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Divorce :

Under exclusive control of Parliament, 91 (26).

Education :
Placed under exclusive control of Provincial Legislatures,

with certain limitations, 93. Rights conferred by law upon Denominational Schools, are

preserved, 93 (1, 2). -An appeal lies to Governor in Council from any Act or decision affecting the same, 93 (3). -Any remedial Act deemed necessary thereafter may thereupon (failing Provincial Legislation) be passed

by Parliament, 93 (4). All the powers already conferred on Roman Catholic

Separate Schools in Upper Canada are extended to

Dissentient Schools in Quebec, 93 (2). Election of Members: All existing laws in relation to Elections, Controverted

Elections, &c., continued until altered to the Legislature

to which they appertain, 41, 84. Writs to be issued for the first Election in such manner as

the Governor-General may think fit; Powers of Return. ing Officers, &c., to be those exercised under existing laws, 42. -To continue the same until altered by Par

liament, 43. First General Elections for Members of the L. Assemblies

of Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia, to be simultaneous

with that for H. of Commons, 89. Electoral Divisions : Defined (for the House of Commons) within each Province,

40 (and 1st Schedule). The same Divisions, in Quebec, to apply to the L. Assein

bly, subject to alterations by the Legislature ; those specified in the 2nd Schedule (p. 170) not to be altered without concurrence of a majority of the Members representing the same, at the 2nd and 3rd readings of the Bill, 80.

Emigration :-See Immigration.

English Language:-See French.
Provincial Excise Laws continued in force until altered by
Parliament, 122.


Exclusive Powers of Legislation :-See Legislative Powers.
Executive Power :
Of the General Government, 9 to 15. See Governor-General.

Privy Council.
Of the Provincial Governments, 58 to 68. See Lieutenant-


Espiring Laws :

Construction of provisions relating thereto, 137.

Felony :

Incapacitates a Senator from holding his seat, 31 (4). Ferries : Such as are International or Inter-provincial, are under

exclusive control of Parliament, 91 (13).

Fines and Penalties :
For infraction of Provincial Laws, are under Provincia

control, 92 (15).

Fisheries :

Under exclusive control of Parliament, 91 (12). Fortification :-See Defence of the Country.

Free Trade :
Articles the produce of one Province are admitted free into

the other Provinces, 121. French and English Languages : (Canada and Quebec.) Either language may be used in

Parliamentary debates, or in pleadings, &c., in Court;

both must be used in the Journals and Statutes, 133.
General Government :
Executive Power, 9 to 15. -Governor-General, 10.

His Deputies, 14.- -Privy Council, 11.- -Governor in
Council, 12, 13. -Command of Naval, Military and

Militia Forces, 15. See Governor-General.
Ottawa to be the Seat of Government, 16.
Legislative Power, 17 to 57. -Senate, 21 to 36.- -House

of Commons, 37 to 52.- -Money Votes, 53, 54. -Royal Assent to Bills, 55 to 57.-Jurisdiction (classes of sub


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General Government-Continued.

jects for legislation), 91, 92 (10 a. b. c.), 93 (4). -Uni-
formity of Laws relative to Property and Civil Rights,
94.--Agriculture and Immigration, 95. See House of

Commons. Parliament of Canada. Senate.
Public Debt, Revenue, &c. : See Public Debt. Public Pro-

perty. Public Revenues. Public Works.
Empowered to fulfil all necessary Treaty obligations

towards foreign countries, 132. Governor-General : Interpretation of provisions relating to him, 10-- -Relat

ing to the Governor-General in Council, 12, 13. May appoint Deputies and define their powers, 14. His duties regarding the summoning of persons to the

Senate, 24 to 27, 32. —The appointment of the Speaker,

To call together the House of Commons, from time to time,

in the Queen's Name, 38.
To cause writs to be issued for the first Election, 42.
May dissolve the House, 50.
No money vote may pass that has not first been recom-

mended by the Governor, 51.
May give the Royal Assent to Bills or reserve them, 55.

