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we do not naturalize and conciliate the Minds of the Natives where we come. And we have been in all Ages in the fame Temper: We were near five hundred Years reducing Ireland: We fent Soldiers thither, and gave them Land: They did not, indeed, fettle methodically in great Numbers, and make populous Colonies; but they built Castles every where in the Country; made Alliances with the Natives, and degenerated by Thousands, fo that the Task of reclaiming degenerate English, was formerly more difficult than that of civilizing the Natives. And the Loffes which England fustained from Age to Age by this bad Policy, have been fo large and fo frequent, that perhaps it might be affirmed with Truth, that more Englishmen have from Time to Time been fent into Ireland, than the present Number of its Inhabitants amount to. Had we fent regular Colonies thither, and transplanted good Numbers of their Natives (efpecially their Children) into the feveral Counties of England, we fhould foon have found it a profitable Undertaking. This was the Method of Affyria and Rome too, and now is only practiced by the Turk: He takes from Chriftians great Numbers of Children, and makes them the most bigotted Muffelmans: They recruit his Armies, and, indeed, without this Policy, it were impoffible he fhould have Mahometan Subjects: Such has been the Profufion of Blood in the Turkish Wars, and fo numerous are the Chriftians within those Dominions.

I have fometimes thought it bad Oeconomy, that our East-India and African Companies do not by Degrees buy up, and educate fome hundreds of the Children of the Natives where their Settlements are, and breed them Chriftians and Soldiers

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Soldiers from Father to Son. It is a fond Partiality to fancy they would have lefs Faith or lefs Courage than those who are fent from hence: I am perfuaded they would have the Advantage in both Refpects; they might eafily know more Religion and lefs Vice than the People who generally take thofe Journies; would better endure the Climates; and as for Courage and Military Skill, these are chiefly to be acquired: The Nations have had and loft them in their Turns. The Proprietors in thefe Companies are more than Tenants for Life; their Stock goes to their Executors; and if the Companies Eftate advances in Value, fo does every Share of each Proprietor: This ought to encourage them to provide for the future. Nor would it be found a grievous Burthen on the common Stock to execute fuch a Scheme: Food being cheap, and but little Rayment neceffary in all the Settlements, the Expence might be defrayed by the Labour of the Children, except the prime Coff of purchafing them.

The Earl of Sunderland is allowed to have been the great Wheel of Affairs, and has certainly contributed to bring about this Revolution, as much as Queen Maria D'Efte, or King William the Third ; but whether in the Spirit of Rome or Geneva, is a nice Question. Perhaps he was in utrumque paratus, and (as cunning Gamefters practice) when he found he had made his Bets on the wrong Side, was wife enough to move off betimes. He now affects to be thought innocent of all the Blunders, and lawlefs Acts of Power in the laft Reign; to have advised against them, but conftantly to have been over-ruled by the Italian and Spiritual Counfels co-inciding with his Mafter's Bigottry. Credat Judæus Apella. Can he who bowed his Knee to Baal, who gave up his Redeemer

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for Idolatry to please his Prince, be fuppofed incapable of giving up his Country into the Bargain?

He ftands at prefent under the Profcription of both Monarchs; but which is in jest, which in earnest, as Newfmongers fay, we must leave Time to difcover. Our Henry the Seventh used to make a Stalking Horfe of Mother-Church, and excommunicated his beft Friends at St. Paul's-Cross, when by his Command they offered their Service to Perkin Warbeck on purpose to betray him. It is poffible, that the Earl may have precipitated his Master's Measures with a Defign to bring about the Revolution; it is poffible he may have on the contrary endeavoured to prevent the dangerous Steps which have been taken; but he can never be juftified in either Light. He ought to have withdrawn from the Scene of Iniquity, and not to have acted one of the moft confiderable Parts in it. When Lord Chancellor Finch was commanded to put the great Seal to my Lord Danby's Pardon, he represented it as Illegal, and furrendered the Seal. This fhould be the Behaviour of all honeft Men on the like Occafion. Nor had his Mafter (who was a Man of fine Understanding) the worse Opinion of his Chancellor.

Whatever Figure our Earl may happen to make hereafter; we fhould remember, that a good Judge of Life has made it a Precept of Wisdom to wonder at nothing.* And indeed, human Nature is fo Fickle, Fortune fo Sportive, and the World has already feen fo much Variety; that if we are moderately read in Hiftory, There is nothing can happen to deferve our Admiration.

The Military Gentlemen have been under a Parliamentary Inspection. They have (as was very *Nil admirari prope res eft una.

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natural to them) brought upon us fome of the crying Evils which afflicted the worst Part of the Reign of King Charles the Firft; and this in fpite of the Bill of Rights.

We provide and pay for them all, but the Colonel robs the inferior Officer, the inferior Officer robs the common Soldier, and the common Soldier muft of Course extort free Quarter upon the unarmed Countryman. They fubtract the Soldier's Pay, and fend him to demand Subfiftence-Money from his Landlord. I fuppofe thefe People have got these pretty Notions in Flanders; by converfing with our German Allies, this free Quarter with a new Name, the very Bane of the Empire, and what muft in Procefs of Time establish the Dominion of France over the greatest Part of Germany. Thofe Princes look on free Quarters as a more compendious Method of maintaining an Army than regular Payments; and instead of taking a Part of the Farmer's Wealth, they suffer him to be robbed of All.

The French, and even the Turks, tho' they wafte an Enemy's Country with Fire and Sword; yet govern their Subjects with a milder Sway. Hence it is that the People who have first experienced the German, and afterwards either of the other two Sovereigns, feldom care to return to their old Allegiance. And yet the Houfe of Auftria cannot fee this. Tyranny has furely a great Mixture of Folly or Madness in its Compofition.

There are fome of our Colonels who rob an Officer under Colour of Cloathing him: They oblige him to take his Cloaths from whom and at what Rate they please; fuppofe at twenty Pounds, what is worth twelve at most. As if there was any Difference between robbing a Man, and forcing

him to buy at your own Price. The Officer thus plundered, naturally seeks to reimburse himself. Torva Leana Lupum fequitur, Lupus ipfe Capellam. The King has broke one of the Colonels for it. And if one fingle Reafon did not interpofe, I could be content that a King of England were as Abfolute as the Grand Signior over the Officers of his Army or Revenue. I am not afraid that he would be at a Lofs for want of Colonels or Commiffioners, Captains or Collectors. They would only be more tender of tranfgreffing with an Halter about their Necks, than they are now, when the greatest Punishment that can befal them is, to be turned out of Employment. A Punishment which fome of them may find it worth their While to undergo.

The Objection against such a Regulation, is only this, that Officers who were to live under fuch Abfolute Power would be apt to obey without Referve; and that blind Obedience might become fatal to the Liberties of their Country. Since then the Crown is not to be trufted with doing fummary Juftice, I think it would be well if the Parliament took it into their own Hands; and had a standing Committee for that Purpose, in which no Officer fhould fit.

It were to be wished that every Field-Officer, and Captain too, had a better Revenue in Land than the annual Value of his Commiffion; and even then, I would exclude him from Parliament and Parliamentary Elections, because he fhould not have it in his Power to burthen the Subjects to fill his own Pockets. But we have many Soldiers of Fortune in great Posts, who take large Strides to raife Families at once. What Wonder then to fee a Country pillaged by Free-Quarter? A Re

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