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passengers for hire, is to fix on the door-pannels, or some conspicuous part of the carriage, a plate having thereon a distinct number; and if such plates shall at any time be broken or become illegible, within three days after to procure new plates, and fix the same on the carriage. 3 G. 4. c. 95. s. 4.

Not having such plate or plates fixed thereon, or having any plate or plates on such carriage, of a different number than that mentioned in the license, or having any broken or illegible plate or plates, P. for every day on which such carriage shall be used, 20l. 3 G. 4. c. 95. s. 5.

Toll-collector, or toll-gate-keeper refusing to permit a person authorized to examine the plates, directed to be fixed on carriages used for conveying passengers for hire, from entering into and remaining in a toll-house, or other place, or at the bar or gate, at which a toll is payable, or obstructing, hindering, or molesting, such person in entering in and remaining in the toll-house, for the purpose of examining the plates, or interrupting such person in the reasonable use of such toll-house, for such purpose, P. on the toll-collector, or gate-keeper, and any one assisting, 20l. Ibid. s. 9.

Drivers of stage-coaches, taking up passengers, after they enter the paved streets of London, &c. are to be deemed persons plying for hire, under the stat. 1 G. 1. c. 57. Ibid.

s. 13.

Coaches or other carriages, with four or more wheels, by what name soever called, employed as stage-coaches in Great Britain, and drawn by four or more horses, shall be allowed to carry ten outside passengers and no more, exclusive of the coachman, but including the guard, where there is a guard, and one passenger, and no more shall be allowed to sit upon the box, with the coachman; three on the front of the roof, and six behind, but no passenger to sit on the luggage, or that part of the roof allotted for luggage; and all stagecoaches, or other carriages, drawn by two or three horses,

shall be allowed five outside passengers, and no more exclusive of the coachman; and all stages called long coaches or double-bodied coaches, to carry eight outside passengers and no more, exclusive of the coachman, but including the guard where there is a guard; no child in the lap, or under seven years of age, to be included in such number, but two of such children to be counted as one grown person, and so on in proportion. No person paying as outside passenger, to sit as inside passenger, unless with the consent of one inside passenger at least, and next to whom, such outside passenger shall be placed; but where the carriage is of a construction, peculiarly wide or commodious, and licensed for that purpose, four outside passengers instead of three, may sit in the front, provided the number of outside passengers, shall not exceed ten in all. 50 G. 3. c. 46. s. 2.

No luggage to be carried on the roof, nor any person to ride as an outside passenger, on or about the outside of a carriage, if the top is more than eight feet nine inches from the ground, or the bearing of the ground less than four feet six inches, from the centre of the track of the right or off wheel, to the centre of the track of the left or near wheel. P. 5l. for each offence. Ibid. s. 3.

No parcel or luggage whatever, exceeding two feet in height, to be carried on the roof of any carriage, drawn by four or more horses; and if drawn by two or three horses, the luggage not to exceed eighteen inches above the roof. P. on the owner, if the driver cannot be found, 5l. for every inch above the height allowed: if the driver is the owner, P. 10l. 1 J. 1 W. or by confession, or on view. In default of payment, commitment to the county gaol, or house of correction, without bail or mainprize, for two months, unless penalties shall be sooner paid. Passengers sitting on luggage, P. 50s. for each offence, to be recovered as above. Ibid. s. 4. The place allotted for luggage, to be distinctly separated by railing or otherwise; and if the driver or owner, if re

quired so to do, refuses to permit the carriage and luggage, to be measured by a justice of the peace, constable, surveyor of the highway or turnpike-road, inspector of coaches, or passenger, P. as above, to be recovered and applied as above. Ibid. s. 4.

Luggage of a greater height than two feet is allowed, if not more than ten feet nine inches from the ground, including the height of the coach. Ibid. s. 5.

Every license is to specify the number of outside passengers, to be carried on or about the outside, as well as the number of inside passengers. Ibid.

