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visions of


4. The subsequent Provisions of this Act Construcshall, unless it is otherwise expressed or subseimplied, commence and have effect on and quent Proafter the Union, that is to say, on and after Act. the Day appointed for the Union taking effect in the Queen's Proclamation ; and in the same Provisions, unless it is otherwise expressed or implied, the Name Canada shall be taken to mean Canada as constituted under this Act.

5. Canada shall be divided into Four Four ProProvinces, named Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.

6. The Parts of the Province of Canada Provinces (as it exists at the passing of this Act) and Quo

of Ontaric which formerly constituted respectively bec. the Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada shall be deemed to be severed, and shall form Two Separate Provinces. The Part which formerly constituted the Pro vince of Upper Canada shall constitute the Province of Ontario; and the Part which formerly constituted the Province of Lower Canada shall constitute the Province of Quebec.

7. The Provinces of Nova Scotia and Provinces New Brunswick shall have the same Scotia Limits as at the passing of this Act. and New

8. In the general Census of the Popu- wick. lation of Canada which is hereby required Census.


of Nova


to be taken in the Year One thousand eight
hundred and seventy-one, and in every
Tenth Year thereafter, the respective Pop-
ulations of the Four Provinces shall be


Declara- 9. The Executive Government and Au-
tion of

thority of and over Canada is hereby dePower in clared to continue and be vested in the

the Queen. Queen.

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Applica- 10. The Provisions of this Act referring tion of

to the Governor-General extend and apply Provisions to the Governor-General for the Time being to the Go- of Canada, or other the Chief Executive

Officer or Administrator for the Time being

carrying on the Government of Canada on
behålf and in the Name of the Queen, by

whatever Title he is designated.
Constitu- 11. There shall be a Council to aid and
tion of

advise the Government of Canada, to be
Council of styled the Queen's Privy Council for Can-

ada; and the Persons who are to be Mem-
bers of that Council shall be from Time to
Time chosen and summoned by the Gov-
ernor-General and sworn in as Privy
Councillors, and Members thereof may be
from Time to Time removed by the

12. All Powers, Authorities and Func- All Powtions which under any Act of the Parlia- Acts to be ment of Great Britain, or of the Parliament exercised

by Goverof the United Kingdom of Great Britain nor-Geneand Ireland, or of the Legislature of Upper ral with

of Canada, Lower Canada, Canada, Nova Privy Scotia or New Brunswick, are at the Union Council

, vested in or exerciseable by the respective Governors or Lieutenant-Governors of those Provinces, with the Advice, or with the Advice and Consent, of the respective Executive Councils thereof, or in conjunction with those Councils, or with any Number of Members thereof, or by those Governors or Lieutenant-Governors individually, shall, as far as the same continue in existence and capable of being exercised after the Union in relation to the Government of Canada, be vested in and exerciseable by the Governor-General, with the Advice or with the Advice and Consent of or in conjunction with the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, or any Members thereof, or by the Governor-General individually, as the case requires, subject nevertheless (except with respect to such as exist under Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain or of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) to be abolished or altered by the Parliament of Canada.

ral in
to Her


Applica- 13. The Provisions of this Act referring tion of

to the Governor-General in Council shall Provisions referring be construed as referring to the Governorto Gover General acting by and with the Advice of

the Queen's Privy Council for Canada.

14. It shall be lawful for the Queen, if Majesty to

Her Majesty thinks fit, to authorize the authorize Governor-General from Time to Time to General to appoint any Person or any Persons jointly appoint or severally to be his Deputy or Deputies Deputies.

within any Part or Parts of Canada, and in that Capacity to exercise during the Pleasure of the Governor-General such of the Powers, Authorities and Functions of the Governor-General as the Governor-General deems it necessary or expedient to assign to him or them, subject to any Limitations or Directions expressed or given by the Queen; but the Appointment of such a Deputy or Deputies shall not affeet the Exercise by the Governor-General himself of any Power, Authority or Function.

15. The Command-in-Chief of the Land

and Naval Militia, and of all Naval and continue Military Forces, of and in Canada, is vested in hereby declared to continue and be vested the Queen in the Queen

16. Until the Queen otherwise directs, the Seat of Government of Canada shall be Ottawa

Command of Armed Forces to

Seat of
ment of


17. There shall be One Parliament for ConstituCanada, consisting of the Queen, an Upper ParliaHouse styled the Senate, and the House of ment of

Canada. Commons.

18. The Privileges, Immunities, and Privileges, Powers to be held, enjoyed and exercised by Houses. the Senate and by the House of Commons and by the Members thereof respectively, shall be such as are from Time to Time defined by Act of the Parliament of Canada, but so that the same shall never exceed those at the passing of this Act held, enjoyed, and exercised by the Commons House of Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and by the Members thereof.

19. The Parliament of Canada shall be First Sescalled together not later than Six Months sion of the

Parliaafter the Union.

ment of

Canada. 20. There shall be a Session of the Par- Yearly liament of Canada once at least in

Session of every

the ParliaYear, so that Twelve Months shall not in. ment of tervene between the last sitting of the Par- Canada. liament in one Session and its first Sitting in the next Session.

The Senate.

21. The Senate shall, subject to the Pro- Number of

visions Senators.

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