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to the idea of employing the volunteers fingly-if such were to be acted upon, experience would soon show its injurious effects. He next adverted to the important consderation of driving the cattle from those parts of the coast where an enemy was likely to effect a landing. He recollected, when serving under the present Lord Howe, in Ame, rica, that the enemy uniformly took the precaution of driving the cattle from such parts of the coast as his debaikations were male; this operation threw his Majesty's forces into a distressing dilemma, and they were always forced to recur to their own magazines: the consequence was, that with all the skil and ability of that celebrated officer, he was urable to penetrate further than 30 or 40 miles up the country. He was happy to understand that it was the intention of Government to take the precaution of driving the cattle from the coafts, which necessarily must reduce the enemy to the alternative of subsisting upon the contents of their own magazines..
General Tarleton faid, he should detain the House but for a very few minutes, and his endeavours would be to correct a niis-ftatement which had frequently been made with regard to recruiting the army, and in which that night it had been asserted we were wonderfully successful. The fact however, he was sorry to say, was very different. In some districts, he knew, recruits were not to be had. A great part of the statements which had been made on the contrary, were founded on the numbers who were drawn from the army of reserve, who were induced by a superadded and excessive premium to enter into the general service, and these they called recruits. There was a clause, he observed, in the army of reserve act, allowing men of the height of five feet two, to enter as substitutes; the consequence of which was, that on a certain occasion, wliere upwards of 1000 men had entered from the army of reserve, owing to the five feet two clause, there could not be found one man of five feet four for the general desence of the country. Therefore if the data of these statements were taken from what was furnished by the army of reserve, it was a deception upon the House and the country. He then called the attention of the Houle to the favourable circumstances for Minister's under which the present war was commenced; with a Parliament confiding beyond all former examiple, and with the spirit of patriotism and loyalty universally diffused throughout :he country, they were furnished with men to render the force of the country completely invulnerable. But how far they
were from improving these advantages, and eitablishing a complete and effective force in the country, wis now pretty generally known. With respect to the measures intended to be proposed by an hon. Secretary for augmenting the troops of the line, when they came before the House he thould deliver his sentiments upon them: but of this he was convinced in common with all officers who were converant upon the fub;e?, that the army ought to be augmented, and that much time had heen lott.
Lord Cufilereagh found it necessary to explain, as an alluson had been made to a statement which he had given on a former occasion, that the recruiting service had not been a fourteenth less than at any former period. The injury lie was willing to admit in a certain degree, but nct by any means to the extent that was contended for.
Mr. C. IV'ynne made fome observations upon defects, which, he contended, prevailed in the prefent voluntee life tem. The men, he said, could not learn the uie of arms before they had arms given them. A comparatively small number were acquainted with ball firing. He knew of two counties where not a single mutket had been received, and other diftrias where not one half of the volunteers bad beca arned. He was glad the House were about to be rid of such a bill : it was going to a place whence he hoped it would not return, unless it was inoculated with a little more vigour, and a little more efficacy.
Sir IV. Geary made a few remarks upon the subject, and contended, that the volunteer system could not be fairly held to interfere with the recruiting of the line, the diniinution of which proceeded from the militia and the army of reserve.
Mr. II. Lascelles said a few words respecting the provi. fions in the bill relative to farmers' servants; the time, he thought, should be enlarged, or perpetual disputes would enfue.
The question being loudly called for, was then put, when the bill was read a third time and passed, and Mr. Tierney was ordered to carry it to the Lords for their concurrence.
The report of the innkeepers' allowance bill was ic. ceived, and the bill ordered to be read a third time the next
The remaining orders of the day were disposed of, and a: halt past twelve o'clock the House adjourned.
HOUSE HOUSE OF LORDS.
FRIDAY, MARCH 23. The Royal allent was given by commiffion 'to seventeen public and private bills : among the former were the Exchequer bills bill, the Irish-revenue, the Irish countervailing duties, the Irith malt duty, the hides and tallow importation, the sugar warehousing, the neutral ships, and the rape feed oil importation bills; and among the latter, Boydell's picture lottery, the Rochdale canal subscription, and three naturalization bills. The Lords Commissioners were the Lord Chancellor, Lord Hawkesbury, and Lord Walfingham.
Lord Anburton was sworn and took his seat on attaining his majurity.
Counsel were heard in continuation, relative to the Scotch appeal, Fleming v. Abercromby. To proceed again on Monday.
VOLUNTEER REGULATIONS BILL. The volunteer regulation bill was brought up from the Commons by Mr. Tierney, accompanied by a few Members.
Lord Hawkesbury moved the first reading of the bill; accordingly the title and breviate of the bill were read by the Lord Chancellor.
