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decision, his presence is essential to the proper seizure. The post-mortem examination of animals is provided for, and an extended power is given to the L.A. to appoint a veterinary surgeon for all the purposes of the Act. The enactment relating to food and drugs is common to the three kingdoms.

In the matter of infectious disease, notification is compulsory in Scotland, and the powers for the prevention of disease are an extended re-enactment of the principal clauses of the Infectious Diseases Prevention Act; clauses exist for the prevention of infected children attending school, for removing the inmates of a house before disinfection, and for other purposes.

In the definition of a common lodging-house we find a new meaning :-"A common lodging-house is a house or part thereof where lodgers are housed at an amount not exceeding 4d. per night, or such other sum as shall be fixed under the provisions of the Act (by sec. 89 this cannot exceed 6d.), for each person, whether the same be payable nightly or weekly, or for any period not longer than a fortnight, and shall include any place where emigrants are lodged, and all boarding-houses for seamen, irrespective of the amount charged for lodging or board."

The directions to inspectors and the Model Bye-laws of the Scotch L.G.B. are well worth perusal by every student of sanitary administration.

In addition to the above Act, the Scotch student will do well to refer to the Burgh Police (Scotland) Acts of 1892 and 1903, which contain a large number of sanitary provisions for cleansing, ruinous buildings, water supply, slaughter-houses, drainage, water-closets, &c.

Sanitary Law in Ireland. The sister kingdom, like England and Wales, is still awaiting a codification of the Acts relating to Public Health. In 1878 the Public Health (Ireland) Act was drafted on the lines of the Act of 1875, and, like that Act, has been amended and tinkered in many places.

The Irish sanitary authorities are, as in England, urban and rural, and are constituted on the one hand by the Town Councils (about twelve in number) and by the Municipal Commissioners (about sixty), and on the other by the various Boards of Guardians of the Poor.

Unfortunately, no provision was made in the Act for investing rural districts with urban powers, so that a large number of towns of considerable size are still under the imperfect govern

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ment of rural authorities, although the L.G.B. for Ireland have power by provisional order to create new urban districts.

It is quite beyond the scope of a work intended for sanitary inspectors in this country to discuss the provisions of this Act the provisions as to nuisances and the duties of the inspector with regard to them are much the same, and if the standard of sanitary progress is not quite so high as in other parts of the kingdom, the need for the careful administration of the powers provided will but be greater.

The following books will be found useful by students of sanitary law, and contain in greater detail the provisions which have here been reduced to the very smallest compass, compatible with usefulness :Knight's cheap edition of the Public Health Statutes.

Knight's Annotated Model Bye-Laws.” Edited by W. A. Casson.

“Lumley's Public Health." Edited by MacMorran and Lushington. “The Law of Public Health.” Edited by Glen and Jenkin.

Sanitary Law and Practice." By Robertson and Porter. “Lectures on Sanitary Law.” By Professor Wynter Blyth.

Treatise on Hygiene and Public Health.” By Stevenson and Murphy. Vol. III. relating to Sanitary Law.

“The Public Health (London) Act." Edited by MacMorran. “Factories and Workshops.” By Abraham and Davies. “Sale of Food and Drugs Acts." Edited by Hedderwick.

Knight's Model Bye-Laws under the Public Health Acts Amendment Act, 1890.” Edited by W. A. Casson.

“Handbook of Scotch Sanitary Law.” By T. W. Swanson.

“The Law relating to the Pollution of Rivers and Streams.” By J. Vesey Fitzgerald.

Most of these volumes are of an expensive character, and, with the exception of the Public Health Statutes, are not necessary to the ordinary student, except as books of reference ; he would also do well to familiarise himself with the Model Bye-laws, though the annotated edition is not absolutely necessary, and only contains some of those issued by the L.G.B.

Home Office, December, 1904.

Annual Report of Medical Officer of Health for Year , for *e..., Metro- the*

of politan Borough, County Borough, Urban District, FACTORIES, WORKSHOPS, LAUNDRIES, WORKPLACES & HOMEWORK.

Rural District.


Number of



Written Notices.


(Including Factory Laundries.)

(Including Workshop Laundries.) Workplaces, Homeworkers' Premises,



Number of Defects.



of Prosecu. tions.



to 11.M. Inspector.


Nuisances under the Public Health Acts:

Want of cleanliness,
Want of Ventilation,
Want of drainage of floors,
Other nuisances,


unsuitable or * Sanitary accommodations- defective,

not separate

for sexes, Offences under the Factory and Workshop

Illegal occupation of underground bake-

house (S. 101),
Breach of special sanitary requirements

for bakehouses (SS. 97 to 100), Failure as regard lists of outworkers (s. 107),

unwholesome Giving out work to be done

(S. 108), in premises which are

infected(s. 110), Allowing wearing apparel to be made in

premises infected by scarlet fever or

smallpox (8. 109), Other offences, ..


* Including those specified in Sections 2, 3, 7, and 8 of the Factory Act as remediable under the Public Health Acts.

For districts not in London state here whether Section 22 of the Public Health Acts Amendment Act, 1890, has been adopted by the District Council; and if so, what standard of sufficiency and suitability of sanitary accommodation for persons employed in factories and workshops has been enforced.

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Matters notified to H.M. Inspectors of Factories :-
Failure to affix Abstract of the Factory and Workshop Act

(S. 133),
Action taken in matters referred

by H.M. Inspectors as remedi- Notified by H.M. Inspector, able under the Public Health Reports (of action taken) Acts, but not under the Fac- sent to H.M. Inspectors,

tory Act (S. 5).
Underground bakehouses (S. 101):-

In use during 190,*
Certificates granted { in 190 ; *
In us at the end of 190 ,t

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Notices prohibiting homework in unwholesome premises

(S. 108), Cases of infectious disease notified in homeworkers' premises, Orders prohibiting homework in infected premises (S. 110),

Workshops on the Register (S. 131) at the end of 190 :

Important classes of work.

shops, such as workshop bakehouses, may be enumerated here.

Total number of workshops on Register,

* Year before. + Year covered by report.

1 The lists should be received twice in the year. The year's figures required in the table are then obtained by adding together the two half-yearly totals.

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