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that there was then in that place one the fields, from Bow to Bromley, and Vain-Hope, a ferryman, that with his down to Blackwall, to the stairs that are boat helped him over; so he, as the other, there for landing or taking water. I saw, did ascend the hill, to come up to Here I saw a poor man walking on the gate, only he came alone; neither did the bank or sea-wall, as they call it, by any man meet him with the least encour- himself. I walked a while also about, agement. When he was coming up to seeing the houses all shut up ; at last I the gate, he looked up to the writing that fell into some talk, at a distance, with was above, and then began to knock, this poor man. First I asked him supposing that entrance should have been how people did thereabouts ? Alas ! quickly administered to him: but he was sir, says he, almost desolate; all dead or asked by the men that looked over the sick : Here are very few families in this top of the gate, Whence come you, and part, or in that village, pointing at Popwhat would you have? He answered, lar, where half of them are not dead “ I have eat and drank in the presence of already, and the rest sick. Then he, pointthe King, and he has taught in our ing to one house, There they are all dead, streets." Then they asked for his certifi- said he, and the house stands open ; nocate, that they might go in and show it body dares go into it. A poor thief, to the King ; so he fumbled in his bosom says he, ventured in to steal something, for one, and found none. Then said but he paid dear for his theft, for he was they, You have none ! but the man an- carried to the churchyard, too, last night. swered never a word. So they told the Then he pointed to several other houses. King, but he would not come down to There, says he, they are all dead, the see him, but commanded the two shining man and his wife and five children. ones that conducted Christian and Hope. There, says he, they are shut up; you see ful to the city to go out and take Igno- a watchman at the door ; and so of other rance, and bind him hand and foot, and houses. Why, says I, what do you here have him away. Then they took him up, all alone ? Why, says he, I am a poor and carried him through the air to the desolate man : it hath pleased God I am door that I saw on the side of the hill, not yet visited, though my family is, and and put him in there. Then I saw that one of my children dead. there was a way to hell, even from the mean, then, said I, that you are not gates of heaven, as well as from the City visited? Why, says he, that is my house, of Destruction. “So I awoke, and be- pointing to a very little low boarded hold it was a dream."--The Pilgrim's house, and there my poor wife and two Progress.
children live, said he, if they may be said to live ; for my wife and one of the children are visited, but I do not come at
them. And with that word I saw the [DANIEL Defoe. 1661-1731.]
tears run very plentifully down his face; THE GREAT PLAGUE IN and so they did down mine too, I assure LONDON.
But, said I, why do you not come at Much about the same time I walked them ? How can you abandon your own out into the fields towards Bow, for I flesh and blood ? Oh, sir, says he, the had a great mind to see how things were Lord forbid ; I do not abandon them; managed in the river, and among the I work for them as much as I am able; ships; and as I had some concern in and, blessed be the Lord, I keep them shipping, I had a notion that it had been from want. And with that I observed one of the best ways of securing one's he lifted up his eyes to heaven with a self from the infection, to have retired into countenance that presently told me I had a ship; and musing how to satisfy my curi- happened on a man that was no hypocrite, osity on that point, I turned away over but a serious, religious, good man; and
How do you his ejaculation was an expression of thank- Nay, says I, but that may be worse, fulness, that, in such a condition as he for you must have those provisions of was in, he should be able to say his somebody or other ; and since all this family did not want. Well, says I, part of the town is so infected, it is honest man, that is a great mercy, as dangerous so much as to speak with anythings go now with the poor. But how body; for the village, said I, is, as it do you live then, and how are you kept were, the beginning of London, though from the dreadful calamity that is now it be at some distance from it. upon us all? Why, sir, says he, I am a That is true, added he, but you do not waterman, and there is my boat, says he, understand me right. I do not buy proand the boat serves me for a house; I visions for them here ; I row up to Greenwork in it in the day, and sleep in it in wich, and buy fresh meat there, and somethe night, and what I get I lay it down times I row down the river to Woolwich, upon that stone, says he, showing me a and buy there ; then I go to single farmbroad stone on the other side of the houses on the Kentish side, where I am street, a good way from his house ; and known, and buy fowls and eggs and then, says he, I halloo and call to them butter, and bring to the ships, as they till I make them hear, and they come direct me, sometimes one, sometimes the and fetch it.
