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Buphaga, ii. 288 . . .

BUPRESTIDAE, ii. 495 -

Buprestidium, Oolitic insect, i. 167

Busarellows, ii. 348

Bush-shrikes, ii. 297

Bustards, ii. 356

Butalis, ii. 270

Butastur, ii. 348

Buteo, ii. 348

Buteogallus, ii. 348

BUTEONINAE, ii. 348

Buteola, ii. 348 -

Bwthraupis, ii. 98

Butterflies, arrangement of, i. 103
Palaearctic, i. 187
of Central Europe, i. 196 -
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of Azores, i. 207
peculiar to Siberian sub-region, i. 220
of Japan and North China, i. 227
of the Ethiopian region, i. 255
number of Ethiopian species, i. 256
of Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 342
of the Australian region, i. 404
of the Austro-Malay sub-region, i. 404
of the Moluccas, i. 419 /
of Celebes, peculiarities of, i. 434
of New Zealand, i. 457
ii. 470

general remarks on the distribution of, ii.

fossil, ii. 486
of S. Temperate America, ii. 43
Bycanistes, ii. 317

Cabalus, ii. 352

Cabrita, ii. 391

Cacatwa, ii. 325 -

CACATUIDAE, ii. 324

Caccabis, ii. 339

Cachius, ii. 453

Cacomantis, ii. 309

Cacophis, ii. 383

Cacopitta, ii. 261

Cacopus, ii. 416

Cacotus, ii. 417.

Cactormis, ii. 284

Cadurcotherium, European Eocene, i. 125

Caecilia, ii. 411

CAECILIADAE, ii. 411

Caecum, ii. 509 - -

Coelodom, in Brazilian caves, i. 145

Coelogenys, in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 241

Coenopithecus, European Eocene, i. 124
ii. 178 -

Caen tropus, ii. 445

Cainotherium, European Miocene, i. 120
European Eocene, i. 126 :

Cairina, ii. 364

Caica, ii. 328

Calamanthus, ii. 258

Calamaria, ii. 374

CALAMARIIDAE, ii. 374

Calamodom, N. American Eocene, i. 139

Calamodus, ii. 258

CALAMOHERPINAE, ii. 287

Calamoichthys, ii. 458

Colamospiza, ii. 285

Calamdrella, ii. 289

Calao, ii. 317

Calathus, ii. 489

Caledonica, ii. 487

Calendula, ii.289
Calicalicus, ii. 271
Calictis, ii. 195
Calidris, ii. 353
Caliecthrus, ii. 309 -
California, illustration of zoology of, ii. 12
Californian sub-region, ii. 127
mammalia of, ii. 127
birds of, ii. 127
reptiles of, ii. 128
amphibia of, ii. 128
fresh-water fishes of, ii. 128
Caligo, ii. 472
Calimaga, ii. 479
Calisto, ii. 471.
Callacas, ii. 287
Callia, ii. 521
Callichroma, ii. 501
Callichorous, ii. 442
Callichthys, ii. 444
Callida, ii. 490
Callidryas, ii. 478
Callionymus, ii. 430
Calliope, ii. 259
Callipepla, ii. 339
Calliperidia, ii. 108
Calliphlox, ii. 198
Callirhymus, ii. 375
Callisawrus, ii. 401
Calliste, ii. 98
Callisthemus, ii. 489
Callithea, ii. 474
Callithria, in Brazilian caves, i. 184
ii. 175
ii. 178
Callocephalus, ii. 204
Callochem, ii. 363
Callomystaa., ii. 443
Callophis, ii. 383
Callophysus, ii. 443
Callopistes, ii. 390
Callorhinos, ii. 202
CalloSelasma, ii. 385
Callosune, ii. 478
Callula, ii. 416
Calobates, ii. 290
Calocitta, ii. 273 -
Calodromas, ii. 344
Caldemas, ii. 333
Caloperdia, ii. 339
Calophéma, ii. 490
Calopsitta, ii. 325
Caloragia, ii. 375
Calorhamphus, ii. 303
Calormis, ii. 288 -
Calosoma, ii. 489

