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COLONIAL

fro87. FRANCE. Ministère des affaires étrangères. Documents di

plomatiques.

Convention relative à la délimitation des possessions

françaises du Dahomey et du Soudan et des possessions allemandes du Togo. Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1897. 7 pp. 31% cm.

Dated: Paris, le 9 juillet 1897.

1088. DENKSCHRIFT ilber die Entwickelung der deutschen Schutzgebiete in Afrika und in der Südsee. Berichtsjahr 1901/1902. Stenographische Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Reichstages. Io. Legislaturperiode. II. Session 1900/1903. Achter Anlageband, Aktenstück Nr. 814. Pp. 5254–78. Fold. maps. 30% cm.

Io89. DENKSCHRIFT betreffend die Entwickelung des Kiachou-Gebiets

in der Zeit von Oktober 1901 bis Oktober 1902. Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Reichstages. II. Session 1900/1903. Achter Anlageband, Aktenstück 31% cm.

periode.
Nr. 832. 38 pp. Fold. maps.

GHINALA."
Vide BLAFOROS.
GILBERT ISLANDS.”
– May 27, 1892 (proclama-
tion of British protector-
ate).
GLARUS, CANTON OF.” "
GoHUD."
GoMALUTA."
Wide GooM-CoRKway.
GOOM-CORKway."
GORAHOOMA.”
GounJour."
GovIND Row."
Gower ISLAND.”
— October 6, 1900 (proclama-
tion of British protectorate).

Stenographische
Io. Legislatur-

GRANADA, NEW.
Vide Colom BIA.
GRAND BASSAM, WEST AFRICA.”
GRAND BEREBY."
GRAND LAHOU."
GRAND POPO."
GRAND SESTERS."
GRAWAY TRIBES."
Wide LIBERIA.
GREAT BARRIER REEF.”
— October Io, 1878 (letters
patent of annexation to
Queensland).
GREAT BERIBI."
Cf. GRAND BEREBY.
GREAT BOOTON."

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, UNITED
KINGDOM OF 3, 4, 5

The English kingship took definite form in the ninth and tenth centuries. Ireland came under the partial control of England in 1166-72 and in 1541 Henry VIII was acknowledged as king of Ireland. The kingdom of the Scots took form in the middle of the ninth century. The kingdom of Scotland was united with England in 1707. The present United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is the métropole of a world-wide empire, which is developing many new phenomena. The Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa are self-governing dominions with treaty-making rights and increasing autonomous privileges of a sovereign character. India, externally British, is internally a congeries of native states in treaty relations with the British Indian foreign office and of former native states directly administered by British authorities as a result of treaty arrangements. A process of devolution is increasing the number of native states under their own rulers. Other British possessions are of several kinds, representing many gradations of autonomy. Some instances of states formally sovereign occur within the expanse of territory that is substantially British, as, for example, Oman, which acknowledges a protectorate arrangement with the government of India.

All of this points to the development of a new sovereignty, the British Empire, which is now a term much used but which describes no technical entity definitely recognizable as yet in international relations.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1091. GROSS, CHARLEs (1857–1909). The sources and literature of English history from the earliest times to about 1485. London, New York [etc.], Longmans, Green, and co., 1900. xx, 618 pp. 23 cm.

– 2d edition, revised and enlarged. London, New York [etc.], Longmans, Green, and co., 1915. xxiii, 820 pp. 23% cm.

REGISTERS

fio92a. AGARD, ARTHUR (1540–1615). An account and catalogue of the records in the king's treasury at Westminster under the custody of the lord treasurer and the chamberlains of the exchequer. Drawn up by Arthur Agarde, deputy to Sir Walter Cope one of the chamberlains, assisted by Sir Walter and Mr. Robert Cotton, with a dedication to Sir Julius Caesar (1558–1636), anno 1610. A catalogue of the Lansdowne manuscripts in the British Museum, no. 137.

flog2b. AGARD, ARTHUR. Compendium recordorum regiorum in archivis domini regis Jacobi, &c., repositorum in ordinem digest. per Arthurum Agard, deputatum Walteri Cope, militis, unius camerariorum Scaccarii dicti domini regis in recepta dicti Scaccarii, ultimo Decembris, an” 16Io, variis suis lucubracionibus.

Catalogue of additions to the manuscripts in the British Museum, ii, Add. Ms. 25,256.

fio93a. AGARD, ARTHUR. In hoc libro continetur abbreviacio sive brevis recapitulacio tractatuum de matrimoniis, pace, bello, treugis, intercursu seu commercio, et prestacione pecunie inter reges Anglie et imperatorem Romanum, reges Francie et Castilie; et ducibus Geldrie, Burgundie, et Britanie. . . . Ex' per me Arthurum Agarde deputatum Walteri Cope militis, unius camerariorum in curia recepte scaccariis domini regis Jacobi, ultimo Septembris, 1612.

A catalogue of the Lansdowne manuscripts in the British Museum, no. 799.
Cited as “A book of abbreviations of leagues.”
Contents: 1286–1551.

