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Oostfrise, vide East Friesland.
Opium commission, international, 341 I-
22.
Opium in China, 3411.
Opium problem, 3413.
Oppenheim, H. B., 2256.
Oppignorationes, 144, 405.
Oppolzer, T. von, 2727, 2753, 3076.
Oraeus, H., 75.
Orakzais, 1161, xi.; cf. Orukzais, 1158,
v1.

Orange river, 2513.
Orange Free State, 1164; United States,
2OI4.
Orange-Nassau, house, 1442, 1456, 1464.
Orban, P., 2505.
Orchha, 1161, v; cf. Oorcha, 1158, ii.
Ordefiana, O., 208o.
Ordenes (Bolivia), 455.
Orders in council, 1133.
Ordinationes, 405, 1240.
Ordonnances entre Monaco et les pays
d'Espagne, Russie, etc., 1411.
Ordonnantien, statuten, edicten, ende pla-
caelen, 1461.
Oregon Indians, 2054.
O'Reilly, A. B. de, 2258.
Organisation consulaire (Sardinia), 2314.
Organisations et conventions adminis-
tratives internationales, vide Ad-
ministration, international.
Orient, question of, 278, 279, 28o, 286,
373b, 386, 1973–74, 1978–79; guar-
anties, 2444.
Orinoco river, 2513.
Orissa, 1158, vi, 1161, i.
Orkhon river, 2513.
Orléans, Duchesse d’, 199.
Orléans, house, 961.
Ortega, A. N., 1363.
Ortiz, F. R., 458, 459a.
Ortiz, S. R., 502.
Ortiz de Zeballos, M., 1606.
Ortiz de Zevallos, R., 1626.
Ortroy, F. van, 99.
Orukzais, vide Orakzais.
Oruro, 477, 481, 482, 487.
Osage Indians, 2054.
Oscar, prince of Sweden and Norway,

3O89.
Osma, F. de, 1631. -
Osnabrück, treaty of (1648), 78, 177, 190,
205, 1268, 592; Weser, 446.
Ossat, A. d’, cardinal, 975.

Otero, vide Quijano Otero.
Otlet, P., 2491.
Oto Indians, 2054.
Otridge, W., 157.
Ott, A., 5o, 122.
Ottawa Indians, 2054.
Otters, marine, protection, 3445-48.
Otto, J., 191.
Ottoman Empire, vide Turkey.
Oude, 1108. Wide Oudh.
Oudegherst, P. d’, 429.
Oudeypore, 1158, i. Wide Udaipur.
Oudh, 1158, ii, 1161, i.
Oure river, 2513.
Outunde, vide Bata.
Ouvriers, vide Workers.
Ovalle, E., 1833.
Oviedo, J., 1595.
Owlakees, vide Aulaki.
Oyapock river, 2513.
Oyárvide, A. de, 1.11a.

Pachner von Eggenstorff, J. J., 1248.
Pacificationes publicae, 8o; Austro-
Hispano-Gallicae, 392.
Pacifici-Mazzoni, E., 1297.
Pacific Ocean, North, protection of
seals, 3445-46, 3448.
Pacta, 80, 89. Wide Pactes.
Pacta conventa, 144.
Pacta dediticia, 422.
Pacte de famille, 983.
Pactes, 86a, 86c.
Pagi, A., 71.
Pahang, 1158, i.
Pahra, 1161, v.
Pai-Ho river, vide Pei-Ho.
Pain, W. P., 151.
Painting, 2981, 2984, 3053b. Wide Liter-
ary and artistic property.
Paix, vide Peace.
Palanpur, 1161, vi; cf. Pahlunpore, 1158,
IV.
Palaos, 1860.
Palatinate, France, 915; Danube, 436;
Inn, 440; Salzach, 440.
Paldeo, 1161, v.
Palghat, 1158, v.
Palgrave, Sir F., Io93b.
Palitana, 1161, vi.
Palma, L., vide Cesnola.
Paloos Indians, 2054.
Palpitante question, Ecuador-Peru, 873.
Pamiatniki, 1750.

