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4. The subsequent Provisions of this Act Construcshall, unless it is otherwise expressed or implied, commence and have effect on and quent Proafter the Union, that is to say, on and after the Day appointed for the Union taking effect in the Queen's Proclamation ; and in the same Provisions, unless it is otherwise expressed or implied, the Name Canada shall be taken to mean Canada as constituted under this Act.
5. Canada shall be divided into Four Four ProProvinces, named Ontario, Quebec, Nova vinces. Scotia, and New Brunswick.
6. The Parts of the Province of Canada Provinces (as it exists at the passing of this Act) 91 which formerly constituted respectively bec. the Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada shall be deemed to be severed, and shall form Two Separate Provinces. The Part which formerly constituted the Pro vince of Upper Canada shall constitute the Province of Ontario; and the Part which formerly constituted the Province of Lower Canada shall constitute the Province of Quebec.
7. The Provinces of Nova Scotia and Provinces New Brunswick shall have the same Scotia
of Nova Limits as at the passing of this Act. and New
Bruns8. In the general Census of the Popu- wick. lation of Canada which is hereby required be
of Ontaric and Que
shalida shalis of Uppstitutes of thi
to be taken in the Year One thousand eight hundred and seventy-one, and in every Tenth Year thereafter, the respective Populations of the Four Provinces shall be distinguished.
III.- EXECUTIVE POWER. . Declara- 9. The Executive Government and Au
live thority of and over Canada is hereby dePower in clared to continue and be vested in the
tion of Executiv
the Queen. Queen.
Provisions referri to the G
Applica 10. The Provisions of this Act referring
to the Governor-General extend and apply
to the Governor-General for the Time being
% of Canada, or other the Chief Executive vernor Officer or Administrator for the Time being
carrying on the Government of Canada on behalf and in the Name of the Queen, by
whatever Title he is designated. Constitu- 11. There shall be a Council to aid and tion of advise the Government of Canada, to be Privy Council of styled the Queen's Privy Council for Can
. ada; and the Persons who are to be Mem
bers of that Council shall be from Time to Time chosen and summoned by the Governor-General and sworn in as Privy Councillors, and Members thereof may be from Time to Time removed by the Governor-General.
12. All Powers, Authorities and Func- All Pow
: ers under tions which under any Act of the Parlia- Acts to be ment of Great Britain, or of the Parliament exercised
by Goverof the United Kingdom of Great Britain nor-Geneand Ireland, or of the Legislature of Upper ral with
advice of Canada, Lower Canada, Canada, Nova Privy Scotia or New Brunswick, are at the Union Council,
or alone. vested in or exerciseable by the respective Governors or Lieutenant-Governors of those Provinces, with the Advice, or with the Advice and Consent, of the respective Executive Councils thereof, or in conjunction with those Councils, or with any Number of Members thereof, or by those Governors or Lieutenaut-Governors individually, shall, as far as the same continue in existence and capable of being exercised after the Union in relation to the Government of Canada, be vested in and exerciseable by the Governor-General, with the Advice or with the Advice and Consent of or in conjunction with the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, or any Members thereof, or by the Governor-General individually, as the case requires, subject nevertheless (except with respect to such as exist under Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain or of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) to be abolished or altered by the Parliament of Canada.
Applica- 13. The Provisions of this Act referring tion of
me to the Governor-General in Couneil shali Provisions to the referring be construed as referring to the Governor
General acting by and with the Advice of ral in the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. Council. Power
14. It shall be lawful for the Queen, if Majesty to 11
- to Her Majesty thinks fit, to authorize the authorize Governor-General from Time to Time to GovernorGeneral to appoint any Person or any Persons jointly appoint or severally to be his Deputy or Deputies Deputies.
within any Part or Parts of Canada, and in that Capacity to exercise during the Pleasure of the Governor-General such of the Powers, Authorities and Functions of the Governor-General as the Governor-General deems it necessary or expedient to assign to him or them, subject to any Limitations or Directions expressed or given by the Queen; but the Appointment of sueh a Deputy or Deputies shall not affeet the Exercise by the Governor-General himself
of any Power, Authority or Function. Command 15. The Command-in-Chief of the Land of Armed Forces to and Naval Militia, and of all Naval and continue Military Forces, of and in Canada, is vested in hereby declared to continue and be vested the Queen. in the Queen. Seat of 16. Until the Queen otherwise directs, Government of the Seat of Government of Canada shall be Canada. Ottawa.
IV.-LEGISLATIVE POWER. 17. There shall be One Parliament for Constitu
tion of Canada, consisting of the Queen, an Upper ParliaHouse styled the Senate, and the House of ment of Commons. 18. The Privileges, Immunities, and Privileges,
&c., of Powers to be held, enjoyed and exercised by Houses. the Senate and by the House of Commons and by the Members thereof respectively, shall be such as are from Time to Time defined by Act of the Parliament of Canada, but so that the same shall never exceed those at the passing of this Act held, enjoyed, and exercised by the Commons House of Parliament of the United King. dom of Great Britain and Ireland and by the Members thereof.
19. The Parliament of Canada shall be First Sescalled together not later than Six Months sio after the Union.
Canada. 20. There shall be a Session of the Par- Yearly liament of Canada once at least in every Session of
the ParliaYear, so that Twelve Months shall not in. ment of tervene between the last sitting of the Par- Canada. liament in one Session and its first Sitting in the next Session.
The Senate. 21. The Senate shall, subject to the Pro- Number of
on of the Parlia.