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Amblyrhiza, ii. 237
Amblyrhymchichthys, ii. 452
Amblystoma, ii. 413
Ameiva, ii. 390
America, recent separation of North and
South, i. 40 -
extinct mammalia of, i. 129
N., Post-Pliocene fauna of, i. 129
American Creepers, ii. 295
AMIIDAE, ii. 458
Aminurus, ii. 442
Ammodromus, ii. 284
Ammodytes, ii. 440
Ammomames, ii. 289
AMMONITIDAE, ii. 506
Amonwys, N. American Tertiary, i. 134
Ampeliceps, ii. 287 .
AMPELIDAE, ii. 280
Ampelio, ii. 102
Ampelis, ii. 280
Amphechinus, European Miocene, i. 117
ii. 188
Amphibia, means of dispersal of, i. 28
classification of, i. 100 -
peculiar to Palaearctic region, i. 186
of Central Europe, i. 196
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of the Siberian sub-region, i. 220
of the Manchurian sub-region, i. 226
table of Palaearctic families of, i. 237
of the Ethiopian region, i. 255 . .
of West Africa, i. 264
S. African, i. 268
of Madagascar, i. 280
table of Ethiopian families of, i. 298
of the Oriental region, i. 317 -
of the Indian sub-region, i. 326
of Ceylon, i. 327
of the Indo-Chinese sub-region, i. 331
of the Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 340
table of Oriental families of, i. 369
of the Australian' region, i. 397 -
resemblances of Australian and South-
American, i. 400 .
of New Guinea, i. 416
of New Zealand, i. 457
Neotropical, ii. 11
of South Temperate America, ii. 41
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 54
of the Antilles, ii. 72
table of Neotropical families of, ii. 89
of the Nearctic region, ii. 120
of California, ii. 128 . .
of Central North America, ii. 131
of Eastern United States, ii. 134
table of Nearctic families of, ii. 143
AMPHIBIA, ii. 411
general remarks on the distribution of, ii.
422 - -
fossil, ii. 423 - .
summary and conclusion, ii. 548
lines of migration of, ii. 548
Amphibola, ii. 510
Amphibos, Indian Miocene, i. 122
ii. 225 .
Amphicyon, European Miocene, i. 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121
N. American Tertiary, i. 134
ii. 198 -
ii. 202 -
Amphiglossus, ii 398
Amphimericidae, European Miocene, i. 119
Amphimoschus, European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 220 * *
Amphioxus, ii. 464
Amphipnous, ii. 455

Amphisbaena, ii. 389
AMPHIS BAENIDAE, ii. 388
Amphisorea, European Miocene, i. 118

Amphitragulus, European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 218
Amphiuma, ii. 412
AMPHIUMIDAE, ii. 412
Amphia estus, ii. 397
Ampullaria, ii. 510
Amydrus, ii. 288
Amytis, ii. 258
Amabatoides, ii. 103
Amabazenops, ii. 103
Amableps, ii 450
ANACANTHINI, ii. 439

Amacyrtus, ii. 445

Amademus, ii. 517
Anadia, ii. 393
ANADIADAE, ii. 393
Amaeretes, ii. 101, 291
Amaides, ii. 413
Amalcipus, ii. 268
Amarhynchus, ii. 356
Amarrhich as, ii. 431
Amas, ii. 363 .
Anastoma, European Tertiary, i. 169
ii. 527
Amastomus, ii. 361
ANATIDAE, ii. 363
ANATINIDAE, ii. 536
Amatimella, ii. 536
Amausorea, ii. 191

Amchilophus, European Eocene, i. 125

Amchippodus, N. American Eocene, i. 139
Amchippus, N. American Tertiary, i. 135
Amchitheridae, N. American Tertiary, i. 135
ii. 212
Amchitherium, European Miocene, i. 119
European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Tertiary, i. 135
Ancient fauna of New Zealand, i. 459
Amcistrops, ii. 103
Ancylotherium, Miocene of Greece, i. 116
European Miocene, i. 121

Ancylotherium, ii. 246

Ancyluris, ii. 476

Amcylus, ii. 518

Andaman Islands, zoology of, i. 333
probable past history of, i. 334

Amdigena, ii. 307

Andrias, European Miocene, i. 165

Androdom, ii. 107

Andropadus, ii. 267

Ameited, ii. 517

Angwilla, ii. 456

Amguis, ii. 397

Angwantibo, ii. 176

Animal kingdom, primary divisions of, i. 85

Animals, development of, affecting distribu-

tion, i. 7 *. -

dispersal and migration of, i. 10
rapid multiplication of, i. 10

Amisacodon, N. American Tertiary, i. 137

Anoa of Celebes, peculiarities of, i. 428

Amoa, ii. 222

Amodom, ii. 534

Amolius, ii. 400.