Panamá, American congress (1826), 3121,
3123, 3128.
Panamá, republic, 297, 1511–23; Colom-
bia, 746, 1522; Peru, 1589; United
States, 1522–23, 2014; Hague peace
conference (1899), 3241; (1907), 3242.
Panamá canal, 1856; bibliography of the
canal route, 2514.
Pan American conferences, 3121-55.
Pan American financial conference, 3462–
68.
Panchartae, 144.
Pani, A. J., 1361.
Paniagua, vide Estrada Paniagua.
Panna, 1161, v.
Panth Piploda, 1161, iv.;
Peeploda, 1158, iii.
Papacy, vide Holy See.
Papadopulos-Kerameus, A., 1710.
Papers concerning the execution of the con-
vention, sugar (1864), 2776.
Papers relating to foreign affairs (United
States), 2034.
Papers relating to the foreign relations of
the United States, 2034.
Papers relative to the affairs of Greece,
1172.
Papers relative to the jurisdiction of Her
Majesty's consuls, 2371.
Papers respecting the Pindarry and Ma-
hratta wars, 1162.
Paquet, vide Würth-Paquet.
Para-Chamkanni tribe, 1161, xi.
Paradan, A., 149.
Paraguay, 297, 1531–70; Argentina, 564,
582; Bolivia, 523, 524; Brazil, 564,
578; Peru, 1589; United States, 2014;
consuls, 2326-27; rivers: Paraguay,
449; Paraná, 449; Hague conference
(1899), 3241; (1907), 3242.
Paraguay river, 2513,449.
Paraná river, 449.
Paranhos, vide Silva Paranhos.
Paranoguá, visconde de, 592.
Pardessus, J. M., 9oo, 909.
Pardo, F., 1603–04.
Pardo, treaty of the (1778), 137c.
Parejo, vide Gracia y Parejo.
Parieu, M. L. P. F. E. de, 2900.
Paris, truce of (1396), 971; alliance
(1641), 2027; treaty (1763), 137;
(Mississippi), 449; (1783, Mississippi),
449; (St. Lawrence), 45o; (1785,
Scheldt), 447; (1796), 1135; con-

cf. Punth

'marine (1863), 474;

vention (18oo), 137c; treaty (18o3),
137c; (Mississippi), 450; (18o3,
Rhine), 440; (Main), 442; confedera-
tion of the Rhine (1806), 137c; treaty
(1810), 137c, (1814), 12oa, 137c, 263,
264, 1949; (Rhine), 441; congress
(1856), 266, 267, 269; treaty (1856),
266, 267, 269, 275, 277, 1973; (Dan-
ube), 436, 2556; declaration (1856),
2154, 2467; conference, Danube (1858),
436; proposed conference (1866), 274;
congress, interoceanic canal (1879),
2515, 2519; treaty (1898), 1870–71,
2035, 2038; conferences, etc.: aerial
navigation (1910), 3428; (1919), 3429–
3o; aid in war (1889), 2714; (1900),
2715; art, reproductions of works of
(1867), 3089; automobiles, circulation
(1909), 3423–24; birds useful to agri-
culture (1902), 3315; cables, sub-
(1864), 2761;
(1882–83), 2762–63; (1884), 2764–66;
(1886), 2767; chronometry (1889),
3078; death, nomenclature (1900),
3.295-3301; (1909), 3302–03; elec-
trical units (1882), 3066; (1884),
3067; foreigners, aid to (1913), 345o;
geodetic commission (1875), 2749;
geodetic conference (1889), 2730;
(1900), 2734; hour standard (1912),
3077; (1913), 3079; industrial prop-
erty (1880), 3oo2–03; (1883), 3oo.4.
3006, 3017, 3029–30; labor, accidents
(1889), 3186; labor, protection (1900),
3190–91; literary and artistic prop-
erty (1896), 3038, 3o46; metric com-
mission (1869–75), 2942–44; metric
conference (1875), 2945; monetary,
international (1867), 2899, 290o;
(1878), 2901; (1881), 2902-10; mon-
etary, Latin (1865), 2882–84; (1874),
2885–86, 2893–94; (1875), 2887, 2893–
94; (1876), 2888, 2893–94; (1878),
2889; (1879), 2890; (1885, act), 2891;
(1893), 2892; (1920, convention),
2891; obscene publications (1910),
3323, 3426–27; postal (1863), 457;
(1878, congress), 2667–68; (1880),
2669; publications, exchange (1867),
3089; railroad transportation (1893),
2966–67; (1896), 2971; (1898), 2972;
Red Cross (1867), 2711; saccharine
(1913), 341o; sanitary (1851), 2621-
22; (1894), 2638, 2640, 2642; (1903),

