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GRAMINEÆ.
Saccharum spontaneum, L. . Northern islands i Grass heaths.
Eragrostis plumosa, Lamk. .

Do.
Imperata arundinacea, Cyr. .
Dinachloa andamanica, Ke. . All islands . . Interior.
Dendrocalamus Brandisii, Kz. .

Do.
Do.

Do.

Filices. Gleichenia dichotoma, Willd. . Teressa.

Grass heaths.

. Little Nicobar . Interior. Acrostichum scandens, J. Sm. · Car Nicobar, etc.; Do. A. aureum, L. . .

All islands

Beach forest. Polypodium adnascens, Sw. Northern islands, Everywhere. P. quercifolium, L. . . . Do.

Do. -Supp., And. and Nic. Gazette, May 1897.

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From these figures it appears that, on the whole, the population has remained fairly stationary since the last census. With regard to Chowra, I am inclined to believe that the decrease is due not only to the fact that many of the natives have migrated to Camorta and other islands of the group, but to the number of the children now on the island having been understated to the enumerators. Much of the increase shown in the central group and Teressa is attributable to immigration, and very probably also to incorrect information having been furnished to the enumerators, either at this census or the last one. As to the Shom Pen, it is still impossible to ascertain their numbers.-E. H. Man-Supp., And. and Nic. Gazette, March 2, 1901.

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TRADE ARTICLES AND THEIR VALUE IN THE NICOBARS

List of the principal articles imported by the traders for sale to the Kar Nicobarese :

Price in Coconuts.
Nickel-silver soup-ladle ..

500 pairs.
long spoon .
table spoon and fork ..
dessert spoon and fork

300 »
tea spoon and small fork
mustard spoon

200 » Tumblers :

20-40 pairs, according to size. Decanters ,

60-80 , China plates.

40-80 , » bowls .

40-80 1 Enamelled plates

40-80 , , cups

40-80 Matches, packet of 12 boxes

24 pairs.
Needles, i dozen .
Thread, i dozen balls
Chinese tobacco, i packet.

40 »
Tobacco, 1 bundle.
Red cloth, 1 piece .
u i piece (Turkey).

1600 White calico, i piece .

800 , Chinese black cloth, 1 piece

600 » Madras handkerchiefs, 1 piece

800-2000 pairs. Fancy coloured chintz and saris .

„ Bombay handkerchiefs . Rice (1 bag of 2 maunds, Calcutta).

300-500 pairs. , (1 bag of 3 maunds, Burma) .

500-600 Chattis and pots .

10-40 American knives .

80-120 „ „ clasp

20-60 Burmese daos Table knives.

40-160 , Two-anna pieces Rupee ·

30-50 Wooden and tin clothes-boxes, looking-glasses, sugar, camphor, Epsom salts, Eno's fruit salt, turpentine, castor oil, cabin biscuits, etc.

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APPENDIX J

PRESENTS AND BARTER

Articles found to be in demand during the cruise of the Terrapin :ANDAMANSRed cotton (salu), clay pipes, leaf tobacco, matches, rice, sugar, axe-heads,

parangs, iron wire and scraps, files, long nails. NICOBARSNorthern.

Central.

Southern Islands, Cigars, cigarettes. Cigarettes.

Cigarettes. Chinese and Javanese Chinese and Javanese Chinese and Javanese tobacco. tobacco.

tobacco. Matches. Matches.

Matches. Dried Fish.

Dried fish. Turpentine, quinine, Turpentine, quinine, Turpentine, quinine,

camphor, castor oil, camphor, castor oil, camphor, castor oil, scent, essential oils, scent, essential oils, scent, essential oils, plaster. plaster.

plaster. Silver (?) wire.

Silver (?) wire, soup Silver (?) wire.

ladles. Red cotton. Red cotton.

Red cotton.
Cotton handkerchiefs. Cotton handkerchiefs. Cotton handkerchiefs.
Old silk hats.

Silk hats, Malay caps. Malay caps.
Old clothes.
Old clothes.

Chinese cotton coats

and trousers, sarongs. Biscuits and crusts. Rice.

Rice.
Parangs, knives, axes,

beads, needles,
thread, soap, old
shoes.

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