Calostethus, ii. 419

Calotes, ii, 402

Calothoraa, ii. 108

Calydma, ii. 476

Calypte, ii. 108

Calyptocephalus, ii. 421

Calyptomena, ii. 295

Calyptorhynchus, ii. 325

CALYPTREIDAE, ii. 51]

Calyptura, ii. 102

Camarhymchus, ii. 284

Camaroptera, ii. 258

Camel, fossil in Indian Miocene, i. 122
birth-place and migrations of, i. 155
Palaearctic, i. 182

Camélidae, essentially extra-tropical, i. 112
N. American Tertiary, i. 138

CAMELIDAE, ii. 216

CAMELOPARDALIDAE, ii. 221

Camelopardalis, Miocene of Greece, i. 116

[ocr errors]

Camelopardalis, Indian Miocene, i. 122
ii. 221
Camelotherium, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 217
Camels, ii. 216
Camelus, ii. 216
Camena, ii. 477
Campephaga, ii. 269
CAMPEPHAGIDAE, ii. 268
Campephilus, ii. 303
Campsiempis, ii. 101
Camptolaimus, ii. 364
Campylopterus, ii. 107
Campylorhynchus, ii. 264 -
Canadian sub-region, mammalia of, ii. 135
birds of, ii. 136
reptiles and fishes of, ii. 137
insects of, ii. 137
Canaries, birds of, i. 208
beetles of, i. 209
Camcroma, ii. 359 .
Camidae, European Miocene, i. 118
European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Tertiary, i. 134.
remarkable S. African, i. 267
CANIDAE, ii. 197 - .
Camis, European Pliocene, i. 112
Post-Pliocene, i. 112
European Miocene, i. 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121
European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 129
N. American Tertiary, i. 134, 135
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 146
ii. 197 -
Cantharus, ii. 427
Comtoria, ii. 376
Cape Ant-eater, ii. 246
Cape of Good Hope, peculiar flora and fauna
of, i. 266 -
Cape Verd Islands, zoology of, i. 214
Cape-hare, S. African, i. 267
Capito, ii. 306
CAPITONINAE, ii. 306
Capoeta, ii. 451 -
Capra, ii. 224, 225
Capreolus, ii. 219
CAPRIMULGIDAE, ii. 319
Caprimulgus, ii. 319
CAPRINAE, ii. 224
Capromys, ii. 238
Capys, ii. 477
CARABIDAE, ii. 488
Carabows, ii. 488

... ii. 489
CARANGIDAE, ii. 429
Carassius, ii. 451
CARCHARIIDAE, ii. 460
Carcineutes, ii. 316
Cardellinwa, ii. 279
CARDIADAE, ii. 535
Cardinalis, ii. 285 -
Cardiodus, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Cardiopthalmus, ii. 492
Cardita, ii. 535
Caremum, ii. 490
Cariama, Brazilian caves, i. 164
ii. 357 j
CARIAMIDAE, ii. 357
Caridomota!, ii. 316
Carlia, ii. 397 - -
Carnivora of European Pliocene, i. 112
Miocene of Greece, i. 115 -
European Miocene, i. 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121

Carmivora, European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 129
N. American Tertiary, i. 134
of Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 146

Carnivora, classification of, i. 88
antiquity of, i. 153 .
of the Palaearctic region, i. 182
list of Palaearctic genera of, i. 240
list of Ethiopian genera of, i. 302
range of Oriental genera of, i. 373
list of Australian genera of, i. 476

CARNIVORA, ii. 192 .
general remarks on the distribution of,

204

range of, in time, ii. 206
Summary and conclusion, ii. 541.
Caroline Islands, birds of, i. 444
Carpenter, Dr. Philip, on Panama shells, ii.
20

