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observation of his first minister. He generally found himself neglected by his new acquaintance as soon as they had hopes of growing great; and used on such occasions to remark, that it was a great injustice to tax princes of forgetting themselves in their high fortunes, when there were so few that could with constancy bear the favour of their very creatures.” My author in these loose hints has one passage that gives us a very lively idea of the uncommon genius of Pharamond. He met with one man whom he had put to all the asual proofs be bad made of those he had a mind to know thoroughly, and found him for this purpose. In discourse with himn one day, he gave him an op. portunity of saying how much would satisfy all his wishes. The prince immediately revealed himself, doubled the sam, and spoke to him in this manner: "Sir, you have twice what you desired, by the favour of Pharamond; but look to it, that you are satisfied with it, for it is the last you shall ever receive. I from this moment consider you as mine; and to make you. truly so, I give you my royal word you shall never be greater or less than you are at present. Answer me pot, (concluded the prince smiling) but enjoy the fortone I have put you in, which is above my own con. dition; for you have hereafter nothing to hope or to fear."

His Majesty having thus well chosen and bought a friend and companion, he enjoyed alternately all the pleasures of an agreeable private man, and a great and powerful monarch. He gave himself, with his companion, the name of the merry tyrant; for he punish. ed his courtiers for their insolence and folly, not by any act of public disfavour, but by humorously prac. tising upon their imaginations. It he observed a man untractable to his inferiors, he would find an opport11., nity to take goine favourable notice of him, and render him insapportable. He knew all his own looks, words, and actions had their interpretations; and his • VOL. I.


friend Monsieur Eucrate (for so be was called) having a great soul without ambition, he could communicate all his thoughts to him, and fear no artful use would be made of that freedom. It was no small delight when they were in private, to reflect upon all which had passed in public.

Pharamond would often, to satisfy a vain fool of power in his country, talk to him in a full court, and with one whisper make him despise all his old friends and acquaintance. He was come to that knowledige of men by long observation, that he would profess alter. ing the whole mass of blood in some tempers, by thrice speaking to them. As fortuue was in his power, be gave himself constant entertainment in managing the mere followers of it with the treatment they deserved. He would, by a skilful cast of his eye, and half a smile, make two fellows who hated, embrace, and fall upon each other's necks with as much eager. ness, as if they followed their real inclinations, and intended to stifle one another. When he was in high good humour, he would lay the scene with Eucrate, and on a public night exercise the passions of his whole court. He was pleased to see an haughty beauty watch the looks of the man she had long despised, from observation of his being taken notice of by Pharamond; and the lover conceive higher bopes, than to follow the woman he was dying for the day before. In a court, where men speak affectiou in the strongest terms, and dislike in the faintest, it was a comical mixture of incidents to see disguises thrown aside in ope case, and increased on the other, according as favour or disgrace attended the respective objects of men's approbation or disesteem. Pharamond, in his mirth upon the meanness of mankind, used to say, “ As he could take away a man's five senses, he could give him an hundred. The man in disgrace shall immediately lose all bis natural endowments, and he that finds favour have the attributes of an angel." He would carry it so far as to say, “ It should not be only so in the opinion of the lower part of his court, but the men themselves shall think thus meanly or greatly of themselves, as they are out, or in the good graces of a court."

A monarch who had wit and humour like Phara. mond, must have pleasures which no man else can ever have opportunity of enjoying. He gave fortune to none but those whom he knew could receive it without transport. He made a noble and generous use of his observations, and did not regard his ministers as they were agreeable to himself, but as they were useful to his kingdom. By these means, the king appeared in every officer of state; and no man bad a participation of the power, who bad not a similitude of the virtue of Pharamond.

