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Florence, the Capitol, the Palazzo Farnese, and his own house, are sufficient testimonies of it. His disciples were, Marcello Venusti, Il Rosso, Georgio Vasari, Fra. Bastiano, (who commonly painted for him,) and many. other Florentines,
Pietro Perugino designed with sufficient knowledge of Nature; but he is dry, and his manner little. His Disciple was
Raffaelle Santio, who was born on GoodFriday, in the year 1483, and died on Good-Friday, in the year 1520; so that he lived only thirty-seven years compleat, He surpassed all modern Painters, because he possessed more of the excellent parts of Painting than any other; and it is believed that he equalled the antients, excepting only that he designed not naked bodies with so much learning as Michael Angelo; but his gusto of design is purer, and much better. He painted not with so good, so full, and so graceful a manner as Correggio; nor has he any thing of the contrast of light and shadow, or so strong and free a colouring as Titian; but he had a better disposition in his pieces, without comparison, than either Titian,
Correggio, Michael Angelo, or all the rest of the succeeding Painters to our days. His choice of attitudes, of heads, of ornaments, the arrangement of his drapery, his manner of designing, his variety, his contrast, his expression, were beautiful in perfection; but above all, he possessed the Graces in so advantageous a manner, that he has never since been equalled by any other. There are portraits (or single figures) of his, which are well executed. He was an admirable Architect. He was handsome, well made, civil, and good natured, never refusing to teach another what he knew himself. He had many scholars; amongst others, Julio Romano, Polydore, Gaudenzio, Giovanni d'Udine, and Michael Coxis. His Graver was Mark Antonio, whose prints are admirable for the correctness of their outlines.
Julio Romano was the most excellent of all Raffaelle's Disciples: he had conceptions which were more extraordinary, more profound, and more elevated than even his Master himself; he was also a great Architect; his gusto was pure and exquisite. He was a great imitator of the antients, giving a
clear testimony in all his productions, that he was desirous to restore to practice the same forms and fabricks which were antient. He had the good fortune to find great persons, who committed to him the care of edifices, vestibules, and porticoes, all tetrastyles, xistes, theatres, and such other places as are now in use. He was wonderful in his choice of attitudes. His manner was drier and harder than any of Raffaelle's school. He did not exactly understand either light and shadow, or colouring. He is frequently harsh and ungraceful; the folds of his draperies are neither beautiful nor great, easy nor natural, but all of them imaginary, and too like the habits of fantastical comedians. He was well versed in polite learning. His Disciples were Pirro Ligorio, (who was admirable for antique buildings, as towns, temples, tombs, and trophies, and the situation of antient edifices,) Æneas Vico, Bonasone, Georgio Mantuano, and others.
Polydore, a Disciple of Raffaelle, designed admirably well as to the practical part, having a particular genius for freezes, as we may see by those of white and black,
which he has painted at Rome. He imitated the Antients, but his manner was greater than that of Julio Romano; nevertheless Julio seems to be the truer. Some admirable groups are seen in his works, and such as are not elsewhere to be found. He coloured very seldom, and made landscapes in a tole rably good taste.
Gio. Bellino, one of the first who was of any consideration at Venice, painted very drily, according to the manner of his time, He was very knowing both in Architecture and Perspective. He was Titian's first master; which may easily be observed in the earlier works of that noble Disciple; in which we may remark that propriety of colours which his master has observed..
About this time Georgione, the contempo rary of Titian, came to excel in portraits and also in greater works. He first began to make choice of glowing and agreeable colours; the perfection and entire harmony of which were afterwards to be found in Titian's pictures. He dressed his figures wonderfully well: and it may be truly said, that but for him, Titian had never arrived to that height
of perfection, which proceeded, from the rivalship and jealousy which prevailed between them.
Titian was one of the greatest colourists ever known: he defigned with much more ease and practice than Georgione. There are to be seen women and children of his hand, which are admirable both for design and colouring; the gusto of them is delicate, charming, and noble, with a certain pleasing negligence in the head-dresses, draperies, and ornaments, which are wholly peculiar to himself. As for the figures of men, he has designed them but moderately well: there are even some of his draperies which are mean, and in a little taste. His painting is wonderfully glowing, sweet and delicate. He drew portraits, which were extremely noble; the attitudes of them being very graceful, grave, diversified, and adorned after a very becoming fashion. No man ever painted landscape in so great a manner, so well coloured, and with such truth of nature, For eight or ten years' space, he copied, with great labour and exactness, whatsoever he undertook; thereby to make himself an