Amomalurus, ii. 235

Amomalpus, ii. 397

Amoplodipsas, ii. 381 -

Amoplotheriidae, European Miocene, i. 119

Amoplotherium, European Miocene, i. 119
European Eocene, i. 126
S. American Eocene, i. 1

Amopthalmus, ii. 489

Amostomus, ii. 445
Amows, ii. 365 -
Amser, ii. 363
Amseramas, ii. 363.
Anseres, arrangement of, i. 98
peculiar Palaearctic genera of, i. 250
peculiar Ethiopian genera of, i. 313
peculiar Australian genera of, i. 487 -
ANSERES, general remarks on the distribu-
tion of, ii. 367
Antarctia, ii. 490
ii. 492
Ant-eaters, ii. 247
Amtechinomys, ii. 249
Amtechinus, ii. 249 . -
Antelopes in the Indian Miocene deposits, i.
122 ... -
birthplace and migrations of, i. 155
Palaearctic, i. 182
ii. 221
Antelotherium, Indian Miocene, i. 122.
Antennarius, ii. 431 -
Amteros, ii. 476 .
Anthia, ii. 491
Anthipes, ii. 270
Anthocharis, ii. 478
Anthochaera, ii. 275
Amthormis, ii. 275
Anthracotheridae, N. American Tertiary, i. 137
Anthracotherium, European Miocene, i. 119
ii. 215 -
Amthreptes, ii. 276
Anthropoid apes, ii. 170
Anthropoides, ii. 357
Amthus, ii. 290 -
Antiacodom, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Antillean sub-region, ii. 61
mammalia of, ii. 62
birds of, ii. 64
illustration of zoology of, ii. 67
table of distribution of resident land-
birds of, ii. 68 - -
reptiles and amphibia of, ii. 72
fresh-water fish of, ii. 73 -
insects of, ii. 73
land-shells of, ii. 75
past history of, ii. 78
Antilles, Pliocene Mammalia of, i. 148
land-shells of, ii. 526
Antilocapra, ii. 223
ANTILOCAPRINAE, ii. 223
Amtilope, Post-Pliocene, i. 112
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 223 --
ii. 226 - -
Antiquity of the genera of insects, i. 166
of the genera of land and fresh-water
shells, i. 168 -
Amtrostomus, ii. 319
Ant-thrushes, ii. 297
Amumbius, ii. 103
ANURA, ii. 414
Amurosorea, ii. 190
Aonya, ii. 199
Apalis, ii. 258
Apaloderma, ii. 314
Apatwra, ii. 474
Aphamapterya, of Mauritius, i. 164
ii. 352
Aphantocera, ii. 107 - . . .
Aphelotherintm, European Eocene, i. 125
Aphomews, ii. 477 n
Aphobus, ii. 283
APHREDODERIDAE, ii. 425
Aphritis, ii. 428
ii. 549

Aphriza, ii. 356

Aphysiadae, ii. 530
Aphyocypris, ii. 452
Aplocerus, ii. 224
Aplodontia, ii. 236
Aplomis, ii. 288
Aplopelia, ii. 333
Apodemia, ii. 476
Apogon, ii. 425
Aprasia, ii. 396
APRASIADAE, ii. 396
Aprosmictus, ii. 325
Aptemodytes, ii. 366
APTERYGIDAE, ii. 369
Apterya, ii. 369 -
Apua, ii. 453 - . -
Aquila, European Miocene, i. 161
ii. 348 -
AQUILINAE, ii. 348
Ara, ii. 328
Arachnechthra, ii. 276
Arachnothera, ii. 277
ARAMIDAE, ii. 357
Aramides, ii. 352
Aramus, ii. 357
Arapaima, ii. 454
Arborophila, ii. 338

| ARCADAE, ii. 534

Archaeomys, ii. 238

Archaeopterya, Bavarian Oolite, i. 163

Archibuteo, ii. 348

Arctic shells, ii. 518
zone not a separate region, i. 68

Arctitis, ii. 195 .

Arctocebus, ii. 176

Arctocephalus, ii. 202

Arctocyon, European Eocene, i. 125
ii. 206 -

Arctodus, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 13
ll. -

Arctogale, ii. 195 . -

Arctomys, European Pliocene, i. 113

ii. 235,236.

