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asylum to be borne by the parish to which he belongs, and to be settled by two justices. Ibid. s. 6.

If any person shall be found under circumstances that denote a derangement of mind, and a purpose of committing some indictable crime, any justice, before whom he is brought, may commit him, expressing the cause of commitment in the warrant; and he shall not be bailed but by two justices, the committing justice being one, or the sessions, or a judge. 39 & 40 G. 3. c. 94. s. 1.




PERSONS Collecting or having in possession any tools for the cotton or linen manufactory exportation, on complaint on oath of suspicion thereof, justice may issue warrant to seize same, and apprehend party, who may be detained and bound over with reasonable sureties to appear at assizes or Q. S., in default of security, commitment to gaol. 1 J. 1 W. 14 G. 3. c. 71. s. 5.

Same process as the last, against persons packing and putting on board any vessel, not bound to some port of Great Britain or Ireland, any implement, or model thereof, for the woollen, linen, or silk manufactures. 21 G. 3.

c. 37. s. 1.

Stealing to value of 10s. any goods or articles of silk, woollen, linen or cotton, or of any one or more of those materials mixed with each other, or mixed with any other material during any stage, &c. of manufacture, transporta



tion for life, or not less than seven years, or imprisonment not exceeding four years, or if a male, whipping in addition. 7 & 8 G. 4. c. 29. s. 14.



EVERY person making or selling quack medicines without a license, P. 201. R. by action, or in a summary manner before one justice, within six months after the offence is committed: by distress, or imprisonment for three months, if not in the mean while paid. A. half to the king, half to the informer. Ap. sessions. 42 G. 3. c. 56. s. 6.

8. 9. 22. 23. 24.

Persons receiving articles subject to duty, without labels, and not returning them, P. 201. R. A. and Ap. as above. 43 G. 3. c. 73. s. 2.

Persons vending medicines without labels, P. 10l. R. A. and Ap. as above. 42 G. 3. c. 56. s. 12.

Persons using any label a second time, P. 10l. R.A. and Ap. as above. Ibid. s. 13. 14. 15.

Persons changing the place of vending their medicines without notice, P. 107. R. A. and Ap. as above. Ibid. s. 19.



THE statutes which contain the principal regulations relative to the militia are 42 G. 3. c. 90. and 56. G. 3. c. 64;

and as the power of justices of the peace under these statutes is only supplementary to that of deputy lieutenants, and, as in general they can only act in conjunction with them, it does not seem necessary to swell this volume by a digest of the militia laws, but I shall only insert such regulations as relate particularly to justices.

In all cases where any thing is directed to be inquired into on oath, a deputy lieutenant, or justice, may administer the oath.

If a quaker is appointed a constable, and shall refuse to act under this statute, two justices may appoint a person to act for him. 42 G. 3. c. 90. s. 33.

Giving orders to any serjeant, drummer, or other person serving in the militia, to beat up for volunteers to serve in the militia, P. 20l. J. 1. A. half to informer; and one justice may commit to the house of correction not exceeding three months, any serjeant, &c. who shall refuse to declare upon oath, before such justice, from whom he received such order. Ibid. s. 65.

If any militiaman falls sick on his march to the place of annual exercise, a justice may order him to be relieved by the parish; to be reimbursed by the treasurer of the county. Ibid. s. 93.

Justices, upon being thereunto required by an order from a deputy-lieutenant, may grant warrants for impressing carriages for the use of the militia on its march, when called out. Ibid. s. 95.

Militiaman not appearing at the place of annual exercise, P. 201. or imprisonment for six months. 1 J. Ibid. s. 99. If any militiaman loses, sells, or pawns his accoutrements, arms, &c. P. 3l. for each offence, or, in default, commitment for not above three months. J. 1. Ibid. s. 101.

Purchasing such arms, P. 10l. or imprisonment for six months. 1 J. Ibid. s. 102.


Justices may commit deserters to the common gaol until properly demanded, and award 20s. to the apprehender, to be paid by the clerk of the regiment. Ibid. s. 108. 109. Harbouring deserters, P. 5l. Ibid. s. 110.

One justice may determine where the penalty does not exceed 201. R. distress, and in default, commitment not above three months. Ap. session. Ibid. s. 176.


A JUSTICE, on information on oath that any miller who grinds for toll, &c. or any person concerned in dressing flour or meal, is suspected of mixing any thing with the produce of the grain, he may himself enter, or may grant his warrant to a peace-officer to enter mills, house, &c. to search in the day-time, and if such offence has been committed, the material shall be seized and disposed of as the justice shall think proper. 31 G. 3. c. 29. s. 29.

Millers, mealmen, &c. having any mixture or ingredient in their houses, &c. which shall be adjudged by any magistrate to have been lodged there with intent to have adulterated the purity of any meal or flour (unless it shall be made manifest that such mixture was there for some lawful purpose), P. from 10s. to 10l. 1 J. 1 W. R. by distress, or commitment for one calendar month. A. to the informer. Ap. sessions. Ibid. s. 30.

Obstructing such search, or carrying away the mixture, &c. P. from 17. to 5l. R. A. and Ap. as above. Ibid. s. 31. Every person having a corn-mill, shall have scales and proper weights; and any person appointed to examine * weights, may examine them, and if they are deficient, or there are no weights, the offender forfeits 20s. 36 G. 3.

c. 85. s. 1.

* See WEIGHTS, post.

Any person bringing corn, may require the miller to weigh it in his presence, and after it is ground to weigh the produce. P. 40s. Ibid. s. 2.

Every miller shall deliver the whole produce, allowing for the toll and the waste in grinding; and if after such deduction the weight shall be deficient, P. not exceeding 1s. for each bushel deficient, and treble the value. Ibid. s. 3.

Taking toll of any part of the corn or its produce, except the person bringing it has not money to pay, and consents to such toll being taken, P. 5l. Not to extend to mills which have a right to take toll by ancient custom. Ibid. s. 5.

Miller to put up in his mill a table of the prices in money or toll. P. 20s. for each offence. Ibid. s. 6.

R. for all the penalties, distress, and in default, commitment for one month, or till penalty and costs are paid. J. 1. W. 1. A. half to the informer, half to the poor. Ap. sessions, on giving security to the amount of penalty and costs. Ibid. s. 8.

Information to be within ten days. Ibid. s. 9.

Breaking down or destroying the dam of any mill-pond, misdemeanor, P. transportation for seven, or imprisonment not exceeding two years, if a male, whipping in addition. 7 & 8 G. 4. c. 30. s. 15.


STEALING or severing with intent to steal, the ore of any metal, or lapis calaminaris, manganese or munduck, wad, black cawke or black lead, coal or cannel coal, from any mine, bed or vein thereof, felony. 7 & 8 G. 4. c. 29. s. 37. Drowning any mine, or filling up shaft, &c. with intent to destroy mine. Id. c. 30. s. 6.

Destroying any engine, erection, &c. used in any mine, felony. Id. s. 7.

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