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Inhuman treatment of the interned Greeks in Bulgaria. Many 1916–1918..... Bulgarian camps: and espe- Bulgarian civil and mili- Greek Memorandum, p. 9; Annex iv. thousands of victims

cially Kitsevo, Karuabat, tary authorities (many
Kostivar, Tirnovo, Scou names known)

men, Philipopoli
ROUMANIA
Inhuman treatment of interned Roumanians. Were not given Unspecified.. German camps........... German authorities..... Memorandum of the Roumanian Dele-
sufficient food
SERBIA

gation, ii, p. 1.
Internment en masse, including children and the aged. Dreadful 1914-1915-1918 Sliven, Dioumourtchani, Bulgarians (ordered by Rapport de la Commission Interalliée
conditions in camps: no clothes, no sanitation, very little food,

and many other intern- / Bulgarian Government) (and Annexes au Rapport).
hard labour, bastinadoed or bayoneted for no offence, or on

ment camps
slightest pretext. Many robbed of their belongings
Out of 100,000 interned, only 50,000 returned-and they were

broken in health
Interned a doctor of Vrania–because the officer had designs on

Bulgarian commandant. “ p. 21.
the latter's wise
Internment of priests and teachers..

Bulgarian authorities...... p. 51.
Attempted escape of interned civilians punished with death...

p. 51.
Interned subjected to hunger and cold, lacked linen and clothing, 1915-1918..... Nagymegyer, Schah, Hein Austrian and German Papport du Dr. Reiss. Rapport de la
reduced by epidemics, many died. Internment utilised as a

reichgrun, Brannau, Bol civil and military au- Commission d'enquête serbe, pp. 3, 4. means of extorting money from Serbian population

dogaszony Neszider, thorities Csegled, Rat, Tranlan

9.-FORCED LABOUR OF CIVILIANS IN CONNECTION WITH THE MILITARY OPERATIONS OF THE ENEMY, AND OTHERWISE.

BELGIUM

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Unsuccessful attempts to make workmen at the Central Arsenal

resume work: 3 persons imprisoned; 190 workmen sent to
Germany
Similar incidents in other localities ...

FRANCE
That French civilians were subiected to forced labour under
severe hardships is clear from the two following documents:
1. A proclamation ordering the inhabitants (men, women,
and children) to work in the fields every day, including
Sundays, from 4 A.M. to 8 P.M., with a total break of 2
hours, making 14 hours' work. “Idlers" were to be
beaten if they were children, and to undergo 6 months'
imprisonment after the harvest if they were women

July 20, 1915.. Holnon (Aisne).............

German officer.

9th Report of French Commission of

Enquiry, p. 24.

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.............

2. A "Notice respecting civilian worker"required workers to April 28, 1916., Place unspecified.............

p. 23.
salute German officers. Their wages were fixed at 2.25 fr.
per day, of which 1.75 fr. was deducted, leaving 50 e. pay,
of which only 25 e, was paid in cash

GREECE
Greek women compelled by Bulgarians to work in fortification 1917-1918..... Demir-Hissar....

Bulgarian authorities...... Greek Memorandum, p. 10.
works

SERBIA.
Ordered to carry munitions and provisions to the front, dig | 1915-1918..... Various places in Serbis. ....

Rapport de la Commission Interalliée,
trenches, build defensive works, &c.

p. 33.
People taken at a distance; long spells of labour; had to find

their own food
Old men, women and children also compelled

10.-USURPATION OF SOVEREIGNTY DURING MILITARY OCCUPATION

(See also No. 12.)

POLAND
Prevented the population from organising themselves to main- | After conclu- Lithuania, White Russia, German and Austrian au- Memorandum of Polish Delegation,
tain order and public security. Aided the Bolshevist hordes sion of Ar- Ukraine

thorities

p. 5.
that in vaded the territories

mistice
ROUMANIA
Institution of German civil courts to try disputes between sub- March 1, 1917. Occupied territory of Rou- German authorities..... Memorandum of the Roumanian Dele-
jects of the Central Powers, or between a subject of these

mania

gation, iv, a
Powers and a Roumanian, a neutral, or subjects of Ger-
many's enemies

SERBIA
Proclaimed that the Serbian State no longer existed, and that 1915-1918.... Serbia...