2644–45; sugar (1863), 2771; (1864),
2772–78, 2783; (1873), 2781–82;
6,876), 2789, 2791; (1877), 2792–
93; (1887–88), 2802–10; telegraphic
(1852), 2851; (1854), 2852; (1855),
2855; (1865), 2857; (1867), 2858;
(1868), 2860; (1890), 2865; trade in
white women (1902), 3318; (1906),
3320; (1910) 3322–23; weights and
measures (1889), 2946; (1895), 2947;
(1901), 2948; (1907), 2949.
Parkes, E., 94, 677, 111o, 2175c.
Parliamentary documents, exchange,
3O93.
Parliamentary papers, explanation of,
I92-194.
Parma, 1326; France, 915; commerce,
2173; navigation, 2173; Po, 446.
Paron or Narwar, 1161, iv.
Partabgarh, 1161, iii; cf. Pertabgurh,
1158, iii.
Pascale, C., 2423.
Passarowitz, peace of (1718),
Danube, 436.
Passau, convention of (1552), 1233b,
I235, I.243.
Passports, persons without, Russia, 1726.
Paswig lakes, 2513.
Pataille, J., 2984.
Pataudi, 1161, viii; cf. Patowdee, 1158,
v1.
Patents, 2981, 2984, 2995, 3021, 3025;
American, 3128, 3130. Wide Industrial
property.
Pathari, 1161, iv.; cf. Patharee, 1158, iii.
Patharia, 1161, iv.; cf. Pathareea, 1158,
111.
Patharkachhar, 1161, v.
Patiala, 1161, viii.
Patna, 1158, v.
Patowdee, vide Pataudi.
Patuca river, 2513.
Paul, J. G. D'A., 381b.
Paulus, J., 2324.
Pavillon, vide Flag.
Pawnee Indians, 2054.
Pawsig river, 2513.
Paz Soldán, J. G., 1602, 1636.
Paz Soldan, M. F., 1581.
Peace, 82-86a, 86c, 89, 9o, 92, 112, 113,
I45, 146, 148, 154, 284, 405, 422, Io93a,
Io96–97; Brazil—Paraguay (1872), 578;
Bulgaria–Serbia (1886), 616; Den-
mark, 805; England, Io96–97, IIo5–

1971;

of, 2172, 2452; England-France,
94o; France, 93, 888, 893–895; France
—Barbary states, 21.89; France–Italy,
884; France–Spain, 885; (1598), 941;
Greece–Turkey (1897), 1202, 1205;
Netherlands, 1438; Portugal–Spain,
1691; Spain, 1822–25; Spain–United
States (1898), 1870–71; Sweden, 1893,
1899; peace and friendship (Ecuador—
Spain), 872; (Spain), 1827; peace
negotiations, 226; peace conferences
at The Hague (1899, 1907), 3241–79.

Pécherie, vide Fish, Fisheries.

Pedemonte, C., 16oo.

Peeplea, vide Piplia.

Peeploda, vide Piploda, Panth Piploda.

Pei-Ho river, 2513.

Pei-Kiang river, 2513.

Peirce, C., 1996.

Peishwa, vide Peshwa.

Peking, treaty (1901), Whangpu, 450.

Peller von und zu Scheppershof, C., 77,
78, 593.

Pelletier, M., 3030.

Pellicier, G., 998.

Pelliza, M.A., 295.

Peloponnesus, 1965.

Pembina Indians, 2054. Wide Chippewa.

Peña, vide Ramírez Peña.

Penrose, B., 248o.

Peoria Indians, 2054.

Perak, 1158, i.

Peralta, J., 860.

Perard, E., 949.

Pereira de Souza, P. L., 587.

Pereira Pinto, A., 534.

Perels, F., 2465.

Pereyra, C., 1407.

Peringskiold, J., 1891.

Permanent court of arbitration at The
Hague, 21.44-46, 3255-56; interna-
tional bureau thereof, 2151-52.

Permutationes, 144, 405.

Perreau, L. de, 995.

Persia, 12oa, 133, 297, 962, 1571–78;
Great Britain, 1573, 1575–78; India,
1158, vi, 1161, xii; Russia, 1764;
United States, 2014; commerce, 2174–
75; conferences, etc.: arms trade in
Africa (1909), 3393a; (1910, declara-
tion), 3394; Hague (1899), 3241;
(1907), 3242; telegraphic (1868), 2859–
6o

Persian Gulf, 1158, vii, 1161, xii, 1573.

