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Hemidactylium, ii. 413

Aemidactylus, ii. 399

Hemierges, ii. 397

Hemigalea, ii.195

Hemignathus, ii. 277

Hemimantis, ii. 419

Hemiodus, ii. 445

Hemiphractus, ii. 420

Hemipimelodws, ii. 443

Hemiprocne, ii. 320

Hemipus, ii. 270

Hemirhamphus, ii. 450

Hemisilurus, ii. 442

Hemisorwbim, ii. 442

Hemistilbom, ii.109

Hemisus, ii. 414

Hemitriccus, ii. 101

Hemiæus, ii. 267

Hemicogmathus, ii. 328

Hemicopermis, ii. 349

Hemicophaps, ii. 333

Hemicorhina, ii. 264

Henicornis, ii. 103

Heptapterus, ii. 444

Heredia, ii. 413

Herons, ii. 359

Heros, ii. 438

Herpestes, ii. 195

Herpetethiops, ii. 376

Herpetodryas, ii. 376

Herpeton, ii. 376

Herpetoreas, ii. 375

Herpetotheres, ii. 348 -

Herpetotherium, N. American Tertiary, i. 134

Herpsilochmus, ii. 104

Herring, ii. 454

Hesperia, ii. 480

HESPERIDAE, ii. 480 -

Hesperomys, N. American Tertiary, i. 140
in Brazilian caves, i. 145 -
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 230, 231 -

Hesperormis, N. American Cretaceous, i. 164

Hestia, ii. 470 - - -

Hestima, ii. 501 ... .

Heterobranchus, ii. 441

Heterocephalus, ii. 231

Heterocercus, ii. 102

Heterochroa, ii.,474

Heterocnemis, ii. 104

Heterocorys, ii. 289

Heterodactylus, ii. 393

Heterodon, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ii. 246 -
ii. 376

Heterogymis, ii. 481

Heterolocha, 287

Heteromorpha, ii. 262

Heteromys, ii. 233

Heteromota, ii. 400

Heteronympha, ii. 471 -

Heteropelma, ii. 102, 292

Heteropus, ii. 397

HETEROPYGII, ii. 450

Heterospizias, ii. 348

Heterotis, ii. 454

Heterwra, ii. 290

Hewitsonia, ii. 477

Heazagonia, ii. 491

Hexaprotodon, Indian Miocene, i. 122 .

Hickman, Mr. John, on a cause of the extinc-

tion of large animals, i là8

Hieracided, ii. 349 .

Hieraa, ii. 349

Hierococcya, ii. 310

Hierofalco, ii. 349

Hill–Tits, ii. 266
Himalayas, altitude reached by various groups
in the, i. 329, 333 -
Himantormis, ii. 352
Himantopus, ii. 353
Himulia, ii. 397
Hipistes, ii. 376
Hipparchia, ii. 471
Hipparion, European Pliocene, i. 112
Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i. 119
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
N. American Tertiary, i. 135
ii. 211
Hippocampus, ii. 457
Hippoglossoides, ii. 441
Hippoglossus, 441 .
HIPPOPOTAMIDAE, ii. 214
Hippopotamus, Post-Pliocene, i. 112
European Pliocene, i. 113
Indian Pliocene, i. 122
ii. 214 -
Hipposyus, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Hippotherium, European Miocene, i. 119
Indian Miocene, i. 122
HIPPOTRAGINAE, ii. 223
Hippotragus, European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 22

ii. 228 -
HIPPURITIDAE, ii. 534
Hirundimea, ii. 101 >
HIRUNDINIDAE, ii. 280
IIirumdo, ii. 281
FIoazim, ii. 345
Holocanthus, ii. 427,
Holbrookia, ii. 401
Holochilus, ii. 230
Hologerrhum, ii. 379
HOLOSTEI,ii. 458
Holwrophis, ii. 380
Homalodontotherium, S. American Pliocene,
i. 146 .
Homalophis, ii. 376 -
Homalophus, European Miocene, i. 161
HOMALOPSIDAE, ii. 376 -
Homalopsis, ii. 376
Homaloptera, ii. 453
Homalosoma, ii. 490
Hombromia, ii. 397
Homohe. N. American Tertiary, i. 138
ii. 21 -
Homorus, ii. 103
ii. 524
Honey-guides, ii. 304
Honeysuckers, birds specially adapted to
Australia, i. 392 - -
ii. 275 - .
Hooker, Dr., on deficiency of odours in New
Zealand plants, i. 464 -
Hoopoes, ii. 317
Hopladelus, ii. 442
HOPLEGNATHIDAE, ii. 433
Hoplobatrachus, ii. 421 .
HOPLOCEPHALA, ii. 460

