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11 Only Luke is 11 & 12. I have also sent Tychi- A. D.67. with me. Take Mark cus to Ephesus, so that I have now and bring him with

no body with me but Luke. When thee ; for he is profitable to me for the you come, therefore, bring Mark ministry.

with you ; for he will be very ser12 And Tychicus viceable to me in assisting me to prohave I sent to Ephe. mote the Gospel. fus. 13 The * cloak that

13. When I was last at Troas, I I left at Troas with left a Parchment * Roll, and some Carpus, when thou Books there ; bring them with you, comeft

, bring, with but especially the Roll. thee, and the books, but especially the parchments. 14 Alexander the

14 & 15. Alexander the Coppercopper-smith did me smith has been a great Enemy to me: much evil: the Lord And I I leave him to God, to be reward him according to his works.

recompenced as he deserves. Take

heed of him, for he is a bitter AdOf whom be 15 thou ware also ; for versary against the Christian Cause. he hath greatly withstood our words.

16 At my first an 16. When I was brought upon swer no man stood with my first Trial, almost f all my me, but all men for. Christian Acquaintance at Rome forTook me : I pray God fook me : Pray God pity and forthat it may not be laid to their charge.

give their Cowardise. 17. Notwithstand

17. But, while they relinquished ing the Lord stood


I was Divinely Asifted to dewith me, and itrength- fend my self; and God was pleased ened me ; that by me

to make me the Instrument of spreadthe


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* The Cloak, peabvno, a Parchment Roll, the same with Melba Epávce; the Parchments. The Syriac reads it a Cheft of Books.

I Ver. 14. The Lord reward Him This is not to be understood as an imprecation, but as a Prophet's Expression : As in like manner, is that dying Speech of Zachariah, The Lord look upon it, and requite it, 2 Chron. xxiv. 22. which is in the Future Tense, God will look upon it. + All Men for

fook me. Qmnibus, id eft à Maxima parte defertum fe effe Conqueritur. Jerom,


D. A.67. the preaching might ing the Gospel-Doctrine to the Gen

be fully known, and tiles of these Parts, by delivering that all the Gentiles

me from the Sentence of the Cruel might hear : and I * Emperor for that time. was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.

18 And the Lord 18. And, though I am now likeshall deliver met from ly to be unjustly Condemned, and every evil work, and suffer by him; yet, am I sure, God will preserve me unto will still preserve me from doing + his heavenly king, or saying any thing unbecoming my dom: glory for ever and Religion, or my Ministerial Office; Amen.

and carry me through Death into the

Happiness of his Heavenly Kingdom: To whom therefore I ascribe all Honour and Glory for ever and ever. Amen. 19 Salute Prisca

19. My hearty Christian Love to and Aquila, and the Aquila and Priscilla, with Onesiphohoushold of Onesipho- rus and his Family. 20 Erastus abode


would know what is at Corinth : but Tro- become of Erastus, I can only tell phimus have I left at you, I left him at Corinth in my

Miletum sick. || See Pear.

last || Travels thither; and Trophifon, op. Poft.

mus falling Sick at Miletus, in Crete, I was forced to leave him in that Inand.

2i Do thy diligence 21. Come to me before Winter, to come before win- if you can. Eubulus, Pudens, Liter. Eubulus greeteth thee, and Pudens, and nus, Claudia, and all the Christians Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren. 22 The Lord Jesus

22. May the Lord Jesus Christ Christ be with thy be your Director and Guide. His fpirit. Grace be with Love and Favourbe ever with

thee. Amen.


20. If

here salute you.

you. Amen.

* Nero, or else his Deputy Helius Cæfarianus.

+ And the Lord mall deliver me. Et liberabit me, inquit (non à Vinculis sed) ab omni opere Malo. Pearson op. Poft. pag. 25.





Epistle of St. PAUL


T 1 T U S.


$1. NO HE Time of St. Paul's being in the

Island of Crete, and leaving Titus as
Bishop there, is placed, by some, in the
Year 55. viz. in his Travels mentioned
Aets xx. But our more accurate Bishop

Pearson has shown good Reasons against that ; and, much more probably, stated it in the Interval between St. Paul's first and second Confinement at Rome, viz. Anno Domini 63. dating this Epistle the Year following ; with which Account Dr. Mill differs but in one single Year.

