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awakening than had yet appeared among us. Seldom a week passed in which we did not see, or hear of one, two,, or three persons, brought under deep concern about their fouls, accompanied with strong convictions of lin, and earnest inquiry after a Saviour. It was a great advantage to these, that there were others on the road before them; for, they were feldow at a loss now to find an acquaintance to whom they could freely communicate their anxious thoughts. The house of one of our most established Christians became the chief resort of all, who wilhed co spend an hour in reading or conversing about spiritual subjects. Some who had but newly begun to entertain serious thoughts about religion, and who had not yet come so far as to speak out their mind. would contrive an errand to this person's house, and listen to her talk. She was visited, at other times, by those who were drawn only by curiofity or a disputatious spirit, who wanted to cavil at her words, or draw her into controversy. Such visitors she did not avoid, and at last they ceased to trouble her.

Other experienced Christians among us have been exiremely useful to their younger brethren or sisters. Their conversation ? and example have been principal means of turning the attention of the young to religion, and of edifying those who have been already awakened. Such persons I find most serviceable auxiliaries. If they be neither prophets, nor apostles, nor teachers, yet their usefulness in the church entitles them to the appellation of helps. I Cor. xii. 28. Nor do I think an apostle would helitate to acknowledge them, both men and women, in the relation of fellow.labourers. Phil. iv. 3. Nor has success in this divine work been confined to instruments raised up among ourselves. The fame happy effects have, in a certain measure, attended the preaching, the prayers, or conversation of pious brethren, who, have affilted at the celebration of the Lord's supper, or made us other occasional vifits.

It is observable that the work of conversion has been begun and carried on among this people in a quiet manner, without any confusion, and without those ungovernable agitations of mind, or convulsions of the body, or thrieking or fainting, which have often accompanied a general awakening in other places. One young woman was so much moved in church, in March, 7799, that she wept bitterly, and her friends thought it prudent to convey her out a little before the congregation was dismiffed. She was five or fix days unfit for going about her usual work. In June following, at the time of our sacrament, she felt emotions of joy, for a few days, to such a degree as to withdraw her regard in a great measure from sensible objects. Spiritual affections were unusually strong in her, and spiritual objects appeared vifible

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A few days afterwards, when her emotions had subsided, Nae told, me that she was at the same time fengible that her mind was fomewhat unsettled, but that she found comfort in recollecting the apostle's words, “ If we are beside ourselves, it is to God."

This was exactly her case. She continues a humble, lively Christian, and, except these two short intervals, she has regularly. performed her ordinary work as a maid-servant to the fatisfaction of her master and inistress, in whose service she still remains. Another woman, the mother of a family, in April last, was so much moved in hearing sermon, that of her own accord she left the church. Excepting these two instances, I know of none whole, emotions under the preaching of the word discovered themselves in any other manner than by silent tears.

Having lately made an enumeration of those of our congregation whom, to the best of my judgınent, I trust I can reckon truly enlightened with the saving knowledge of Christ, I find their number about feveaty. The greater part of these are under thirty years of age. Several are above forty, fix or seven above fifty, one fixty-lix, and one above seventy. Of children under twelve or fourteen there are a good many who seem to have a liking to religion ; but we find it difficult to form a decided opinion : of their case. Of persons who have died within these twelve months, three, we are perfuaded, and we hope iwo or three others, have slept in Jesus.

A very considerable number are friendly to religion, and countenance and defend the truth, even while they do not as yet appear to live under its power. A few among ourselves did, for a while, jeer and deride the godly; but such persons are left in fo very finall a minority, that they have ceased to be troublesome. The scriptures too are so generally read and referred to, that the truth itself serves to stop the mouth of scoffers. We are fonetimes i told that the sentiments and language of our people, are much misrepresented, and are the object of much wonder and ridicule and invective in other places. But we only bear of such things ; they are hardly permitted to come nigh us. The chief oppolition arises from those who poffefs fuperior scholarship, and acquaintance with the scriptures. These contend that there can be nothing fubftantial or necessary in that experimental knowledge which illiterate persons inay pretend to have attained ; and that it is mere arrogance in them to imagine that they can have a larger share of laving knowledge than men who are greater scholars and better verled in the scriptures. “ Are we blind also ?” has ever been the indignant language of carnal wisdom, of literary pride, and of self-righteous presuinption.

It is evident that the scriptures represent all mankind as divided into two claffes. These are distinguished from each other in t?


moft explicit manner; and the distinction is marked by the Arongest language, and the most significant comparisons. They are called the children of God, and the children of the devil,

John N. 10; the children of the kingdom, and the children of the wicked one, Matt. xiii. 38; the just and the wicked, Mátt. xiii. 49; they who are dead in trespases and lins, and they who are quickened together with Chrift, Eph. ii. 146. They are compared to wheat and tares, Matt. xiii. 25; to good and bad fishes, Matt. xiji. 47, 48; to sheep and goats, Matt. xxv. 32. In the general tenor of my preaching, especially in difcuffing the important doctrine of regeneration, I have endeavoured to keep in view this diftinction, and to exhibit is clearly to the notice of my hearers. Many have been not a little offended at such a discrimiz nation ; have found fault with the preachers have complained of eucharitable judgment; pleading that it was God's prerogative to judge the heart; that they hoped theirs was good, though they did not make such a parading profeffion of religion, &c. The truth has prevailed, however; and fome have contested to me, that their first serious thoughts about the state of their fouls arose from the surprise and resentiment they felt, on being claffed under the character of unbelievers, along with murderers and idolaters, Rev. xxi. 8. Bue in giving such offenfive, though necessary warnings, I had inuch need of the Spirit of Chrift, to reprefs all asperity of language and manner, to awaken tender corppaffion for those whom I addressed, and to enable me to speak the truth in love.