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Hortulia, ii. 381

Howling monkeys, ii. 175 o

Hudson, Mr., on land-birds of Patagonia, ii. 39

Humming-birds, ii. 321

Huro, ii. 425 -

Hutton, Capt. F. W., on origin of New Zealand

fauna, i. 461

Huxley, Professor, on zoological regions, i. 59
division of animal kingdom by, i. 85

Hyades, ii. 472

Hyaena, Post-Pliocene, i. 112
Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i. 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121
fossil in N. China, i. 123
ii. 196

Hyaenarctos in European Pliocene, i. 112
European Miocene, i. 118 -
Indian Miocene, i. 121
S. American Pliocene, i. 146

Hyaemictis, Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i. 118
ii. 196

Hyaenidae, European Miocene, i. 118

HYAFNIDAE, ii. 196

Hyaenodon, European Miocene, i. 118
|European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Tertiary, i. 134

Hyaenodontidae, European Miocene, i. 118

HYALEIDAE, ii. 531 - .

Hyalimaa., ii. 517

Hyalina, ii. 515

Hyalosaurus, ii. 392

IIyamtis, ii. 472

Hybocystis, ii. 520

Hyborhynchus, ii. 452

Hydrocema, ii. 521

Hydrochelidom, ii. 364

Hydrochoerus, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130

Hydrochoerus, ii. 241

Hydrocissa, ii. 317

Hydrocyon, ii. 445

Hydrogale, ii. 199

Hydromedusa, ii. 408

Hydromys, ii. 230

Hydrophasianus, ii. 355

HYDROPHIDAE, ii. 384

Hydrophis, ii. 384

Hydropotes, ii. 219

Hydropsalis, ii. 319

Hydrornis, European Miocene, i. 162
ii. 298

Hydrosaurus, ii. 389

Hyetormis, ii. 809.

Hygrogonus, ii. 439

Hyla, ii. 418

Hylactes, ii. 297

Hylambates, ii. 419

Hylaplesia, ii. 415

HYLAPLESIDAE, ii. 414

Hylarama, ii. 419

Hylatomus, ii. 303

Hylella, ii. 418

HYLIDAE, ii. 418

Hyliota, ii. 270.

Hylobates, ii. 171

Hylocharis, ii. 109
ii. 271

Hylodes, ii. 419
IIylomanes, ii. 313
IIylomys, ii. 186
Hylophilus, ii. 280
Hylorhina, ii. 420
Hylotrupes, ii. 502
Hyloscalus, ii. 419
Hymenolaimus, ii. 364

[blocks in formation]

INSECTIVORA, general remarks on the
distribution of, ii. 191
summary and conclusion, ii. 541
Insects, means of dispersal of, i. 32
tenacity of life of, i. 33
adapted to special conditions, i. 33
groups selected for the study of their
geographical distribution, i. 102
antiquity of the genera of, i. 166
fossil of European Miocene, i. 166
buropean Cretaceous, i. 167
European Wealden, i. 167
Palaeozoic, i. 168
Palaearctic, i. 187.
of Central Europe, i. 196 - -
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of the Siberian sub-region, i. 220
of the Manchurian sub-region, i. 227
of the Ethiopian region, i. 255
of the E African sub-region, i. 260
of W. African, i. 265
S. African, i. 268
of Madagascar, i. 282
general remarks on, i. 284 -
of tropical Africa and America, probable
cause of similarities in, i. 291
of Indo-Chinese sub-region, i. 332
of the Oriental region, i. 318
of Ceylon, i. 327
of Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 341
statistics of collecting in the various
islands of the Malay Archipelago, i. 343
of the Australian region, i. 403
of New Guinea, i. 417
of the Moluccas, i. 420
of the Timor group, i. 426
of Celebes, i. 454
of New Zealand, i. 458
scarcity of, in New Zealand, i. 462
influence of, on the flora, i. 463
of the Neotropical region, ii. 13
of S. Temperate America, ii. 42
of S. Temperate America, Palaearctic
affinity of, ii. 45 -
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 55
of the Antilles, ii. 73 -
of the Nearctic region, ii. 122
of Canada, ii. 137
distribution of, ii. 468
range of, in time, ii. 469
summary and conclusion, ii. 550
lines of migration of, ii. 551
Iodopleura, ii. 102
Iolaema, ii. 107

