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hárdest or most hard; wicked, more wicked, most wicki ed; improper, more improper, most improper ; beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful; indelicate, more indelicate, most indelicate to Good, better, beft; bad worse, worst ; mach or many, more, moft ; little, less, leaft. 2. With respect to number. This these, that those.
V E R B. A Verb is a word which denotes action or event ; as, I love, I ftand.
Verbs, like pronouns, have number and person. They have also ucices, modes, and times.
There are two voices; the active and pasive. The active denotes the accomplishing an action or event; as, I beat. The pafide denotes the fupering an adion or event ; as, I am beaten.
There are five modes; the indicativé, potential, coir jun&tive, imperative, and infinitive. The indicative expresies or alks a question concerning the adion or event itself; as, I write, Do I write ? The potential expressesor alks a question concerning the poflibility, probability, propriety, liberty, or neceflity of the action or event; as, I can write, Can I write ? I may write, May I write? The conjunctive follows a conjunction, and expresses an action or event, or the poflibility, &c. of it, with un. certainty or doubt ; as, If he fleep, he shall do well; I wish (that) you may be safe. The imperative intreats or commands ; as, Let me write, Write thou. The infinitive expresses the action or event indefinitely or in an untimited manner with respect to number and person; as, To ride is pleasant.
There are six times or senses. The present iinperfect paft imperfect, and future-imperfeet; prefent-perfelt, pall. perfect, and future-perfect. They are denominated per: fedt or imperfect, from the action or event being reprefented as fully accomplished or not :. Thus, I sup is the
pre# When the fignification increases, the Comparative and Superlative degrees of Adnouns of ane fyllable may generally be formed either by prefixing more and most to the Positive or giving it the terminations er and oft as above : but most Adnouns of two, and almost all of more than two fyllables, form these degrees best by more and most before the positives: 25,, more prudent, mojt beautiful
prefent-imperfect; I supped, the paft-imperfeft; I Mall or will sup, the future-imperfect ; I have
supped, the prefeni-perfect; I had fupped, the paft-perfect; and I Mall or will have fupped, the future-perfect; of the verb sup.
A verb added to another verb, to point out the mode or time, is called a helping verb; as, 1 mall write. The verb to which it is added, is called the principal verb.
A verb is faid to be regular which has its past times indicative mode terminated with ed; as, love. All other verbs are said to be regular.
Variation of HELPING VERBS. May.-I may, thou mayst or you may, he may: we
may, ye or you may, they may, Might. I might, thou mightst or you might, he might :
we might, ye or you might, they might. Can.-I can, thou canst or you can, he can: we can, ye
or you can, they can. Gould. I could, thou couldit or you could, he could :
we could, ye or you could, they could. Shall. I shall, thou shalt or you shall, he shall : we shall,
ye or you shall, they fhall. Should.--I should, thou shouldst or you should, he should:
we should, ye or you should, they should. Will.I will, thou wilt or you will, he will: we will,
ye or you will, they will. Would. I would, thou wouldīt or you would, he would:
we would, ye or you would, they would. Do.- do, thou dost or you do, he doth or does : we do,
ye or you do, they do. Did. I did, thou didit or you did, he did: we did, ye
or you did, they did Have. I have, thou hast or you have, he hath or has :
we have, ye or you have, they have. Had.-1 had, thou hadft or you had, he had : we had,
ye or you had, they had. Ought.--I ought, thou oughtít or you ought, he ought:
we ought, ye or you ought, they ought, Muft.-I must, thou muit, or you inust, he must: we
must, ye or you must, they must. Dare.--I dare, thou darest or you dare, lie dareth or dares : we dare, ye or you dare, they dare.
Durft. Durfi.--I durst, thou durft or you durst, he durft : we durft, ye or you durst, they durst.
INDICATIVE MODE. Present imperfe&t time.--I am, thou art er you are, he
is : we are, ye or you are, they are. Paft-imperfe&t. - I was, thou wait or you were, he was :
we were, ye or you were, they were. Future-imperfect.- 1 shall or will be, thou shalt or wilt
be, or you shall or will be, he fall or will be: we -shall or will be, ye or you shall or will be, they shall
or will be. Present-perfect--have been, thou hast been or you
have been, he hath or has been : we have been, ye or
you have been, they have been. Pali-perfect.--I had been, thou hadft been or you had
been, he had been : we had been, ye or you had been,
they had been. Future perfect.--I shall or will have been, thou shalt or
wilt have been, or you shall or will have been, he fhall or will have been : we lhall or will have been, ye or you shall or will have been, they shall or will have been.