other. I seldom come on shore here; Well, friend, says I, but how can you and I came only now to call my wife, and get money as a waterman ? Does any- hear how my little family do, and give body go by water these times? Yes, them a little money which I received last sir, says he, in the way I am employed night. there does. Do you see there, says he, Poor man ! said I, and how much hast five ships lie at anchor ? pointing down thou gotten for them ? the river a good way below the town; I have gotten four shillings, said he, and do you see, says he, eight or ten ships which is a great sum, as things go now lie at the chain there, and at anchor yon- with poor men ; but they have given me der ? pointing above the town. All those a bag of bread too, and a salt fish, and ships have families on board, of their some flesh; so all helps out. merchants and owners, and such like, Well, said I, and have you given it who have locked themselves up, and live them yet ? on board, close shut in, for fear of the in- No, said he, but I have called, and my fection; and I tend on them to fetch wife has answered that she cannot come things for them, carry letters, and do out yet ; but in half an hour she hopes to what is absolutely necessary, that they come, and I am waiting for her. Poor may not be obliged to come on shore; woman! says he, she is brought sadly and every night I fasten my boat on down : she has had a swelling, and it is board one of the ship's boats, and there broke, and I hope she will recover, but I I sleep by myself; and blessed be God, fear the child will die; but it is the Lord! I am preserved hitherto.
Here he stopt, and wept very much. Well, said I, friend, but will they let Well, honest friend, said I, thou hast you come on board after you have been a sure comforter, if thou has brought thyon shore here, when this has been such a self to be resigned to the will of God; terrible place, and so infected as it is ? he is dealing with us all in judgment.
Why, as to that, said he, I very seldom Oh, sir, says he, it is infinite mercy if go up the ship-side, but deliver what I any of us are spared ; and who am I to bring to their boat, or lie by the side, and repine ! they hoist it on board ; if I did, I think Say'st thou so, said I ; and how much they are in no danger from me, for I less is my faith 'than thine! And here never go into any house on shore, or my heart smote me, suggesting how much touch anybody, no, not of my own better this poor man's foundation was, family ; but I fetch provisions for them. on which he staid in the danger, than mine; that he had nowhere to fly; that was in my pocket before, Here, says I, he had a family to bind him to attend go and call thy Rachel once more, and ance, which I had not; and mine was give her a little more comfort from me; mere presumption, his a true dependence God will never forsake a family that and a courage resting on God; and yet, trust in him as thou dost : so I gave him that he used all possible caution for his four other shillings, and bid him go lay safety.
them on the stone, and call his wife. I turned a little way from the man I have not words to express the poor while these thoughts engaged me; for, man's thankfulness, neither could he indeed, I could no more refrain from express it himself, but by tears running tears than he.
down his face. He called his wife, and At length, after some farther talk, the told her God had moved the heart of a poor woman opened the door, and called stranger, upon hearing their condition, to Robert, Robert ; he answered, and bid give them all that money; and a great her stay a few moments and he would deal more such as that he said to her. come; so he ran down the common The woman, too, made signs of the like stairs to his boat, and fetched up a sack thankfulness, as well to Heaven as to me, in which was the provisions he had and joyfully picked it up ; and I parted brought from the ships; and when he with no money all that year that I returned, he hallooed again; then he thought better bestowed. - History of the went to the great stone which he showed Plague. me, and emptied the sack, and laid all out, everything by themselves, and then retired ; and his wife came with a little
PATERNAL boy to fetch them away; and he called, ADVICE TO A ROVING YOUTH. and said, such a captain had sent such a thing, and such a captain such a thing; BEING the third son of the family, and and at the end adds, God has sent it all, not bred to any trade, my head began to give thanks to Him. When the poor be filled very early with rambling thoughts. woman had taken up all, she was so My father, who was very ancient, had weak, she could not carry it at once in, given me a competent share of learning, though the weight was not much neither; as far as house education and a country so she left the biscuit, which was in a free school generally go, and designed me little bag, and left a little boy to watch it for the law : but I would be satisfied with till she came again.
