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ages, 192.

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Measles, 189, 230.

Overflow pipes, 123, 124.
in pigs and oxen, 252. Overflows, Cistern, 129, 138.
Mortality from, at different Oxygen in the atmosphere, 36.

Oysters and enteric fever, 266.
Meat and tuberculosis, 187, 258. Ozone in the atmosphere, 36.

Causes of unwholesome, 245.
Characteristics of good, 247,
249.

Pail system, 75.
Inspection of, 247.

Paint as a remedy against damp
inspectors, Qualifications of, walls, 176.
262.

Pan closet, 98.
Slink, 245.

Papers, Wall, 184.
unfit for food, 250.

Parasites in meat, 252, 257.
unsound from disease, 251. Parian cement, 173.
Metallo-keramic joint, Doulton's, Parkes, Dr. Louis, on size and fall of
121.

sewers, 83.
M‘Kinnell's ventilator, 52.

Parsons, Dr., and disinfection by
Middens, 75.

heat, 199.
Milk and diphtheria, 229, 266. Pasteur-Chamberland filter, Experi.

enteric fever, 232, 266. ments with, 28.
scarlet fever, 226, 266. Patent drain joints, Archer's, 80.
tuberculosis, 187, 266.

Stanford's, 79.
fever in cows, 256.

Peppermint, Oil of, for drain testing,
Mortar, 172.

141.
Moule's earth-closet, 163.

Perkin's system of warming, 70.
Mumps, 231.

Permanganate, Potassic, as a disin.
Muraline wall-paper, 184.

fectant, 211.
Musgrave's stove, 67.

Phthisis, 239.
Mutton, Characteristics of, 250.

and back-to-back houses,

237.

damp surroundings,
NAILS for slate roofing, 180.

240-242.
Newsholme, Dr., and early school

expectoration, 243.
attendance, 192.

occupation, 5, 243.
Nitrogen in the atmosphere, 36.

overcrowding, 242.
Nordtmeyer-Berkefeld filter, Experi- Pig, Measles in, 252.
ments with, 28.

, -typhoid, 255.
Notification of infectious disease, Piggeries, Drainage of, 111.
194, 197, 244.

Pipes, Drain, 77.
Nottingham, Meat poisoning at, 251. Half channel, 84.

Inspection, 82.

Iron, 77.
OAK pins for tile roofing, 180.

Junction, 81.
Occupation, Influence of, on death- Stoneware, 77, 83.
rate, 5.

Pitch as a remedy against damp
Oil of peppermint for drain testing, walls, 176.
141.

Plans of house drainage, 137.
Overbeck de Meyer's disinfecting Plaster, 173.
apparatus, 202.

Pleuro-pneumonia in cattle, 254.
Overcrowding and phthisis, 242. Ploughed and tongued floor, 183.

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Influence of, on death- Plug closet, 98.
rate, 7.

Plumbers' wiped joints, 115.
Overflow from service cistern enter-

work, Details of, 113.
ing soil-pipe, 131.

142.

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Plumbing, Examples of defective, Refuse from houses, Constituents of,
130-136.

160.
Pneumo-enteritis in pig, 255. Relapsing fever, 233.
Poisoning by meat at Welbeck, 250. Respiratory organs, Occupation as
Polarite filters, 150.

influencingdeath-rate from diseases
Porcelain d'Amiante filter, Experi- of, 5.
ments with, 30.

Retford, Meat poisoning at, 251.
Pork, Characteristics of, 250. Rideal, Dr., and formic aldehyde

Poisoning from putrid, 250. disinfection, 215.
Portland cement, 19, 172, 176. Rinderpest, 255.
Potassium permanganate as a disin- Roberts' stove, 67.
fectant, 211.

Rochdale system of excreta removal,
Precipitation, 144.

165.
Privies, Construction of, 160. Rockets, Smoke, 141.

for rural districts, 162. Rocks, Impermeable, 170.
Privy-middens, 75, 139.

Roofs, 179.181.
Puerperal fover, 238, 256.

Rot in sheep, 257.
Pumps, 20.

Rötheln, 230.
Putrefaction, Nature of, 73. Rough-casting, 176.
Putrid meat, 250.

Royal Commission on Tuberculosis,

260.

Rye-grass for sewage farms, 150.
QUARANTINE, 193, 195, 223.

and certain occupa-
tions, 196.

SAFES for water-closets, 123.
Period of, in different Sand, Building sites on, 169.
diseases, 223.

-filters, 25.
Quarter-ill, 258.

Sand and gravel sewage filters, 151.
Sandstone, 172.

