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APPENDIX E

343

APPENDIX E

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, PORT BLAIR

The daily average number of pupils on the rolls of the Settlement schools for 1900 was 229—190 boys and 39 girls. The daily percentage of attendance was about 92 of both sexes.

Of the former attending the schools, 133 were the children of free persons and ex-convicts, and the remainder were of convict parentage. With the exception of 6, all the girls were of the latter class.

Inquiry shows that the percentage of boys attending the schools, born of free parents, is about 36 to the 20 born of convict parents, who remove their sons from school immediately the compulsory limit of age (12 years) is passed.

The number of schools in the Settlement is seven, and the teaching staff consists of-six vernacular masters, including a gymnastic instructor, one assistant English master, fifteen vernacular assistant teachers and monitors, five sewing masters and mistresses, one carpenter, and a blacksmith.

The highest class in the English is the fifth, and in the vernacular school the sixth, in which mensuration and transliteration from Urdu into Roman characters are taught. The curriculum adopted is that in vogue in the Punjab. All vernacular education, as well as instruction, in the Industrial School is granted free of charge, but a fee of i rupee per month is imposed on those who are taught English.

There were 82 boys in the Industrial School learning both carpenter's and blacksmith's work, and the earnings during nine months amounted to Rs. 56. It is proposed to teach boys who are not strong enough for the above trades the use of the sewing-machine, with a view to turning them into tailors.

The girls do not make much progress in their literary studies, but their work in the sewing classes is more satisfactory. The reason for this is that free persons and ex-convicts do not send their girls to school, and convict parents withdraw their daughters as soon as they reach their tenth year. Efforts are made to overcome the prejudices of the parents, but without success. There are many difficulties in this matter with regard to native children, and at present it can only be hoped that by degrees prejudices will gradually break down, and the girls be allowed to make a better start in life than they are at present given.

In Port Blair the locally born of both sexes may be fairly described, as a whole, as astonishingly wicked. Their delight is to do mischief, and to worry each other and their elders in an ingenious variety of underhand and crooked ways, including the perverse and fruitless lawsuit. It is very much better that their minds should be turned on athletic sports and games, while they can still join in them, than on such matters as these ; and hence grounds for cricket and football with all requisites have been granted, and a gymnastic instructor has been obtained for teaching the boys. It is believed that satisfactory progress is made, and that much benefit will be derived from the lately established gymnasium, in which 100 boys are (1901) being trained.

APPENDIX F

MEASUREMENTS OF SOME NATIVES OF LITTLE ANDAMAN

MET AT RUTLAND ISLAND

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APPENDIX G

345

APPENDIX G

PRINCIPAL FLORA OF THE NICOBARS

DilleNIACEÆ.
Dillenia pilosa, Ks.

Little Nicobar Interior.

.

.

ANONACEÆ.
Anona muricata, L.

Around villages Cultivated.
A. squamosa, L.

Do.

Do.

BIXINEÆ.
Bixa Orellana, L.

Malacca village

Do.
Flacourtia sepiaria, Roxb. Nancowry

Interior.

GUTTIFERÆ.
Garcinia speciosa, Wall
.. Northern islands

Do.
Calophyllum spectabile, Willd. Little Nicobar

Do.
C. inophyllum, L.

Northern islands Beach forest.

DIPTEROCARPEÆ.
Hopea odorata, Roxb.

Menchal.

Interior.

MALVACEÆ.
Hibiscus tiliaceus, L.

All islands

Beach forest.
Thespesia populnea, Corr.

Do.

Do.
Gossipium sp.

Malacca .

Cultivated.
Kydia calycina, Roxb.

Northern islands Interior.

STERCULIACEÆ.
Sterculia campanulata, Wall. Teressa

Do.
S. villosa, Roxb.

Little Nicobar

Do.
S. rubiginosa, Vent.

Car Nicobar

Do.
Heritiera littoralis, Dryand. All islands

Beach forest.
Pterospermun acerifolium, Willd. Little Nicobar .Interior.

RUTACEÆ.
Paramignya citrifolia, Hf. Car Nicobar, Little Do.

Nicobar
Citrus medica, L.

Villages

: Cultivated. C. decumana, Willd.

Do.

Do.
Ægle Marmelos, Correa.

Do.

Do.

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CELASTRINEÆ.

Little Nicobar

Salacia prinoides, D. C..

Interior.

RHAMNEÆ. Zizyphus subquinquenerva, Mig. Little Nicobar

Do.

AMPELIDEÆ. Vitis pedata, Vhi.

Little Nicobar

Do. Leea grandifolia, Kz. : Do. and Nancowry Interior & beach forest. L. sambucina, L.

Do.

Do.
ANACARDIACEÆ.
Mangifera sylvatica, Roxb. Teressa

Interior.
Odina Wodier, Roxb.

Nancowry

Beach forest. Semecarpus heterophyllus, BI. All islands

Beach forest and inParishia insignis, Ak.f.

Teressa

Interior. [terior.

.

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LAURACEÆ.
Cinnamomum obtusifolium, N. E. Little Nicobar, Nan- Interior.

cowry · Cassytha filiformis, L.

Little Nicobar

Do. Hernandia peltata, Meissn.

Car Nicobar and Beach forest.

other islands

Elæagnus latifolia, L.

ELÆAGNACEÆ. . Car Nicobar and Interior.

other islands

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