nothing but going to sea; and my inclinaWell, but, says I to him, did you tion to this led me so strongly against the leave her the four shillings too, which will—nay, the commands-of my father, you said was your week's pay ?
and against all the intreaties and perYes, yes, says he, you shall hear her suasions of my mother and other friends, own it. So he calls again, Rachel, that there seemed to be something fatal in Rachel, which, it seems, was her name, that propension of nature, tending directly did you take up the money? Yes, said to the life of misery which was to befall she. How much was it ? said he.
Four me. shillings and a groat, said she. Well, My father, a wise and grave man, gave well, says he, the Lord keep you all; me serious and excellent counsel against and so he turned to go away.
what he foresaw was my design. He As I could not refrain from contribut called me one morning into his chamber, ing tears to this man's story, so neither where he was confined by the gout, and could I refrain my charity for his assist- expostulated very warmly with me upon
so I called him, Hark thee, this subject. He asked me what reasons, friend, said I, come hither, for I believe more than a mere wandering inclination, thou art in health, that I may venture I had for leaving my father's house and thee ; so I pulled out ny hand, which my native country, where I might be well
introduced, and had a prospect of raising versions, and all desirable pleasures, were my fortune by application and industry, the blessings attending the middle station with a life of ease and pleasure. He told of life ; that this way men went silently me it was only men of desperate fortunes and smoothly through the world, and on one hand, or of aspiring superior for comfortably out of it; not embarrassed tunes on the other, who went abroad upon with the labours of the hands or of the adventures, to rise by enterprise, and head ; not sold to a life of slavery for make themselves famous in undertakings daily bread, or harassed with perplexed of a nature out of the common road ; circumstances, which rob the soul of that these things were all either too far and the body of rest; not enraged with above me, or too far below me ; that mine the passion of envy, or the secret burning was the middle state, or what might be lust of ambition for great things—but in called the upper station of low life, which easy circumstances, sliding gently through he had found, by long experience, was the the world, and sensibly tasting the sweets best state in the world--the most suited to of living without the bitter ; feeling that human happiness ; not exposed to the they are happy, and learning, by every miseries and hardships, the labour and day's experience to know it more sensibly. sufferings, of the mechanic part of man- After this he pressed me earnestly, and kind, and not embarrassed with the pride, in the most affectionate manner, not to luxury, ambition, and envy, of the upper play the young man, or to precipitate part of mankind.