POTENTIAL MODE... Prefent-imperfect time.--I may be, thou mayît be or you
may be, he may be : we may be, ye or you may be,
they may be. Paft-imperfect.- I might be, thou mightest or you might
be, he might be: we might be, ye or you might be,
they might be. Future-imperfect. I may or might be, thou mayst or
mightít, * In varying i he verb through this mode, instead of the auxiliary mor
the p esent-imperfect and prefent perfect times, can, muli, dare, may be substituted ; and intiead of might in the past-iinperfect, apd paft-perfect, could, would, jould, must, or durft, aay be substituted. In all the times, ought solo lowed by to, may be put for the helping verb: Thus, I ought to be, thou oughtít to be or you ought to be, &c. It may also be observed, that the fut re-imperfect is the same as the present-imperfect or paft-imperfect, and the future-perfect the fame as the present perfect or paft-pes fede.
mightít be or you may or might be, he may or might be: we may or might be, ye or you may or might be, they may or might be. Present perfect. I may have been, thou mayst have
been, or you may have been, he may have been: we may have been, ye or you may have been, they may
have been. Paft-perfect. I might have been, thou mightst have been, or you might have been, he might have been : we might have been, ye or you might have been, they
might have been. Future-perfelt.-I may or might have been, thou mayết
or mightft have been, or you may or might have been, he may or might have been : we may or might have been, ye or you may or might have been, they may or might have been.
CONJUNCTIVE MODE *. Present-imperfect time. - If I be, if thou be or if you be, if he be: if we be, if ye or you be, if they be. Or,
- If I may be, if thou may be or if you may be, if he may
be: if we may be, if ye or you may be, if they may be. Paft imperfect. If I were, if thou were or if you were, if he were : if we were, if ye or you were, if they
Or,--If might be, if thou might be or if you might be, if he might be : if we might be, if ye
or you might be, if they might be. Future-imperfect. If I shall or will be, if thou shall of
will be or if you thall or will be, if he shall or will be: If we shall or will be, if ye er you shall or will be, if they shall or will be. Or,- If I may or might be, if thou may or might be or if yoá may or might be, if he may or might be : if we may or might be, if ye or
you may or might be, if they may or might be. Present perfect. If I have been, if thou have been or if you have been, if he have been : if we have been, if Kk
ye In each time of this mode, the verb (whether helping or principal) should not be varied from its form in the first perfon. The conjunctions, tbough, unless, that, &c. may be suba Atituted throughout this mode, instead of if; and the fame auxiliaries may be put for may and might as in the potential (See note, P 386
ye or you have been, if they have been. Or, if I may have been, if thou may have been or if you may have been, if he may have been: if we may have been, if ye or you may have been, if they may have
been. Paft-perfefl.-If I had been, if thou had been or if you
had been, if he had been: if we had been, if ye or you had been, if they had been. Or,--If I miglit " have been, if thou might have been or if you might have been, if he might have been : if we might bave been, if ye of you might have been, if they might
have been. Future-perfect. If I shall or will have been, if thou shall
or will have been or if you fall or will have been: if he fhall or will bave been, if we fall or will have been, if ye or you fhall or will have been, if they shall or will have been. Or. If I may or might have been, if' thou may or might have been or if you may or might have been, if he may or might have been: if we may or might have been, if ye or you may or might have been, if they may or might have been.
IMPERATIVE MODE. Future imperfe&t time. Let me be, be thou or you, let him be: let us be, be ye or you, let them be.
future perfect. To have been.
INDICATIVE MODE +. Present-imperfect time. I love, thou loves or you love, he loveth or loves: we love, ye or you love, they love.
+ The present and past imperfect times of this mode may be varied with the auxiliaries do and did, as follows : Present-imperfect I do love, thou dost love or you do love, he
doth or does love: we do love, ye or you do love, they do love. Paft-imperfect. ---I did love, thou didtt love or you did love, he
did love ; eve did love, ye or you did love, they did lover