To send copies of all such Bills to England, 56.
And to announce the giving of the Royal Assent to any

Reserved Bill, 57.
Governor General in Council may disallow (within one

year) Acts passed by the Provincial Legislatures, 56, 90. Appeal to Governor in Council in matters affecting the

rights of the minority in regard to Education, 93 (3, 4). Appoints the Lieut.-Governor of each Province under the

Great Seal, 58. —May appoint an Administrator to act

in his temporary absence, &c., 67. Appoints all Judges, except those of the Courts of Probate

in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, 96. —May remove any Judge of Superior Courts, on Address of the Senate or House of Commons, 99. His salary (£10,000 stg., until altered) made a third charge

on Consolidated Revenue Fund, 105. Governor in Council may direct the form in which all pay.

ments are made, 120.- -May appoint Public Officers,

131. Hospitals : Are under Provincial control (excepting Marine Hospitals), 92 (7).




House of Commons :
Consists of 181 Members, viz.--82 for Ontario, 65 for
Quebec, 19 for Nova Scotia, 15 for New Brunswick, 37.

-The number may be increased, proportionately, 52. To be called by the Governor-General, from time to time,

38. Senators disqualified from sitting therein, 39. Electoral Districts within each Province defined, 40. Election Laws of the different Provinces continued in

force until altered by Parliament, 41.- And Laws

relating to the issuing of writs, 42, 43. Speaker to be elected at first sitting, 44. -And as often

a vacancy may occur, 45.--To preside at all meetings, 46. - In case of absence for 48 hours, a Speaker pro tem. may be elected, 47.

-Speaker may vote only when the voices are equal, 49. Quorum consists of 20 Members, 48. Duration of House of Commons is five years, unless sooner

dissolved, 50. The Representation to be re-adjusted after each decennial

Census, 51. Money votes must originate in the Commons, 52. Oath of allegiance and declaration of qualification, to be

taken by Members, 128. (Schedule 5). Immigration : Laws in relation to Immigration may be enacted by

Parliament and (subordinate thereto) by the Provincial
Legislatures, 95.

Indians and Indian Lands :

Under exclusive control of Parliament, 91 (24).

Insolvency :

Disqualifies a Senator, 31 (3).
Legislation thereon is under exclusive control of Par-

liament, 91 (21).
Inter-Colonial Free Trade :-See Free Trade.

Inter-Colonial Railway :

To be commenced within six months, 145.

Interest of Money : Legislation thereon is under exclusive control of Parliament, 91 (19)



Interest of Public Debt :-See Public Debt.
Interpretation Clauses :
With respect to Her Majesty the Queen, 2.- -To the

“ Canada, ” 4. -The Governor-General, 10— The Governor in Council, 12, 13. -Lieut.-Governors, 62, 65.- - Lieut.-Governor in Council, 62, 65, 66.

Expiring Laws, 137. Judges : All Judges (excepting those of the Courts of Probate in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) are appointed by Governor-General, 96. -Their salaries are fixed and

provided by Parliament, 100. Judges in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to be selected

from the Bar of each Province until the Civil Law is made uniform, 97.---Judges in Quebec to be selected

from the Bar of Quebec, 98. Judges of Superior Courts are removable on Address of

Senate and House of Commons, 99. Justice, Administration of : The Criminal Law (except constitution of the Courts) is

under exclusive control of Parliament, 91 (27). The Administration of Justice in the Provinces, and the

constitution, &c., of all Provincial Courts (including Procedure in civil matters), are under Provincial con

trol, 92 (14, 15).-But See Property and Civil Rights. Parliament may provide for the organization of a Court of

Appeal for Canada and of additional Courts for

administering the Laws of Canada, 101. Continuance of all existing Courts, Judicial Officers,

&c., 129. Pleadings or process may be in English or French in

Courts of Canada or Quebec, 133. Lands, Public : Are under Provincial control, 92 (5), 100.-Except such as

may be required for fortifications, 117.

Laws :

Existing Laws continued in force, 129.

Legal Tender :

Under exclusive control of Parliament, 91 (20).

Legislative Assembly :-See Ontario. Quebec.


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