He told me I might myself into miseries, which nature, and judge of the happiness of this state by the station of life I was born in, seem to this one thing, namely, that this was the have provided against ; that I was under state of life which all other people envied; no necessity of seeking my bread ; that he that kings have frequently lamented the would do well for me, and endeavour to miserable consequences of being born to enter me fairly into the station of life great things, and wished they had been which he had been just recommending to placed in the middle of the two extremes, me; and that, if I was not very easy and between the mean and the great; that the happy in the world, it must be my mere wise man gave his testimony to this, as fate, or fault, that must hinder it ; and the just standard of true felicity, when he that he should have nothing to answer for, prayed to have neither poverty nor riches. having thus discharged his duty, in warn
He bade me observe it, and I should ing me against measures which he knew always find that the calamities of life were would be to my hurt. In a word, that as shared among the upper and lower part he would do very kind things for me, if I of mankind; but that the middle station would stay and settle at home as he dihad the fewest disasters, and was not ex- rected, so he would not have so much posed to so many vicissitudes as the higher hand in my misfortunes as to give me any or lower part of mankind ; nay, they encouragement to go away ; and, to close were not subjected to so many distempers all, he told me I had my elder brother and uneasinesses, either of body or mind, for my example, to whom he had used the as those were who, by vicious living, same earnest persuasions to keep him luxury, and extravagances on one hand, from going into the Low Country wars, or by hard labour, want of necessaries, but could not prevail, his young desires and mean or insufficient diet on the other prompting him to run into the army where hand, bring distempers upon themselves he was killed ; and though he said he by the natural consequences of their way would not cease to pray for me, yet he of living; that the middle station of life would venture to say to me, that if I did was calculated for all kind of virtues, and take this foolish step, God would not all kind of enjoyments; that peace and bless me—and I would have leisure hereplenty were the handmaids of a middle after to reflect upon having neglected his fortune ; that temperance, moderation, counsel, when there might be none to quietness, health, society, all agreeable di assist in my recovery.- Robinson Crusoe.
[LAURENCE STERNE. 1713-1768.] THE STORY OF LE FEVRE.
It was some time in the summer of that year in which Dendermond was taken by the allies, which was about seven years before my father came into the country, and about as many after the time that my uncle Toby and Trim had privately decamped from my father's house in town, in order to lay some of the finest sieges to some of the finest fortified cities in Europe when my uncle Toby was one evening getting his supper, with Trim sitting behind him at a small sideboard. I say sitting, for in consideration of the corporal's lame knee, which sometimes gave him exquisite pain, when my uncle Toby dined or supped alone, he would never suffer the corporal to stand; and the poor fellow's veneration for his master was such, that, with a proper artillery, my uncle Toby could have taken Dendermond itself with less trouble than he was able to gain this point over him; for many a time, when my uncle Toby supposed the corporal's leg was at rest, he would look back and detect him standing behind him with the most dutiful respect. This bred more little squabbles betwixt them than all other causes for five-and-twenty years together; but this is neither here nor there-why do I mention it? Ask my pen-It governs me-I govern not it.
He was one evening sitting thus at his supper, when the landlord of a little inn in the village came into the parlour with an empty phial in his hand, to beg a glass or two of sack. "'Tis for a poor gentleman-I think of the army, ," said the landlord, "who has been taken ill at my house four days ago, and has never held up his head since, or had a desire to taste anything, till just now, that he has a fancy for a glass of sack and a thin toast. 'I think,' says he, taking his hand from his forehead, it would comfort me.' If I could neither beg, borrow, nor buy such a thing," added the landlord, "I would almost steal it for the poor gentleman, he is so ill. I hope
in God he will still mend," continued
"Thou art a good-natured soul, I will answer for thee," cried my uncle Toby; "and thou shalt drink the poor gentleman's health in a glass of sack thyself; and take a couple of bottles with my service, and tell him he is heartily welcome to them, and to a dozen more if they will do him good.'
Though I am persuaded," said my uncle Toby, as the landlord shut the door, "he is a very compassionate fellow, Trim, yet I cannot help entertaining a high opinion of his guest too: there must be something more than common in him that in so short a time should win so much upon the affections of his host." "And of his whole family," added the corporal; "for they are all concerned for him." Step after him," said my uncle Toby; "do, Trim; ask him if he knows his name."
"I have quite forgot it, truly," said
My uncle Toby laid down his knife and fork, and thrust his plate from before him, as the landlord gave him the account; and Trim, without being ordered, took it away, without saying one word, and in a few minutes after brought him his pipe and tobacco.
'Stay in the room a little," said my uncle Toby. "Trim!" said my uncle Toby, after he lighted his pipe, and smoked about a dozen whiffs. Trim came in front of his master, and made his bow. My uncle Toby smoked on, and said no more. 66 "Corporal!" said my uncle Toby. The corporal made his bow. My uncle Toby went no further, but finished his pipe.