Pertabgurh, vide Partabgarh.
Peru, 1.11b, 297, 1581–1646; Bolivia,
1617, 1636, 1640, 1644; Brazil, 1646;
Chile, 1617, 1643–44; China, 675,681;
Ecuador, 873; Germany, 1642; Portu-
gal, 1890; Spain, 1637–39; United
States, 2014; consuls, 2328; history,
624; conferences, etc.: general ac-
count, 1591, 2492; death, nomencla-
ture (1900), 3295; Hague (1899),
3241; (1907), 3242; Pan American
(1901–02), 3141.
Peru y España, 1639.
Peshawar frontier, 1161, xi.; cf. Pesha-
wur, 1158, vi.
Peshwa, 1161, vi; cf. Peishwa, 1158, v.
Peter the Great, Russia, 1752, 1768.
Peters, R., 2022a.
Petersen, 31i.
Petitot, C. B., 941.
Petrescu, G., 1712.
Petropolis, treaty (1903), 449.
Petterson, S. O., 3291.
Pfeffer, A., 1950.
Phaltan, 1161, vii.
Phelipe, vide Philip.
Philip I, Castile, archduke of Austria,
2178.
Philip, count of Flanders, 3089.
Philip II, Spain, 941, 1329, 1450, 2027.
Philip III, Spain, 1822.
Philip IV, Spain, 1822.
Philip V, Spain, 1822, 1824.
Philip Augustus, France, 941.
Philippine Islands, 2056.
Phillipson, C., 284.
Phoques, vide Seals.
Photography, copyright, 2996, 3053b.
Wide Literary and artistic property.
Phylloxera, 3364–67.
Phytopathology, conference (1914), 3363.
Piankashaw Indians, 2054.
Pibor river, 2513.
Picquet, C., 37.
Picquigny, treaty of (1475),583,585–588.
Pidal, marqués de, 1840.
Pièces officielles relatives aux negociations,
I225.
Piedmont, France, 888,943, 2173.
Piek van Langen, Widé Langen.
Pierantoni, A., 276.
Pieranteni, R., 3088.
Piggott, Sir F. T., 2396.
Pilcomayo river, 2513.

Pillager Indians, 2054. Wide Chippewa.

Pillaut, J., 2284.

Pillet, A. L., 167, 3032.

Pillias, G., 2608.

Pin, Elie du, 890.

Pindara jagirs, 1161, iv.

Pindarry war, 1162.

Pinhas, J., 92e.

Pinheiro-Ferreira, S., 34c, 62.

* C., 453, 514, 515, 516, 518, 519,

55.

Pinilla, C. F., 459.

Pinzon, C., 720.

Piombino, seigneury, 2176.

Piplia, 1161, iv.; cf. Peeplea, 1158, iii.

Piploda, 1161, iv.; cf. Peeploda, 1158,
111.

Piray river, 2513.

Pirenne, H., 416.

Pisa, republic, 2176.

Pise, J. de la, 1464.

Piskur, J., 2268.

Pistorio, W. F., 112.

Pitavirate Noisy Pawnee Indians, 2054.

Pitharee, 1158, iii.

Pius VII, pope, 1842.

Placarts de Brabant, 1460.

Placidus (Petersen), 31.i.

Placita, 144.

Plancher, U., 952.

Plants, disease, Germany, IoS3. Vide
Phylloxera.

Plason de la Woestyne, A., 372b.

Plata, 921a; history, 624.

Plata, Río de la, 2513, 449.

Plé, G., 3029.

Po river, 446.

Podgorizza, 386.

Podhorce river, 2513.

Podio, vide Lagét de Podio.

Poids, vide Weights.

Polain, L., 438.

Poland, 78, 85, Qo, 156a, 265, 403-4Io,
938, 939, 1757, 1890; France, 915,
938, 939; Holy Roman Empire, 1240;
Italy, 13o4; Sweden, 1890; commerce,
2173; court ceremonial, 86d; guar-
anty, 2444; navigation, 2.173; first
partition (1772), 137a, b; rivers:
Danube, 436; San, 2594–95; Vistula,
2594-95.

Polar, J. M., 1610.

Police, Bavaria, IoS9; North Sea fish-
eries, 3061–65.

