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reign among them? Observe how the whole swarm divide and make way for the pismire that pafles through them ! you must understand he is an emmet of quality, and has better blood in his veins than any pismire in the molehill. Don't you see how sensible he is of it, how slow he marches forward, how the whole rabble of ants keep their distance ? Here you may observe one placed upon a little eminence, and looking down on a long row of labourers. He is the richest insect on this fide the hillock, he has a walk of half a yard in length and a quarter of an inch in breadth, he keeps an hundred menial servants, and has at least fifteen barleycorns in his granary. He is now chiding and beilaving the emmet that stands before him, and who, for all that we can discover, is as good an emmet as himself.
But here comes an insect of figure ! Don't you take notice of a little white straw that he carries in his mouth? That straw, you must understand, he would not part with for the longest track about the mole-hill: did you but know what he has undergone to purchase it ! See how the ants of all qualities and conditions fwarm about him. Should this straw drop out of his mouth, you would see all this numerous circle of attendants follow the next that took it up, and leave the discarded infect, or run over his back to come at his succeflor.
If now you have a mind to see all the ladies of the mole-hill, obferve first the pismire that listens to the emmet on her left-hand, at the same time that she seems
to turn away her head from him. He tells this pcor infect that the is a goddess, that her eyes are brighter than the sun, that life and death are at her disposal. She believes him, and gives herself a thousand little airs upon it. Mark the vanity of the pifinire on your left hand. She can scarce crawl with age; but you must know the values herself upon her birth; and if you mind, spurns at every one ihat comes within her reach. The little nimble coquette that is running along by the fide of her, is a wit. She has broke many a pismire's heart. Do but observe what a drove of lovers are running after her. We will here finish this imaginary scene; but first of
all, to draw the parallel closer, will suppose, if you please, that death comes down upon the mole-hill, in the shape of a cock-sparrow, who picks up, without distinction, the pismire of quality and his flatterers, the pismire of substance and his day-labourers, the white
it raw officer and his fycophants, with all the goddesses, wits, and beauties of the mole-hill.
May we not imagine that beings of fuperior natures and perfections regard all the inftances of pride and vanity, among our own species, in the same kind of view when they take a survey of those who inhabit the earth; or, in the language of an ingenious French poes of those pismires that people this heap of dirt, which human vanity has divided into climates and regions.
An allegorical Letter from TO-RAY.
[Adventurer, No. 11.] To the ADVENTUR ER. SIR, T is the fate of all who do not live in necessary or
accidental obfcurity, who neither pass undirtinguished through the vale of prverty, nor hide them#elves in the groves of solitude, to have a numerous acquaintance and few friends.
An' acquaintance is a being who meets us with a smile and a salute, who tells us in the same breath that he is glad and sorry for the most trivial good and ill that befalls us, and yet who turns from us without regret,
who scarce wishes to see us again, who forsakes us in hopeless fickness or adversity, and when we die remembers
A friend is he with whom our interest is united, upon whose participation all our pleasures de pend; who sooths us in the fretfulness of difease, and chears us in the gloom of a prison; to whom, when we die, even our remains are sacred, who follows them with tears to the grave, and preserves our image in his heart. A friend our calamities may grieve, and our
us no more.
wants may impoverish, but neglect only can offend and unkindness alienate. Is it not therefore astonishing that a friend ihould ever be alienated or offended! and can there be a stronger instance of the folly and caprice of mankind, than their withholding from those upon whom their happiness is confefied to depend, that civility which they lavih upon others, without hope of any higher reward than a trivial and momentary gratification of their vanity, by an echo of their compliments and a return of their obeysauce ?
Of this caprice there are none who have more cause to complain than myself. That I am a person of some importance has never yet been disputed : I am allowed to have great power to please and to instruct: I always contribute to the felicity of those by whom I am well treated ; and I must confess, that I am never abused without leaving marks of my resentment behind me.