Scarlet fever, 190, 226.
RABIES, 238.

and milk-sellers, 226.
Rainfall, 12.

at Hendon, 187.
Rain-pipes as drain ventilators, 136.

Mortality from, at dif-
Principles of construction

ferent ages, 190-192.
of, 90.

Schools, Closure of, 196.
Trapping of, 90.

Cubic space required in, 42.
Rain-water, 14.

Ventilation and warming of,
filters, 25.

40.
Raking arm for drains, 87.

School teachers and infectious dis-
Ransom's disinfecting apparatus,
201.

Schübler on the power of absorbing
Reck's steam disinfector, 203-208. heat possessed by different soils,
“Red soldier,” 255.

170.
Refuse and sewage disposal, 142. Scott-Moncrieff cultivation tank, 148.
168.

sewage distributor,
Decomposition of, 160.

154.
destructors, 167.

Screening of ashes, 163.
Disposal of dry, 167.

Septic” tank, 148.
disposal, Principles of, in Service pipe to closet, Connection of,
rural districts, 165.

122.
disposal, Principles of, in

Size oi, 123.
urban districts, 165. Sewage and refuse disposal, 142-168,
disposal, Rochdale system of, Clarification of, 142, 144-147.
165.

Composition of, 72.

ease, 197.

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Sewage disposal and County Councils, | Slop-closet system, Arguments for
142.

and against, 108-110.
experiments in Staf- Slop sinks, 126.

fordshire, 155-157. Slop-water as flush for closets, 132.
Principles of, 142.

closets, 74, 105, 108.
Filtration of, through Polar- Sludge, Disposal of, 147.
ite, 151.

Small-pox, 190, 224.
Putrefaction of, 73.

and quarantine, 196.
removal, 73.

and vaccination, 225.
Conservancy system

in sheep, 256.
of, 74.

Preventive measures
Separate system of,

against, 224.
75.

Smith, Mr. P. Gordon, on back-to-
Water-carriage sys- back houses, 9.

tem of, 73. Smoke apparatus for drain-testing,
sludge, Disposal of, 147-149.

140.
treatment by sub-irrigation, rockets for drain-testing, 141.
158.

test for drains, 139.
biological fil. Soap and water as a disinfectant, 213.

tration, 147- Soda bisulphate as a water steriliser,
157.

32.
intermittent Soil-pipe, 114, 119, 122, 132.
downward fil-

as a drain ventilator, 88.
tration, 150.

Connection of, with drain,
land irriga-

122.
tion, 150.

cowls, 115.
», precipitation,

Drawn lead, 114.
144-147.

Iron, 114, 117.
Sewer, Definition of a, 76.

joints, 115.
Sewerage and drainage, 72-85.

receiving cistern overflow,
Sewers as a danger to health, 75.

131.
Construction of, 76, 83.

Seamed lead, 114.
Fall of, 83.

traps, 88.
Manholes for, 84.

Ventilation of, 114, 133,
Principles of construction of,

136.
76.

by rain-pipe,
Size of, 83.

136.
Ventilation of, 85.

Soils, 169.
Shell-fish and cholera, 266.

made, 170.
Ships, Ventilation of, 46.

Solder, 117.
Sink connections, 125, 138.

Spear, Mr., and meat poisoning, 251.
waste, Automatic discharge of, Splenic fever, 257.
91.

Spongy iron filters, 26.
Sinks in basements, Connection of, Spores and disinfection, 198.
91.

Springs, 14.
Sites for houses, 169.

Stables, Drainage of, 111.
Dryness of, 169. Stafford Rural District, Pollution of

Warmth of, 170. deep well in, 19.
Size in wall-papers, 185.

Stafford Rural District, Ventilation
Slate, 173, 176, 179.

and warming of schools in, 40.
Slaughter-houses and Commission on Staffordshire fire-place, 63.

Tuberculosis, 261. Stanford's patent drain joint, 80.

Drainage of, 111. Steam as a disinfectant, 199.
Slink meat, 245.

disinfectant apparatus, 201.

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Steam jets as ventilators, 59. Trap, Dipstone, 93.
Penetrating power of, as

Gully, 89.
disinfectant, 202.

Hellyer's anti-D., 93.
Use of, generated by refuse Syphon, 86, 92.
destructor, 167.

Traps, 86.
Warming by, 69, 71.

Automatic flush, 91, 96.
Stomachs of animals, Inspection of, Bye-laws as to, 90.
248.

Essential conditions of good,
Stone, Effect of atmosphere on, 172.

94.
for building, 172.

Grease, 91.
Stoneware pipes, 77, 83.

in cellars, 89.
Stoves, 66.

