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so early, is a hard question: I believe I be glad or content to be in a storm, can tell the particular little chance that though I saw many ships which rid filled my head first with such chimes of safely and bravely in it. A storm would verse, as have never since left ringing not agree with my stomach, if it did with there : for I remember, when I began to my courage; though I was in a crowd read, and take some pleasure in it, there of as good company as could be found was wont to lie in my mother's parlour, anywhere, though I was in business of (I know not by what accident, for she great and honourable trust, though I eat herself never in her life read any book at the best table, and enjoyed the best but of devotion ;) but there was wont to conveniences for present subsistence that lie Spenser's Works; this I happened to ought to be desired by a man of my confall upon, and was infinitely delighted dition, in banishment and public diswith the stories of the knights, and tresses ; yet I could not abstain from giants, and monsters, and brave houses, renewing my old school-boy's wish, in a which I found everywhere there (though copy of verses to the same effect : my understanding had little to do with

“Well, then, I now do plainly see, all this): and by degrees, with the tink

This busy world and I shall ne'er agree,” &c. ling of the rhyme, and dance of the numbers, so that I think I had read him all And I never then proposed to myself any over before I was twelve years old, and other advantage from his majesty's happy was thus made a poet. With these affec- restoration, but the getting into some tions of my mind, and my heart wholly moderate convenient retreat in the set upon letters, I went to the university; country, which I thought in that case I but was soon torn from thence by that might easily have compassed, as well as public violent storm, which would suffer some others, who, with no greater pronothing to stand where it did, but rooted | babilities or pretences, have arrived to up every plant, even from the princely extraordinary fortunes. But I had before cedar, to me, the hyssop. Yet, I had written a shrewd prophecy against myas good fortune as could have befallen self, and I think Apollo inspired me in me in such a tempest; for I was cast by the truth, though not in the elegance it into the family of one of the best

of it :

persons, and into the court of one of the

“Thou neither great at court, nor in the best princesses in the world. Now, Nor at the exchange shalt be, nor at the wrangthough I was here engaged in

ling bar; contrary to the original design of my life; Content thyself with the small barren praise,

Which neglected verse does raise," &c. that is, into much company, and no small business, and into a daily sight of great- However, by the failing of the forces ness, both militant and triumphant, (for which I had expected, I did not quit the that was the state then of the English design which I had resolved on ; I cast and the French courts ;) yet all this was myself into it a corpus perdi, without so far from altering my opinion, that it making capitulations, or taking counsel only added the confirmation of reason to of fortune. But God laughs at man, who that which was before but natural incli says to his soul, Take thy ease : I met nation. I saw plainly all the paint of presently not only with many little in. that kind of life, the nearer I came to it ; cumbrances and impediments, but with and that beauty which I did not fall in so much sickness (a new misfortune to love with, when, for aught I knew, it me) as would have spoiled the happiness was real, was not like to bewitch, or of an emperor, as well as mine. Yet I entice me, when I saw it was adutlerate. do neither repent nor alter my course ; I met with several great persons whom I Non ego perfidum dixi sacramentum. liked very well; but could not perceive Nothing shall separate me from a mistress that any part of their greatness was to be which I have loved so long, and have liked or desired, no more than I would now at last married ; though she neither


ways most



has brought me a rich portion, nor lived had more rejoicing than in parts more yet so quietly with me as I hoped from her. remote from the kingdom to which they

were bound ; and drawing nearer to the Nec vos dulcissima mundi

city yet, they had a more perfect view Nomina vos Musæ, Libertas, Otia, Libri. Ilortique, Sylvæque anima remanente relin- thereof: it was built of pearls and pre

cious stones, also the streets thereof were H ---Nor by me e'er shall you,

paved with gold; so that, by reason of You of all names the sweetest and the best, the natural glory of the city, and the reYou Muses, Books, and Liberty, and Rest; flection of the sunbeams upon it, Christian You Gardens, Fields, and Woods forsaken be, with desire fell sick; Hopeful also had a As long as life itself forsakes not me.”


fit or two of the same disease : wherefore here they lay by it awhile, crying out, be

cause of their pangs, “If you see my (John BUNYAN. 1628–1688.]