i

Ibidipodist, European Miocene, i. 162
Ibidorhynchows, ii. 353
Ibidorhynchus, figure of, i. 331
Ibis, ii. 360
Ibises, ii. 360
Ibycter, ii. 347
Iceland, Zoology of, i. 198
Ichneumia, ii. 195
Ichthyoborus, ii. 445
Ichthyopsis, ii. 411
Icteria, ii. 279
ICTERIDAE, ii. 281
Icterus, ii. 282
Icthyornis, N. American Cretaceous, i. 164
Icticyon in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 197
Ictinia, ii. 349
Ictitheriwm, Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i. 118
ii. 195
ii. 197
Ictonya, ii. 199
Ictops, N., American Tertiary, i. 133
Ideopsis, ii. 470
Idmais, ii. 478
Iguana, ii. 401
Iguanas, ii. 400
IGUANIDAE, ii. 400
Ilerda, ii. 477
Ilicura, ii. 102 : -
India, Miocene fauna of, allied to that of
Europe, i. 123 : -
geological features of, i. 328
Indian sub-region, description of, i. 321 -
Supposed relation to Ethiopian region, i.
321 -
mammalia of, i. 322
birds of, i. 323
reptiles and amphibia of, i. 326
Indicator, ii. 304 -
INDICATORIDAE, ii. 304 -
Indo-Chinese sub-region, description of, i. 329
Zoological characteristics of, i. 330 - -
illustration of, i. 331
reptiles of, i. 331
amphibia of, i. 331
insects of, i. 332
islands belonging to, i. 333 -
Indo-Malayan sub-region, description of, i.
334
mammalia of, i. 336
illustrations of, i. 336, 339
birds of, i. 337 . . . -
remote geographical relations of, i. 339
reptiles and amphibia of, i. 340
fishes of, i. 341
insects of, i. 341
coleoptera of, i. 342
terrestrial mollusca of, i. 343
zoological relations of islands of, i. 345
recent geographical changes in, i. 357
probable origin of fauna of, i. 359
Inia, ii. 209 -
Insectivora, European Miocene, i. 117
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 129
N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Insectivora, classification of, i. 87
of the Palaearctic region, i. 181
of N. China and E. Thibet, i. 222
range of Palaearctic genera of, i. 239
of Madagascar, i. 273
range of Ethiopian genera of, i. 301
of the Oriental region, i. 315
range of Oriental genera of, i. 372.
range of Australian genera of, i. 476
INSECTIVORA, ii. 186

Iolaus, ii. 477

Iole, ii. 267
Iora, ii. 267
Iphias, ii. 478

ii. 394 - -
IPHISADAE, ii. 394
Irena, ii. 269

Iridima, ii. 534

Iridormis, ii. 98

Irrisor, ii. 318

IRRISORIDAE, ii. 318 .

Isacis, N. American Tertiary, i 133

Ischoogmathus, ii. 375

Ischyromys, N. American Tertiary, i. 140
ii. 236 -

Islands, N. European, zoology of, i. 197
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 206
of the W. African sub-region, i. 265
of the Ethiopian region, i. 269
Mascarene, i. 280. . - - -
of the Indo-Chinese sub-region, i. 833
of the Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 345

Uslands, Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa, i. 443
Society and Marquesas, i, 444
New Caledonia and New Hebrides, i. 445
Sandwich, i. 446 . .
of New Zealand sub-region, i. 453
Norfolk, i. 453
Lord Howe's, i. 454
Chatham, i. 454
Auckland, i. 455
of Tropical S. America, ii. 29
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 59
of Eastern United States, ii. 134
peculiar colours of pigeons in, ii. 336
abundance of land-shells in, ii. 525