Pharamond, when he had a mind to retire for an hour or two from the hurry of business, and fatigue of ceremony, made a signal to Eucrate, by putting bis band to his face, placing his arm negligently on a window, or some such action as appeared indifferent to all the rest of the company. Upon such notice, unob. served by others (for their entire intimacy was always a secret) Eucrate repaired to his own apartment to receive the king. There was a secret access to this part of the court, at which Eucrate used to adnjit many whose mean appearance in the eyes of the ordinary waiters and door-keepers made them be repulsed from other parts of the palace. Such as these were let in here by order of Eucrate, and bad audiences of Pha. ramond. This entrance Pharamond called the gate of the unhappy, and the tears of the afflicted who came before him, he would say, were bribes received by Eucrate; for Eucrate had the most compassionate spirit of all men living, except his generous waster, who was always kindled at the least affiction which was communicated to him. In the regard for the miBerable, Eucrate took particular care, that the common

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forms of distress, and the idle pretenders to sorrow, about courts, who wanted only supplies to Joxory, should never obtain favour by his means : but the distresses which arise from the many inexplicable occorrences that happen among men, the unaccountable ali- temas by the enation of parents from their children, cruelty of busbands to wives, poverty occasioned from shipwreck or fire, the falling out of friends, or such other terrible disasters, to which the life of man is exposed; in cases of this nature, Eacrate was the patron; and enjoyed this part of the royal favour so much without being envied, that it was never inquired into, by whose means what no one else cared for doing, was brought in the about.

One evening when Pharamond came into the apart. this ment of Eucrate, he found him extremely dejected; mpon which he asked (with a smile which was natural to him)“ what, is there any one too miserable to be relieved by Pharamond, that Eucrate is melancholy;" "I fear there is," answered the favourite: soil without, of a good air, well dressed, and though a man in the strength of his life, seems to faint ander some inconsolable calamity. All his features seein suffused with agony of mind; but I can observe in him, that it is more inclined to break away in tears than rage. I asked him wbat he would have. He said he would speak to Pharamond. I desired his business He could hardly say to me, Eucrate, carry me to the king, my story is not to be told twice; I fear I sball not be able to speak it at all.” Pharamond command his sut ed Eucrate to let him enter; he did so, and the gentieman approached the king with an air wbich spoke him under the greatest concern in what manner to de mean himself. The king, who had a quick discern ment, relieved him froin the oppression he was under: prince and with the most beautiful complacency said to bim, “ Sir, do not add to that load of sorrow I see in countenance the awe of my presence. Think you speaking to your friend. If the circumstances of your

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distress will admit of it you shall find me so.” To wbom thestranger: “Oh, excellent Pharamond, name not a friend to the uvfortunate Spinamont. I had ove, bat he is dead by my own hand; but, ob, Pharamond, though it was by the hand of Spinamont, it was by the guilt of Pharamond. I come not, oh excellent prince, to implore your pardon; I come to relate my sorrow, a sorrow too great for human life to support: from henceforth shall all occurrences appear dreams, or short intervals of amusement, from this one affliction which has seized my very being. Pardon me, oh Pharamond, if my griefs give me leave, that I lay be

in the anguish of a wounded mind, that you, good as yon are, are guilty of the generous blood spilt this day by this unhappy hand. Oh, that it had perished before that instant!” Here the stranger paused, and secollecting his mind, after some little meditation, he went on in a calmer tone and gesture, as follows:

" There is an authority due to distress, and as none of human race is above the reach of sorrow, none shonld be above hearing the voice of it; I am sure

Know then, that I have this morning unfortunately killed in a duel the man whom, of all men living, I most loved. I command myself too much in your royal presence, to say,

Pharamond, give me my friend ! Pharamond has taken him from me! I will not say, shall the merciful Pharamond destroy his own subjects? Will the father of his country murder his people? But the merciful Pharamond does destroy his sabjects, the father of his country does murder his people. Fortune is so much the pursuit of mankind, that all glory and honour is in the power of a prince, because he has the distribution of their for. tanes. It is therefore the inadvertency, negligence, or guilt of princes to let any thing grow into custom which is against their laws. A court can make fashion and duty walk together; it can never, withont the guilt of a court, happen, that it shall not be unfashion. able to do what is unlawful. But, alas! in the domi.

Pharamond is not.

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