§ 2. The Occasion on which it was Written is so perfectly the same with those to Timothy, that the Substance and Style of it may well be, as it appears, of the same StrainA Church was indeed planted here, but wanted Watering, Cultivation, and due Order. The Natives of this Island were an Idle, False and Luxurious People, say the


Ancient Historians and Geographers, agreeable to St.Paul's Descriptions of them here, Chap. i. but might have made more tractable Christians, had not their ill Qualities and Dispositions been fomented by the Jewish Zealots, abounding in that Place. Against whose ignorant and malicious Prejudices the Apostle most clearly levels all the Characters he gives of a good Bishop or Church-Governour ; and the several Directions for the Conduct of People of both Sexes, in their respective Ages, Stations, and Degrees, conformably to the two foregoing Epistles, and to the general Current of the other Epistolary Writings relating to those Matters.


The Title and Salutation. The Design of St. Paul's leav-
ing Titus Bishop in Crete, and of this Epistle to him;
viz. To Ordain Church Ministers, and reduce that
Church to a Regularity in Opinion and Practice ; espe-
cially the Judaizing Part of them, that were more
zealous about Jewish Traditions and Ceremonies than
the Substantial Matters of Christianity. The good Qua-
lifications of a Church Governour. A bad Character of
the Cretians, particularly the Jewish Inhabitants of that

Written PAUL a fervant 1.


AUL, a Worshipper of the A.D. 64.

True God, and an Apostle apostle of Jesus Chrift, of Jesus Christ, specially Commisaccording to the faith fioned to Preach his Religion in its of God's elect, and Truth and Purity, and Convert the acknowledging of the truth, which is Men of all Nations to the true Faith after godliness,

of it. 2 In hopes of eter 2 & 3. A Religion that gives all nal life, which God, true Believers, whether Jews or that cannot lie, pro, Gentiles, a full and sure Hope of mised before the world

enjoying that great Promise of Eterbegan;

3 But hath in due nal Happiness, made by the God of time manifested his Truth Himself, at first to Adam in word


word through preach- the Beginning of the World, and to A. D.64.
ing, which is com- Abraham and the Patriarchs after-
mitted unto me, ac- ward : Which, though loft and for-
cording to the com-
mandment of God our Gentile Nations, through their ma-

gotten by the far greater Part of the
Saviour :

nifold Corruptions, and wilful Ini-
quities ; yet is now again reyived and declared to them
All, under the Gospel Dispensation (the proper Season made
choice of by Divine Wisdom for that purpose): And I
am appointed to publish it for the Salvation of all the

4 To Titus, mine 4. I Paul send this Epistle to
own son after the Titus, my dear Convert to Chri-
common faith, grace, ftianity ; 'wishing him all Divine
mercy; and peace Favour and Happiness from God
from God the Father, the Father, and Jesus Christ our
and the Lord Jesus Saviour and Governour.
Christ our Saviour.

For this cause 5. To remind you of the good
left I thee in Crete, End for which I Consecrated and
that * thou shouldest left you Bishop of the Church of
set in order the things Crete, viz. To perfect the Conver-
that are wanting, and fion I had there begun, to give
ordain elders in every such Rules of Doctrine and Disci-
city, as I had

pointed thee. pline as were wanting, and to Or-

dain other Church-Ministers in the
several Cities of that Ifand, to put them in due and
constant Execution.
6 If any be blame

6 & 7. Now a Bishop and Go-
less, the husband of vernour of a Christian Church, as a
one wife,

having Steward over God's Family, ought,
faithful children, not
accused of riot, or

in general, to be a Person of an un-

exceptionable Character : And, in 7 For a bishop must particular, ought not to be one that be blameless, as the has been guilty, either of the Pofteward of God : not lygamy of the Heathens, or of Diself-willed, not foon vorcing his Wife for Humoursome angry, not given to Reasons, and Marrying others, acwine, no striker, nor cording to the Corrupt Usages of given to filthy lucre ; the Jews. He must be one that


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* Ver. 5. That thou shouldest fet in order the things that are wanting. Or, öva ta asorta dopédon, To rectify Disorders,

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