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1. D. 64. has Educated his family in the Christian Faith ; that no

body can accuse of the least Debauchery or Disorderly
Life ; not Stubborn and Passionate in his Words, or Vio-
lent in his Behaviour ; addicted neither to Drunkenness,
nor any Sordid Practices for Worldly Gains.

8 But a lover of 8. But, on the contrary, must
hospitality, a lover of be a Person Hospitable and Chari-
good men, sober, juft, table, Grave in his Carriage, Just
holy, temperate,

in his Dealings, devoted to the Ser-
vice of God, and temperate in his Pleasures.

9 Holding fast the 9. In fine, he must be fteddy to
faithful word, as he the true Christian Doctrine, by the
hath been taught, that Truth and Strength whereof, he
he may be able by
found doctrine both may be able to Comfort and Sup-
to exhort, and to con-

port the Orthodox, and to Confute
vince the gainsayers.

and Reprove the Erroneous and Ob

10 For there are 10. Of which latter you have
many unruly and vain abundance in Crete, whose Bufi-
talkers and deceivers, nefs is to Talk and Dispute, and
especially they of the Seduce the Minds of Men ; but
circumcision :

especially the Jewish Zealots, and
such Christian Converts as they have Corrupted with
their Notions.
11 Whose mouths

u. These Men, however false
must be stopped, who and vain their Arguments be, must
subvert whole houses,

yet be Answered and Confuted ;
teaching things which for they gain upon whole Families
they ought not, for
filthy lucre's fake.

by their unreasonable Suggestions,

which they spread about, only for
present Profit and Applause.
12 One of them-

12 & 13. When the Poet Epi.
selves, even a prophet menides, a Native of their own,
of their own, said, described the Cretians, as a False,
The Cretians are al Mischievous, and Luxurious People,
way liars, evil beasts, he said what was as true of these
llow bellies *.
13 This Jewish Inhabitants, as it could be of


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* Ver. 12. Slow Bellies, yasépes ápai, not Now, but swift, tager Bellies, like that of texa Sopíz, evil wild Beasts. So in Homer, xúves kegyes are swift Dogs.


13 This witness is the Original Natives of the Place : A. D.64. true : wherefore *

And therefore you must keep them buke them sharply, under a strict Censure and Discipline; that they may


especially such of either of them as found in the faith ;

are Christian Converts, to reduce them again to true Christian Principles.

14 Not giving 14. For they are now addicted heed to Jewish fables, to hardly any thing but the Study and commandments of of Jewish Fables and Traditions ; men, that turn from that tend to nothing but to corrupt the truth.

the Christian Faith. 15 Unto the pure 15. Their Jewish Teachers perall things are pure : [wade them to put the Stress of but unto them that Religion upon nice Distinctions of are defiled and t un. Meats and Drinks, Clean and Unbelieving is nothing clean Things : Whereas, alas ! a pure ; but even their Gentile Convert, that lives up to the mind and conscience

Faith and Precepts of Christianity, is defiled.

is Clean and Pure in the Sight of God, let him Eat or Touch what he will; while They, by their obstinate Infidelity and Immoralities, can perform no acceptable Service to God; and their niceft Ceremonies signify just nothing t.

16 They profess 16. They boast themselves to be that they know God; the only People in Covenant with but in works they de. God, and acquainted with True ny him, being abomi- Religion : But their Practices are a nable, and disobedi

Contradiction to all such Pretences, ent, and unto every good work reprobate I.

and their stubborn Disobedience to

the plainest Laws of God, has, now, rendered them odious to him, whose Church and People they once were.

* Ver, 13. Rebuke them sharply, Storóws, Cut them, as it were, to the Quick.

+ Ver 15. And Unbelieving. 'Arisons, Unfaithful, Treacherous, though they were pretended Believers.

# Ver. 16. Unto every good work reprobate. Após xão pornon deryaber é d'oxipos, Stupid and Injudicious as to every good Work. See Note on Rom, i, 28.



Titus's Charge to a prudent and courageous Behaviour

against the forementioned Persons and their Principles.
Advices concerning Elderly Men and Women ; particu-
larly such as were in any Church-Office. Concerning
Servants or Slaves. The Christian Religion equally con-
cerns all Ranks and Degrees of People.

