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(2). The proposed special rules, together with a printed notice, specifying that any objection to such rules on the ground of anything contained therein or omitted therefrom may be sent by any of the persons employed in the factory to the chief inspector, shall, during not less than two weeks before such rules are transmitted to the chief inspector, be posted up in like manner, as is provided in this act respecting the publication of special rules for the information of persons employed in the factory, and a certificate that such rules and notice have been posted up shall be sent to the chief inspector, with the rules signed by the person sending the same.
(3). The secretary of state may approve such rules either with or without any omission, alteration or addition, and on his approval being signified in such manner as he may think fit, the special rules as approved may be establịshed. But no such omission, alteration or addition shall be made without sufficient notice to the occupier to enable him to state his objections, if any, thereto.
9.-(1). After special rules are established under this act in any white lead factory, the occupier of such factory may from time to time propose in writing to the chief inspector, for the approval of a secretary of state any amendment of such rules or any new special rules, and the provisions of this act with respect to the original special rules shall apply to all such amendments and new rules in like manner, as near as may be, as they apply to the original rules.
(2) A secretary of state may at any time propose to the occupier of any white lead factory any new special rules or any amendments to the special rules; any such new rules or amendments shall, as settled after tinie given for consideration of the objections, if any, of the occupier, be established as from a date to be fixed by a secretary of state and specified therein.
10. If the occupier of any white lead factory to which this act applies makes any false statement with respect to the posting up of the special rules and notices, he shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty pounds; and if special rules for any white lead factory are not transmitted within the time limited by this act to the chief inspector, for the approval of a secretary of state, such secretary of state may, by writing, under his hand establish for that factory such special rules as he may see fit, to come into operation as from a date to be fixed by him and specified therein.
11.-(1). Printed copies of all special rules for the time being in force in any white lead factory under this act shall be kept posted up in legible characters in conspicuous places in the factory where they may be conveniently read by the persons employed.
(2). A printed copy of such rules shall be given by the occupier to any person affected thereby on his or her application.
(3.) If the occupier of any white lead factory fails to comply with any provisions of this section, he shall be liable on suminary conviction to a fine not exceeding ten pounds.
12 Every person, who pulls down, injures, or defaces any proposed special rules, notice, or special rules when posted up in pursuance of the provisions of this act with respect to special rules, or any notice posted up in pursuance of the special rules shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five pounds.
Explanation of Certain Provisions of Factory, etc., Act, 1878.*
13. It is hereby declared that
(a). Section fifty-three, of the Factory and Workshop Act 1878, only authorizes overtime employment of young persons or women to take place in any factory or workshop on forty-eight days in the whole in any twelve months; and that in reckoning such period of forty-eight days, every day on which any young person or woman has been employed overtime is to be taken into account, and that
(6). Section fifty-six of the said act only authorizes overtime e nployment of women to take place in any factory or workshop on ninety-six days in the whole in any twelve months; and that in reckoning such period of ninety-six days, every day on which any woman has been employed overtime is to be taken into account.
14. Notwithstanding anything in section twelve or section fourteen of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1898, the period of employment for a child in an afternoon set in a factory or workshop, where the dinner time does not begin before two o'clock in the afternoon, may begin at noon; provided that in such case the period of employment in the morning set shall end at noon.
15. It shall not be lawful to let or suffer to be occupied as a bakehouse, or to occupy as a bakehouse, any room or place which was not so let or occupied before the first day of June, 1883, unless the following regulations are complied with :
(1). No water closet, earth closet, privy, or ash pit shall be within or communicate directly with the bakehouse;
(2). Any cistern for supply water to the bakehouse shall be separate and distinct from any cistern for supplying water to a water closet;
(3). No drain or pipe carrying off focal or sewerage matter shall have air opening within the bakehouse.
Any person who lets or suffers to be occupied, or who occupies any room or place as a bakehouse in contravention of this section shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding forty shillings, and to a further fine not exceeding five shillings for every day during which any room or place is so occupied after a conviction under this section.
16. When a court of summary jurisdiction is satisfied on the prosecution of an inspector or a local authority that any room or place used as a bakehouse, whether the same was or was not so used before the passing of this act, is in such a state as to be on sanitary grounds unfit for use or occupation as a bakehouse, the occupier of the bakehouse shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding forty shillings, and on a second or any subsequent conviction, not exceeding five pounds.
The court of summary jurisdiction, in addition to or instead of inflicting such fine, may order means to be adopted by the occupier within the time named in the order, for the purpose of removing the ground of complaint. The court may, upon application, enlarge the time so named, but if, after the time originally named is enlarged by subsequent order, the order is not complied with, the occupier shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one pound for every day that such non-compliance continues.
17.-(1). As respects every retail bakehouse, the provisions of this part of this act and of sections 3, 33, 34, and 35, of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, which relates to cleanliness, ventilation, overcrowding, and other sanitary conditions, shall be enforced by the local authority of the district in which the retail bakehouse is situate, and not by an inspector under the Factory and Work. shop Act, 1878; and for the purposes of this section the medical officer of health of the local authority shall have and exercise all such powers of entry, inspection, taking legal proceedings, and otherwise, as an inspector under the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878.
(2). If any child, young person or woman is employed in any retail bakehouse, and the medical officer of the local authority becomes aware thereof, he shall forth with give written notice thereof to the factory inspector for the district.
(3). An inspector under the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, shall not, as respects any retail bakehouse exercise the power of entry and inspection conferred by that act, unless he has notice or reasonable cause to believe that a child, young person or woman is employed therein.
18. This act shall be construed as one with the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, and in this act, unless the context otherwise requires
The expression “white lead factory” includes every factory or workshop in which the manufacture of white lead is carried on.
The expression “retail bakehouse" means any bakehouse, or place, the bread, biscuit or confectionery baked in which are not sold wholesale, but by retail in some shop or place occupied together with such bakehouse.
The expression “local authority” means, as respects the city of London and the liberties thereof, the commissioners of sewers ; as respects the parishes and districts mentioned in the Schedules A and B, annexed to the Metropolis Management Act, 1855, and any parish to which the said act may be extended by order in council in manner in the said act provided, the vestries and district boards elected under the said act; and as respects any urban sanitary district, the urban sanitary authority; and as respects any rural sanitary district, the rural sanitary authority, within the meaning of the Public Health Act, 1875.
Conditions of Obtaining Certifieate.
(1). The stacks and stoves in the factory must be efficiently ventilated.
(2). There must be provided for the use of the persons employed in the factory sufficient means of frequently washing hands and feet with a sufficient supply of hot and cold water, soap, towels and brushes.
(3). There must be provided in addition tor the use of women employed in the factory, sufficient baths, with a sufficient supply of hot and cold water, soap, towels and brushes.
(4). There must be provided for the use of persons employed in the factory (but not in any part of the factory where any work is carried on) a proper room for meals,
(5). There must be provided for every person working at any tank an overall suit with head covering, and for every person working at any white bed, a respirator, or covering for the mouth and nostrils, and head covering, and for every person working at any dry stove or rollers, an overall suit with head covering, and a respirator or covering for the mouth and nostrils.
(6). There must be accessible to all persons employed in the factory a sufficient supply of acidulated drink.