Carpiodes, ii. 451

Carpococcya, ii. 309

Carpodacus, ii. 285

Carpodectes, ii. 102, 294

Carpophaga, ii. 332 -

Carterodon in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ii. 239

Carus, and Gerstaeker on classification of

animals, i. 85 -
Professor, on classification of the Cetacea,

i. 88

Carychium, ii. 519
Casarca, ii. 363
Cascelius, ii. 492
Casior mis, ii. 102, 293 -
Casorya, N. American Tertiary, i. 138

ii. 225
Casmonia, ii. 489
Cassiculus, ii. 282
Cassicus, ii. 282
Cassidaria, ii. 507
Cassidia, ii. 283
Cassimia, ii. 270
Cassowaries, ii. 368
Castalia, ii. 534
Castmia, ii. 481

CASTNIIDAE, ii. 481 x

Castor, European Pliocene, i. 113
European Miocene, i. 120

ii. 234
CASTORIDAE, ii. 234
Castoroides, ii. 234
Casuarius, ii. 369
CASUARIID/E, ii. 368
Catcodromots, ii. 490
Catagramma, ii. 474
Catamblyrhynchus, ii. 285
Catamenia, ii. 285
Catascopus, ii. 489

ii. 491
Catawlus, ii. 520
Catharistes, ii. 346
Cathartes, Brazilian caves, i. 124

ii. 346
Catharus, ii. 256
Catherpes, ii. 264
Catla, ii. 451
Catoblepas, ii. 224
Catodon, ii. 208
Catodontidae, ii. 207
Catopra, ii. 433
Catoprion, ii. 446
Catostomus, ii. 451
Catoacantha, ii. 496
Catriscus, ii. 258
Cats, ii. 192

Cave-fauna of Brazil, i. 143
Cavia, European Miocene, i. 121
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 241
Cavies, ii. 241
CAVIIDAE, ii. 241
CEBIDAE, ii. 174
Cebochaerus, European Eocene, i. 126
ii. 21 * -
Cebus in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 174
ii. 178
Cecina, ii. 521
Celebes, physical features of, i. 389
mammalia of, i. 426
birds of, i. 428
insects of, i. 434
origin of fauna of, i. 436
Celestus, ii. 327
Celews, ii. 303
Celia, ii. 489
Cemchoris, ii. 385
Centetes, ii. 188 .
Centetidae, European Miocene, i. 118
CENTETIDAE, ii. 188 .
Centrarchus, ii. 425
CENTRISCIDAE, ii. 436
Cemitriscus, ii. 436
Centrites, ii. 101, 291
Centrocercus, ii. 339
Centrolabrus, ii. 437
Centrolophus, ii. 429
Centromochlus, ii. 443
Centromotus, ii. 431
Centropus, ii. 309
Centromya, ii. 286
Centropya, ii. 390
Centurus, ii. 303
Cephalepis, ii. 108
Cephalopeltis, ii. 389.
CEPHALOPHINAE, ii. 224
Cephalophus, ii. 224 -
CEPHALOPODA, ii. 505
Cephalopterus, ii. 103, 294
Cephalopyrus, ii. 266
Cepola, ii. 435
CEPOLIDAE, ii. 435
CERAMBYCIDAE, ii. 498
Ceratichthys, ii. 452
Ceratina, ii. 470
Ceratodus, remarkable Australian fish, i. 397
Ceratodus, ii. 458
Ceratohyla, ii. 418
Ceratophora, ii. 402
Ceratophorus, ii. 501
Ceratophrys, ii. 420
Ceratoptera, ii. 463
Ceratorhina, ii. 367
Ceratorhinus, ii. 213
Ceratotherium, ii. 213
Cerberus, ii. 376
Cercaspis, ii. 380
Cerchmeis, ii. 349
Cercocebus, ii. 173
Cercolabes in Brazilian caves, i. 145

11.