The noble Secretary then moved, that the bill be printed for the use of their Lordships. He observed, at the same time, that the forms of the House did not allow the second reading of a bill to be regularly moved, until the prints were before the House. However, as there was every probability that the prints would be ready for delivery the next day, he should now give notice, that on Monday it was his intention to move for the fecond reading of the bill. .
Earl Spencer rose, not, he said, for the purpose of oppofing the measure, or to throw any difficulties in the way of his Majesty's Government in the prefent circumstances, but merely to suggest to Ministers and to the House the contideration, whether a bill of the peculiar nature and insportance of that, the heads of which had just been read, a measure, the principle of which was not only so very important, but in itself embracing such a variety of detailed provisions, could be maturely considered, fo far as to make up their Lordships minds as to that species of discussion requir
ed at a second reading, in the very short interval between the delivery of the bill and Monday next : he thought it Could not. He deprecated the idea of any improper haste being used in the progress of the bill in that House. Their Lord!hips would recollect ihe extraordinary length of time it was under corsideration in another place, the repeated difcuilicas the measure had undergone, and the variety of amendments wbich had been inade in it. It was therefore incumbent on their Lordships to give the measure a full and mature consideration in all its branches and details ; in the present circumstances, it was one of the greatest importance: the character and dignity of the House were implicated in the consideration ; they thould evince to the public their determi. nation to give the mealure a full investigation, and that no improper halte should be used on the part of iheir Lordships in . passing the bill. Under these impressions he begged leave to fuggest to the noble Secretary, that Tuesday Thould be the earliest day fixed on for the second reading.
Lurd Hawkesbury observed, that it was by no means the with of his Majesty's Ministers to use any improper halte in the progress of the bill ; on the contrary, it was their wish that the measure should undergo a full and thorough invesriga:ion. At the same time he could not help observing to the noble Earl, that the detailed and repeated discussions the bill had already received, rendered its contents pretty well known to the public, and perhaps to a great number of their Lordchips ; however, though his wish was, that a measure of fuch peculiar importance in the present circumstances of the country, should receive as little delay as possible, after what had been suggested, he had no objection to take Tuesday as the day for moving the second reading.
Fari Fitzwilliam spoke in support of wliat fell from the noble Earl near him (Spencer); he urged the propriety of giving the bill a full and maiore consideration in that Houfe. He adverted to the deliberate discussions it had undergone in the other House of Parliament, and the many alterations and amendmenis it had been found necessary to make in the measure as originally proposed to that House.
The Earl of Durnley expressed his coincidence in a great deal of what fell from the noble Earls at his side of the House ; but aç ihe same time he must avow his opinion, that in the present circumstances of the country, the bill should be delayed as livsle as possible in its progress. No Lord could
more highly estimate the character and dignity of that House than bimself: but there were certain regulations in the bill which it would be expedient to carry into effect as soon as portble. He was however an advocate for a full and thorough discussion of the mea!ure ; on that ground he had no objecrion to the proposed delay ; but if he thought there was a probability of iheir Lord'hips being able adequately to discuss the measure previous to the intended recess, he (hould have no objection to the day firit named by the noble Secretary of Siate.
Lord Hawkesbury, in explanation, assured the noble Lords there was no intention on the part of Ministers to hurry ihe progress of the measure. He was equally aware of the various and complicated nature of the measure, as of its peculiar importance; it certainly embraced many detailed considerations, each of which involved a principle in itself: it was then sight that the whole should be fully and maturely considered, and if such could not be done previous to the recess, they had no parricular desire to urge its passing before that period.
Lord Harrowby made a variety of observations, not only on the bill itself, but on a great part of the conduct of his Ma. jesty's Ministers relative thereto. In one point of view, it was his wish that the bill should receive the sanction of the Legislature as speedily as pollible, as it contained, in particular, one provision of which he approved, namely, that which held out a bounty for the encouragement of volunteers so perfect themselves in military discipline and exercise. This part of the bill, when he considered the critical circumstances, with respect to pending invasion, in order to be of seal service, thould be carried into effect as speedily as porn fible, for on a short approaching interval much may depend. The noble Lord then adverted to ine delays which he conceived Minifters had suffered to take place with respect to the measure in question, and censured their conduct on that head. Much time had been loit. This was the only mea. fore they brought forward for the defence of the country, and as little lime should be loft as poflible. He deprecated the idea of lefing any time in confideration of a secess; but if such a proceeding was resolved upon, he hoped it would be for the thoriest period poffible, not extending beyond the Monday which would follow the second reading of the bill. His Lordlip ihen alluded 10 fome parts of the bill, which, from their questionable naiure, as welias on account of