planned 2-horse vertical engine found the usual good assortment of mills, for ment or removal of the parts. For this puron an upright boiler. Their chaff-cutters which Mr. Tye is specially noted.

pose the stem of each tine is passed through have been improved since last year, by having Proceeding to the galleries, we found many a hole formed for it in a socket, which is in wrought-iron frames, the legs being of angle old friends, some of whom we noticed last part wedge-formed to rest in an angle formed iron. A very powerful 2-knife machine for week, and a few new ones. Amongst the by the meeting or crossing of the diagona horse or steam power was exhibited. The latter, we may first mention Messrs. Kittoe bars. Another part of each socket is con cog-wheels are all covered, and it is fitted on and Brotherhood, of 56, Compton-street, tinued back over the junction or crossing o the near side with patent safety apparatus for Clerkenwell, who exhibited their ti Paragon " the diagonals, and it is there secured by a stopping and reversing the rollers, which can steam engine and “Paragon steam pump. screw bolt passing through them. A taper be done by a motion of the foot or by the The engine is exceedingly simple; the main key helps to retain each tine in the hole in hand. At Messrs. Ruston and Proctor's (of working parts consist of three only, viz., the its socket, the whole arrangement being Lincoln) stand, we found an excellent 12-horse steam piston, the crank shaft, the slide valve simple and reliable. Messrs. S. E. Norris double-cylinder portable engine, which was and spindle. There are no glands to the and Co., of Shadwell, had a good show of fitted with Chapman's variable expansion ec- cylinder, consequently the friction and general leather bands of all sizes and lengths, and of centric. Their novelty, however, was a port- wear and tear are reduced to a minimum, and the quality which has made their goods noted. able circular saw-bench possessing several im- no leakage can occur. By simply unscrewing Their Helvetia leather bands and their waterprovements. It is fitted with fast and loose the covers of the cylinder and valve chest, the proof leather belting were also objects of pulleys, and a screw arrangement for throw- whole of the working parts may be withdrawn favourable comment-and we trust of puring the strap in and out of gear. The brasses for examination. As the working parts are chase—by the visitors. The stand of Messrs. carrying the spindle are adjusted by means all internal, there can be no tampering with Tupper and Co., of 61A, Moorgate-street, of set screws and lock nuts. The slide fence is them, and they are protected from grit and London, illustrated the variety of purposes notable for the facility with which it may be dirt. The “Paragon" pump is similar in its to which galvanized iron can be applied with adjusted, and the extremedelicacy andаccuracy main features to the engine. We purpose the utmost utility. Here we had a collection of its motion. Messrs. Brown and May, of De- to illustrate both these engines in another of cisterns, cattle troughs, roofing, bins, vizes, had an 8-horse portable engine, in which number. Mr. T. W. Wedlake, of Romford, pails, and many other useful articles. Messrs. we noticed, amongst several improvements, the Essex, had some very good safety horse gears, S. and E. Ransome and Co., of 10, Essexaddition of an efficient water heater has been made wholly of iron, upon which weather street, Strand, had a variety of useful articles. made, whereby the water is raised to a boil- can have no effect. In these horse gears, Amongst their novelties was the Milwaukee ing point before being passed into the boiler the advantages of durability and strength are lantern for burning paraffin oil. This lantern by the exhaust steam, which, becoming obtained by the whole of the frame, which was invented and perfected by a practical partially condensed, is returned into the feed contains the working parts, and which is sub-man, who has given attention to the use of tank, and used over again, thus effecting a ject to a cross strain, being cast in one piece. paraffin since its first discovery, the result considerable saving in quantity of water re- Friction is reduced to the smallest possible being a portable lantern superior to anything quired. Messrs. Marshall and Co., of Gains- amount; the bearings of the spindles are of the kind yet introduced. It gives a clear borough, had nothing decidedly novel, but the steeled and hardened, turned perfectly true, and brilliant light in every direction, at less design and finish of their exhibits was of the and worked in hardened steel bushes. The cost, light for light, than any other lantern. usual high standard. The recent extensive working parts are entirely closed in; the en- It is simple in construction, and can be easily application of steam-power to irrigation, trance of grit and dirt, so objectionable in all taken apart to clean. No chimney is used, cotton ginning, and other manufacturing open gears, is thus prevented. The inter- and the globe being protected by wires, is purposes, in distant countries, where fuel is mediate motion is of novel construction; the not liable to be broken. When once trimmed very expensive, has induced this firm also to spindle, which is directly attached to the ma- and lighted, the flame can be adjusted or put give their attention to special fuel-saving chine to be driven, is brought on a level; I out, without opening the lantern, which is

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