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CH A P. III.

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1.

The CONTENTS. Of Duty to Magiftrates, against Railing, and EvilSpeaking. The Gospel-Religion intended for the Refore mation and Happiness of both Gentile and Jew. Pardon and Salvation not to be attained by the nicest Obfervation of the Ceremonial Law, but is the Effect of the pure Mercy of God, on Condition of our sincere Obedience to the Gospel Commands. Against Jewish Traditions and Genealogies. A Heretick not to be Excommunicated, till after just and due Admonition. Charitableness recommended. The Salutations and Conclusion. UT them in mind

Nother Prejudice you must A.D.64. to be subject to

carefully warn the Jewish principalities and pow- Zealots against, is, That no Heathen ers, to obey magiftrates, Governors have any Obedience due to to be ready to every them from God's People ; * nor any

* See Rom. good work,

Magistrates that are not of their Nation and Religion. Remind them often, That Christianity alters no Civil Rights ; and that they ought to pay all just Submission to the Emperor, and all due I and chearful I Tãy épa Respect to all their Superiors.

γον αγαθών. . 2. To speak evil of

2. Warn them also against that no man, to be no prevailing Temper of Reviling, and brawlers, but gentle, furiously Contending with all that Mhewing all meekness

are not of the same Religious Sentiunto all men.

ments with themselves. 3 *ourselves

3. All Christians, both Gentile and also were sometimes Jewish, ought to be the more Patient foolish, disobedient,de- and Condescending in their Behaviour ceived, Р

toward

xiii. 1.

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For we

* Ver. 3. We ourselves. St. Paul either mixes himself with the Gentile Christians (as in several other Passages) or, perhaps, speaks of himself frictly, denoting what Temper he was of before his Conversion.

A.D. 64. ceived, serving divers toward their Adversaries, when they

luits and pleasures, li- consider, this Turbulent, Selfish, and ving in malice and en- Quarrelsome Disposition favours too vy, hateful, and hating much of that unregenerate State, one another.

wherein they all lately were, before

their Conversion. 4 But after that the

4, 5, 6 & 7. And that it was the kindness and love of Design of this great Mercy of God God our Saviour to- in the Gospel Revelation, and in reward man appeared,

5 Not by works of ceiving them into the happy Privirighteousness which we leges of the Christian Covenant by have done, but accord- Baptism, and the gracious Influences ing to his mercy he of the Holy Spirit attending their Adsaved us by the wash- mission into it, to reform them from ing of regeneration, such a Temper : And, to prevent all and renewing of the further Disputes about the Necessity of holy Ghost; their External Matters of Religion ;

6 Which he shed on they ought to remember, they were us abundantly, through All thus Redeemed, and put into a Jesus Christ our Savi

Capacity of Eternal Life and Hap7 That being justi. piness, by the pure and sole Mercy of fied by his grace, we God through Christ; a Mercy which should be made heirs neither the Gentiles could in the least according to the hope merit, by virtue of any thing they of eternal life.

did, or could have done ; nor the Jews lay any Claim to, by the most exact Observance of their Ceremonial Law.

8 This is a * faith 8. These are the * certain and ful saying, and these most substantial Points of Christianithings I will that thou ty; and it is of infinite Importance affirm constantly, that

to You and Them, to perswade them they which have believed in God, might themselves of so gentle and charitable

to be chiefly bent upon poflessing be carefult to maintain good works : these a Temper, and upon such Practices things are good and as are the indispensable Conditions of profitable unto men. these mighty Blessings and Privileges.

9. Where

our :

9 But

* Ver. 8. A faithful saying. See the Notes on 1 Tim. xv. 2 Tim. ii. 11.

+ Ver. 8. Might be careful to maintain good Works. Kadão igyan mopoisams to prefer, to excel in, good Works.

*

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9 But avoid foolish 9. Wherefore reject and discoun- A.D.64 questions, and gene- tenance all the frivolous and contenalogies, and contentious Disputes about Jewish Traditions, and strivings, about the law ; for they

ditions, Pedigrees, and Ceremonies ; are unprofitable and as being of no manner of Advantage, vain,

but the greatest Obstacles to the Chri

itian Profession. 10 A man that is an 10 & 11. Whatever pretended heretick, after the first Christian is obftinately and incurably and second Admoni- bent upon maintaining such Docirines, tion, + reject :

or Practices, as are directly contra11 Knowing that he that is such, is fub. dictory to the known Rules of our verted, and linneth, Religion *; and such as, upon fufficibeing condemned of ent Admonition, he cannot but, *Gărøpeshimself.

Himself, know to be so ; and all this

out of a faclious Temper, to set himself up as Head of a Party, ready to join with any Seat whatever, for promoting some worldly End and Purpose ; let him tbe Expelled from the Christian Church, as one tautoxes that acts against the plain Dictates of his own Conscience ; Táxpira. and is to be look'd on as a loft and profligate Person, and his Conversation avoided. 12When I shall send

12. As soon as I send either ArArtemas unto thee, or temas, or Tychicus, to supply your Tychicus, be diligent Place, make it your Business to to come unto me to Nicopolis : for I have meet me at Nicopolis, for I intend determined there to

to stay there the Winter Season. winter. 13 Bring Zenas the

13. Supply Zenas and Apollos lawyer, and Apollos with all Necessaries for their Voyage on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them. 14 And let ours al

14. And be careful to Exhort all fo learn I to maintain Christians, but especially the Jewish good works for ne.

I Converts (who most want the truiteposu cessary

P 2

Advice)

to me.

* Ver. 9. Foolish Questions. See 2 Tim. ii, 23.

+ Ver. 10. An Heretick-reject. 5 apartõ avoid him, have nothing to do with him.

Ver. 4. Let ours learn. Some learned Persons think that by ours he means the Gentile Converts. Let the Reader judge.

govo

A. D. 64. cessary uses, that they Advice) to the Exercise of Charity be not unfruitful.

and * Beneficence, wherever there is nancov špo Occasion for it, without Distinction, upon any account of

different Sentiments and Opinions.
15.

All that are with 15. All the Christians with me
me falute thee. Greet send their hearty Love to you. Do
them that love us in the same from us to all that bear us
the faith. Grace be
with you all. Amen. Love and Favour be with you all.

any

Christian Respect. The Divine Amen.

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A

PARAPHRASE

ON THE

Epistle of St. PAUL

TO

PHIL E M O N.

The PREFACE.
AREA Nesimus was Servant (or Slave) to Philemon

the Colossian, one of St. Paul's Converts. He
had robbed, and ran away from his Master.
The better to lie undiscovered, He gets to

Rime, where the Apostle then lay, under his First (See l'er. 22.) Confinement. St Paul providentially happens upon this Man ; converts him to the Christian Faith ; and now sends him back to his Masier, with this Epistle of Reconciliation : Wherein are so many lively Strokes of generous Humanity and Christian Compassion to a reformed Sinner ; of such Justice, mix'd with fo much Sweetness and Condescention, along with the Authority of an Apostle, toward one that was both a Friend and a Disciple; as may render it a just Wonder, to find some People of Opinion, that This Epistle contained so little in it, as to be unworthy to be ranked among St. Paul's Writings. For more particular Moral Reflections froin this Letter the Curious Reader may be referred to the Excellent Preface of St. Chrysostome.

P 3

PHILE

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