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lieved: for they may be proved hy most congruity: yea rather, for that they are ont certain warrants of holy Scripture. done as God hath willed and cominanded Art. IX. of Original or Birth-Sin. them to be done, we doubt not but they
Original Sin standeth not in the follow- have the nature of sin. ing of Adam (as the Pelagians do vainly Art. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. talk); but it is the fault and corruption of Voluntary Works, besides over and the nature of every man, that waturally is above God's Commandments, which they engendered of theollspring of Adam,where-call Works of Supererogation, cannot be by inan is very far gone from original righ- taught without arrogancy and impiety. For teousness, and is of his own nature inclined by them men do declare, That they do not to evil, so that the flesh lusteth always con- only reuder unto God as much as they are trary to the Spirit; and therefore in every bound to do, but that they do more for his person born into this world, it deserveth God's sake than of bounden duty is required: wrath and damnation. And this infection Whereas Christ saith plainly, when ye of nature doth remain, yea, in them that are have done all that are commanded to you, regenerated ; whereby the last of the flesh, say, We are unprofitable servants. called in Greek, Deórnun oxprès, which some Art. XV. of Christ alone without sin do expound the Wisdom, some Sensuality, Christ in the truth of oui nature, was some the Affection, some the Desire of the made like unto us in all things, sin only exFlesh, is not subject to the Law of God. And cept, from which he was clearly void, hoch although there is ro condemnation for them in his flesh, and in his spirit. He came to that believe and are baptized ; yet the be a Lamb without spot, who by sacrifice Apostle doth consess, that concupiscence of himself once made, should take away and lust hath of itself the nature of sin. the sins of the world; and sin (as St. John
Art. X. Of Free-Will. saith) was not in him. But all we the rest The condition of man after the fall of (although haptized and born again in Christ) Adam, is such, that he cannot turn and yet offend in many things; and if we say prepare himself, by his own natural strength we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and and good works, to faith, and calling upon the truth is not in us. God: wherefore we have no power to do Art. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. good works pleasant and acceptable to God, Not every deadly sin, willingly commitwithout the grace of God hy Christ pre: ed after Baptism, is sin against the Iloly venting us, that we may have a good will
, Ghost, and unpardonable. Wherefore the and working with us, when we have that grant of repentance is not to be denied to
such as fall into sin after Baptism. After År!. XI. Of the Justification of Mar. we have received the Holy Ghost, we way
We are accounted righteous before God, depart froin grace given, and fall into sin only for the Merit of our Lord and Saviour and by the grace of God (we r.ay) arise Jesus Christ by Faith; and not for our own again, and amend our lives. And therefore Works or Deservings. Wherefore, thai they are to be condemned, which say, they we are justified by Faith only, is a most can no more sin as long as they live here, wholesome doctrie, and very full of coin-for deny the place of surgiveness to such as fort, as more largely is expressed in the truly repent." Humily of Justification.
Art. XVII. Of Predestination and Art. XII. Of good Works.
Election. Alheit that good Works, which are the Predestination to life is the everlasting, Fruits of Faith, and follow after Justifica- purpose of God, whereby (before the foun tion, cannot put away our sins, and enduredations of the world were faid) he hath the severity of God's Judgment; yet are constantly decreed, by his counsel, secret they pleasing and acceptable to God in 19 us, to deliver from curse and damnatimi, Christ, and do spring oui necessarily of a those whom he hath chosen in Christ out true and lively Faith ; inscmuch that by of mankind, and to bring them by Christ to them a lively Faith may he as evidently everlasting salvation, as vessels made to ho known, as a tree discerned by the fruit
Wherefore they, which he endurd Ari. XIII. Of Works before with so excellent a benefit of God, he callJustification.
ed according to God's purpose by his Spirit Works done before the grace of Christ, working in due season: they through grace and the inspiration of his Spirit, are not obey the calling: they be justified freely: pleasant to God, forasmuch as they spring they be inade Sous of God by adoption: hot of faith in Jesus Christ, neither do they they he made like the image of his only make men meet to receive grace, or (as begotten Son Jesus Christ : they walk res the Schwul Authors say) deserve grace of ligiously in good works; and ai lengil by
Gol's mercy they attain to everlasting fe-fore, although the Church be a Witness licity.
