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XVII.

THE CONNECTICUT RIVER AND WHITE MOUNTAINS.

The Long Tidal River-Middletown-Wethersfield-Blue Hills

of Southington-Meriden-Berlin-Hartford--The Charter Oak-Samuel Colt and the Revolver-New Britain-Enfield Rapids-Windsor Locks-Agawam-Springfield and the Armory-Westfield River---Brookfield—Chicopee Falls—Hadley Falls—Holyoke-Mount Tom-Mount Holyoke-Nonotuck-Northampton--Old Hadley and its Street—The Ox-Bow -Goffe and Whalley-Mount Holyoke College-Amherst, Deerfield River and Old Deerfield-Greenfield-Shelburne Falls-Brattleboro'-Ashuelot River-Keene-Mount Monadnock-Williams River-Bellows Falls-Lake SunapeeWindsor, Vermont-Ascutney Mountain-White RiverOlcott Falls-Hanover-Dartmouth College--MooseilaukeNewbury-Wells River—Littleton-Passumpsic River-St. Johnsbury-Lake Memphramagog-Dixville Notch-Lake Umbagog-Rangeley Lakes-Connecticut Lakes-Source of the Connecticut-White Mountains-Ammonoosuc RiverBethlehem-Gale River-Sugar Hill--Franconia NotchCoös—Echo Lake-Profile Lake-Old Man of the Mountain-Pemigewasset River-Flume and Pool-North Woodstock-Plymouth-Squam Lake-Ethan's Pond-Thoreau and the Merrimack-White Mountain Notch-Israel River - Jefferson--Lancaster–Fabyan's--Crawford's—The Presidential Range-Saco River-Willey Slide- View from Mount Willard-Giant's Grave-Mount Washington-Grand Gulf -The Summit and View—Tuckerman's Ravine—The Glen

- Pinkham Notch-Peabody River-Gorham-Androscoggin River-Ellis River-Jackson-Lower Bartlett-Intervale-North Conway, Mount Kearsarge--Pequawket-Madison-Ossipee--Lake Winnepesaukee-Sandwich MountainsChocorua-Wolfboro'—Weirs-Alton Bay-Centre HarborRed Hill-Whittier's Poetry on the Lake and the Merrimack.

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THE LONG TIDAL RIVER.

The greatest New England river, the Connecticut, was first explored by the redoubtable Dutch navigator, Captain Adraien Blok. When he made his memorable voyage of discovery from New Amsterdam along Long Island Sound, Blok ascended the Connecticut to Enfield Falls. Its source is in the highlands of northern New Hampshire upon the Canadian boundary, at an elevation of twenty-five hundred feet, and it flows four hundred and fifty miles southward to the Sound. Its Indian title was Quonektakat, or “the long tidal river," from which the name has been derived. It is noted for beautiful scenery and has many cataracts, the chief being Olcott Falls, at Wilder in Vermont, South Hadley in Massachusetts, and Enfield in Connecticut. The soils of its valley are extremely fertile, making a gardenspot in the otherwise generally sterile New England, the most luxuriant crop being the tobacco-plant, known as “ Connecticut seed-leaf,” used largely for cigar-wrappers, and often yielding two thousand pounds to the acre. Steamboats navigate the river to Hartford, about fifty miles from the Sound. The blazing red beacon of the Cornfield Point Lightship is the outer guide for the mariner entering its mouth, while the white lights of Saybrook guard the inner channel. The lower Connecticut flows through a region of farms, enriched by copious dressings of

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manures made from the fish caught in the stream, and it passes picturesque shores and pleasant villages in the domain of Haddam, an extensive tract which the Indians originally sold to Hartford people for thirty coats.

Middletown, the “Forest City,” at a great bend in the lower river, has many mills making pumps, tapes, plated wares, webbing and sewing-machines, its shaded streets leading up the hill-slopes, bordering the water, that have in them valuable quarries of rich brown Portland stone. The county Court-house of Middletown is a quaint little miniature of the Parthenon. The Wesleyan Methodist College, having three hundred students, is located here, the chief buildings being the Memorial and Judd Halls, built of the native Portland stone, the latter the gift of Orange Judd. The large buildings of the Connecticut Insane Hospital, also of Portland stone, overlook the river from a high hill southeast of the city, and are in

spacious park. To the northward of Middletown, level green and exceedingly fertile meadows adjoin the river, their product being the noted onion crops of Wethersfield, which permeate the whole country. This was the earliest Connecticut settlement in 1635, and here in the next year convened the first Connecticut Legislature to make the arrangements for the war against the Pequots which annibilated that tribe. In one of its old mansions General Washington had his headquarters, where, in conjunction with the French officers, the plans were prepared for the campaign closing the Revolution by the victory at Yorktown.

To the westward of the river are the famous “Blue Hills of Southington,” the most elevated portion of the State of Connecticut, and nestling under their shadow is Meriden, the hills rising high above its western and northern verge, in the West Peak and Mount Lamentation. Here are gathered over thirty thousand people in an active factory town, the neat wooden dwellings of the operatives forming the nucleus of the city adjacent to the extensive mills, and having as a surrounding galaxy the attractive villas of their owners, scattered in pleasant places upon the steep adjacent hills. They are industrious iron and steel, bronze, brass and tin workers, and the Meriden Britannia and electro-plated silver wares are famous everywhere. The Meriden Britannia Company has enormous mills, and is the greatest establishment of its kind in the world. Meriden and Berlin, a short distance northward, have long been the headquarters of the peripatetic Connecticut tinpedler, who goes forth laden with all kinds of pots and pans, and other bright and useful utensils, to wander over the land, and charm the country folk with his attractive bargains. Berlin began in the eighteenth century the first American manufacture of tinware. There are scores of villages about, cast almost in the same mould. Each has the same beau

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