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D I C T I 0 N A Ꭱ Y

OR, A

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THE DIFFERENT SCIENCES AND ARTS

Are digested into the FÓRM of Diftinct
TREA TISES OR SYSTEMS

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COMPREHENDING

The HISTORY, THE OR Y, and PRACTICE, of each,
according to the Latest Discoveries and Improvements;

AND FULL EXPLANATIONS GIVEN OF THE
VARIOUS DETACHED PARTS OF KNOWLEDGE,

WHETHER RELATING TO

NATURAL and ARTIFICIAL Objects, or to Matters ECCLESIASTICAL,

CIVIL, MILITARY, COMMERCIAL, O'c.
Including ELUCIDATIONS of the most important Topics relative to RELIGION, Morals,

MANNERS, and the OECONOMY of LIFE:

TOGETHER YITH

A DESCRIPTION of all the Countries, Cities, principal Mountains, Seas, Rivers, &c.

throughout the WORLD;
A General HISTORY, Ancient and Modern, of the different Empires, Kingdoms, and States;

AND

An Account of the Lives of the most Eminent Persons in every Nation,

from the earliest ages down to the present times.

Compiled

from the writings of the best Authors, in several languages ; the most approved Dictionaries, as well of general science as of its partie
cular branches; the "Tranfadions, Fournals, and Memoirs, of Learned Societies, both at home and abroad; the MS. Lectures of

Eminent Professors on different sciences ; and a variety of Original Materials, furnished by an Extensive Correspondence.

THE THIRD EDITION, IN EIGHTEEN VOLUMES, GREATLY IMPROVED.

ILLUSTRATED WITH FIVE HUNDRED AND FORTY-TWO COPPERPLATES.

VOL. I.

INDOCTI DISCANT, ET AMENT MEMINISSE PERITI.

E DIN BURG H.
PRINTED FOR A. BELL AND C. MACFARQUHAR.

MDCCXCVII.

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TO THE

K I N G

SIR,

WHEN the Proprietors of the EncycLOPÆDIA
BRITANNICA resolved to publish a new and improved
Edition of that Work, they naturally requested per-
mission to lay it at the feet of their SovereiGN.

Your MAJESTY's gracious compliance with that request, whilst it incited them to employ their utmost efforts to make this Edition not altogether unworthy of Your Royal Protection, procured for their undertaking the favour of that Public by which Your MAJESTY is revered as the Father of Your People, and the enlightened Patron of Arts, Sciences, and Literature.

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