I am generally regarded as a friend; and there are few who could think of parting with me for the lat time, without the utmost regret, folicitude, and reluctance. I know, wherever I come, that I have been the object of defire and hope ; and that the pleasure which I am expected to diffuse, has, like all others, been enjoyed by anticipation. By the young and gay, those: who are entering the world either as a scene of business or pleasure, I am frequently desired with such impatience, that although every moment brings on wrinkles and decrepitude with irresitible rapidity, that they will be willing that the time of my absence should be annihi. lated, and the approach of wrinkles and decrepitude, rendered yet more precipitate. There cannot surely be stronger evidence than this of my influence upon their happiness, or of their affection for me: and yet the transport with which I am at first received quickly fabfides ; they appear to grow weary of my company, they would again shorten life to haiten the hour of my departure, and they reflect upon the length of my visit with regret.
To the aged I confess I am not able to procure equal advantages, and yet there are some of thele who have been remarkable for their virtue, among whom I expe
rience more constant reciprocations of friendship. never heard that they expresied any impatient expectation of me when absent, nor do they receive me with rapture when I come; but while I ftay they treat me with complacency and good humour; and in proportion as their first address is less violent, the whole tenour of their conduct is more equal : they suffer me to leave them in an evening without importunity to prolong my visit, and think of my departure with indifference.
You will, perhaps, imagine, that I am distinguished by some ftrange fingularity, of which the uncommon treatment that I receive is a consequence. As few can judge with impartiality of their own character, none are believed merely upon their own evidence who affirm it to be good : I will, therefore, describe to you the manner in which I am received by persons of very different ftations, capacities, and employments. The facts shall be exhibited without false colouring ; I will neither suppress, soften, nor exaggerate any circumstance, by which the natural and genuine state of these facts may be discovered, and I know that your sagacity will do me justice.
In summer I rise very early; and the first person that I see is a peasant at his work, who generally regards me with a smile, though he feldom participates of my bounty. His labour is scarce ever suspended while I am with him; yet he always talks of me with complacency, and never treats me with neglect or indecorum, except perhaps on a holiday, when he has been tippling : and this I can easily overlook, though he commonly re
ceives a hint of his fault the next morning, that he may · be the more upon his guard for the future.
But though in the country I have reason to be best satisfied with the behaviour of those whom I first fee, yet in my early walks in town I am almost sure to be insulted.' As soon as the wretch, who has passed the night at a tavern, or a gaming-table, perceives me at a distance, he begins to mutter curses against me, though he knows they will be fulfilled upon himself, and is impatient till he can bar his door and hide himself in bed.
I have one fitter, and though her complexion is very dark, yet she is not without her charms ; she is, I con
fess, said to look best by candlelight, in her jewels, and at a publick place, where the splendor of her dress and the multiplicity of other objects prevent too minute an examination of her person. Some good judges have fancied, though perhaps a little whimsically, that there is something inexpreffibly pleasing in her by moonlight, a kind of placid ease, a gentle languor which foftens her features, and gives new grace to her manner: they say too, that she is best disposed to be agreeable company in a walk, under the chequered shade of a grove, along the green banks of a river, or upon the sandy beach by the sea.
My fifter's principles in many particulars differ from mine ; but there has been always such a harmony between us, that the seldom (miles upon those who have suffered me to pass with a contemptuous negligence ; much less does she use her influence, which is very great, to procure any advantage for those who drive me from their presence with outrage and abuse ; and yet none are more affiduous in their addrefies, nor intrude longer upon her privacy, 'than those who are most implacably
She is generally better received by the poor than the. rich ; and indeed she seldom visits the indigent and the wretched, without bringing something for their relief; yet
those who are most sollicitous to engage her in parties of pleasure, and are seen longest in her company, are always suspected of fome evil design.
You will, perhaps, think there is something enigmatical in all this; and left you should not yet be able to discover my true character sufficiently to engage you in my interest, I will give you a short history of the inci. dents that have happened to me during the last eight hours.
It is now four o'clock in the afternoon : about seven I rose; soon after, as I was walking by the dial in Covent Garden, I was perceived by a man well dressed, who appeared to have been sleeping under one of the fheds, and whom a watchman had just told that I was approaching : after attempting to swear feveral oaths, and staggering a few paces, he scowled at me under his