Requirements in, 94.
Disadvantages of, 66.

Syphonage of, 121.
Gas, 68.

Varieties of, 86.
Musgrave's, 67.

Trichinosis, 253.
Roberts', 67.

Trough closet, 104.
Street gullies, 90.

Tubercle bacillus, 187, 239.
Sub-irrigation, Treatment of sewage Tubercular meat prosecution in Glas-

by, 158.
Sub-soil water, 13, 169.

should it be con-
Sulphurous acid as a disinfectant,

demned, 259.
212.

Tuberculosis, 239.
Supply-valve and bellows regulator,

and milk, 187, 266.
104.

Conclusions of Royal
Syphonage of traps, 121.

Commission on, 264.
Prevention of,

Damp as cause of, 240.
121.

Departmental enquiry
Syphon-trap, 86, 92.

Elimination of bovine,

268.
TABLE-TOP closets, 126.

in animals intended for
Tænia, 252.

food, 262.
Tanks, Automatic flush, 94.

Paris Conference on,
Sewage precipitation, 145.

260.
Teachers in schools and infectious

Signs of, in animals,
disease, 197.

258.
Teale fire-places, 64-66.

Typhoid (see Enteric fever).
Temperature as influencing ventila- Typhus fever, 232.

tion, 39, 46.
Testing drains, 139.
Thatch, 174.

URINALS, 126.
Thorne, Sir Richard Thorne, and

diphtheria, 227.
» precautions against VACCINATION, 225.
cholera, 235.

Commission Report,
Thresh's disinfecting apparatus, 208.

225.
Ties for cavity walls, 177.

Valve-box of water-closet, Ventila-
Tiles, 173, 176.

tion of, 122.
Tin-lined pipes, 23.

Valve-closet, 96.
Tinned meat, 264.

Connections of, 121.
Tobin's ventilator, 54.

Connection with trap,
Trap, Antill's, 92.

123.
Bell, 92.

Overflow from, 123.
D., 93.

Varnish, Angus Smith’s, 22.

on, 260.

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Veal, Characteristics of, 250. WALL-PAPERS, 184.
Vegetables, 269.

Walls, Damp, from defective con.
Ventilating bricks, Ellison's, 54.

struction, 176.
burner, Hammond's, 57.

from drainage, 130.
openings and down.

from foundations,
draughts, 50.

174-176.
shafts, Friction in, 48.

from spouting,
Joints in, 49.

177.
Ventilation and warming, 35-71.

from window • sills,
Artificial, 47.

177.
as induced by tempera-

Disinfection of, 213.
ture, 39, 46.

Protection of, against damp,
by fans, 56.

174-178.
by gas-burners, 57, 69.

Re-papering of, 173, 185.
by heat, 57.

Thickness and structure of,
by steam jets, 59.

178.
Chimney as a means of, Warming, 60-71.
51.

by conduction, 61.
Cubic space required for,

by convection 61.
39.

by hot-water pipes, 69.
Diffusion of gases as an

by radiation, 60, 70.
aid to, 45.

by steam pipes, 69, 71.
fallacy concerning large Wash-down closet, 101.
rooms, 40.

Wash-out closet, 99, 100.
fallacy concerning lofty

connection with soil.
rooms, 40.

pipe, 119.
Mechanisms employed Washing papers, 184.
in, 48, 49.

Waste-pipe traps, 92.
Natural, 45.

-pipes, Principles of construc-
of cesspools, 159.

tion of, 137, 138.
of drain, Defectiye, 135. water from dairy, 89.
of drains by soil - pipe,

from laundry,

89.
88.

Water, Charges for, 22.
of schools, 40.

Collection and storage of,
of sewers, 94.

17.
of ships, 46.

Filtration of, 25.
of sick-room, 193.

Hard and soft, 15.
of soil-pipe by rain-pipe, Impurities in, 23.
136.

pipes, 22.
Position and size of open-

Contamination of water
ings for, 47.
Summary of require-

Protective coating for,
ments for efficient,

23.
59.

Purification of, by boiling,
Wind as
an agent in,

32.
45.

Quantity of, required, 16.
Ventilator, Boyle's Mica-flap, 51.

Taking of samples of, 32.
Hinckes-Bird's window, test for drains, 141.
53.

Waters, Characters of different, 14.
Louvred panes, 54.

16.
M‘Kinnell's, 52. Water-carriage system of sewage
Sheringham valve, 54. removal, 73.
Tobin's, 54.

Water-closet, “Century,” 102.
“Vortex” closet, 121.

cisterns, 103.

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