A.D. 64. B the things which

UT speak thou

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become sound do- False Teachers, and misled Conetrine.

verts, make it your more earnest Business to Preach, and press the true Doctrines of Christianity, upon all Persons, in their several Stations and Degrees.

2 That the aged 2. Viz. Urge it as the great Duty men be sober, grave, of the Elder sort of Men, particutemperate, found in larly such as are Presbyters of the faith, in charity, in Church, to be Grave, Serious, and patience :

Temperate in their Conversation, Sound in Christian Principles, Charitable to all, and Patient under the Sufferings that befal them.

3 The aged women 3. And that all Elderly Women,

likewise, that they be particularly such as are employed by # Deaconesses. in behaviour as be- the Church |, in the Baptism of See 1 Tim,iü. cometh holiness ; not Women, and in other Offices of like

false accusers, not given
to much wine, teach- nature, use such Habit, Gesture and

Behaviour as become Christians; no ers of good things;

way addicted to Slander or Drunkenness, but to be exemplary in all the Virtues that adorn their Sex. 4. That they may

4 & 5. That, by their good Exteach the young wo- ample, the younger Women may men to be lober, to be influenced to a Sober, Modest, love their husbands, Discreet and Chafte Behaviour ; to to love their children, mind the Business of their families,


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5 To be discreet, to respect their Husbands, and take A.D. 64. chafte, keepers at due Care of their Children ; and so, home, good, obedient

on their Part, cut off all Occasions to their own || hus from any to think or speak re- to the Ephe

Il See Pref. bands, that the word

fians, $ 4. of God be not blaf. proachfully of our Holy Religion. phemed.

6 Young men like. 6. In like manner, exhort all wise exhort to be so- young Men to a due and careful ber-minded.

Government of their Passions, 7 In all things shew 7 & 8. And thus, in relation to ing thy self a pattern all Ranks of People, do your utof good works : in most to become truly Exemplary doctrine Jewing un

in the Purity and Simplicity of your corruptness

, gravity, Doctrine, and the Sincerity of your fincerity,

Sound speech that Practice ; that so neither Jewish nor cannot be condemned; Gentile Adverfary may find

any reathat he that is of the sonable Objection against you. contrary part may be afhamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

9 Exhort servants 9 & 10. And, whereas the Jewish to be obedient unto Zealots would perswade Men, that their own masters, and their Religious Privileges exempt to please them well in them even from Civil and Natural*

* See Pref. all things : not answering again; Obligations to Men of different and to the Ephe

fians, $ 4. 10 Not purloining, false Religions ; be the more earnest but shewing all good to warn all such Christians, as are fidelity ; that they Servants or Slaves (though it be to may adorn the do- Heathen Masters) against so false a ctrine of God our Sa- Principle. Exhort them to serve viour in all things. their respective Masters, in every Lawful Thing, diligently and faithfully, without rudely contradicting their Commands, or defrauding them by the least Neglect or Injustice : By which They will become a Credit to their Profession, even in the low Station wherein Providence has placed them.

1 For the grace

11 & 12. For, the gracious Reof God, that bringeth ligion of the Gospel lays the same salvation, hath ap- excellent Duties of Piety, Justice, peared unto all men and Sobriety, upon the lowest Slave,

12 Teach




A.D. 64.

12 Teaching us, as much as upon the higheft Master, that denying ungodli- equally respecting all Ranks and Deness and worldly lufts, we should live fober. grees of Mankind. ly, righteously, and godly in this present world ;

13 Looking for that 13. And as All have the same blessed hope, and the Duties and Conditions, so have they glorious appearing of they same comfortable Hope and Exthe great God, and

pectation of a Glorious Reward for Saviour Jesus

their Obedience, at the Appearance Chrift:

of the Great God, and our Saviour Jesus, to judge the World. 14 Who gave

him 14. Even of that Saviour, who self for us, that he gave his Life a Sacrifice for the might redeem us from Redemption of all Mankind, to proall iniquity, and puri- cure the Pardon of their Sins, and fy unto himself a pe

restore and oblige all to that sincere culiar people, zealous

Practice of Piety and Virtue, which of good works.

makes us the true and beloved Mem

bers of his Church. 15 These things 15. These are the Truths you speak and exhort, and ought to declare and urge upon Men, rebuke with all au in the most authoritative Manner: thority. Let no man And, with so prudent a Severity, despise thee.

to Censure and Punish such as open. ly contradict them, that they may not flight and undervalue your Authority.


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