Io93b. AGARD, ARTHUR. A calender of all the leagues and treaties betweene the kings of England and other states, as they are placed in the 4.th treasury at Westminster. In Thomas Powell, Repertorie of records remaining in the 4. treasuries on the receipt side at Westminster (London, B. Alsop and T. Fawcett, for B. Fisher, 1631: (4), 217 pp., 19 cm.), pp. 97-12o. Contents: 1278–1586. Cf. Sir Francis Palgrave, Ancient kalendars and inventories of the treasury of H. M. Exchequer, ii, pp. 311-335: “A calendar of treaties and other diplomatic documents in the treasury of the Exchequer of Receipt.”

Io94. AGARD, ARTHUR. Tractatus pacis et treugarium inter reges Angliae et Scotiae, conventiones, literae, placita, variaque instrumenta alia, regnum Scotiae tangentia; in ea parte Scaccarii domini regis Angliae, quae vocata est domus capitularis infra Abbatiam Westmonasteriensem, reposita, et regnante Jacobo Primo rege, per Arthurum Agarde ex deputatis camerariorum in recepta dicti Scaccarii, in ordine redacta. In Sir Joseph Ayloffe [1709–81), Calendars of the ancient charters and of the Welch and Scottish rolls, now remaining in the Tower of London: also calendars of all the treaties of peace entered into by the kings of England with those of Scotland; and of sundry letters and public instruments relating to that kingdom, now in the Chapterhouse at Westminster (London, Benjamin White, 1774; 27 cm.), pp. 285-325.

Contents: 1189-1586.

frog 5. WILLIAMSON, SIR Joseph (1633–1701). Collection of copies of treaties from the reign of Henry VIII to that of Charles II. Not published. Prepared by royal warrant of March 5, 1669. In Public Record Office. Cf. Hardy, Syllabus of Rymer's Foedera, i, p. iii, note 1. The catalogue of the British Museum, however, reports the following title: A collection of several treaties since the late revolution. London, 17or. 4to.

CoLLECTIONS
RYMER's FoEDERA: EDITIONS

Io96a. RYMER, THOMAS (1641–1713). Foedera, conventiones, literae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae, et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ineunte saeculo duodecimo, viz. ab anno IIoI, ad nostra usque tempora, habita aut tractata; ex autographis, infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias, per multa saecula reconditis, fideliter exscripta. In lucem missa de mandato reginae. Accurante Thoma Rymer, ejusdem serenissimae reginae historiographo. Londini, per A[wnsham] & John] Churchill, 1704–17. 17 vols. 40 cm.

Contents: i, 11or-1273; ii.1272–1307; iii, 1307–23; iv, 1323–38; v, 1338–57; vi, 1357-73; vil, 1373-97; vul, 1397-1420; ix, 1413-20; x, 1422–41; xi, 1441-75; #o-oo: xiii, 1502–23; xiv, 1523-43; xv, 1543–86; xvi, 1586–1616; xvii, . Publication: i, 1704;. ii, 1705; iii, 1706; iv., 1707; v-vi, 1708; vii-ix, 1709; xx1, 171o; x11, 1711; xiii-xiv, I712; xv, I713; XV1, 1715; xvil, 1717.

Indexes: Index chronologicus in front of each volume; Index nominum, vol. i; Index nominum ad omnia septendecim volumina, Index locorum omnium et rerum praecipuarum tomi primi-decimi septimi, vol. xvii.

Vol. xvii contains at end: Syllabus seu index actorum manuscriptorum quae lix. voluminibus compacta (praeter xvii tomas typis vulgatas) collegit ac descripsit Thomas Rymer. Quae in his voluminibus, in Bibliotheca Cottoniana nunc reservatis, continentur versa pagina monstrabit. Londini, per A. & J. Churchill, 1717. 128 pp.

§. Vols. xvi and xvii are “mandato regio. Ex schedis Thomae Rymer potissimum edidit Robertus Sanderson” (1660–1741). Of the volumes edited by Sanderson (of which xviii-xx belong to the second edition, infra), Hardy says: “Instead of a ‘Foedera,’ he has rather produced a new work in the shape of materials for our domestic history.” Syllabus, i, p. lxxxviii.

This, the first official and, before Dumont, the most ambitious collection, seems to have been due to the initiative of Charles Montague, Baron and Earl of Halifax, who received 13 out of the 250 copies first published. (Hardy, Syllabus, i, pp. viiff., cxvi, liii-liv.) The work was undertaken under an order of Queen Mary of August 26, 1693 (ibid., p. xxvi), directing the transcription and publication of “all the leagues, treaties, alliances, capitulations, and confederacies, which have at any time been made between the Crown of England and any other kingdoms, princes, and states, as a work highly conducing to our service and the honor of this our realm.” The sums received by Rymer before printing amounted to £2, 263; the total cost of printing and indexing the 17 volumes was £10,615 12s. 6d. The total recorded cost then was £12,878, equivalent to about £24,082 today, or $117,195.

“In this collection there is before you . . . much information which you would expect to learn, but will search for in vain, in the pages of our historians.” – Addess to the reader, ii, p. vii.