Isodactylium, ii. 413 - -

Ispidima, ii. 316 -

Issiodromys, European Pliocene, i. 113
ii. 232

Ithaginis, ii. 340

Ithomia, ii. 470

Ithycyphus, ii. 379

Ia'alus, ii. 419

Iacomotus, ii. 267

Izulus, ii. 266

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Jacamaralcyon, ii. 311

Jacamars, ii. 311

Jacamerops, ii. 311

Jacanas, ii. 255

Jacchus, in Brazilian caves, i. 144

Jaculus, ii. 232 -

Jaltris, ii. 375

Jamaicia, ii. 521

Janella, ii. 517

Janthocincla, ii. 261

Japalura, ii. 402 -

Japan and North China, physical features of,
i. 221 -

southern extremity of perhaps belongs to
the Oriental region, i. 226 ... *

Japan, general character of the fauna of, i.
230 - -

former land-connexions of, i. 231
Java, mammalia of, i. 349 -
productions of, well known, i. 350
birds of, i. 351 - - -
representative species of birds in, i. 352
origin of the anomalous features of its
fauna, i. 352 - -
Sumatra and Borneo, their geographical
contrasts and Zoological peculiarities
explained, i. 357
Jays, ii. 273
Jenynsia, ii. 450
Jerboas, ii. 231
Juan Fernandez, Carabidae of, ii. 44
birds of, ii. 49
beetles and land-shells of, ii. 51
Juida, ii. 288
Juliamyia, ii. 109
Junco, ii. 284
Junonia, European Miocene, i. 167
ii. 474

- K.
Kagu, ii. 359

Kakapoe, of New Zealand, i. 455

Kalophrynus, ii. 415 ar,

Kangaroos, extinct in Australia, i. 157
ii. 251 -

Keneuria, ii. 397

Kerguelen Island, apterous insects of, i. 211
(mote) - -
Kerodon, in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. Aimerican Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 241
Retingus, ii. 443
Retupa, ii. 350
King-fisher, racquet-tailed, of New Guinea,
figure of, i. 415 -
King-fishers, ii. 315
Kittacincla, ii. 259
Kiwi of New Zealand, i. 455.
Rimeria, ii. 453
Kobus, ii. 224
Koodoo antelope, figure of, i. 261
Kricogonia, ii. 478
Krymickia, ii. 517

Labeo, ii. 451

Labraz, ii. 425

LABRIDAE, ii. 437

Labrus, ii. 437

LABYRINTHICI, ii. 434

Lacerta, ii. 391

LACERTIDAE, ii. 390

Lacertilia, classification of, i. 99

LACERTILIA, ii. 388
general remarks on the distribution of,

11.
fossil, ii. 404
Lacuma, ii. 510
Ladrone Islands, birds of, i. 444
Loemargus, li. 461 -
Loemosthemes, ii. 489
Laeosopis, ii. 477
Lafresnaya, ii. 107
Lagenocetus, ii. 208
Lagemorhynchus, ii. 209
Lagidium, ii. 237,
LAGOMYIDAE, ii. 242
Lagomys, European Pliocene, i. 113
European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 242
Lagopus, ii. 339
Lagorchestes, ii. 251
Lagostomus, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
S. American Pliocene, i. 147.
ii. 237
Lagothria, ii. 174
Lais, ii. 442
Lake Baikal, seals of, i. 218
ii. 206
Lalage, ii. 269
Laletes, ii. 280
LAMIIDAE, ii. 498
Lamma, ii. 460
LAMNIDAE, ii. 460
Lampornis, ii. 107
Lampreys, ii. 463
Lamprima, ii. 493
Lampris, ii. 429
Lamprocolius, ii. 288
Lamprolaema, ii. 107
Lamorophis, ii. 380
Lampropsar, ii. 282
Lampropygia, ii. 108
Lamprospilus, ii. 477

