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was sent abroad on his travels, but never got further than Paris; where having lost a considerable bet of four to one concerning the taking a town in Flanders, he was obliged to come back with a few guineas he borrowed to bring him over. Here he soon became universally known by frequenting every gaming-table, and attending every horse-race in the kingdom. He first reduced betting into an art, and made White's the grand market for wagers. He is at length such an adept in this art, that whatever turn things take, he can never lose: this he has effected, by what he has taught the world to call hedging a bet. There is scarce a contested election in the kingdom, which will not end to his advantage ; and he has lately sent over commissions to Paris to take up bets on the recall of the parliament. · He was the first, that struck out the above. mentioned practice of pitting; in which he is so thoroughly versed, that the death of every person of quaAity may be said to bring him a legacy; and he has so contrived the bets on his own life, that (live or die) the odds are in his favour.


(Connoif. N° 26.]


Gentleman of my acquaintance lately laid before

me an estimate of the consumption of bread and cheese, cakes, ale, &c. in all the little towns near Lon. don every Sunday. It is incredible how many thousand buns are devoured in that one day at Chelsea and Paddington ; and how much beer is swallowed at Islington and Mile End. Upon the whole I was vaftly entertained with a review of this estimate, and could not help approving the observation of Tom Brown, “ that the « Sabbath is a very fine institution, since the very “ breaking of it is the support of half the villages about * our metropolis."

Our common people are very observant of that part of the commandment, which enjoins them to do man


aer of work on that day, which they also seem to understand as a licence to devote it to pleasure. They take this opportunity of thrusting their heads into the pillory at Georgia, being sworn at Highgate, and rolling down Flamstead-Hill in the park at Greenwich. As they all aim at going into the country, nothing can be a greater misfortune to the meaner part of the inhabitants of London and Westminster than a rainy Sunday; and how many honest people would be balked of a ride

once week, if the legislature was to limit the hired one-borse chaises working on that day to a certain number as well as the hackney coaches.

The fubftantial tradesman is carried to his fnug box, which has nothing rural about it except the ivy that over-suns the front, and is placed as near to the road. side as poflible, where the pleasure of seeing carriages pass under his window amply compensates for his being almost smothered with duft. The few smart prentices, who are able to fit an horse, may be seen (purring their broken-winded hacks up the hills; and the good-natured husband together with his mate is dragged along the road to the envy and admiration of the footpaffenger, who (to compleat the Sunday picture) trudges patiently with a child in one arm, while his beloved doxy leans on the other, and waddles at his fide fweltring beneath the unusual weight of an hoop-petticoat.

It is not to be supposed that the country has in it. self any peculiar attractive charms to those who think themselves out of the world, if they are not within tha found of Bow Bell. To most of our cockneys it ferves only as an excuse for eating and drinking; and they get out of town merely because they have nothing to do at home: a brick-kiln smells as sweet to them as a farm-yard ; they would pass by a barn or an hay-stack without notice; but they rejoice at the fight of every hedge ale-house, that promises good home-brew'd. As the rest of a cit's life is regular and uniform, his Sunday diversions have as little variety; and if he was to take a journal of them, we might suppose that it would run much in the following manner. Lé

Surday Sunday--Overslept myself-Did not rise till nine Was a full hour in pulling on my new double channel'd pumps.-Could get no breakfast

, my wife being busy in drelling herself for church.

At ten-Family at church--Self walked to Mother Redcap's--Smoked half a pipe, and drank a pint of the Alderman’s. N. B. The beer not so good as at the Adam ard Eve at Pancrass.

Dined at one-Pudding not boiled enough, fuet mufty-Wife was to drive me in an one-horse chaise to see Mother Wells at Endfield-Was, but it looked likely to rain-Took a nap, and posted seven pages from my day-book 'till five. Men. Colonel Promise has lost his election, and is turned out of his place.To arrest him to-morrow.

At fix Mrs. Deputy to drink tea with my wife-I hate their slip-flops-Called on my neighbour the CommonCouncil-man, and took a walk with him to Islington.

From seven to eight-Smoked a pipe at the Caftle, eat an heart-cake, and drank two pints of cyder. N. B. To drink cyder often, because neighbour tells me it is good for the stone and gravel.

