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ture about it, that Matthew's genealogy gives us an account of the succession of the royal family down as low as Joseph, and that in St. Luke the direct series of Joseph's ancestors.
(2.) The Jews grant that it hath been an ancient tradition among Christians, that Joseph and Mary were of the same family, and that Mary was virgo Entíxamp, one that had no brethren, an heiress, or co-heiress, and so according to the jewish custom she was bound to marry in her family; which the Jews were especially careful of in the family of David to preserve the succession of the royal line, of which the Meffias was to come.
(3.) The Jews have nothing to object against this which shews it improbable.
(4.) If so, that they were of the fame family, then the genealogy of Joseph, though not directly and exprelly, yet by consequence was the genealogy of Mary; and consequently those genealogies in the gospel do sufficiently shew that Christ was the son of David.
(5.) It cannot be imagined that the evangelists should have omitted the genealogy of Mary, if it had not been included in that of Joseph, especially St Matthew, who in his genealogy expresly tells us, that he intended to shew that he was " the son of “ David ;” and also denies Joseph to have been his real father.
(6.) If there had been any question, whether Mary was of the line of David, the Jews would certainly in that time have rejected him from being the Messias, upon that very account, nothing being more plausible for them to have had said than this, that he pretended to have no father, and to be born Ee 2
SER M. of a virgin, who was not of the line of David, how
could he then be the Messias, who was to be “ of the “ seed of David ?” But that he was always owned by the Jews to be of that seed, appears by the title, so frequently given to him, of the son of David.”
It was prophesied that the Messias “ should be “ born in Bethlehem of Judah," Micah v. 2. which you find accordingly fulfilled, Matt. ii. 6. the providence of God so ordering it, that Augustus should then lay a general tax, which occasion brought up Jofeph and Mary to Bethlehem ; not only that she might be deliyered there, but that their names being there entered, their family might be ascertained, and there might no doubt afterwards arise, but that they were “ of the line of David.”
It was foretold he should be “ born of a virgin," Ifa. vii. 14. which you see accordingly fulfilled Matt. i. That this is not the primary, but the my. stical sense of that place in Isaiah, I think may without prejudice be granted to the Jews, who in innumerable places of the old teftament do, besides the first and literal sense, allow of a mystical one : and if it be objected that this is only the saying of us Christians, that Christ was born of a pure virgin; to them it is easily answered, that if this be foretold of the Messias, whoever he be, that he shall be born of a virgin, as the Jews generally grant, we have as much aflurance of this, as they can have, or imagine to have of theirs, whenever he should come. For it is not any report or tradition that can give credit to so strange a thing, but the unquestionable miracles which he wrought, which prove him to come from God, and confequently to be no impostor, but to be all that he pretended he was.
It was foretold of him that he should be a great S ERM. prophet and teacher, Deut. xviii. 15. “ A prophet
shall the Lord your God raise up unto you, like “ unto me." Isai. lxi. 1. “ The Spirit of the LORD " is upon me, because he hath anointed me to “ preach the gospel to the poor," &c. Ezek. xxxiv. 23. “And I will set up one shepherd over them, “ and he shall feed them, even my servant David ; Ft he shall feed them, and he shall be their shep« herd.” And chap. xxxvii. ver. 24. “ And Da“ vid my servant shall be king over them, and they “ all shall have one shepherd : they shall also walk “ in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and “ do them.” And this was eminently fulfilled in that he foretold several future contingents ; as his
own crucifixion, Peter's denial of him, the destruc- tion of Hierufalem, the rising of false Christs, and : false prophets, (which I shall particularly confider
hereafter) the descending of the holy Ghost, and the admirable success of the gospel in the world ; in that he preached to pure and perfect a doctrine to the world, and with so much authority ; a doctrine so excellent and reasonable, so suitable to the necessities, and agreeable to the reason of mankind; a doctrine which tendęth so much to the perfecting of human nature, and to the peace and happiness of human society, above any other institution in the world.
It was foretold that he should do many and great miracles, and such as should be beneficial to men, Ifai. xxxv. 5, 6. “Then the eyes of the blind shall be “opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. “ Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the " tongue of the dumb sing.”. And was not all this
SER M. eminently accomplished in Jesus CHRIST? What
greater, or more public, or more frequent and nu. merous, or more beneficial miracles, can almost be imagined, than CHRIst did ? So that we may say to the Jews, as some of them did to the Pharisees in our Saviour's time ; you talk of a Messias to come ; yet “when he is come, will he do greater as works than this man hath done?”
It was foretold of him that the people should receive him with joy and triumph, when “ he came “ riding upon an ass to Hierusalem,” Zech. ix. 9. which we find fulfilled Matth. xxi.
It was prophesied that he should “ suffer many " things, and be rejected, and despised of men," Psal. xxii. 6. " But I am a worm, and no man; a “
reproach of men, and despised of the people.” Ifai. liii.
3. “ He is despised and rejected of men, a “ man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief : and
we hid, as it were, our faces from him; he was ” despised, and we esteemed him not.” Which we find fulfilled all along in the history of the gospel.
It was prophesied that he fhould be “ fold for " thirty pieces of silver.” Zech. xi. 12. which we find fulfilled, Matth. xxvii. 9. That when he who was “ the shepherd was smitten, the sheep should be
scattered,” Zech, xiii. 7. which was accomplished, Matth. xxvii. 56. “ All the disciples forfook him, " and fled.” That he should “ be scourged, and " buffeted, and spit upon,” Ifai. 1, 6. I gave my “ back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that " plucked off the hair : I hid not my face from “ Thame and spitting ;” which you find punctually accomplished Matth xxvii,
It was foretold that he should die a violent death, S ER I. Ifa. liii. 8. “ He was cut off out of the land of the
living.” Dan. ix. 26.“ Messias the prince shall “ be cut off.” That he should undergo all these sufferings with the greatest patience, Ifai. liii. 7. “ He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he “ opened not his mouth : he is brought as a lamb
to the slaughter; and as a sheep before her shearers " is dumb, so he oppened not his mouth.” That he should suffer all these things “ not for himself, " but for sinners.” Isai. liii. 5. “ He was wounded “ for our transgressions, he was bruised for our ini
quities; the chastisement of our peace was upon “ him, and with his stripes we are healed." And, ver. 6. “ The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity " of us all.” And ver. 8. “ For the transgression " of my people he was stricken.” “And ver. 10. “ His foul was made an offering for fin.” And ver. 12.“ He bare the fins of many.” And Dan. ix. 26. it is said the Messias “ should be cut off, but « not for himself.”
It was foretold, that “ his hands and feet should “ be pierced,” Pfal. xxii. 16. “ he should be num“ bered with the transgressors,” Ifai. liii. 12. And accordingly he was condemned as a malefactor, to Sufier with malefactors, being "crucified between
vinegar given him to drink,” Psal. lxix. 22.
laugh me to scorn ; they shoot out the lip, they “ shake the head, saying, He trusted on the Lord, w that he would deliver him : let hiin deliver him,