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CARRIER travelling with horse, waggon, &c. on a Sunday, P. 20s. R. distress. J. 1. W. 1. A. poor. But any part, not exceeding a third, may be awarded to the informer. Conviction to be within six months. 3 C. 1. c. 1.

See further, HIGHWAYS.





PERSONS wantonly and cruelly beating, abusing, or illtreating any horse, &c. or other cattle, P. from 10s. to 5l. if penalty not paid, commitment to H. of C. for (not exceeding) three months, complaint to be made within ten days after offence. 1 J. 1 W. 3 Geo. 4. c. 71. s. 1, 2.

Justices may order compensation not exceeding 20s. to persons vexatiously complained against. Ibid. s. 5.

Stealing any horse, mare, gelding, colt, or filly, or any bull, cow, heifer, or calf, or any ram, ewe, sheep, or lamb, or killing any of such cattle with intent to steal the carcase or skin, or any part of the cattle so killed, felony, death. 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 29. s. 25.

Maliciously killing, maiming, or wounding any cattle, elony, transportation for seven years, or imprisonment not exceeding four years, and if a male, whipping in addition, &c. 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 30. s. 16.




PARISH-OFFICERS, with consent of two justices and the parents, may bind out poor boys till the age of sixteen. 28 Geo. 3. c. 48. s. 1. 2. 3.

Apprentice under eight years of age, bound, indenture void, and master forfeits from 57. to 10l. Ibid. s. 4.

One justice, or more, may hear and determine all differences between masters and apprentices, as between master and apprentice in general. Ibid. s. 5.

Master misusing his apprentice, or breaking the covenants of the indenture, P. 5l. to 10l. Ibid. s. 8.

Master letting his apprentice out to hire, or causing him to call the streets before seven, a. m. and after twelve m. between Michaelmas and Lady Day, and before five and after twelve the other half-year, P. as above. Ibid. s. 9.

Master not to have more than six apprentices at the same time, and to affix a brass plate, with his name and place of abode, in front of his apprentice's leathern cap. P. 5l. to 20l. Ibid. s. 7.

R. distress. J. 1. W. 1. In default, commitment not exceeding three calendar months. Ibid. s. 10. 11. Warrant of distress not to issue before six days after commitment. Ibid. s. 12. Ap. sessions. Ibid. s. 16.



KEELS, boats, carts, &c. used for the carriage of coals, to be measured and marked; and if the marks are moved or altered, P. 10l. R. distress. J. 1. W. 1. A. half to the king, half to the informer. For want of distress, commitment, three months. 30 Car. 2. st. 1. c. 8. 11 Geo. 2. c. 15.

All keels, boats, &c. whose marks have been in any manner defaced or altered, to be re-admeasured and re-marked, before they are again used. P. forfeiture of vessel and cargo. 31 Geo. 3. c. 36. s. 1.

Person wilfully defacing such mark, P. from 40s. to 10l. or commitment from seven days to one month. R. J. 1. W.1. Ibid. s. 4.

Three justices may set the price of sea-coal brought into any river (except as excepted by 16 & 17 C. 2.) and sold by retail, allowing a competent profit to the retailer; and if any engrosser or retailer of coals shall refuse to sell as aforesaid, the justices shall appoint such persons as they shall think proper, to enter the place where the coals are stored, and in case of refusal, take a constable and force entrance, and sell the coals at such rates, giving the money to the owner after deducting the charges. And if any action is brought against justice, constable, or other person, for enforcing this act, he may plead the general issue, and recover damages and treble costs. 17 Geo. 2. c. 35. s. 1.

Colliers not fulfilling their contracts, or working coal contrary to their agreement, P. not exceeding 40s. or commitment for not exceeding six months, and the contract to be void. R. J. 1. W. 1. 39 & 40 Geo. 3. c. 77. s. 3.

Colliers stacking coal fraudulently, P. commitment for not exceeding one month. J. 1. W. 1. Ibid. s. 4.

Stealing coals, or implements, not above 5l. value, P. not more than 10s. first offence, or commitment for one month; not more than 20s. for second offence, or commitment for

three months; and for third, or any subsequent offence, not above 40s. or commitment for six months. R. J. 1. W. 1. A. half to the poor, half to the informer. Prosecutions to be within nine months. Ap. sessions, except in case of confinement, within three calendar months. Ibid. s. 5. 6. 9. 10.* The standard measure for coals is regulated by the 5 Geo. 4. c. 74. s. 7. 8. 6 Geo. 4. c. 12. s. 2.


ONE justice may upon complaint, by his warrant, cause the premises of any person suspected of counterfeiting foreign coin, or the copper coin of this realm, to be searched, and tools and implements to be seized and detained. 11 Geo. 3. c. 40. 37 Geo. 3. c. 126. s. 7.

No weights but such as are legally stamped, to be used in weighing gold or silver : counterfeiting such stamp, or selling a stamp so counterfeited, or altering the weight, P. 50l. or commitment for not exceeding three months. J. 2. A. half to the king, half to the informer. 14 Geo. 3. c. 92. s. 4. 5.

Any person, without lawful excuse, having more than five pieces of counterfeit copper coin, or of counterfeit foreign coin in his possession, P. forfeiture of the coin to be cut in pieces, and from 10s. to 20s. for every counterfeit piece of copper coin, and 40s. to 57. for every piece of foreign coin so found. R. J. 1. W. 1. And if not paid immediately, commitment for three calendar months. A. half to the informer, half to the poor. 37 Geo. 3. c. 126. s. 4. 5. 7.

Parish-officers paying the poor in any base or counterfeit coin, P. from 10s. to 20s. R. distress. A. poor. 9 Geo. 3. c. 37. Persons tendering silver money diminished in weight, otherwise than by reasonable wear, or appearing counterfeit, * For particular regulations relative to the metropolis, see Appendix.

the person to whom it is tendered may cut or deface it; and if counterfeit, &c. the loss to fall on the person tendering, if not, on the person defacing, to be determined by the next justice. 9 & 10 W. c. 21. s. 1,

Extended to gold money, 13 Geo. 3. c. 71. s. 1.

Making or issuing copper tokens, P. on the maker or issuer from 17. to 5l.; and on the persons circulating, from 2s. to 10s. 1 J. Witnesses summoned, not attending, 50l. Half to the informer, and half to the poor. Appeal. R. distress. 57 Geo. 3. c. 46. s. 1. 2.

Justice may order offender to be detained until return of warrant of distress, unless security is given for his appearance on return of warrant. Ibid. s. 14.


If a prisoner be brought before a justice expressly charged with felony on oath, the justice cannot discharge him, but must bail or commit him. 2 H. H. 121.

All felons should be committed to the common gaol. 5 Hen. 4. c. 10.

Justices acting for any place, not being a county, may commit offenders for any capital offence to the county gaol. 60 Geo. 3. & 1 Geo. 4. c. 14.

Justices so committing offenders shall bind over witnesses, &c. by recognizance to prosecute, &c. and return recognizance and depositions to the proper officer. Id. ibid.

In cases of summary conviction under 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 29. s. 67. c. 30. s. 33. where sum forfeited for value of property stolen or taken, or for amount of injury done, or which shall be imposed as a penalty, shall not be paid, either immediately after conviction, or within such period as justice shall, at time of conviction, appoint, offender to be committed to common gaol, or house of correction, to be imprisoned only, or

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