At nine-Got to town again, very much fatigued with the journey-Pulled off my claret coloured coat, and blue sattin waistcoat - Went to club, smoked three pipes, came honie at twelve, and sept very foundly, till the prentice called me to go and take out a writ again Colonel Promise.

As to persons of quality, like Lady Loverule in the farce, they cannot see why one day should be more holy than another : therefore Sunday wears the same face with them, as the rest of the week. Accordingly, for some part of this summer, Ranelagh was opened on Sunday evenings; and I cannot help wondering that the cultom did not continue. It must have been very convénient to pass away the time there, 'till the hour of meeting at the card-table; and it was certainly more decent to fix assignations there than at church.

Going to church may, indeed, be reckoned among our Sunday amusements, as it is made a mere matter of diversion among many Welt meaning people, who are


induced to appear in a place of worship from the same motives, that they frequent other public places. To tome it answers all the purposes of a rout or assembly,—to see and be seen by their acquaintance; and; from their bows, nods, curt'fies, and loud conversations, one might conclude that they imagined themselves in a drawing-room. To others it affords the cheap opportunity of thowing their taste for dress: Not a few, I believe, are drawn together in our cathedrals and larger churches by the influence of the music rather than the prayers, and are kept awake by a jig from the organ-loft, though they are lulled alleep by the ha. rangue from the pulpit. A well-disposed chriftian will go a mile from his own house to the Temple-Church, not because a Sherlock is to preach, but to hear a Solo from Stanley

But though going to church may be deemed a kind of amusement, yet upon modern principles it appears such a very odd one, that I am at a loss to account for the reasons, which induced our ancestors to give into that method of passing their Sunday. At least it is so wholly incompatible with the polite system of life, that a person of falhion (as affairs are now managed) finds it absolutely imposible to comply with this practice. Then again the service always begins at such unfashionable hours, that in the morning a man must huddle on his clothes like a boy to run to school, and in an afternoon must inevitably go without his dinner. In order to remove all these objections, and that some ritual may be established in this kingdom agreeable to our inclinations and consistent with our practice, the following Scheme has been lately sent me in order to submit itu to the serious confideration of the Public.

Imprimis, It is humbly proposed, that Chriftianity be entirely abolished by act of Parliament, and that no other religion be imposed on us in its stead; but as the age grows daily more and more enlightened, we may at lałt be quite delivered from the influence of superftition and bigotry.

Secondly, That in order to prevent our ever relapsing into pious errors, and that the common people may


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not lose their holiday, every Sunday be fet apart to commemorate our victory over all religion ; that the Churches be turned into Free-thinking Meeting-Houses, and discourses read in them to confute the doctrine of a future state, the immortality of the foul, and other abfurd notions, which some people now regard as objects of belief.

Thirdly, That a Ritual be compiled exactly opposite to our present Liturgy; and that instead of reading portions of Scripture, the first and second leffons Thall consist of a section of the Post-humous Works of Lord Bolingbroke, or of a few pages from the writings of Spinoza, Chubb, Maundeville, Hobbes, Collins, Tindal, &c. from which writers the preachers shall also take their text. Fourthly,

That the usual Feasts and Fasts, viz. Chriftmas Day, Easter Sunday, Trinity Sunday, &c. be fill preserved, but that on those days discourses be delivered suitable to the occasion, containing a refutation of the Nativity, the Resurre&tion, the Trinity, &c.

Fifthly, That instead of the vile melody of a Clerk bawling out two staves of Sternhold and Hopkins, or a cathedral choir singing anthems from the psalter, fome of the most fashionable cantatas, opera-airs, fongs, or catches, be performed by the best voices for the entertainment of the company.

Lastly, That the whole fervice be conducted with fuch taste and elegance, as may render these Free-thinking Meeting-Houfes as agreeable as the theatres; and that they may be even more judiciously calculated for the propagation of atheism and infidelity, than the Robin Hood Society or the Oratory in Clare Market.


[Spect. No.631.]


Had occasion to go a few miles out of town, fome

days fince, in a stage-coach, where I had for my fellow-travellers 'a ditty bean, and a pretty young quakerwoman. Having no inclination to talk much at that

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