Arctomya, ii. 199

Arctopithecus, ii. 244

Arctotherium in Brazilian Caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 146

Ardea, ii. 359

ARDEIDAE, ii. 359

Ardistomus, ii. 490

Argentima, ii. 488

Arges, ii. 444 • .

ARGONAUTIDAE ii. 505

Argus pheasant, figure of, i. 339
peculiarity in display of plumage, and con-

- firmation of Mr. Darwin's views, i. 340

Argusianus, ii. 340

Argutor, ii. 489

Argymmis, ii. 474

Aricoris, ii. 476

Ariella, ii. 195

Arimia, ii. 520

Arion, ii. 517

Aristobia, ii. 501

Arius, ii. 443

Armadillos, ii. 245

Armoglossus, ii. 441

Aromochelys, ii. 408

Arremom, ii. 99

Arrhemotus, ii. 501

Artamia, ii. 268
ii. 271

ii. 288
ARTAMIDAE, ii. 288
Artamides, ii. 269

Artamus, ii. 288

Arthroleptis, ii. 421 -

Artiodactyla, European Eocene, i. 126
N. American Tertiary, i. 137
S. American Pliocene, i. 146

Artomyias, ii. 270

Arundinicola, ii. 100

Arvicola, European Pliocene, i. 113
in Brazilian caves, i. 145
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
S. American Eocene, i. 148

Arvicola, ii. 230, 231

Asio, ii. 350

Aspergillum, ii. 537

Aspidoparid, ii., 452

Aspidorhinus, ii. 391

Aspidura, ii. 374

Aspius, ii. 453

Aspredo, ii. 444

Aspro, ii. 425

Astarte, ii. 535

Astathes, ii. 501

Asterophys, ii. 421

Asterophysus, ii., 443

Asthemodipsas, ii. 381

Astrapia, ii. 274

Astroblepus, ii. 444

Astwr, ii. 348

Asturina, ii. 348

Asturimula, ii. 348

ATELEOPODIDAE, ii. 440

Ateles, ii. 174

Atelopus, ii. 416

Atelormis, ii. 312

Aterica, ii. 474

Athene, ii. 350

Atherina, ii. 434

Atherinichthys, ii. 434

ATHERINIDAE, ii. 434

Atheris, ii. 386

Atherwira, ii. 240

Athylaw, ii. 195

Athyma, ii. 474

ATLANTIDAE, ii. 531

Atlapetes, ii. 284

ATRACTASPIDIDAE, ii. 383

Atractaspis, ii. 383

Atretium, ii. 375

Atrichia, 299

ATRICHIIDAE, ii. 299

Atropos, ii. 385

Attagis, ii. 354 .

ATTALINAE, ii. 293

Atthis, ii. 108

Atticora, ii. 281.

Attila, ii. 102

Auchenaspis, ii. 443

Awchemia, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
ii. 217 - -

Auchemipterus, ii. 443. -

Auckland Islands, birds of, i. 455

Augastes, ii. 108

Auks, ii. 367

Awlia, ii. 102

Awlacodes, ii. 239

Awlacodom, ii. 239

Awlacorhamphus, ii. 307

Aulopoma, ii. 520

Aulopyge, ii. 452.

Auricula, ii. 519, 527

AURICULIDAE, ii. 518

Awriparus, ii. 266

Australia, physical features of, i. 387

Australia and S. America, supposed land con-

- nection between, i. 398 . .
Australian region, description of, i. 387
zoological characteristics of, i. 390

Australian region, mammalia of, i 390
birds of, i. 391 - -
reptiles of, i. 396
amphibia of, i. 397
fresh-water fish of, i. 397
summary of vertebrata of, i. 397
Supposed land-connection of with S. Ams,
rica, i. 398
insects of, i. 403
lepidoptera of, i. 404.
coleoptera of, i. 405
land-shells of, i. 407
sub-regions of, i. 408
early history of, i.465
Australian Sub-region, mammalia of, i. 438
illustration of mammalia of, i. 439
birds of, i. 440
illustration of fauna of, i. 441
Australian hedgehog, ii. 254
Austro-Malayan sub-region, physical features
of, i. 388
zoology of, i. 409

