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Cape of Good Hope; (* ~ *) Dryospiza (14 sp.), South Europe, Palestine, Canaries, and all Africa; (*) Sycalis (18 sp.), the whole Neotropical region; (oil - 1818 to - 1819) Pyrgita (34 sp.), Palaearctic and Oriental regions, and all Africa; (*) Montifringilla (4 sp.), Palaearctic region; (*) Fringillauda (2 sp.), NorthWest Himalayas to East Thibet; (* - *) Coccothraustes (6 sp.), Palaearctic region and Nepal, Nearctic region to Mexico; (*) Eophona (2 sp.), China and Japan; (*) Mycerobas (2 sp.), Central Asia to Persia, High Himalayas, and East Thibet; (*) Chaunoproctus (1 sp.), Bonin Islands, South-east of Japan, (probably Palaearctic); (*) Geospiza (7 sp.),Galapagos Islands; (*) Camarhynchus (5 sp.), Galapagos Islands; (*) Cactornis (4 sp.), Galapagos Islands; (* ~ *) Phrygilus (10 sp.), Columbia to Fuegia and the Falkland Islands; (*) Xenospingus (1 sp.), Peru; (1884) Diuca (3 sp.), Peru to Chili and Patagonia; (* * 1887) Emberizoides (3 sp.), Venezuela to Paraguay; (*) Donacospiza (1 sp.), South Brazil and La Plata; (*) Chamaeospiza (1 sp.), Mexico; (***) Embernagra (9 sp.), Arizona to La Plata; (*) Homophila (6 sp.), Mexico to Costa Rica; (*) Atlapetes (1 sp.), Mexico; (*) Pyrgisoma (5 sp.), Mexico to Costa Rica; (***) Pipilo (12 sp.), all North America to Guatemala; (*) Juneo (6 sp.), all the United States to Guatemala; (*) Zonotrichia (9 sp.), the whole Nearctic and Neotropical regions; (**) Melospiza (7 sp.), Sitka and United States to Guatemala; (*) Spizella (7 sp.), Canada to Guatemala; (*) Passerella (4 sp.), the Nearctic region and Northern Asia; (*) Passerculus (6 sp.), Nearctic region and to Guatemala; (*) Posecetes (1 sp.), all United States and Mexico; (*) Ammodromus (4 sp.), all United States to Guatemala; (*) Coturniculus (6 sp.), north and east of North America to Jamaica and Bolivia; (*) Peucaea (6 sp.), South Atlantic States and California to Mexico; (*) Tiaris (1 sp.), Brazil; (*) Volatinia (1 sp.), Mexico to Brazil and Bolivia; (*)Cyanospiza (5 sp.), Canada to Guatemala; (**) Paroaria (6 sp.), Tropical South America, east of the Andes; (*) Coryphospingus (4 sp.), Tropical South America; (*) Haplospiza (2 sp.), Mexico and Brazil; (**) Phonipara (8 sp.), Mexico to Columbia, the greater Antilles; (*) Poospiza

(13 sp.), California and South Central States to Bolivia and La Plata; (*) Spodiornis (1 sp.), Andes of Quito; (18° 18's) Pyrrhula (9 sp.), the whole Palaearctic region to the Azores and High Himalayas; (*) Crithagra (17 sp.), Tropical and South Africa, Mauritius, Syria; (*) Ligurnus (2 sp.), West Africa; (1870 1871) Carpodacus (18 sp.), Nearctic and Palaearctic regions to Mexico and Central India; (*-*) Erythrospiza (6 sp.), Southern parts of Palaearctic region; (*) Uragus (2 sp.), Siberia and Japan; (*) Cardinalis (2 sp.), South and Central States to Venezuela: (*) Pyrrhulovia (1 sp.), Texas and Rio Grande; (**) Guiraca (6 sp.), Southern United States to La Plata; (*) Amaurospiza (2 sp.), Costa Rica and Brazil; (*) Hedymeles (2 sp.), all United States to Columbia; (*) Pheuctious (5 sp.), Mexico to Peru and Bolivia; (*) Oryzoborus (6 sp.), Mexico to Ecuador and South Brazil; (*) Melopyrrha (1 sp.), Cuba; (*) Lovigilla (4 sp.), Antilles; (**) Spermophila (44 sp.), Texas to Bolivia and Uruguay; (*) Catamenia (4 sp.), Columbia to Bolivia; (*) Neorhynchus (3 sp.), West Peru; (*) Catamblyrhyncus (1 sp.), Columbia; (*) Lowia (7 sp.), Europe to North-west India and Japan, Arctic America to Pennsylvania, Mexico; (*) Pinicola (3 sp.), Arctic America, Northeast Europe to the Amoor, Camaroons Mountains West Africa; (*)Propyrrhula (1 sp.), Darjeeling in the winter, ? Thibet; (*) Pyrrhospiza (1 sp.), Snowy Himalayas; (*) Haematospiza (1 sp.), South-east Himalayas, 5,000 - 10,000 feet; (**) Linota (12 sp.), Europe to Central Asia, north and east of North America; (*) Leucosticte (7 sp.), Siberia and Thibet to Kamschatka, and from Alaska to Utah. Sub-family Emberizinae.-(*) Calamospiza (1 sp.), Arizona and Texas to Mexico; (*) Chondestes (2 sp.), Western, Central, and Southern States to Mexico and Nicaragua; (* - *) Euspiza (9 sp.), Palaearctic region, India, Burmah, and South China, South-east United States to Columbia; (1911 – 1%) Emberiza (28 sp.), the whole Palaearctic region (continental), to Central India in winter; (*) Gubernatriæ (1 sp.), Paraguay and La Plata, (according to Messrs. Sclater and Salvin this comes next to Pipilo); (*) Fringillaria (8 sp.), Africa and South Europe; (*-*) Plectrophanes (6 sp.), Arctic Zone to Northern Europe and North China, Arctic America, and east side of Rocky Mountains; (*) Centronya (1 sp.), Mouth of Yellowstone River.

