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forfeited, and the person deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. Ibid. s. 12. 13.

Articles forfeited, to be returned to the king's stores. Ibid. s. 14.

Justice may order the craft to be sold. A. half to the king, half to the informer. Ibid. s. 15.

Persons judged guilty of a misdemeanor, J. 1. P. 40s. first offence; 51. second; 10l. for every subsequent one. R. distress, or in default, commitment for three calendar months. Ibid. s. 16.

Adjudication to be transmitted to the sessions. Ibid. s. 17. One justice may determine offences in a summary way if the penalty does not exceed 20s.; and on information within three calendar months, may apprehend or summon the parties, and summon witnesses on both sides; and on proof, by oath, W. 1. may give judgment, and levy 10l. by distress. A. half to the king, half to the informer, or commit for three calendar months. The king's moiety, under this and the last cited clause, to be paid to the treasurer of the navy, within thirty days after the end of the year in which it became due, on P. of 50l. and double costs. R. courts of Westminster. Ibid. s. 18.

Fine of 10l. may be mitigated, but not to less than half, besides costs. Ibid. s. 19.

If the offender is imprisoned instead of fined, the informer shall receive 57. from the treasurer of the navy, on a certificate from the committing justice; and no such summary proceeding shall be had before a justice, without the consent of the commissioner of the navy in writing, otherwise to be void. Ibid. s. 20.


Ap. sessions, concerning stores under 20s. value, on entering into recognizance, with one surety for treble the value. Ibid. s. 21.

*Here the power of the commissioners is not concurrent, but paramount.

Conviction to be returned to the next sessions. Ibid. s. 22. Witness summoned and not appearing, P. 10l. R. as above.

Ibid. s. 23.

The provisions of 39 & 40 Geo. 3. c. 89. are extended to cordage worked with worsted threads, and all public stores. 54 Geo. 3. c. 60. 55 Geo. 3. 127.


MALICIOUSLY Setting fire to any stack of corn, grain, pulse, straw, hay, or wood; felony, death. 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 30. s. 17.

Maliciously setting fire to any crop of corn, grain, or pulse, whether standing or cut down, or to any part of a wood, coppice, or plantation of trees, or to any heath, gorze, furze, or fern; felony, transportation or imprisonment not exceeding two years, and if a male, whipping in addition if &c. 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 30. s. 17.

Selling corn by other than Winchester measure, P. 40s. J. 1. W. 1. R. distress; in default, commitment till paid. 22 C. 2. c. 8. s. 2. 1 & 2 Geo. 4. c. 87.

And besides forfeit all the corn so bought or sold, or the value of it, to the person complaining. 22, 23 C. 2. c. 12. s. 2. And mayor or head officer knowingly permitting the same, P. 5l. R. at sessions by distress. A. half to the informer, half to the poor. Ibid. s. 3.

Proof to lie on the defendant, and if he cannot prove on the oath of one witness that it was lawfully bought or sold, P.* as aforesaid. A. half to the informer, half to the poor. Ib. s. 3.

* This is from Burn. The words of the act are, that if it shall not appear" that he or they did buy and sell the same in every respect according to this and the said former act (viz, 22 C 2. c. 8.). he and they shall forfeit and lose, as by this act before directed; to be levied by distress, &c. &c." This, at first, appears erroneous, as no specific pecuniary penalty is inflicted by this But it must refer to the alternative, of either forfeiting the corn or the value of it; which value is to be so levied.


Weekly returns of purchases and sales of corn to be made. 1 & 2 Geo. 4. c. 87. s. 3.

Corn-factors (in London) carrying on business without making declaration of quantity of corn sold by them, P. 50l. 2 J. R. distress. Ibid. s. 11, 48.

Corn-factors (in London) not making return every Wednesday of corn sold by him during the week, P. 10l. 2 J. R. distress. Ibid. s. 12.

Justices to appoint country inspectors, and remove them for misbehaviour, &c. Ibid. s. 14, 15, 16.

Country dealers not making returns or declarations, or making false returns, P. from 40s. to 10l. 2 J. R. distress. Ibid. s. 18, 19.