and a Keeper of Holy Writ, yet as it As the godly consideration of Predesti. ought not to decree any thing against the nation, and our Election in Christ is full of same, so besides the same ought it not to sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable comfort enforce any thing to be believed for neto godly persons, and such as feel in them-cessity of salvation. selves the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the works of the flesh and their Art. XXI. Of the Arthority of General earthly members, and drawing up their
Councils,* mind to high and heavenly things as well Art. XXII. Of Purgatory because it doth greatly establish and confirin their faith of eternal salvation, to be The Romish doctrine concerning Pur enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth gatory, Pardons, Worshipping, and Ado fervently kindle their love towards God : ration, as well of Images, as of Reliques, so, for curious and carnal persons, lacking and also Invocation of Saints, is a fond the Spirit of Christ, to have continually
vainly invented, and grounded upon fore their eyes the Sentence of God's Pre- no warranty of Scripture,
but rather redestination, is a most dangerous downfall, pugnart to the Word of God. whereby the Devil doth thrust them either into desperation, or into wretchlessness of Art. XXIII. Of Ministering in the most unclean living, no less perilous than
It is not lawful for any man to take upFurthermore, we must receive God's on him the office of public Preaching, or Promises in such wise as they be generally Ministering the Sacraments in the Congre set forth to us in holy Scripture: And in gation, before he be lawfully called, and our doings, that will of God is to be follow. sent to execute the same. And those we ed, which we have expressly declared unto ought to judge lawfully called and sent, us in the Word of God.
which be chosen and called to this Work by men who have public Authority given
unto them in the Congregation, to call and Art. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Salvation send Ministers into the Lord's Vineyard only by the Name of Christ.
Art. XXIV. of Speaking in the Congre. 'They are also to be had accursed, that gation in such a tongue as the People un presume to say, that every man shall be derstandeth. saved by the Law or Sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his Word of God, and the custom of the Pri
It is a thing plainly repugnant to the life according to that Law,and the light of mitive Church,
to have public prayer in Nature. For holy Scripture doth set out the Church, or to minister the Sacraunto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, ments in a tongue not understanded of the whereby men must be saved.
Art. XXV. Of the Sacraments,
Sacraments ordained of Christ be not The visible Church of Christ is a Con- only badges or tokens of Christian men's gregation of faithful men,
in the which the Profession, but rather they be certain pure Word of God is preached, and the and God's good will towards us, by the
sure witnesses, and effectual signs of grace, Sacraments be duly ministered according which
he doth work invisibly in us, and to Christ's Ordinance, in all those things doth not only quicken, but also strengthen that of necessity are requisite to the same. and confirm our faith in him.
As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch, have erred ; só also the Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to
There are two Sacraments ordained of Church of Rome hath erred, not only in say, Baptism, and the Supper of the their living and manner of Ceremonies, Lord. but also in matters of faith.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Pe.
nance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. Unction, are not to be counted for Sacra
ments of the Gospel, being such as have The Church hath power to decree Rites grown, partly of the corrupt following or Ceremonies, and Authority ir. Contro- of the Apostles, partly are states of life versies of Faith: And yet it is not lawful allowed by the Scriptures : but yet have for the Church to ordain any thing that is not like nature of Sacraments with Bapcontrary to God's Word written; neither tism and the Lord's Supper, for that they may it so expound one place of Scripture, have not any visible Sign or Ceremony that it be repugnant to another. Where-ordained of God.
* The 21st of the former articles is omitted, because it is partly of a local and CITI Dature, and is provided for, as to the remaining parts of it, in other articles
The Sacraments were not ordained of Substance of Bread and Wine) in the Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by about, but that we should duly use them. Holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the plaío And in such only as worthily receive the words of Scripture, overthroweth the na. same, they have a wholesome effect or ture of a Sacrament, and hath given occaoperation: but they that receive them un- sion to many Superstitions. worthily, purchase to theinselves damna The Body of Christ is given, taken, and 11on, a3 St. Paui saith.
eaten in the Supper, only alier an heavenis Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of and spiritual manner. And the mean
the Ministers, which hinders not the whereby the Body of Christ is received Effect of the Sacramenls.