CERCOLABIDAE, ii. 239

Cercoleptes, ii. 200

Cercomacra, ii. 104

Cercomela, ii. 260

Cercomys, ii. 239

cro in European Pliocene, i. 112
ii. 173 -

Cercosaura, ii. 394

CERCOSAURIDAE, ii. 394

Cereopsis, ii. 363
Ceriormis, ii. 340
CERITHIADAE, ii. 509
Certhia, ii. 264
Certhidea, ii. 278
CERTHIIDAE, ii. 264
Certhilawda, ii. 289
Certhiola, ii. 278
Certhiparus, ii. 266
Cervicapra, ii. 224

CERVICAPRINAE, ii. 224

Cervidae, European Miocene, i. 120
birth-place and migrations of, i. 155

CERVIDAE, ii. 218 .

Cervulus, ii. 219 -

Cervus, European Pliocene, i. 113
Indian Pliocene and Miocene, i. 122
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
N. American Tertiary, i. 138
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 219

Ceryle, ii 316

CESTRACIONTIDAE, ii. 46]

Cetacea, European Pliocene, i. 112
European Miocene, i. 119
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
N. American Tertiary, i. 140

Cetacea, classification of, i. 89
range of Oriental genus, i. 374

CETACEA, ii. 207

Cethosia, ii. 474

CETONIIDAE, ii. 494

Cetopsis, ii. 443

Cettia, ii. 258

Ceuth mochares, ii. 309 -

Ceycopsis, ii. 316

Ceylon and Malaya, resemblance of insects of,
327 -

Ceylonese sub-region, i. 326
mammalia of, i. 327
birds of, i. 327
reptiles of, i. 327
amphibia of, i. 327
insects of, i. 327
past history of, as indicated by its fauna,

i. 328

Ceya, ii. 316

Chaca, ii. 441

Chapmarrhormis, ii. 259

Chapmepelia, 333

Choerocampa, ii. 482
Chaptobranchus, ii. 439
Chaetocercus, ii. 108
ii. 249
Chaetodom, ii. 427
Chaetomys, ii. 240
Chaetops, ii. 256
Chaetoptila, ii. 276
Chaotorhynchus, ii. 269
Chaetostomus, ii. 444
Chaptura, ii. 320
Chaetusia, ii. 356
Chalcews, ii. 445
CHALCIDAE, ii. 393
Chalcimopsis, ii. 445
Chalcimus, ii. 445
Chalcis, ii. 393
Chalcochloris, ii. 189
Chalcopelia, ii. 333
Chalcophaps, ii. 333

Chalcostetha, ii. 276
Chalicomys, European Pliocene, i. 113

Chalicotherium, European Miocene, i. 119
Indian Miocene, i. 122
fossil in N. China, i, 123

[ocr errors]

Chamaeleo, N. American Eocene, i. 165
Chalybura, ii. 107
Chamaea, ii. 264
CHAM/EIDAE, ii. 264
CHAMAELEONIDE, ii. 402
Chamaeleons, ii. 402
Chamaepetes, ii. 343
Chamaeospiza, ii. 284
Chamaesawra, ii. 394 -
CHAMAESAURIDAE, ii. 394
Chamaeza, ii. 104 -
CHAMIDAE, ii. 534
Chamois, figure of, i. 195
ii. 224
Chamostrea, ii. 536
Chanodichthys, ii. 453
CHARACINIDAE, ii. 444
Characodom, fi. 450
CHARADRIIDAE, ii. 355
Charadrius, ii. 356 - -
Charina, ii. 373
Charis, ii. 476
Charitormis, ii. 274'
Charmosyna, ii. 327
Chasiempis, ii. 271
Chasmodes, ii. 431
Chasmorhynchus, ii. 103, 294
Chatarrhaea, ii. 261 -
Chatham Islands, birds of, i. 454
Chatterers, ii. 293
Chawlelasmus, ii. 364
Chawna, ii. 361
Chawmonotus, ii. 272
Chawmoproctus, ii. 284
Chela, ii. 453
Chelemys, ii. 408
Chelidon, ii. 281
Chelidoptera, ii. 311
Chelidoryma, ii. 271
Chelodima, ii. 408
Chelomeles, ii. 397
Chelome, ii. 409
Chelonia, classification of, i. 100
CHELONIA, ii. 407
remarks on the distribution of, ii. 410
fossil, ii. 410
CHELONIIDAE, ii. 409
CHELYDIDAE, ii. 408
Chelyaobatrachus, ii. 416
Chelyara, European Pliocene, i. 165
ii. 40S
Chelys, ii. 408
Chenalopez, ii. 363
Chera, ii. 286
Chersima, ii. 408
Chersydrus, ii. 382 -
Chevrotain of Malaya, figure of, i. 336
Chevrotains, ii. 218
Chiaomela, ii. 397
Chiasogmathus, ii. 493
Chibia, ii. 269
Chilaboth rus, ii. 381
Chili should not be placed in the Palaearctic or
Nearctic regions, i. 63 .
Chili and Temperate S. America, distribution
of Carabidae in, ii. 492. -
Chilian Andes, illustration of zoology of, ii.
40