!'. Holmes superintended the publication of vols. i-xii; Robert Sanderson

of the rest.

1096b. HoLMES, GEORGE (1662–1749). Foedera, conventiones, literae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae etalios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ineunte saeculo duodecimo, viz. ab anno IIoI, ad nostra usque tempora, habita aut tractata; ex autographis, infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias per multa saecula reconditis, fideliter exscripta. In lucem missa de mandato nuperae reginae. Accurante Thoma Rymer, ejusdem serenissimae reginae historiographo. Editio secunda, ad originales chartas in Turri Londinensi denuo summa fide collata et emendata, studio Georgii Holmes. Londini, per J. Tonson, 1726–35. 20 vols. 40 cm.

Note: This edition is paged like the first through vol. xvii. Issued with it were the last three volumes of Sanderson's continuation of Rymer's work. “Though this second edition professes to be ‘summa fide collata et emendata,’ yet it will be found, on a careful examination, to possess many points of inferiority to the first edition.” – Hardy, Syllabus, ii, p. viii.

Io96c. HolmES, GEORGE (1662–1749). The emendations in the new edition of Mr. Rymer's Foedera publish'd for the use of those gentlemen who are possessed of the former edition. London, J. Tonson, 1730. (2), 57 pp. 38 cm.

Io96d. FoEDERA, conventiones, literae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ineunte saeculo duodecimo, viz. ab anno IIoI., ad nostra usque tempora habita aut tractata: ex autographis, infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias per multa saecula reconditis, fideliter exscripta. In lucem missa de mandato nuperae reginae, accurantibus Thoma Rymer et Roberto Sanderson. Ad originales chartas in Turri Londinensi denuo summa fide collata et emendata, studio Georgii Holmes. Editio tertia. Hagae Comitis, apud Joannem Neaulme, 1739–45. Io vols. Plates. 40% cm. Contents: i, IIoI-1312; ii, 1312-46; iii, 1346–14or; iv., 14or-33; v, 1433-1509; vi, 1509–86; yii, 1586–1625; viii, 1625-35; ix, 1635-54: . Vol. ix, pt. iv also contains: Epistolae Mariae reginae Angliae, ab anno 1554, ad annum 1558. (15 pp.). — De l' estatet gouvernement du royaume d'Angleterre spar

Sir Thomas Smith]. —Supplementum, continens Syllabum seu indicem actorum manuscriptorum squae praeter tomos typis vulgatos collegit ac descripsit Thomas

ymer].

Vol. x: Abrégé historique des actes publics d’Angleterre recueillis par Thomas Rymer, i-xx.

Notes: Each volume consists of four parts.

The edition includes Sanderson's vols. xvi-xx.

Index: x, t iv: Index rerum praecipuarum quae in novem tomis . . . continentur o pp.).

Io96e. CLARKE, ADAM (1760?-1832); HolBROOKE, FREDERICK. Foedera, conventiones, litterae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae, et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ingressu Gulielmi I. in Angliam, A.D. 1066., ad nostra usque tempora habita aut tractata. Ex autographis infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias asservatis, aliisque summae vetustatis instrumentis ad historiam Anglicanam spectantibus, fideliter exscripta. Primum in lucem missa de mandato serenissimae principis Annae reginae, cura et studio Thomae Rymer historiographi, et Roberti Sanderson armig. Denuo aucta, et multis locis emendata, jussu serenissimi regis Georgii Tertii, accurantibus Adamo Clarke et Fred. Holbrooke. Londini, 1816–69. 4 vols. in 7. 46 cm. Contents: i, parsi, Ioff0–1272; parsii, 1272–1307; ii, pars i, 1307-27; pars ii, 1327–44; iii, parsi, 1344–61; parsii, 1361–77; iv., 1377–83. Notes: This edition “was suspended by the Record Commissioners when it had reached the 172nd page of the 7th part or volume, on the ground of it being deemed advisable to institute an accurate inquiry into the expediency or inexpediency of continuing the work to the final completion of the plan projected by Dr. Clarke, and on which it has been hitherto conducted.” – Hardy, Syllabus, ii, p. xxxv. The plan referred to was contained in: CLARKE, ADAM (1760?-1832). Essay on the best mode of carrying into effect a compilation to form a supplement and continuation to Rymer's Foedera (March 18, 1808). (General report of the Commissioners on the Public Records, 1812, pp. 115123.) Also reports of May 13, 1809, and March 15, 1810. ee also C. P. Cooper, Account of the Public Records (1832), ii, pp. 89–144. A General Introduction to the Foedera (72 pp.) was printed by the Record Commission in 1817, but not E. pp. 1-24 of this correspond to pp. i-xii of vol. i of the 1816 edition. – Gross, pp. 467–468. John Caley succeeded Adam Clarke as co-editor after the publication of vol. ii, pars 1.

RYMER's FOEDERA: SUBSIDIARY LITERATURE Io97. WHATLEY, STEPHEN (translator); RAPIN THOYRAs, PAUL DE

(1661–1725). Acta regia; being the account which Mr. Rapin de Thoyras published of the history of England, by authority of the

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