and eaten in the Supper, is Faith. Although in the visible Church the evil The Sacrament of the Lord's Sufper be ever mingled with the good, and some was not by Christ's Ordinance reservers, time the evil have chief authority in the carried about, lified up, or worshipped. ministration of the Word and Sacraments: Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, wnich eat yet, forasmuch as they do not the same in not of the Body of Christ in the Use their own nainc, but in Christ's, and do minister hy his Commission and Authority,
File he chords
The wicked, and stuch as he void of a we may use their Ministry, both in hearing lively faith, alil.ough they do carnaliy and the Word oi God, and in receiving the visibly press with their teeth (as St. An Sacraments. Neither is the effect of gustine saith) the Sacradient of the body Christ's Ordinance taken away by their and Blood of Christ ; yet in no wise are wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts they partakers of Christ; but rather lo diminished from such, as by faith, and their Condemnation do eat and drink the riglıtly, do receive the Sacraments ininis- Sign or Sacrament of so greal a thing. tered unto them, which be effectual, be Art. XXX. Of bolh Kinds. cause of Christ's institution and promise, The Cup of the Lord is lol to ve denied although they be ministered hy evil men. to the Lay-People: for buth the parts of
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Dis- the Lord's Sacrameni by Christ's Ordicipline of the Church, that inquiry be made nance and Commandment, ought to be of evil Ministers, and that they be accused ministered to all Christian men alike. by those that have knowledge of their of- Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of fences: and forally being found guilty, by Christ finished upon the Cross. just judgment, be deposed.
The offering of Christ once made, is that Art. XXVII.' Of Baptism. perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisBaptism is noi only a sign of Profession. Taction for all ihe sins of the whole worid, and mark of Difference, whereby Christian bath original and actual; and there is none men are discerned from others that be no other satisfaction für sin, but that alone. christened: but it is also a sign of Regene- Wherefore the Sacrifice of Masses, in which ration, or new Birth, whereoy, as by an it was commonly said, that the l'riest did instrument, they, that receive Baptism offer Christ for the quick and the dead. rightly are grafted into the Church; the lo have remission of pain or guilt, were promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of blasphemous fables, and dangerous deceits. our adoption to be the son of God hy the Art. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed:
Priests. faith is confirmed, and grace increased by Bishops, Priests, and Deacong, are not virtve of Prayer unto God. The Baptism commanded by God's Law, either to vov of young children is in any wise to be re- the estate of single life, or to abs!ain from tained in the Church as most agreeable Marriage : therefore it is lawful for them, with the institution of Christ.
a3 for all other Christian men, to marry Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. at their own discretion, as they shall judge
The Supper of the Lord is not only a the same to serve better to godliness. sign of the Love that Christians oughi to Art. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Perhave among themselves one to another; sons, how they are to be avoided. but rather it is a Sacrament of our Re. That person which hy open denunciation demption by Christ's death: insomuch that of the Church is righily cut off from the to such as sightly, worthily, and with faith Unity of the Church, and excommunicateil receive the same, the Bread which we ought to he taken of the whole niultitude of break is a partaking of the Body of Christ; he faithful, as an Heathen and Publican and likewise the Cup of Blessing is a par- until he he openly reconciled hy Penance, ta'sing of the Blood of Christ.
and received into the Church bv a Judge Transubstantiation (or the change of the that hath authority thereunta
Art. XXXIV. Of the T'raditions of the 17. For the Rogation-days.
18. Of the State of Matrimony It is not necessary that Traditious and 19. Of Repentance. Cerernonies he in all places one, or utterly 20. Against Idleness. like; for at all times they have been divers, 21. Against Rebellion. and may be ct:anged according to the di [This Article is received in this Church, versity of countries, times, and men's marr- so far as it declares the books of Homilies Dess, so that nothing be ordained against to be an explication of Christian dociring, God's word. Whosoever, through his pri- and instructive in piety and morals. But vale judgment, willingly and purposely doth all references to the constitution and laws openly break the Traditions and Ceremo- of England are considered as inapplicable nies of the Church, which be not repug-to the circumstances of this Church, which nant to the word of God, and be ordained also suspends the order for the reading of and approved hy common authority, ought said Homilies in Churches until a revision to be rebuked openly (that other may fear of them may be conveniently made, for the to do the like) as he that offen:leth against clearing of them, as well from obsolete words the common Order of the Church, and and phrases, as from the local references hurteth the Authority of the Magistrate, Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Biand woundeth the Consciences of the weak
shops and Ministers. Brethren.