"Automolus, ii. 103

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Badger, figure of, i. 195

Badis, ii. 433
Boeotis, ii. 475
Bagarius, ii. 443
Bagrichthys, ii. 442
Bagroides, ii. 442
Bagrus, ii. 442
Baird, Honor. On fauna of Cape St. Lucas
11.
on. onentative birds of United States,
11.
Balaena, European Pliocene, i. 112
ii. 207 -
Balaeniceps, ii. 360
BALAFNIDAE, ii. 207
Balaemodom, European Pliocene, i, II2
Balaemoptera, 207
Balaemopteridae, ii. 207
Balea, ii. 516
Balearica, ii. 357
Baly, Mr., on Phytophaga of Japan, i. 230
Banca, its peculiar species and solution of a
problem in distribution, i. 356
Band-fish, ii. 435
Bandicoots, ii. 250
Barangia, ii. 199
Barbatula, ii. 306
Barbets, ii. 305
Barbichthys, ii. 452
Barbus, ii. 451
Barilius, ii. 452
Barissia, ii. 392
Barriers, as affecting distribution, i. 6
permanence of, as affecting distribution,i. 7
to the dispersal of birds, i. 17 .

Baryphthengus, ii. 313
Barypus, ii. 492
Basileuterus, ii. 279
Basilormis, ii. 287
Bassaris, ii. 200
Batara, ii. 104 &
Bates, Mr., on Carabidae of Japan, i. 228
on Longicorns of Japan, i. 230
Bathmodom, N. American Tertiary, i. 136
Bathrodom, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Bathye'rges, ii. 231
BATOIDEI, ii. 462
BATRACHIDAE, ii. 431
Batrachocephalus, ii. 443
Batrachoseps, ii. 413
Batrachostomus, ii. 318
Bats, powers of flight of, i. 15
classification of, i. 87
of New Zealand, i. 450
Baucis, ii. 108 -
Baza, ii. 349 . .
Bdeogale, ii. 195
Bearded Reedling, ii. 262
Bears, probable cause of absence of, from
tropical Africa, i. 291
ii. 201 • .
Beaver, N. American Tertiary, i. 140
Beavers, ii. 234 .
Bee-eaters, ii. 312
Beetles, families selected for study, i. 103
from the Lias, i. 167 -
of Azores, i. 207
of Japan, i. 228. -
of S. Temperate America. ii. 4
BELEMNITIDAE, ii. 506 -
Belemnoziphius, European Pliocene, i. 112
Belideus, ii. 252
Beliomota, ii. 497
Belodontichthys, ii. 441
Belome, ii. 450
Belonesoa, ii. 450
Belt, Mr., his theory of a great Siberian lake
during the glacial epoch, i. 218 ; ii. 206
on change of climate caused by diminu-
tion of obliquity of ecliptic, i. 466
Beluga, ii. 209 .
Pembecidium, ii. 489
Berardius, ii. 208
Berenicormis, ii. 317
Bermudas, zoology of, ii. 134
Bermicla, ii. 363
Bernieria, ii. 258
BERYCIDAE, ii. 424
Bessonormis, ii. 256
Bettongia, ii. 251
Bhringa, ii. 269
Bhutamitis, ii. 479
Bias, ii. 270
Biatas, ii. 104
Bibos, ii. 222
Bison, ii. 222, 225 .
Binney, Mr., on Air-breathing Molluscs of
N. America, ii 528
Birds, means of dispersal of, i. 15
dispersal of by winds, i. 16 .
American, found in Europe, i. 16
reaching the Azores, i. 17 -
barriers to dispersal of, i. 17
limited by forests, i. 17 -
classification of, i. 93
Miocene of Greece, i. 116
extinct, i. 160
fossil of Palaearctic region, i. 161
European of Miocene period, i. 161
Eocene of Europe, i. 162
relations of, i. 162