I observe among our young converts à confiderable variety of frames, but a striking uniformity of character. They are dejected or elevated, according as their regard is more fixed on their own deficiencies and corroptions, or on the glorious fufficiency of Chrift. But all of them are characterised by lowliness of mind, by a warm attachment to each other, and to all who love the Lord Jésus, and by the affections fet on things above. I know no initances among them of persons trusting for comfort or direction to dreams or visions, impuiles or impreffions; and hardly an instance of seeking comfort from external ligns or tokens, arbitrarily a framed by the inquirer, afrer the example of Abraham's' servant, Gen. xxiv. 14, and of Gideon, Judg. vi. 36-40.

We have not yet to lament any great falling off in those who appeared to have once undergone a saving change. There may be persons who were for a time inquiring, with some apparent carnestnels, and afterwards fell back to their former unconcern. I have reason to fufpect that there may be several in this situation, though I have not access to know the exact state of their minds. May the Lord discover it to themselves in tine! But all, so far 25 I know, wilo seemed to have been once truly humbled for their fins, and spadle to feel in their hearts the grace of God in the gospel, continue thus far to maintain a humble, spiritual, consci. cntious walk. They have a constant appetite for the sincere milk of the word, and for Christian fellowship with one another. The younger fort have lost their former levity of speech and beha, viour, and are become devout and lober-minded; those more ada vanced in life have laid alide their felbfhness, and worldly-mind edness, and are grown humble, contented and thankful.

The external effects of a general concern about religion have appeared in the behaviqur even of those who do not seem to have experienced a change of heaft, While the younger people attended a Sabbath school, those who were grown up used to spend the evening of that day, in sauntering about the fields and woods in goffiping parties, or visiting their acquaintance : at a distance, without improving their time by any profitable exercise. : Nove there is hardly a lounger to be feen; nor any person walking abroad, except going to some house on meeting where he may hear the scriptures read. Swearing, profane talking, foolish and indecent jesting, have, in a great measure, ceased.-- At late wakes; where people a Lemble to watch by the body of a deceased neigh'bour, the whole night used to be spent in childish, doisy sports and pastimes. Even the apartment where the couple lay was the {cene of their revelry. This unnatural cufton, which is. ftilt pretty general over a great part of the Highlands, is almost wholly discontinued in this part of the country. They still:affema ble on lych cecasions, but they pass the time in reading the Bible or some religious book, and in sober, conversation.

In reply to your request of relating a few of the more remarki able cases of conversion which have occurred among this people, I must say that I have little uncommon to communicate. I have mentioned already, that almost all our conserts have been brought to serious concern and inquiry, in a quiet, gradual inana ner. To an intelligent obsever, the change in the conversation, temper, deportment, and the very countenance of individuals is striking: the change, 100, on the general, aspect of the mans ners of the people, is conspicuous. The effect is thus, on the whole, obvious; yet there are few-particulars in the case of each person, which, taken fingly, will appear uncommon, or worthy of being detajled in a leparate narrative. We have no instances of persons remarkable for profligacy of, inanners or profaneness of speech, who have been reclaimed from suchu enormnities; because there was none of that description to be: found in our society. The change has been from ignorance and indifference, and disrelish of divine things, to knowledge, and. concern, and spiritual enjoyment. Neither are there among us examples of persons suddenly struck and impreffed by some alarming event, or tingular interpolation of Providence. The word

of truth, proclaimed in public, or spoken in private, has been almost the only outward mean of producing conviction of fin, and confidence in the Saviour. In every fingle-case the power of God is visible in the effect produced; but there is little "dia versity of operation.” Instead of endeavouring to paint "the beauties of holiness in the scene around me, I rather with to prevail with you and other friends, who know how to enjoy such a spectacle, to“ come and fee." : I have thus, my dear Sir, endeavoured to give a concise view of the prosperous state of religion in this congregation, for the last two or three years. We still have the happiness to find; from week to week, that the same concern and awakening is {preading around, and extending to fome neighbouring congregations. Within these few weeks, 'persons from fix and seven miles distance have called here on a Sabbath inorning, under evident concern about their souls. On a succeeding Sabbath, the same persons have called again, introducing a relation or feilow-fervant, under fimilar concern. All of these, so far as can be judged from prefent appearances, are in a hopeful way. Sach is the manifold grace and loving kindness with which it has pleased the Lord to visit this corner of his vineyard. I trust that all our Christian brethren, who may receive the joyful intelligence, 'will join us in praying, that God may continue to water, with showers of blessings, this vine which his own right hand hath planted;" and that no boar from the wood may

be allowed to waste it, nor worm at the root to smide it that it wither.

RIO JANEIRO Accounts have been received of the arrival of the Royal Admiral, on board of which twelve miffionaries embarked, last May, for the South-Seas; at Rio Janeiro, in Brazil, on the 12th of August. It appears that the fever and fcurvy had raged very much during the village, especially ainong the conviag; 130 persons having been ill of the former, and about a hundred of the latter difeale, of whom upwards of thirty had died. The surgeon of the ship was cut off by the fever within fixteen days after they left England; and, amidst fo much distress, they must have been very deftitute, had not Mr.: Elder, one of the missionaries fent by the Edinburgh Society, who had studied medicine, supplied his place. Several of the missionaries had been ill, but had recovered, except one, who was under the fever at the time the accounts were sent off. They expected to fail for New-SouthWales in a tew weeks.

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