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and Saturdays, unless Christmas-day fall on either of them.
3. To confess our sins to our pastor at least once a year.
4. To receive the blessed sacrament once a year, and that at Easter or thereabouts.
5. To pay tithes to our pastor.
6. Not to solemnize marriage at certain times, por within certain degrees of kindred, nor privateJy without witnesses.
Q. Why does the Church command us to fast?
A. That by fasting we may practise penance, and satisfy God for our sins.
Q. How far do the commandments of God and of his church oblige?
A. We are obliged to keep them under mor. tal sin,
Q. What is mortal sin ?
4. It is a most grievous offence done to God, by which God is made the capital enemy of bim, by whom he has been thus offended.
Q. What is the punishment of those who die ju mortal sin?
A. Banishment from God, and eternal tore inents in hell fire. Then shell the judge say to thase on the left hand, Go, ye cursed, into evera, tusting fire. (Matt. xxv. 41.)
ON THE OBLIGATION OF PAITH, AND OF THE
CATHOLIC CHURCH. Q. What is required of all men, even of those who are already justified in regard 10 faith?
4. That they believe without doubting all that God teaches; because he is the very truth, and cannot deceive nor be deceived. And this is that faith which together with hope and charity are necessary for salvation.
Q. And what are the things which God teaches ?
A. They are chiefly contained in the Apostles' Creed, which stands thus : I believe in God, &c. (see page 3.)
Q. What signifies the word Church?
A. Into three divisions. One called the Church Triumphant; composed of the blessed, who have triumphed over the world, the flesh, and the devil. The second, styled the Church Militant; and consisting of those persons who are carrying on a warfare with the world, the flesh, and the devil. The third, the Church Suffering, or satisfying in Purgatory; composed of those who, at their deaths, being neither wholly free from sin, nor deserving of hell, shall be saved, yet so as by fire. (1 Cor. iii. 15.)
Q. Do these three divisions communicate with each other?
A. Yes; and prayers and good works, form the medium, thro' Jesus Christ, of this communion of saints.
Q. How, therefore, do you call the Church Militant
Q. What meaning, then, do you attach to the word Catholic?
A. It signifies one, noiversal, and perpetual.
Q. Strictly, does there any where exisi such a church at present?
A. Yes; and as Christ has declared, it must .stand to the end of the world, in spite of all the powers of hell. (Matt. xvi. 18.)
Q. Is there, then, a church in the world, which has been universal and perpetual since the days of Christ, and can, therefore, be called Catholic?
A. Yes; that church which has always been in communion with the apostolic see of Peter,
usually called the church of Rome. (Matt. xvi. 18.)
Q. It is said, that there are four marks, by which the true catholic church of Christ may be known, that she is one--holy-universaland apostolical. Now, are these four marks obe served in the Church of Rome ?"
A. Yes, they are.
A. By all her members agreeing in the same faith ;-by all her ministers preaching the same doctrine and by the whole congregation being under one head.
Q. Who is that head?
A. The Bishop of Rome; who, as the successer of St. Peter, is head of the church under Christ.
Q. How does she appear Holy ?
A. By always preaching a holy doctrine; by the holy lives and deaths of her saints and martyrs; and by the divine testimony of the miracles which her saints have wrought. Q. How does she appear
Universal : A. Because she has subsisted from the beginning; has contained in her communion all christian nations; and has never departed from that faith and doctrine, which were first revealed to her.
Q. How does she appear Apostolical?
A. Because she comes down from the Apos tles with a regular succession of priests and bishops, and has her orders and her missions from them.
Q. And have you any other reason for beliering the Church of Rome to be the true Catholic Church?
A. Yes; because all nations have received the blessing of the Gospel and Christianity from her, and she is therefore called the Mother of all Churches ; moreover, because she alone has been distinguished by the title of Catholic, and is uni. versally styled the Roman-Catholic Church.
Q. Were all the apostles in communion with this Church
A. Yes; and they were also her members.
Q. Who seduced the people of England from the ancient Catholic faith
A. King Henry the Eighth, about the year of our Lord 1536.
Q. Can there be more than one true church and religion ?
A. No; as there is but one true Christ, s@ there can be but one true church and religion.
Q. What, therefore, is necessary to be a good Catholic ?
A. To take great pains in seeking after instruction in the word of God; to submit in all matters of faith and discipline to the authority of Church; to pray with great regularity, earnestness, and humility; to receive the sacraments with devotion, at the proper season ; to practice well every duty that becomes a good christian, husband, parent, child, or subject; to be in charity with all mankind.
ON THE REAL PRESENCE OF CHRIST IN THE
SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST. Q. What are the requisites to constitute a sacrament?
A. First, that there be a sensible sign ;-Secondly, that it cause grace ;-birdly, that it be instituted by Christ.
Q. Are these requisites existing in the Eucharist?
A. Yes; for the species of bread and wine are the sensible signs ;-2dly, it causes grace ;--3dly, .it was instituted by Jesus Christ.
Q. What, therefore, is the Eucharist?
A. It says,
A. It is the sacrament of the body and blood of Christ, under the species of bread and wine, instituted for the spiritual nourishment of man. (John vi.)
Q. Is there contained in the Eucharist the true body and blood of Christ our Lord ?
A. Yes ; really and truly, that same body which was born of the Virgin, and is now seated at the right hand of the Fatherin heaven.
Q. After what manner is Christ now existing in heaven?
A. After the manner of his existence on earth subsequently to his resurrection that is, after his natural mode of existence, having bones, nerves, and flesh. (Luke xxiv. 29.)
Q. By what words does the Council of Trent explain the manner in which Christ is contained in the Eucharist?
- After the consecration of the bread and wine, Christ is truly, really, and substantially, contained under the species of those sensible things; and a little after, that Christ is in heaven after his natural mode of existence, and in many other places, where the holy Eucharist is, he is in substance, and present to us sacramentally.
Q. What do these words of the Council of Trent imply?
A. That Christ always remaining the same, exists after two ways; the one natural, and in this manner he exists in heaven, at the right hand of his Father: and the other not natural, but sacramental; and after this manner he exists in the sacrament of the Eucharist.
Q. What is meant by Christ's having a sacra mental existence in the Eucharist?:
A. It signifies that Christ is so veiled, and so hidden under the accidents and species of bread and wine, that neither he por his glory can be pera