Beloved, tell him that I am sick of


But being a little strengthened, and Now I saw in my dream that by this better able to bear their sickness, they time the pilgrims were got over the walked on their way, and came yet nearer Enchanted Ground, and entering into and nearer, where were orchards, vinethe country of Beulah, whose air was very yards, and gardens, and their gates opened sweet and pleasant, the way lying directly into the highway. Now, as they came through it, they solaced them there for a up to these places, behold the gardener season. Yea, here they heard continually stood in the way, to whom the pilgrims the singing of birds, and saw every day said, Whose goodly vineyards and garthe flowers appear in the earth, and dens are these? He answered, They are heard the voice of the turtle in the land. the king's, and are planted here for his In this country the sun shineth night and own delight, and also for the solace of day; wherefore it was beyond the Valley pilgrims : so the gardener had them into of the Shadow of Death, and also out of the vineyards, and bid them refresh them. the reach of Giant Despair; neither could selves with dainties; he also showed they from this place so much as see them there the king's walks and arbours, Doubting Castle. Here they were within where he delighted to be ; and here they sight of the city they were going to; also tarried and slept. here met them some of the inhabitants Now, I beheld in my dream that they thereof: for in this land the shining ones talked more in their sleep at this time commonly walked, because it was upon than ever they did in all their journey ; the borders of Heaven. In this land, and being in a muse thereabout, the garalso, the contract between the bride and dener said even to me, Wherefore musest bridegroom was renewed ; yea, here, thou at the matter? It is the nature “as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the of the fruit of the grapes of these vinebride, so did their God rejoice over them.” yards to go down so sweetly, as to cause Here they had no want of corn and wine; the lips of them that are asleep to speak. for in this place they met abundance of So I saw that when they awoke, they what they had sought for in all their addressed themselves to go up to the pilgrimage. Here they heard voices from city. But, as I said, the reflection of out of the city, loud voices, saying, “Say the sun upon the city (for the city was ye to the daughter of Zion, behold thy pure gold) was so extremely glorious, salvation cometh ! Behold, his reward that they could not as yet with open face is with him!” Here all the inhabitants behold it, but through an instrument of the country called them “The holy made for that purpose. So I saw that, people, the redeemed of the Lord, sought as they went on, there met them two men out,” &c.

in raiment that shone like gold; also Now, as they walked in this land, they their faces shone as the light.

of the gate.

These men asked the pilgrims whence with that a great darkness and horror fell they came? and they told them. They also upon Christian, so that he could not see asked them where they had lodged, what before him. Also here, in a great mea. difficulties and dangers, what comforts sure, he lost his senses, so that he could and pleasures, they had met with in the neither remember nor orderly talk of any way? and they told them. Then said of those sweet refreshments that he had the men that met them, You have but met with in the way of his pilgrimage. two difficulties more to meet with, and But all the words that he spake still then you are in the city.

tended to discover that he had horror of Christian and his companion then asked mind, and heart fears that he should die the men to go along with them ; so they in that river, and never obtain entrance told them that they would. But, said in at the gate. Here, also, as they that they, you must obtain it by your own stood by perceived, he was much in the faith. So I saw in my dream that they troublesome thoughts of the sins that he went on together till they came in sight had committed, both since and before he

began to be a pilgrim. It was also obNow, I further saw that betwixt them served that he was troubled with appariand the gate was a river, but there was tions of hobgoblins and evil spirits ; for no bridge to go over, and the river was ever and anon he would intimate so much very deep. At the sight, therefore, of by words. Hopeful, therefore, here had this river, the pilgrims were much much, ado to keep his brother's head stunned ; but the men that went with above water ; yea, sometimes he would them said, You must go.through, or you be quite gone down, and then ere awhile cannot come to the gate.

he would rise up again half dead. Hopeful The pilgrims then began to inquire if did also endeavour to comfort him, say. there was no other way to the gate? To ing, Brother, I see the gate, and men which they answered, Yes, but there standing by to receive us ; but Christian hath not any, save two, Enoch and would answer, It is you ; it is you they Elijah, been permitted to tread that path wait for ; you have been Hopeful ever since the foundation of the world, nor since I knew you.

