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If any person enter the dwelling house of another with intent to commit felony, or being in such dwelling housc shall commit any felony, and shall in either case break out of the said dwelling house in the night time, such person shall be deemed guilty of burglary, and on conviction suffer death. 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 29. s. 11.


SETTING fire to any church or chapel, or to any house, stable, coach-house, outhouse, warehouse, office, shop, mill, malthouse, hop oast, barn, or granary, or to any building or erection used in carrying on any trade or manufacture, felony, death, 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 30. s. 2.

Setting fire to any mine of coal or cannel coal, felony, death. Id. s. 5.

Setting fire to any stack of corn, grain, pulse, straw, hay, or wood, felony, death. Id. s. 17.

Setting fire to any crop of corn, grain, or pulse, whether standing or cut down, or to any part of any heath, gorze, furze, or fern wherever growing, felony, transportation for seven years, or imprisonment not exceeding two years, and if a male, whipping in addition, &c. Id. ibid.

Servant maliciously or negligently setting fire to a house, P. 100l. or, if not immediately paid, commitment to hard labour for eighteen months. A. to the churchwardens for the benefit of the sufferers. R. J. 2. W. 1. 6 Ann. c. 31. 14 Geo. 3. c. 78. s. 84.

By the commission of the peace, a justice may bind over persons threatening to burn a house, or, for want of sureties, may commit.


BUTCHERS killing or selling victuals on Sunday, P. 6s. 8d. one-third to the informer, 2s. 3d. to the poor. J. 1. W. 2. 3 C. 1. c. 1.

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Butcher watering any hide, except in June, July, or August, or offering for sale any putrefied hide, P. 3s. 4d. Butcher acting as a tanner or currier, P. 6s. 8d. but may be mitigated not to less than half with costs. R. distress. J. 2. to be within three months. Ap. sessions. 9 Ann. c. 11. s. 36, 37.

Wilfully or negligently gashing raw hides while flaying, or exposing them to sale when gashed, P. 2s. 6d.; or for a calfskin, 1s. R. as above. A. half to the informer, half to the poor. Ibid. s. 11.


VESSELS for packing butter to be made of sound materials, and not leaky. Every vessel shall be tub, half-tub, or firkin, and of due weight, proportion, and measure. Tub shall not weigh less than 11lb. nor more than 15lb.; the top and bottom not more than 5-8ths of an inch thick; and shall be capable of containing 84lb. of butter: the firkin to weigh from 7lb. to 11lb.; thickness of top and bottom 4-8ths of an inch, and to contain 56lb.: half-firkin to weigh from 4lb. to 6lb.; top and bottom 3-8ths of an inch; contents 28lb. P. 10s. for each defective vessel. 1 J. 1 W. R. by distress, or imprisonment not exceeding three calendar months. 36 Geo. 3. c. 86. s. 1. 38 Geo. 3. c. 73. S. 4.

Maker to mark his name and place of abode, and the weight and tare, on every vessel, at full length, and in legible characters, P. 10s. Ibid. s. 2; and 38 Geo. 3. c. 73.

A factor buying or selling butter in unmarked vessels, P. 20s. for every offence. 38 Geo. 3. c. 73. s. 2.

Dealers in butter on their own account offering for sale butter in unmarked vessels, P. 10s. for each offence. Ibid.

s. 3.

Dairy-man, farmer, or packer, to pack the butter well, and mark his name, and the weight and tare, both on the inside and outside of the vessel, P. 5s. for every offence. 36 Geo. 3. c. 86. s. 3.

The act 36 Geo. 3. c. 86, is further confirmed by 38 Geo. 3. c. 73. P. under both acts not exceeding 57. R. distress, and, in default, commitment from twenty-eight days to three calendar months. J. 1. W. 1. Prosecution to be within four months. Conviction to be written on parchment, and sent to the sessions. Ap. sessions.