Bulgarian authorities. Rapport de la Commission Interalliée,
Serbian territory had become Bulgarian

The commander was p. 41 (and Annexes au Rapport).
promoted to rank of
General
Official orders show efforts

pp. 48–51.

at Bulgarisation
Serbian law, courts, and administration ousted......
1915–1918

p. 41.
Taxes collected under Buigarian fiscal iégime.........

p. 41.
Serbian currency suppressed.....

p. 42.
Public property removed or destroyed, including books, archives

p. 42.
and MSS. (. 9., from the National Library, the University
Library, Serbian Legation at Sofia, French consulate at
Uskub)
Prohibited sending Serbian Red Cross to occupied Serbia........

p. 43.
The Austrians suspended many Serbian laws and substituted

Austrian and German au- Rapport du Dr. Reiss. Rapport de la their own, especially in penal matters, in procedure, judicial

thorities

Commission d'enquête serbē, pp. 4,6.
organization, &c.
Museums belonging to the State (e.g., Belgrade, Detchani) were

emptied and the contents taken to Vienna

II.-COMPULSORY ENLISTMENT OF SOLDIERS AMONG THE INHABITANTS OF OCCUPIED TERRITORY

Date.

Place.

Authors.

Reference.

Many thousands of Greeks forcibly enlisted by Bulgarians.......

1917–1918.... Eastern Macedonia.

Bulgarian authorities.....

Greek Memorandum, p. 10.

Bulgarian authorities.....

Rapport de la Commission Interalliée,

p. 43.

Forced Serbian subjects to fight in the ranks of Bulgarians against 1915–1918.... Serbia ....

their own country
Families and villages were held responsible for refusal to enlist

(in Eastern Serbia.) Serbian subjects were recruited for the Austrian armies, or were 1915–1918.... Serbia....

Austrian and German au- Rapport de la Commission d'enquête thorities.

serbe, p. 6.

12.-ATTEMPTS TO DENATIONALISE THE INHABITANTS OF OCCUPIED TERRITORY

(See also No. 10)

Efforts to impose their national characteristics on the population 1915–1918.... Serbia.

Bulgarian authorities......

Rapport de la Commission Interalliée,

p. 36 (and Annexes au Rapport).

Particulars.

GREECE

SERBIA

sent to the Bulgarians to be incorporated in their forces

SERBIA

Serbian language forbidden in private as well as in official rela

tions. People beaten for saying “Good morning" in Serbian
Inhabitants forced to give their names a Bulgarian form.......
Serbian books banned-were systematically destroyed..
Archives of churches and law-courts destroyed....
Schools and churches closed, sometimes destroyed.........
Bulgarian schools and churches substituted-attendance at

school made compulsory.
Population forced to be present at Bulgarian national solemnities.
Austrians and Germans interfered with religious worship, by de-

portation of priests and requisition of churches for military purposes. Interfered with use of Serbian language

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" p. 39. Austrian and German au- | Rapport du Dr. Reiss. Rapport de la thorities.

Commission d'enquête serbe, p. 5.

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II.-COMPULSORY ENLISTMENT OF SOLDIERS AMONG THE INHABITANTS OF OCCUPIED TERRITORY

Particulars.

Date.

Place.

Authors.

Reference.

GREECE Many thousands of Greeks forcibly enlisted by Bulgarians....... 1917–1918.... Eastern Macedonia....

.... Bulgarian authorities ..... Greek Memorandum, p. 10.

SERBIA

Bulgarian authorities.....

Rapport de la Commission Interalliée,

p. 43.

Forced Serbian subjects to fight in the ranks of Bulgarians against 1915–1918.... Serbia ......

their own country
Families and villages were held responsible for refusal to enlist

(in Eastern Serbia.)
Serbian subjects were recruited for the Austrian armies, or were 1915–1918.... Serbia....

sent to the Bulgarians to be incorporated in their forces

Austrian and German au- Rapport de la Commission d'enquête thorities.

serbe, p. 6.

12.-ATTEMPTS TO DENATIONALISE THE INHABITANTS OF OCCUPIED TERRITORY

(See also No. 10)

SERBIA Efforts to impose their national characteristics on the population 1915–1918.... Serbia........

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Serbian language forbidden in private as well as in official rela

tions. People beaten for saying “Good morning" in Serbian
Inhabitants forced to give their names a Bulgarian form.......
Serbian books banned-were systematically destroyed.....
Archives of churches and law-courts destroyed............
Schools and churches closed, sometimes destroyed.....
Bulgarian schools and churches substituted-attendance at

school made compulsory.
Population forced to be present at Bulgarian national solemnities.
Austrians and Germans interfered with religious worship, by de-

portation of priests and requisition of churches for military purposes. Interfered with use of Serbian language

38.

“ p. 39. Austrian and German au- | Rapport du Dr. Reiss. Rapport de la thorities.

Commission d'enquête serbe, p. 5.

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