Inspectors not entering corn returns in book kept for that purpose, P. for each neglect 10l. to be recovered as above. Ibid. s. 20.

Justice's clerk not to take fee for any oath, &c. made by directions of this act. Ibid. s. 47.

Adjudication of justices to be final. Ibid. s. 49.

Maliciously or violently obstructing the buying of corn, or seizing the same, P. hard labour from one to three months. J. 2. 11 Geo. 2. c. 22. s. 1. 36 Geo. 3. c. 9. s. 1.


JUSTICES hearing and determining complaints out of sessions may award costs; and on refusal to pay, R. distress, or in default commitment from ten days to one month, or till paid. 18 Geo. 3. c. 19. s. 1.

Provided the penalty does not exceed 57.; in which case the costs shall be deducted from the penalty, but the deduction shall not exceed one fifth of the penalty. Ibid. s. 2.


* But in several instances, where the penalty exceeds 57. the act of parliament creating the penalty also gives costs.


In every cotton or woollen mill, rooms to be aired and white-washed twice a year (once a year by 6 Geo. 4. c. 63. s. 6.) 42 Geo. 3. c. 75. s. 2. 59 Geo. 3. c. 66. s. 5.

Rooms of male and female apprentices to be entirely separate, and no more than two sleep in one bed. 42 Geo.3.

c. 75. s. 7.

To be supplied each with two complete suits, with linen, &c. and one complete suit to be given every year. Ibid. s. 3.

No apprentice to work more than twelve hours each day. Ibid. s. 5.

Apprentices to learn reading, writing, and arithmetic, and to attend divine service on a Sunday. Ibid. s. 6, 8.

This act does not extend to factories where three or more apprentices, or twenty or more other persons, shall not be employed. Ibid. s. 1.

No child to be employed in cotton mills under nine years of age. 59 Geo. 3. c. 66. s. 1.

No person under sixteen years of age to be employed in any cotton mill, &c., for more than twelve hours in one day. Ibid. s. 2. Hours for meal time appointed. Ibid. s. 3.

A copy of this act to be hung up in every cotton mill, &c. Ibid. s. 6.

Masters, &c. acting contrary to provisions of above acts, P. from 10l. to 20%. Half to informer, half to overseers; to be recovered as directed by 42 Geo. 3. c. 66. s. 15. Informations to be laid within three months, (two months by 6 Geo. 4. c. 63. s. 8.) 59 Geo. 3. c. 66. s. 7.

No sum exceeding 100l. shall be levied for offences committed in the same mill; and no person to be prosecuted for more than one offence committed on same day, without sanction of justices at quarter sessions. 6 Geo. 4. c. 63. s. 8.

As to disputes between masters and workmen. See post. tit. Servants.

Books to be kept for registering the names of children under sixteen years of age. 6 Geo. 4. c. 63. s. 9.



CUTLERY ware, formed by the hammer, to be marked with the figure of a hammer. 59 Geo. 3. c. 7. s. 1.

Persons casting cutlery wares, edge tools, and hardware requiring a cutting edge, and marking them with a hummer, &c. or the words, steel, shear steel, &c. or selling, &c. such cast articles so marked, P. forfeiture of goods, and 57. for any quantity not exceeding one dozen, and 5l. per dozen for any greater quantity. One-third to the poor, two-thirds to informer. 2 J. 1 W. or confession. R. distress, or commitment to jail for (not exceeding) three calendar months. Ap. P. mitigated, not less than half. Ibid. s. 3, 8, 9, 10.

Falsely marking knives, &c. forged with hammer, P. same as above. Ibid. s. 4.

Casting, marking, &c. articles with the words, London made, or, London, thereon, except made in London or within twenty miles, P. forfeiture of goods, and 10l. for any quantity not exceeding one dozen, and 10l. per dozen for any greater quantity, to be levied, &c. as above. Ibid. s. 5.

Form of conviction directed by act.

Witnesses not appearing, P. 107.

Ibid. s. 12.

Information to be laid within six months. Ibid. s. 15.



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