Every person licensed to keep a coach or other carriage, for the purpose of conveying passengers for hire, to and from different places in Great Britain, (mail-coaches always excepted,) to paint or cause to be painted, within six months from the passing of this act, on the outside of each door of such carriage, or on some other conspicuous part thereof, in legible characters of at least one inch in length, and in a different colour from the ground on which the same is painted, and in words at length, the number of outside passengers, and also the number of inside passengers allowed, together with the name or names of the proprietor or proprietors. The commissioners may require instead of such inscription a plate of brass or other metal to be fixed on the side of each coach or other carriage above described with the name or firm of the proprietors. Any person blotting out, obliterating, altering or defacing the number, figure or mark, P. 5l. for every offence; and for carrying any outside passengers without being licensed, or without having the number and name or names painted on the outside door, or carrying more outside passengers than allowed, P. for every offence, 107. for each outside passenger beyond the number allowed, and 10l. if the driver or coachman, be owner or part owner; to be recovered and applied as above, and every such inscription or plate, is allowed to be sufficient evidence. Ibid. s. 6. 7.

If the driver is not known nor cannot be found, the owner, proprietor, or any of them liable to all penalties, unless he makes out to the satisfaction of the justice, that the offence was committed by the driver, without his privity or knowledge; and that no benefit directly or indirectly accrued to the owner therefrom, in which case he shall be discharged, and the penalty levied on the driver only, when found, and in default of payment, commitment to the county gaol or house of correction, without bail or mainprize, for (not exceeding) six, nor less than three months, at the discretion of the justice. Ibid. s. 8.

All summonses, informations, and convictions, to be laid and prosecuted against any owner or proprietor, for the recovery of any fine or penalty, residing near the place where the offence shall be alleged to have been committed. 3 G. 4. c. 96. s. 12.

Summons left with the known or acting book-keeper is sufficient. 50 G. 3. c. 48. s. 9.

The driver quitting his horses, or the box, before a proper person shall be employed to hold the horses, or fore-horses, whilst the carriage stops, and who shall have actual hold of the horses, and shall hold them until the driver shall return to his box, or until the post-boy who rides one of the horses is mounted, and has the reins in his hands, P. not less than 10s. nor more than 51. for each offence, 1 J. 1 W. or on confession or on view. Not to extend to hackney coaches being drawn by two horses only. Ibid. s. 10.

The driver or guard by intoxication or negligence, or other misconduct (unavoidable accidents excepted), endangering the safety of the passengers, in their lives, limbs, or property, or not giving due care or protection to property with which he is intrusted, or loitering on the road, or wilfully mispending or losing time, so as to retard the arrival of his majesty's mails at the next stage, or the driver of any mailcoach not conveying the mails at the speed fixed by the post

master-general, (unless the weather, badness of roads, or any accident shall prevent,) or the driver or guard of any such coach, mail-coach or other carriage, not duly accounting to his employers for all monies received, P. not less than 57. nor more than 10l. for every offence, and return the money embezzled; in case of nonpayment, commitment to the county gaol, without bail or mainprize, for (not exceeding) six nor less than three months, at the discretion of the justice. 1 J. 1 W. on confession or view. Ibid. s. 11.

If any person shall be maimed, or injured, by the wanton and furious driving or racing, or by the wilful misconduct of a coachman, or other person having the charge of a stage-coach, or public carriage, it is a misdemeanor. 1 G.

4. c. 4.

The driver or guard using abusive or insulting language to a passenger, or insisting on, and exacting more than his fare, P. not less than 5s. nor more than 40s. for every such offence, and in case of non-payment, commitment to the county gaol, or house of correction, without bail or mainprize, for (not exceeding) one month nor less than three days, at the discretion of the justice. 1 J. 1 W. or confession. 53 G. 3. c. 48. s. 12.

A constable, or other peace-officer, refusing or neglecting to execute warrants, P. on conviction for every such offence 5l., and if not forthwith paid, give security for payment, or commitment to county gaol, or house of correction of the county, without bail or mainprize, for (not exceeding) one month, unless the penalty sooner paid. 1 J. 1 W. or confession. Ibid. s. 13.

The driver permitting or suffering more than one person on the coach-box besides himself, and a greater number of outside passengers than allowed, any outside or inside passenger, regularly booked, and who has actually paid for his place, may require the driver to stop at any toll or turnpikegate, and to require the collector of the toll to count the

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