Lamprospiza, ii. 99

Lamprotes, ii. 98

Lancelet, ii. 464
Land-lizards, ii. 391
Land and water, proportions of, i. 35

Land and fresh-water shells, antiquity of the
genera of, i. 168

Land-shells, Palaeozoic, i. 169
Palaearctic, i. 190
of Madeira, i. 209
of the Cape Verd Islands, i. 215
of the Ethiopian region, i. 257
of W. Africa, i. 265
of Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands,
i. 285 -
of the Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 344
of the Australian region, i. 407
of the Sandwich Islands, i. 466
of New Zealand, i. 459
of the Neotropical region, ii. 19
of the Antilles, ii. 75
conditions favouring development of, ii. 7
of N. America, ii. 124 - . .
general observations on the distribution
of, ii. 522 -
richness of islands in, ii. 525 -
their mode of diffusion, ii. 525, 528
comparative distribution of Operculate
and In-operculate, ii. 526 -
estimated numbers of, ii. 526
Land-snakes, ii. 382
Langaha, ii. 379
Lamiarius, ii. 272
Lamicterus, ii. 268
Lamiellus, ii. 272
LANIIDAE, ii. 272
Lamio, ii. 99
Lamius, European Miocene, i. 161
ii. 272 -
Laopithecus, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Laormis, N. American Cretaceous, i. 164
Laprissa, ii. 421
LARIDAE, ii. 364
Larimows, ii. 428
Larks, ii. 289
Larus, ii. 364
Larvivora, ii. 259
Lasiomys, ii. 229
Lasiuromys, ii. 239
Lataa., ii. 199
Lates, ii. 425
Lathria, ii. 102
Latomia, ii. 421
Latrumcwlus, ii. 430
Layardia, ii. 261 - -
Lea, Dr. Isaac, on N. American Unionidae, ii.125
Lebia, ii. 489 :
Lebiasima, ii. 445
Legatus, ii. 101
Leiocephalus, ii. 401
Leiolaemus, ii. 401
Leistes, ii. 282
Leistus, ii. 489
Leiwperus, ii. 420
Leiyla, ii. 419
Lemonias. ii. 476
Lemur, ii. 176
Lemur, fossil, ii. 178
Lemuravidae, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Lemuravus, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Lemuria, a hypothetical land, i. 76
Lemuridae, European Eocene, i. 124
LEMURIDAE, ii. 176 .
Lemuroidea, range of Ethiopian genera of, i.
300
range of Oriental genera of, 371
LEMUROIDEA, ii. 176
Lemurs, ii. 176
Leonia, ii. 521
Lepadogaster, ii. 436
Lepictis, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Lepidocepalichthys, ii. 453
Lepidocephalus, ii. 453

[ocr errors]

Lepidogrammas, ii. 309

Lepidolaryma, ii. 108 -

Lepidoptera, cosmopolitan families of, i. 177
table of Palaearctic families of, i. 238
S. African, i. 268 -
table of Ethiopian families of, i. 299
of the Oriental region, i. 318
table of Oriental families of, i. 369
of the Australian region, i. 404
table of Australian families of, i. 472

of the Neotropical region, ii. 13

of the Antilles, ii. 73
table of Neotropical families of, ii. 90
of the Nearctic region, ii. 122
Nearctic families of, ii. 143

LEPIDOPTERA, ii. 470

Lepidosiren, ii. 458 -

LEPIDOSTEIDAE, ii. 459

Lepidosteus, ii. 459

LEPIDOSTERNIDAE, ii. 389

Lepidosternon, ii. 389 .

Lepilemur, ii. 176

Lepistes, ii. 450

LEPORIDAE, ii. 242

Leporimots, ii. 445

Lepricornis, ii. 476

Leprodera, ii. 501

Leptalis, ii. 478

Leptarchows, N. American Tertiary, i. 135
ii. 202

Leptasthenwra, ii. 103 t

Leptauchemia, N. American Tertiary, i. 138

Leptobarbina ii. 452

Leptobrachium, ii. 421

LEPTOCARDII, ii. 464

Leptocera, ii. 502

Leptochorus, N. American Tertiary, i. 137
ii. 215

Leptocircus, ii. 479

Leptodeira, ii. 379

Leptodom, Miocene of Greece, i. 116
ii. 214
ii. 349

Leptognathus, ii. 381

Leptomantis, ii. 419

Leptomerya, N. American Tertiary, i. 138
ii, 220

Leptom, ii. 535

Leptomewra, ii. 471

Leptomya, ii. 204

Leptopogom, ii. 101

Leptoma, ii. 520

Leptoptila, ii. 333 .

Leptoptilus, European Miocene, i. 162
361

ll.
Leptorhytaom, ii. 380
Leptormis, ii. 276 .
LEPTOSOMIDAE, ii. 310 -
Leptosomus, allied form in European Eocene,
i. 168 -

ii. 310
Tleptosomus of Madagascar i. 278
figure of, i. 279
Leptotherium, in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 226
Leptotriccus, ii. 101
Leptura, ii. 502
Lepus, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
S American Pliocene, i. 147
Lerista, ii. 395 -
Lerwa, ii. 339 -
Lesbia, ii. 108 .
Lestodon, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Leucippus, ii. 109 -
Leuciscus, ii. 452
Leucochroa, ii. 516

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