The Book of Consecration of Bishops, Every Particular or National Church and Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as hah Authority to ordain, change, and set forth by the General Convention of this aholish Ceremonies or Rites of the Church, Church in 1792, doth contain all things ordained only by man's authority, so that necessary to such consecration and order. all things be done to edifying.
ing; neither hath it any thing that, of itself, Art. XXXV. Of Homilies. is superstitious and ungodly: and, there. The second Book of Ilomilies, the seve-fore, whosoever are consecrated or orcierral titles whereof we have joined, under ed according to said form, we decree all this Article, doth contain a godly and such to he rightly, orderly, and lawfully wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for consecrated and ordered. these Times, as doth the former Book of Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Homilies, which were set forth in the time
Civil Magistrates. of Edward the Sixth; and therefore we The power of the Civil Magistrate exo judge them to be read in Churches by the tendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Laity, Minister's diligently and distinctly, that they in all things temporal; but hath no authomay be understanded of the people. rity in things purely spiritual. And we
of the Names of the Homilies. hold it to be the duty of all men who are 1. Of the right Use of the Church. professors of the Gospel
, to pay respectful 2. Against Peril of Idolatry.. obedience to the civil authority, regularly 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of and legitimnately constituted. Churches.
Art. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's 4. Of good Works: first of Fasting. Goods, which are not common. 5. Against Gluttony and Drunken The Riches and Goods of Christians are
not common, as touching the right, title, 6. Against Excess of Apparel. and possession of the same, as certain A na
baptists do falsely boast. Notwithstandig, ä. Or the Place and Time of Prayer. every man ought of such things as he pas9. That Common Prayers and Sa.sesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor,
craments ought to be ministered according to his ability.
Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's 10. Of the reverent Estimation of
As we confess that vain and rash swear11. Of Alms-doing.
ing is forbidden Christian men bo our 12. of the Nativity of Christ. Lord Jesus Christ, and James his Apostle: 13. Of the Passicn of Christ. so we judge that Christian Religion doth 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. not prohibit, but that a man may swear 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sa- when the Magistrate requireth, m'a cause
crament of the Body and Blood of Faith and Charity, sy it be done accorda of Christ.
ing to the Prophets teaching in Justice, 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. Judgment, and "Truth
MAKING, ORDAINING, AND CONSECRATING. BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS, According to the Order of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of
Ainerica, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of said Church, La General Convention, in the month of September, A. D. 1792.
THE PREFACE. It is evident unto all men, diligently reading holy Scripture and ancient Authors, that
froin the Apostles'lıme there have been thesc Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church, -Lishops, Priests, ard Deacon. Which O fices were evermore had in such reveTend estimation, that wo man might presume to execute any of them, except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities as are requisite for the same; and also by public Prayer, with Imposition of Hands, were approved and adınited thereundo by lawful Authority. And therefore, to the intent that these Orders may be contiqued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said Functions, except he be called, tried, examined, and admitted thereunio, according to the form bereafter following, or ha!h
bad Episcopal Consecration or Ordination. And none shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except be be of the age
which the Canon in that case provided may require. And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or hy sufficient testimony, any person to
be a man of virtuous conversation, and without crime; and, after examination and trial, finding him sufliciently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise learned as the Canons require, may, at the tiines appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upod some other day, in the face of the Church, admit him a Deacon, in such Manner and Form as followeth.
The Form and Manner of making Deacons, # IF hen the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ered
ed, there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Puty and opice of such as come to be admitted Deacons ; how necessary that Order is in the
Church of Christ, end ulso how the People ought to esteem them in their office. TA Priest shall presenl unto the Bishop, which he ought not to be admited to that
sitting in his 'Chair near to the holy Jollice, let hiin come forth in the nanie of
ment he objected, the Bishop shall
cease from Ordering that Person, una to be admitted Deacons.
til such time as the Party accused The Bishop.
shall be found clear of that Crime. TAKE heed that the persons when res Thematic lielishuone remmending such their learning and godly conversation, to to the Prayers of the Congregation) exercise their Ministry duly to the honour shall, with the Clergy and People preor' God, and the edifying of his Church. sent, say the Litany.
The Priest shall answer : 1 Then shall be said the Service for the I Have inquired concerning them, and Communion, with the Collect, Epislle,
and Gospel, as followetk. to be.
Providence last appointed divers UrRETIREN, if there be any of you, ders of Ministers in thy Church, and didst lable crime in any of torse persons pre Order of Deacons the firs! Martyr, Saint ponied to be ordered Deacons, for the Stephen, with others; mercifully bebolt