Birds, extinct of North America, i. 163
recently extinct in New Zealand, i. 164
Cretaceous of N. America, i. 164
remains of in Brazilian caves, i. 164.
recently extinct in Madagascar and the
Mascarene Islands, i. 164
cosmopolitan groups of, i. 176
numerous Palaearctic genera, i. 183
of the European sub-region, i. 193
northern range of in Europe, i. 193
of the zone of pine forests, i. 194
of Iceland, i. 198 - -
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 203
of Malta, i. 206 (note) -
of the Azores, i. 207
of the Cape Verd Islands, i. 215
of the Siberian sub-region, i. 219
Oriental found in Siberia, i. 219
extreme northern Asiatic, i. 219
of northern Asiatic forests, i. 220
of the Manchurian sub-region, i. 223
Palaearctic genera of, in the Manchurian
sub-region, i. 224 .
Oriental genera of, in the Manchurian
sub-region, i. 224 -
characteristic of N.W. China and Mon-
golia, i. 226. - +
table of Palaearctic families of, i. 235
of West Africa, i. 243 . . . .
list of Palaearctic genera of, i. 243
of the Ethiopian region, i. 253
of the East African sub-region, i. 260
S. African, i. 267 3.
genera of, peculiar to Madagascar, i. 275
common to Madagascar and Orientāl or
Ethiopian regions, i. 276 -
species common to Madagascar and Africa
or Asia, i. 277
table of Ethiopian families of, i. 295
table of Ethiopian genera of, i. 306
of the Oriental region, i. 316
of the Indian sub-region, i. 323
Oriental genera of in Central India, i. 324
Palaearctic and Ethiopian genera in
Central India, i. 325
of Ceylon, i. 327 -
of the Indo-Chinese sub region, i. 330
of the Indo-Malayan sub-region, i. 337
illustration of peculiar Malayan, i. 339
of the Philippine Islands, i. 346
table of Oriental families of, i. 366
table of Oriental genera of, i. 375
of Australian region, i. 391 - -
specially organized Australian families of,
i. 892 -
of the Papuan Islands, i. 410
peculiarities of, i. 413
brilliant colours of, i, 413
remarkable forms of, i. 414.
of the Moluccas, i. 418
peculiarities of, i. 421
of the Timor group, i. 423
of Celebes, i. 428
of Australia, i. 440
of New Zealand, i. 451. .
peculiar to New Zealand, i. 452
of Norfolk Island, i. 453 -
of Lord Howe's Island, i. 453
of the Chatham Islands, i. 454
of the Auckland Islands, i. 455
table of families of Australian, i. 471
table of genera of Australian, i. 478
of the Neotropical region, ii. 6 .
distinctive characters of Neotropical, ii. 7
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 52 - *
of the Antilles, ii. 64

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ii. 526 -
Blanford, Mr. W. T., on the “Indian *
region, i. 60
on relations of Indian sub-region with
Africa, i. 321 . -
Blapsidium, Oolitic insect, i. 167
Blarima, ii. 191
Blawmeria, ii. 519
BLENNIDAE, ii. 431
Blemmiops, ii. 431
Blemmius, ii. 431
IBlethisa, ii. 489
Blind burrowing snakes, ii. 372
IBlunt-heads, ii. 380
Blyth, Mr., on zoological regions, i. 60
on the relations of Indian sub-region with
Africa, i. 321
Boa, ii. 381
Bodedom, ii. 380
Boas, ii. 381
Bola, ii. 452
Bolborhynchus, ii. 328
Boleosoma, ii. 425
BOMBINATORIDAE, ii. 416
Bombinator, ii. 417
Bomasa, ii. 339
Bonnet-limpets, ii. 511
Bony Pikes, ii. 459
Bootherium, ii. 225 . .
Borneo, probable recent changes in, i. 357
Bos, Post-Pliocene, i. 112 - -
Indian Miocene, i. 122
ii. 222, 225
Botaworus, ii. 359
Bothriodom, ii. 215
Botia, ii. 453 -
Bourbon, zoology of, i. 280
reptiles of, i. 281
Bowrcieria, ii. 108
ii. 521
Bovidae, European Miocene, i. 120
BOVIDAE, ii. 221
BOVINAE, ii. 222
Brachinus, ii. 489
BRACHIOPODA, ii. 532
Brachiurophis, ii. 383
Braehiworus, ii. 175
Brachyalestes, ii. 445
Brachycephalus, ii. 414
Brachygalba, ii. 311
Brachylophus, ii. 401
Brachymeles, ii. 397.
Brachymerus, ii. 416

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Brontotherium, N. American Tertiary, i. 137

Brotogerys, ii. 328
Brush-turkeys, ii. 341
Brycom, ii. 445
Brycomops, ii. 445
Bryttus, ii. 425
Buarremon, ii. 99
Bubalus, ii. 222
Bubo, European Miocene, i. 162
ii. 350 -.
BUCCINIDAE, ii. 507
Buccinwm, ii. 507
Bucco, ii. 310
BUCCONIDAE, ii. 310
Bucephala, ii. 364
Bucephalus, ii. 379
Buceros, ii. 317
BUCEROTIDAE, ii. 316
Bucorvus, ii. 317
Budorcas, ii. 224
BUDORCINAE, ii. 224
Bwdytes, ii. 290
Buffaloes, ii. 221
Bufo, ii. 415
BUFONIDAE, ii. 415
Bulbuls, ii. 267
BULLIDAE, ii. 530
Buliminus, ii. 514 .
Pulimulus, ii. 514

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