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The Ploceidae, or Weaver-finches, are especially characteristic of the Ethiopian region, where most of the genera and nearly four-fifths of the species are found; the remainder being pretty equally divided between the Oriental and Australian regions. Like the true finches these have never been properly studied, and it is exceedingly difficult to ascertain what genera are natural and how far those of Australia and Africa are distinct. The following enumeration must therefore be taken as altogether tentative and provisional. When the genera adopted differ from those of the Hand List they will be referred to by numbers.

Tector (5 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; (* - 1% los) Hyphantornis (32 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; (**) Symplectes (8 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; Malimbus (9 sp.), West Africa; (1959 ") Ploceus (6 sp.), West and East Africa, the Oriental region (excluding Philippines); (*) Nelicurvivs (1 sp.), Madagascar; Foudia (12 sp.), Madagascar and Mascarene Islands, Tropical Africa; (**) Sporopipes (2 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; (* - ") Pyromelana (14 sp.), Tropical and South Africa, Abyssinia to 10,500 feet; Philetaerus (1 sp.), South Africa; Nigrita (7 sp.), West Africa to Upper Nile; Plocepasser (4 sp.), East and South Africa; (* – 1%) Vidua (7 sp.), Tropical and South Africa (Plate V., Vol. I, p. 264); (* - 1977) Coliuspasser (9 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; Chera (1 sp.), South Africa; Spermospiza (2 sp.), West Africa; Pyrenestes (6 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; (1682–1687 1689 to 1981%) Estrilda (26 sp.), Tropical and South Africa, India, Burmah, and Java to Australia; (* * 1891 to 1%) Pytelia (24 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; (1%) Hypargos (2 sp.), Mozambique and Madagascar; (*) Emblema (1 sp.), North-west Australia (* *-*) Amadina (15 sp.), Tropical and South Africa, Moluccas to Australia and the Samoa Islands; (7°1701 1719) Spermestes (8 sp.), Tropical Africa and Madagascar; (17%) Amaurosthes (1 sp.), East and West Africa; (7% 1707 – 17% isli) Munia (30 sp.), Oriental region to Timor and New Guinea; (17%) Donacola (3 sp.), Australia; (**) Poephila (6 sp.), Australia; (*-*) Erythrura (7 sp.), Sumatra to Java, Moluccas, Timor, New Guinea, and Fiji Islands; (*) Hypochera (3 sp.), Tropical and South Africa. .

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The Sturnidae, or Starlings, are a highly characteristic OldWorld group, extending to every part of the great Eastern contiment and its islands, and over the Pacific Ocean to the Samoa Islands and New Zealand, yet wholly absent from the mainland of Australia. The family appears to be tolerably well-defined, and the following genera are generally considered to belong to it: (***) Eulabes (13 sp.), the Oriental region to South-west China, Hainan, and Java, and Flores, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands in the Australian region; Ampeliceps (1 sp.), Tenasserim, Burmah, and Cochin China; Gymnops (1 sp.), Philippine Islands; Basilornis (2 sp.), Celebes and Ceram; Pastor (1 sp.), South-east Europe to India, Ceylon, and Burmah; Acridotheres (7 sp.), the whole Oriental region and Celebes; (**) Sturnia (12 sp.), the whole Oriental region, North China, Japan, and Siberia, Celebes; Dilophus (1 sp.) South Africa; Sturmus (6 sp.), Palaearctic region, to India and South China in winter; Sturmopastor (4 sp.), India to Burmah and East Java; Creadion (2 sp.) New Zealand; Heterolocha (1 sp.), New Zealand; (*) Callatas (2 sp.), New Zealand; Buphaga (2 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; Euryceros (1 sp.), Madagascar (see Plate VI, Vol. I., p. 278) This genus and the last should perhaps form distinct families. ("") Juida (5 sp.), Central, West, and South Africa; (*) Lamprocolius (20 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; Cinnyricinclus (2 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; Onychognathus (2 sp.), West Africa; (*) Spreo (4 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; (1582 – 1%) Amydrus (7 sp.), South and East Africa, Palestine; Aplonis (9 sp.), New Caledonia to the Tonga Islands; (* ~ *) Calornis (18 sp.), the whole Malay Archipelago and eastward to the Ladrone and Samoa Islands; (*) Enodes (1 sp.), Celebes; Scissirostrum (1 sp.), Celebes; (*) Saroglossa (1 sp.), Himalayas; (*) Hartlaubius (1 sp.), Madagascar; Fregilupus (1 sp.), Bourbon, but it has recently become extinct; (*) Falculia (1 Sp)., Madagascar.

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The Artamidae, or Swallow-shrikes, are a curious group of birds, ranging over the greater part of the Oriental and Australian regions as far east as the Fiji Islands and South to Tasmania. Only a single species inhabits India, and they are more plentiful in Australia than in any other locality. The only well-marked genus is Artamus.

There are a few Madagascar birds belonging to the genus Artamia, which some ornithologists place in this family, others with the Laniidae, but which are here classed with the Oriolidae.

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