Chilian sub-region, ii. 36
mammalia of, ii. 36
birds of, ii. 37
illustration of zoology of, ii. 40
reptiles and amphibia of, ii. 40
fresh-water fishes of, ii 42
insects of, ii. 42 -
origin and migrations of insects of, ii. 47

WOL. II.-37

Chili, islands of, ii. 49

Chilinia, ii. 518

Chilobranchus, ii. 456

Chilomemiscus, ii. 375

Chimaera, ii. 460.

CHIMAERIDAE, ii. 460 . -

China, fossil mammals in, resembling those
o Indian and European Miocene, i.
36

North, mammalia of, i. 222
Chinchilla, ii. 237
Chinchillidae in Brazilian caves, i. 145
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Pliocene of Antilles, i. 148
CHINCHILLIDAE, ii. 237
Chioglossa, ii. 413
Chionabas, ii. 471
CHIONIDIDAE, ii. 354
Chionis, ii. 354
CHIROCENTRIDAE, ii. 454
CHIROCOLIDAE, ii. 393
Chirodon, ii. 445
Chirodryas, ii. 418
Chirogaleus, ii. 176
Chiroleptes, ii. 421
Chiromachaeris, ii. 102, 292
Chiromantis, ii. 419 .
CHIROMYIDAE, ii. 177
Chironectes, ii. 248 -
Chiroptera, classification of, i. 87
list of Palaearctic genera of, i. 239
list of Ethiopian genera of, i. 300
range of Oriental genera of, i. 371.
list of Australian genera of, i. 475
Chiroptera, European Eocene, i. 125
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
CHIROPTERA, ii. 181 * ,
remarks on the distribution of, ii. 185
fossil, ii. 185
summary and conclusion, ii. 441
Chirotes, ii. 388
CHIROTIDAE, ii. 388
Chiroziphia, ii. 102, 292
CHITONIDAE, ii. 512
Chittya, ii. 519
Chlaenius, ii. 489
Chlamydodera, ii. 275
Chlamydophorus, ii. 246
Chlamydotherium, ii. 246.
in Brazilian caves, i. 145
Chlenasicus, ii. 262
Chloéphaga, ii. 363
Chlorochrysa, ii. 98
ii. 99
Chloromerpes, ii. 303
Chlorophames, ii. 278
Chlorophonia, ii. 98
ii. 99
Chloropipo, ii. 102
Chlorospiza, ii. 283
Chlorospingus, ii. 99
ii. 100
Chlorostilbon, ii. 109
Choanomphalus, ii. 518
Choanopoma, ii. 521
Choeromorus, European Miocene, i. 119
Choeropotamus, European Eocene, i. 126
ii. 215 -
Choeropus, ii. 250 .
Choerotherium, Indian Miocene, i. 122
Choldepus, ii. 244
Chologastes, ii. 450
Cholormis, ii. 262
Chondestes, ii. 285
Chondropoma, ii. 521
CHONDROPTERYGII, ii. 46