And so have you, shall, until the last trumpet shall sound. said he to Christian. Ah! brother, said The pilgrims then (especially Christian) he, surely if I was right, he would now began to despond in their minds, and rise to help me; but for my sins he hath looked this way and that; but no way brought me into the snare and left me. could be found by them by which they Then said Hopeful, My brother, you might escape the river. Then they asked have 'quite forgot the text, where it is the men if the waters were all of a depth? said of the wicked, ' There are no bands They said, No; yet they could not help in their death, but their strength is firm ; them in that case ; For, said they, you they are not troubled as other men, shall find it deeper or shallower, as you neither are they plagued like other men. believe in the King of the place.

These troubles and distresses that'you go They then addressed themselves to the through in these waters are no sign that water, and entering, Christian began to God hath forsaken you ; but are sent to sink, and crying out to his good friend try you, whether you will call to mind Hopeful, he said, I sink in deep waters : that which heretofore you have received the billows go over my head; all the of his goodness, and live upon him in waters go over me. Selah.

your distresses. Then said the other, Be of good cheer, Then I saw in my dream that Christian my brother ; I feel the bottom, and it is was in a muse awhile. To whom, also, good. Then said Christian, Ah! my Hopeful added these words, Be of good friend, the sorrow of death hath encom- cheer, Jesus Christ maketh thee whole : passed me about ; I shall not see the land and with that Christian brake out with a that flows with milk and honey. And | loud voice, Oh ! I see him again ; and he tells me,


When thou passest through You are now going to Abraham, Isaac, the waters, I will be with thee ; and and Jacob, and to the prophets, men through the rivers, they shall not over- that God hath taken away from the evil flow thee.” Then they both took courage, to come, and that are now resting upon and the enemy was after that as still as a their beds, each one walking in his stone, until they were gone over. Chris- righteousness. The men then asked, tian, therefore, presently found ground to What must we do in this holy place ? stand upon, and so it followed that the To whom it was answered, You must rest of the river was but shallow ; but there receive the comforts of all your thus they got over. Now, upon the bank toil, and have joy for all your sorrow; of the river on the other side, they saw you must reap what you have sown, even the two shining men again, who there the fruit of all your prayers and tears, and waited for them ; wherefore, being come sufferings for the King by the way. In out of the river, they saluted thein, say that place you must wear crowns of gold, ing, “We are ministering spirits, sent and enjoy the perpetual sight and vision forth to minister to those that shall be of the Holy One, for “there you shall see heirs of salvation." Thus they went him as he is.” There, also, you shall along toward the gate. Now, you must serve him continually with praise, with note that the city stood upon a mighty shouting, and thanksgiving, whom you hill ; but the pilgrims went up that hill desired to serve in the world, though with ease, because they had these two with much difficulty, because of the infirmen to lead them up by the arms ? they mity of your flesh. There your eyes shall had likewise left their mortal garments be delighted with seeing, and your ears behind them in the river; for though they with hearing, the pleasant voice of the went in with them, they came out with- Mighty One. There you shall enjoy your out them. They therefore went up here friends again, that are gone thither before with much agility and speed, though the you; and there you shall with joy receive foundation upon which the city was even every one that follows into the holy framed was higher than the clouds; they places after you. There, also, you shall therefore went up through the region of be clothed with glory and majesty, and the air, sweetly talking as they went, put into an equipage fit to ride out with being comforted because they got safely the King of Glory. When he shall come over the river, and had such glorious com- with sound of trumpet in the clouds, as panions to attend them.