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Policy, 64.
Political treaties, 281; Denmark, 8o3;
Great Britain, 2476; Italy, 1217;
Netherlands, 1436, 1447, 1467; (East
Indies), 1467; Spain, 1827.
Politis, N. S., 2142.
Polnoe sobranie russkikh, 1748.
Polnoe sobranie zakonov, 1731.
Polovtsov, A., 1738.
Pombal, S. J. de Carvalho e Mello,
marquez de, 1692.
Pombo, L. de, 721.
Pomerania, 405, Io;4.
Pommereul, F. R. J. de, 114.
Pommern, vide Pomerania.
Ponca Indians, 2054.
Pontalis, vide Lefèvre-Pontalis.
Pontanus, J. I., 1445.
Poodoocotta, vide Pudukattai.
Poonghat, 1158, iii.
Poortugael, vide Beer Poortugael.
Pope, 1232, 1329. Vide Holy See.
Porahat, 1158, i.
Porbandar, 1161, vi; cf. Porebunder,
1158, iv.
Porcupine river, 2513.
Poros, conference (1828), 1172.
Porras, M. F., 1628, 1629.
Porro Lambertenghi, G., 1314.
Porta river, 2513.
Port charges, hospital ships exempt, 3336.
Port dues, American, 3128, 3130.
Portes de Fer, vide Iron Gates.
Portici, treaty (1850), 446.
Portiez, L., 897.
Portillo, J. M., 459.
Portugal, 57, 85, III, 117, 123, 137, 295,
297, 1651–94; China, 675, 681; Eng-
land, 1108, 1117; France, 888, 915,
2027; Peru, 1589; Russia, 1735;
Spain, 2027; Sweden, 1890; United
States, 2014; American possessions,
III, 137c, 2027; Asiatic possessions,
137c, 2027; commerce, 21.73, 2175,
2199; consuls, 2329; court cere-
monies, 86d; fisheries, 1666; literary
and artistic property, 2993; naviga-
tion, 2173, 2175, 2456; rivers: Douro,
447; Elbe, 2592–93; Guadiana, 445;
Tagus, 445; conferences, etc.: arms
trade in Africa (1908–09), 3393a;
(1908, protocol), 3393b; (1910, decla-
ration), 3394; birds useful to agricul-
ture (1902), 3315; cables, submarine

(1864), 2761; death, nomenclature
(1900), 3295; exchange of official
journals, etc. (1886), 3093; exchange
of official documents and scientific and
literary publications (1886), 3094;
Hague (1899), 3241; (1907), 3242;
hour standard (1912), 3077; (1913),
3079; liquor traffic in Africa (1899),
3233; monetary (1867), 2899, 290o;
neutralization of military sanitary
service (1864), 2703d; phylloxera
(1878), 3365; (1889), 3367; sanitary
(1892), 2633; telegraphic (1865),
2857; (1867), 2858; (1868), 2859–60;
trade in white women (1904), 3319.
Possolski Prikaz, 3oo.
Postal union, South American, 462.
Postal union, universal, 2661-89.
Posthumus, N.W., 2236b.
Posts, Bavaria, IoS9; Belgium, 421;
China, 2487; Germany, IoS3; Holy
Roman Empire, 1241; Italy, 1297;
Morocco, 2487; Turkey, 1954, 2487.
Potawatomi Indians, 2054.
Potthast, A., 51.
Pouillet, M. L. E., 3029, 3056.
Poujoulat, B., 939, 941.
Powell, T., Io93b.
Po-Yang-Lu lake, 2513.
Prabitelstvennyi viestnik, 1734.
Pradine, vide Linstant-Pradine.
Prado, D. N. del, 492.
Prado y Ugarteche, J., 1635.
Praecelsae devotionis, papal bull (1514),
2027.
Praecepta, 144.
Pragmatic sanction, Austria, 90.
Prague, peace of (1635), 1235.
Prats, B., 634.
Precour, vide Leschevin de Precour.
Prééminences, 86d, 1232.
Preferential fiscal treatment, 2477. Wide
Most-favored-nation.
Presburg, treaty of (1805), 137c.
Préséance, vide Rank.
Press, Bavaria, IoS9.
Prestacio pecuniae, Io93a.
Preussische Gesetzsammlung, Io;3b.
Pribram, A. F., 378, 381.
Price, H., 3131.
Prieto, vide García Prieto.
Prince, A., 3125.
Prince-Henri, railroad, Luxemburg, 1352,
2.97d.

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