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Each loves itself, but not itself alone,
Each fex desires alike, 'till two are one.
Nor ends the pleasure with the fierce embrace;
They love themselves, a third time, in their race.
Thus beast and bird their common charge attend,
The mothers nurse it, and the sires defend;
The young dismiss’d to wander earth or air,
There stops the instinct, and there ends the care;
The link dissolves, each seeks a fresh embrace,
Another love succeeds, another race.
A longer care man's helpless kind demands;
That longer care contracts more lasting bands:
Reflection, reason, still the ties improve,
At once extend the interest and the love:
With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn;
Each virtue in each passion takes its turn;
And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise,
That graft benevolence on charities.
Still as one brood, and as another rose,
These nat'ral love maintain'd, habitual thofe :
The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect man,
Saw helpless him from whom their life began:
Mem'ry and fore-cast just returns engage,
That pointed back to youth, this on to age :
While pleasure, gratitude, and hope combin'd,
Still spread the interest and preserv'd the kind. (trod;

IV. Nor think, in NATURE'S STATE they blindly
The state of nature was the reign of God:
Self-love and social at her birth began,
Union the bond of all things, and of man.
Vol. III.



Pride then was not; nor arts, that pride to aid :
Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the shade ;
The same his table, and the fame his bed;
No murder cloath'd him, and no murder fed.
In the same temple, the resounding wood,
All vocal beings hym'd their equal God :
The shrine with gore unstain d, with gold undrest,
Unbrib’d, unbloody, stood the blameless pricft:
Heaven's attribute was universal care,
And man's prerogative, to rule, but spare.
Ah! how unlike the man of times to come!
Of half that live, the butcher and the tomb;
Who, foc to pature, hears the general groan,
Murders their species, and betrays his own.
But just discafe to luxury fucceeds,
And every death its own avenger breeds;
The fury-passions from that blood began,
And turn'd on man, a fiereer savage, man.

See him from nature rising flow to art !
To copy inftinct then was reason's part;
Thus then to man the voice of nature spake

Go, from the creatures thy instructions take : “ Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield; “ Learn from the beasts the physic of the field; “ Thy arts of building from the bee receive; “ Learn of the mole to plow, the worm to weave ; Learn of the little Nautilus to fail,

Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale. “ Here too all forms of social union find, " And hence let rea.on, late, instruct mankind :

" Here subterranean works and cities fee;
" There towns aërial on the waving tree.
“ Learn each small people's genius, policies,
“ The ant s republic and the realm of bees ;

How those in common all their wealth bestow,
And anarchy without confusion know;

And these for ever tho'a monarch reign,
" Chcir sep’rate cells and properties maintain.
" Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state,
Laws wise as nature, and as fix'd as fate

In vain thy reason finer webs mall draw, " Entangle justice in her net of law,

And right, too rigid, harden into wrong: 66 Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong. " Yet go! and thus o'er all the creatures fway, 6 Thus let the wiser make the rest obey; « And for those arts mere instinct could afford, 6. Be crown'd as monarchs, or as gods ador’d.”

V. Great nature spoke ; observant man obey'd; Cities were built, societies were made: Here rose one little state; another near Grew by like means, and join'd, thro' love or fcari Bid here the trees with ruddier burdens bend, And there the streams in purer rills descend ? What war could ravish, commerce could hestow, And he return'd a friend, who came a foe. Converse and love mankind might strongly draw, When love was liberty, and nature law. Thus states were form’d; the name of king unknown, 'Till common interest plac'd the fway in one.

"Twas VIRTUE ONLY (or in arts or arms,
Diffusing blessings, or averting harms)
The same which in a fire the sons obey'd,
A prince the father of a people made.

VI. Till then, by nature crown'd, each patriarch fate,
King, priest, and parent, of his growing state;
On him, their second Providence, they hung,
Their law his eye, their oracle his tongue.
He from the wond'ring furrow callid the food,
Taught to command the fire, controul the flood,
Draw forth the monsters of th' abyss profound,
Or fetch th' aërial eagle to the ground.
"Till drooping, sick’ning, dying they began
Whom they rever'd as God, to mourn as man:
Then, looking up from fire to fire, explor'd
One great first father, and that first ador’d.
Or plain tradition that this all begun,
Convey'd unbroken faith from fire to fon;
The worker from the work distinct was known,
And simple reason never fought but one:
Ere wit oblique had broke that steddy light,
Man, like his Maker, saw that all was right;
To virtue, in the paths of pleasure trod,
And own'd a Fa her when he own'd a GoD.
Love all the faith, and all th' allegiance then;
For nature knew no right divine in men,
No ill could fear in God; and understood
A sovereign being, but a sovereign good.
True faith, true policy, united ran,
That was but love of God, and this of man.

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Who first taught souls enllav'd, and realms undone,
Th' enormous faith of many made for one;
That proud cxception to all nature's laws,
T'invert the world, and counter-work its cause?
Force first made conquest, and that conquest, law;
'Till Superstition taught the tyrant awe,
Then shar’d the tyranny, then lent it aid,
And gods of conquerors, Naves of subjects made :
She, midst the lightning's blaze, and thunders found,
When rock'd the mountains, and when gioan'd the

She taught the weak to bend, the proud to pray,
To Power unseen, and mightier far than they :
She, from the rending earth and bursting skies,
Saw gods descend, and fiends infernal rise :
Here fix'd the dreadful, there the blest abodes;
Fear made her devils, and weak hope her gods;
Gods partial, changeful, passionate, unjuil,
Whose attributes were rage, revenge, or luft;
Such as the souls of cowards might conceive,
And, form'd like tyrants, tyrants would believe.
Zeal then; not charity, became the guide ;
And hell was built on spite, and heaven on pride,
Then sacred seem'd th' ethereal vault no more ;

marble then, and reek'd with gore";
Then first the Flamen tasted living food;
Next his grim idol smear'd with human blood ;
With heaven's own thunders shook the world below,
And play'd the god an engine on his foe.

So drives self-love, thro’just, and thro' unjust, To one man's pow'r, ambition, lucre, luft:

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