CHONDROSTEI, ii. 459
Chondrostoma, ii. 452
Chomeziphius, European Pliocene, i. 112
Chordeiles, ii. 320 . . .
Chough, Alpine, figure of, i. 195
Choughs, ii. 274 -
CHROMIDAE, ii. 438
Chromis, ii. 438. *.
Chrysichthys, ii. 442
Chrysobronchus, ii. 108
Chrysococcyx, ii. 310
CHRYSOCHLORIDAE, ii. 189
Chrysochloris, ii. 189 .
Chrysocolaptes, ii. 303
Chrysocyon, ii. 197
Chrysolampis, ii. 108
Chrysomitris, ii. 283
Chrysopelea, ii. 379
Chrysophrys, ii. 427
Chrysoptilus, ii. 303
Chrysothrix, ii. 175
Chrysotis, ii. 328
Chrysuronia, ii. 109
Chthomicola, ii. 258
Ciccaba, ii. 350
Cichla, ii. 439
Cichladusa, ii. 261
Cichlopsis, ii. 260
Cicigma, ii. 392
Cicindela, ii. 486
CICINDELIDAE, ii. 486
Cicim/mwrus, ii. 275
Ciconia, ii. 360
Ciconiidae, ii. 360
CINCLIDAE, ii. 262
Cinclocerthia, ii. 256
Cinclodes, ii. 103
Cinclorhamphus, ii. 260
Cinclosoma, ii. 261
Cinclus, ii. 263.
Cimonice'rthia, ii. 264
Cinnyricinclus, ii. 276

ii. 288 -
Cinostermom, ii. 408
Cimyais, ii. 408
Ciomella, ii. 515
Circaëtus, ii. 348
Circe, ii. 109 . . . r
Circumpolar zones, objections to System of,

i. 67 .

Circus, ii. 347
Cirrhina, ii. 451
CIRRHITIDAE, ii. 427
Cirrhochroa, ii. 474
CIRRHOSTOMI, ii. 464
Cissa, ii. 273
Cissopis, ii. 99
Cisticola, ii. 257
Cistothorus, ii. 263
Cistula, ii. 521
Cithara, ii. 508
Citharimus, ii. 445
Cittura, ii. 316
Cladogmathus, ii. 493
Clais, ii. 108
Clam-shells, ii. 535
Clarias, ii. 441
Clarotes, ii. 442 -
Classification as affecting the study of distri-
bution, i. 83 r ---

Claudius, ii. 408
Clausilia, Eocene, i. 169

ii. 514
Clerome, ii. 472
Clibanormis, ii. 103
Climacteris, ii. 265

[blocks in formation]

- Cogia, ii. 208
Colaptes, ii. 304

Coleoptera, families selected for study, i. 103
Palaearctic, i. 188 .
number of Palaearctic species, i. 189
of Central Europe, i. 196
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of the Cape Verd Islands, i. 215
of the Ethiopian region, i. 256
S. African, i. 268
of Madagascar, i. 282, 283
of the Oriental region, i. 319
of Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 342
of the Australian region, i. 405
affinity of Australian and South American,

i., 406, 407

of Celebes, i. 435
of New Zealand, i. 457
of the Neotropical region, ii. 15
of S. Temperate America, ii. 44
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 56
of the Antilles, ii. 74
of the Nearctic region, ii. 123

COLEOPTERA, ii. 486
general observations on the distribution

of, ii. 502 (see also Beetles)

Colias, ii. 478 -

Colies, ii. 307

COLIIDAE, ii. 307

Colius, ii. 307

Coliwspasser, ii. 286

Collocalia, European Miocene, i. 161
ii. 320 - " .

Collwricincla, ii. 272

Collyris, ii. 486, 487

Colobus, European Miocene, i. 117

ii. 172 .
Colaemis, ii. 474

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