upon the wings of the wind, you shall The talk that they had with the shining come with him ; and when he shall sit ones was about the glory of the place; upon the throne of judgment, you shall who told them, that the beauty and glory sit by him; yea, and when he shall pass of it was inexpressible. There, said sentence upon all the workers of iniquity, they, is “Mount Zion, the heavenly Jeru- let them be angels or men, you also shall salem, the innumerable company of angels, have a voice in that judgment, because and the spirits of just men made perfect.” they were his and your enemies. Also, You are going now, said they, to the when he shall again return to the city, you Paradise of God, wherein you shall see shall go too, with sound of trumpet, and the tree of life, and eat of the never-fading be ever with him. fruits thereof; and when you come there, Now, while they were thus drawing you shall have white robes given you, towards the gate, behold a company of and your walk and talk shall be every the heavenly host came out to meet them : day with the King, even all the days of to whom it was said by the other two eternity. There you shall not see again shining ones, These are the men who such things as you saw when you were loved our Lord when they were in the in the lower region upon the earth, to wit, world, and have left all for his holy name; sorrow, sickness, affliction, and death, and he hath sent us to fetch them, and “for the former things are passed away.” we have brought them thus far on their desired journey, that they may go in and the which, when they did, some from look their Redeemer in the face with joy. above looked over the gate, to wit, Then the heavenly host gave a great Enoch, Moses, Elijah, &c., to whom it shout, saying, “Blessed are they that are was said, These pilgrims are come from called to the marriage-supper of the the City of Destruction, for the love that Lamb.”. There came also out at this they bear to the King of this place; and time to meet them several of the King's then the pilgrims gave in unto them each trumpeters, clothed in white and shining man his certificate, which they had reraiment, who, with melodious and loud ceived in the beginning: those, therenoises, made even the heavens to echo fore, were carried in to the King, who, with their sound. These trumpeters when he had read them, said, Where are saluted Christian and his fellow with ten the men? To whom it was answered, thousand welcomes from the world ; and They are standing without the gate. The this they did with shouting and sound of King then commanded to open the gate, trumpet.

“ That the righteous nation,” said he, This done, they compassed them round “that keepeth truth, may enter in.” about on every side ; some went before, Now, I saw in my dream that these some behind, and some on the right hand, two men went in at the gate ! and lo, as some on the left (as it were to guard them they entered, they were transfigured, and through the upper regions), continually they had raiment put on that shone like sounding as they went, with melodious gold. There were also that met them noise, in notes on high; so that the very with harps and crowns, and gave to them sight was to them that could behold it as the harps to praise withal, and the crowns if Heaven itself was come down to meet in token of honour. Then I heard in them. Thus, therefore, they walked on my dream that all the bells in the city together; and, as they walked, ever and rang again for joy, and that it was said anon these trumpeters, even with joyful unto them, “ Enter ye into the joy of sound, would, by mixing their music with your Lord.” I also heard the men looks and gestures, still signify to Chris- themselves, that they sang with a loud tian and his brother how welcome they voice, saying, Blessing, honour, and were into their company, and with what glory, and power be to Him that sitteth gladness they came to meet them : and upon the throne, and to the Lamb, for now were these two men, as it were, in ever and ever.” Heaven, before they came at it, being No as the gates were opened to swallowed up with the sight of angels, let in the men, I looked in after them, and with hearing their melodious notes and behold the city shone like the sun ; Here, also, they had the city itself in view, the streets, also were paved with gold, and thought they heard all the bells therein and in them walked many men with to ring, to welcome them thereto. But, crowns on their heads, palms in their above all, the warm and joyful thoughts hands, and golden harps, to sing praises that they had about their own dwelling withal. there with such company, and that for There were also of them that had ever and ever. Oh! by what tongue or wings, and they answered one another pen can their glorious joy be expressed ! without intermission, saying, ‘Holy, Thus they came up to the gate.

holy, holy, is the Lord." 'And after that Now, when they were come up to the they shut up the gates ; which when I gate, there was written over in letters of had seen, wished myself among them. gold, “Blessed are they that do his Now, while I was gazing upon all these commandments, that they may have a things, I turned my head to look back, right to the tree of life, and may enter in and saw Ignorance coming up to the through the gates into the city.'

river side; but he soon got over, and that Then I saw in my dream that the without half the difficulty which the other shining men bid them call at the gate; two men met with. For it happened


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