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10. Every occupier of any distinct chamber or apartment in any of the Inns of Court, or any public hospital, is to be charged as if the same was one entire house, except where the number of windows does not exceed eight, in which case they are to be charged ls. 9d. each window. All dwelling-rooms in any hall or office belonging to any person, or any companies that are liable to any other taxes or parish rates, are to be charged to the said duties as dwelling-houses on the persons to whom they belong. And where any dwelling-house shall be divided into different tenements, being distinct properties, every such tenement is subject to the same duties as before men tioned with respect to chambers.
Exemptions. Any house belonging to His Majesty, or any of the Royal Family; public offices; hospitals; charity schools; houses provided for the relief of poor persons; except the apartments occupied by the officers and servants, which are to be assessed as entire dwelling-houses; places for divine worship, not used for any other purpose. Windows in any dairy or cheese-room used for the purpose of keeping butter and cheese, provided the windows shall be made with splines or wooden laths, or iron bars or wires, and whollv without glass, and the occupiers shall paint on the outer door, or on the outside of the windows, in large Roman letters, the words, “ dairy or cheese-room;" and that no person at any time dwell or sleep therein. Any window or light in any room or dwelling-house, used solely for carrying on any manufacture therein, and not having an internal communication with the dwelling-house, or any part thereof, although adjoining. Any number of windows, not exceeding three, in any shop or warehouse in the front of a dwelling-house, occupied by any person in trade who shall expose to sale, or sell any goods, wares, or merchandize in such shop or warehouse, are exempt by the act 4 Geo. IV. c. 11. And all interior windows are exeın pt from the 5th April last.
The following abstract of and remarks upon the Building and other Acts, will put the reader in possession of all the most important facts, in relation to the Law of England,
1. It is enacted, That it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to distil or boil any turpentine, or to draw any oil of turpentine and rosin by distilling turpentine, or to boil any oil and turpentine together, above the quantity of ten gallons at one time, of all or any of the said commodities within the limits of the Building Act; in any workhouse or place contiguous to any other building, or in any place nearer to any other building than the distance of fifty feet, at the least; upon pain that every person offending therein, shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred pounds.
Provided always, That nothing in this act contained shall extend to prevent Shipwrights, Barge-builders, Boatbuilders, or Mast-makers, or other Persons employed in building or repairing ships, barges, boats, or other vessels, near the river Thames, from boiling or mixing oil and other materials for the purpose of paying ships, barges, boats, or masts.
2. It is enacted, That the Churchwardens of every Parish, and the Overseers of the Poor of
and Place, not having any Churchwarden within the Limits of the Building Act, are respectively required, froin time to time for ever, to make, place, and fix, at the charge of such respective parish, precinct, or place, upon the mains and pipes belonging to any water-work whatsoever within the limits aforesaid, such and so many stop blocks of wood, with a wood plug, as such Church wardens or Overseers of the Poor shall direct. That any mark or writing may be placed on the front of any house or houses, over against, or nearest to the place where such stop blocks, plugs, or firecocks respectively lie. That an instrument or key to open the stop block, &c. be kept in such house or houses.
3. That the turn-cock belonging to the waterwork whose waters should be found on, or shall first come into the main or pipe, where any plug shall be opened at any fire, shall be paid any sum not exceeding ten shillings, by the Church wardens or Overseers; and that the engine-keeper who first brings a parish engine or other large engine, if in good order and complete, shall be paid any sum not exceeding thirty shillings; the keeper of the second parish engine or other large engine which shall be next brought, in such order and so complete, shall be paid any sum not exceeding twenty shillings; and the keeper of the engine, which shall be the third of such engines brought, shall be paid any sum not exceeding ten shillings, such payment to be made by the Church wardens or Overseers of the parish in which such fire shall happen.
4. That in all cases where any reward or rewards are borne or paid by any Overseer o Churchwarden, on account of any fire being in a chimney only, or first beginning in a chimney, the inhabitants or occupier of any room or apartment to which any such chimney belongs, being a lodger or inmate to, or with any tenant or holder of any house or building of which such room or apartment is part, or if such chimney belong not to any such lodger or inmate, then the tenant, renter, or occupier of the house or building in which such fire begins, shall repay the Church warden or Overseer of the poor.
5. That if any menial or other servant or servants, through negligence or carelessness, shall fire, or cause to be fired, any dwelling-house or outhouse, within the limits of the Building Act, or elsewhere within the kingdom of Great Britain, such servant or servants being convicted before two Justices of the Peace, shall forfeit or pay the sum of £100 to the Churchwardens or Overseers, to be distributed among the sufferers; and in default thereof, he committed to the common gaol or house of correction for the space of eighteen months, there to be kept to hard abour.
6. That no action or suit shall be had or prosecuted against any person in whose house or building, or on whose estate, any fire shall accidentally begin, any law, usage, or custom to the contrary notwithstanding.
7. If a lessee take a house or building, with a covenant to repair, accidents by fire excepted, he is liable for the rent after it is burnt down, and before it is rebuilt. If the lessor insures, receives the insurance money, and neglects to rebuild, an injur ction will be granted from the Court of Chancery.