Warehouse-keepers or shippers of butter and cheese, shall receive the same for the London cheesemonger, and ship it without undue preference; and shall receive 2s. per load for his trouble. P. 10s. for each firkin of butter, and 5s. for each weigh of cheese. And must keep a book of entry. P. 2s. 6d. for every firkin of butter and weigh of cheese.

Masters of ships not fully laden, refusing to take in butter or cheese, P. 5s. for each firkin of butter or weigh of cheese refused. R. distress, and in default commitment till paid. J. 1. W. 1. A. half to the informer, half to the poor. Ap. sessions, on giving bond with sureties for 20l. and to pay costs within a month, if not relieved.

Note.-There are special directions in stat. 4 W. c. 4. concerning the selling of butter in the city of London; in 8 Geo. 1. c. 27. concerning the same in the city of York; and in 17 Geo. 2. c. 8. concerning the same in New Malton.


SELLING or offering to sell, or importing, foreign buttons, P. 50l. for selling, and 100l. for importing. R. action. On information or complaint, a justice may issue his warrant to search the house, &c. of suspected persons, and seize the articles if found. 13, 14 C. 2. c. 13. s. 3. 4 W. c. 10. s. 3.

Making or selling buttons made of wood only, P. 40s. dozen. R. by action. A. half to the king, and half to him who shall sue. 4 W. c. 10.


Making, selling, or using, any buttons or button-holes, made of, or bound with any stuff of which clothes are made, P. 51. A. half to the king, half to the informer. R. action, or J. 2, who may summon witnesses, and levy the penalty, and return the overplus if any. Ap. sessions. 8 Ann. c. 6.

Tailors using any buttons or button-holes as above (velvet excepted), P. 40s. per dozen, J. 1. W. 1. within three months. A. half to the informer, half to the poor. R. by distress, if not paid within fourteen days; and if no distress, commitment to hard labour for three calendar months. Ap. sessions, who may award costs. 4 G. 1. c. 7.

Tailors causing servants or apprentices to use such buttons, shall themselves be liable to the same penalties. R. and A. as above, and all such clothes so exposed to sale shall be forfeited. Ibid.

No person shall wear or use any clothes with such buttons or button-holes, velvet excepted. P. 40s. per dozen. R. distress. J. 1. W. 1. On confession. A. half to the poor, and half to the witness on whose oath the person is convicted. Complaint to be made within one month after the offence is committed. Ap. sessions, giving eight days' notice. 7 Geo. stat. 1. c. 12.

All clothes made with such buttons and button-holes,

exposed to sale, shall be forfeited and seized to the uses in stat. 4 Geo. 1. c. 7. to be recovered and disposed of as the other penalties. 4 Geo. 1. c. 7. s. 8.

Ordering false marks to be put on gilt buttons, or using any marks but such as describe the real quality, or using other words but such as gilt or plated, or mixing buttons except pattern buttons, P. forfeiture of the buttons, and 51. for any quantity not exceeding twelve dozen; and if exceeding, 17. for each dozen. R. action, or J. 1. may cause the buttons to be seized and produced in evidence; and J. 2. hear and determine, if complaint is made in three calendar months. P. levied by distress, if not paid within five days; and for want of distress, commitment, not exceeding three calendar months. A. half to the poor, half to the informer. Power to mitigate, but not to less than one half; and if the penalty is less than 40%. then not to less than 201. Witnesses not appearing, P. 5l. R. and A. as above. Ap. sessions, on giving security. Person liable to the above penalties, discovering another offender, acquitted, and entitled to the moiety as an informer. 36 Geo. 3. c. 20.




NONE of the penalties recoverable but by action. But a justice, on information on oath of cards and dice being made in a place not legally entered, may grant a warrant to enter in the daytime, and seize all such cards and dice, and the tools and materials for making them: and if not replevied in five days, they shall be forfeited and sold. 6 Geo. 1. c. 21. s. 59.

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