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Serm. fages in the Old must be necessarily received II. · as the only certain Interpretaion of them..
What was promised to Adam, to Abrabam, to David, to the People of Israel, and to all Mankind in general, we see all fulfilled in him, on whom we have believed, and to whom all the antient descriptive Marks of the Messiah do manifestly agree in so compleat a Manner, that, all Circumstances being considered, it is impossible there should be any such, if our Lord be not the Person. What was typified by Mofes, has been verified in Christ ; and he is properly the End of all God's Engagements to the Jews, and the Sum of all their Hopes to the Gentiles. The offering up of the Son of Abraham in Intention prefigured the Sacrifice of the Son of the Highest in Reality. He was the Lamb of God, which taketh away the Sins of the World (u), and the Passover sacrificed for us (x. All the Predictions of the Prophets relating to the Suf. ferings of their Messiah, are collected and brought to a Point in our Saviour: And as it was declared and recorded, many hundreds of Years before it happened, that he should be cut off out of the Land of the
Living (u) St. John i. 29. (x) 1 Cor. v. 7.
Living (y), but not for himself (z), and Serm. that his Soul should be made an Offering for II. Sin (a). So is it confirmed by the Apostles and Evangelists, that he appropriated to himself the Title of the good Shepherd, that layeth down his Life for his Sheep (6) -----that God hath not appointed us to Wrath, but to obtain Salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us (c). In whom we have Redemption through his Blood, the Forgiveness of our Sins, according to the Riches of his Grace (d). And that by his Stripes we are healed (e). The Result then is, as St. Peter represents it, that those Things which God before had shewed by the Mouth of all bis Prophets, that Christ should suffer, he bath fo fulfilled (f).
These few Passages may suffice (to enumerate all to this Effect, one must transcribe a very considerable Part of the New Testament) to prove the Truth of Christ's dying on Man's Behalf, and being punished in their Stead, in order to free the Transgresfors from Punishment. And if our Saviour has by the Sacrifice of himself made Recon
ciliation (y) Isai. liji. 8. (z) Dan, ix. 26. (a) Isai. liii. 6, 10. (6) St. John X. 15. (c) i Theff. v. 9, 10. (d) Ephef. l. . (e) i St. Pet. ii. 24. (f) Acts iii. 18.
Serm. ciliation for us ---has ransomed us from Sin, II. and satisfied God's Justice, which we had by
our Offences most heinously provoked, the Necessity of this Undertaking may be infallibly concluded; since an infinitely-wife Being can do nothing in vain : Nor is it possible to imagine, that God should prepare the bitterest Draught for his own most dearly beloved Son, if our Cure could have been wrought, and our Deliverance, effected by any other flighter Means. It becomes us therefore to embrace it as a faithful Saya ing, and worthy of all Acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the World to save Sinners (€); who, unless he had died meritoriously, muft all have died eternally. We should every one of us have found too much Room to bewail our deplorable State in the Language of the Psalmist, mine Iniquities are gone over my Head, as an heavy Burden they are too beavy for me (b). But now we, who are in Christ Jesus, fee into the intire Sense of that Exhortation, Let Israel hope in the Lord; for with the Lord there is Mercy, and with him is plenteous Redemption (i). We discern, by what Method Vessels of Wrath are converted into Objects of Love, viz. by the
Propitiation, (8) 1 Tim. i. 15. (b) Pf. xxxviii. 4. (i) Pf. cxxx. 7.
Propitiation, which has been made for them, SERM. and not by their own work or Power: II. For, when we were yet without Strength, in due Time Christ died for the Ungodly (k). And thus it behoved him to suffer (1), otherwise we had been undone for ever.
And as the Satisfaction of Christ appears from the Account given of it in the Holy Scriptures to have been necessary, so muft we look on it also, as sufficient.
We cannot throw a greater Reflection on the Deity, than to charge him with forniing any Scheme, which will not answer up to the Purpose, it was' calculated for. It is for weak Short-fighted Mortals to be baulked in their Views, and to project, what they can never execute. But the All-knowing cannot be mistaken, nor the All-powerful be disappointed.
This general Remark, founded on the natural Sense, we have of God, and his abfolute Perfections, is of itself enough to establish the Sufficiency of Christ's Satisfaction. Though we may very much encrease its Weight by throwing in the Consideration
both (k) Rom. v, 6. (1) St. Luke xxiv. 46.
Serm. both of the Ransom, and of the Person, 11. who paid it, Be the Price laid upon our
Heads never so high, our . Deliverer is still
(m) St. Pet. į, 18, 19.
(n) Ephes. v. 2.