Page images
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][ocr errors]

ABORIGINES of the Andaman Islands, the

Seclusion, 173, 184
Remote migration, 184
Predatory voyages, 215

Kitchen-middens, 184
Aborigines of the Nicobar Islands, the
Inhabitants of Nicobars two distinct

ethnical groups, 215
The Shom Pen, 215-220

Derivation, 215-217
Population, 215
Hostility to Nicobarese, 76, 215, 220
Appearance, 217, 218
Measurements of some Shom Pen,

353, 354
Disposition, 220
Language, 220
Comparison of some Shom Pen and

Nicobarese words, 155
Diseases, 220
Headmen, 219
Position of women, 220
Respective occcupations of the sexes,

220
Rattan collecting, 219, 220
Dress and ornaments, 219
Huts, 218
Gardens, 218
Domestic animals, 219
Water-supply, 220
Trade, 219
Cultivations, 218
Manufactures, 219

Cloth, 219
Spears, 219, 243, 244
Baskets, 219
Cooking-vessel, 219
A possible origin of pottery, 219.

see “Great Nicobar"
Adoption, custom of, N., 84
Ai-yu-a-kare, K.N., 302
Aka-Balawa, tribe of, A., 17, 342

359

Ambergris, N., 252, 279
Amhai, K.N., 299
Amok, causes of, 312

Instances of, N., 312
Amusements, Port Blair, A., 20
Amusements, N., 251
Amutna k'uv, K.N., 302, 303
Anchorages. See under names of islands
Andaman, Great. See “Great Andaman'
Andaman Islands, the, 168

Position, 167
Relationship, 167, 168, 171, 321, 327
Soundings, 168, 320
Coral banks, 170
Area, 168
Geology, 174, 175, 176
Minerals, 176
Subsidence, 176
Volcanic action, 174
Earthquakes, 176
Climate, 173

Rainfall, 173
Temperature, 173
Cyclones, 174

Average wind and weather, 335
Scenery, 170
Mountains, 169
Harbours, 171
Flora, 171, 172

Principal forest trees, 336-338
Fauna
Birds, 326-328
List of, occurring in the Andamans,

328-331
Mammals, 322-324

Synopsis of mammalian fauna, 325
History, 176-184
Origin of the name Andaman, 176
First known reference, 177
Chinese records, 177
Accounts of Arab travellers (A.D. 871),

177

Andaman Islands---continued
History, Accounts of Marco Polo (thir.

teenth century), 177
Master Cæsar Frederike (sixteenth

century), 178
Dr Gemelli (seventeenth century),

178
Captain Alexander Hamilton

(eighteenth century), 179,

180
Hon. East India Company's expedi-

tions, 180
Establishment of a Penal Settlement

(1789), 180
Transfer of the Penal Settlement(1792),

180
Colonel Syme's report (1795), 181
Abandonment of Settlement (1796),

181
Nineteenth century details, 181
Attempt at colonisation (1849), 181,

182
Dr Mouat's Commission (1857), 183
Re-establishment of Penal Settlement,

183
Andamans formed in a Commissioner-

ship with Nicobars (1871), 184
Natural products, 172, 199, 341
List of the more useful and valuable

woods, 339
Cultivations, 172, 198, 200
Industries, 171, 172, 198, 199, 200,

339, 340, 341
Exports, 199, 339, 340
The Penal System, 193-199
Population, 192

Foreign residents, 342

Census (1901), 342
(For inhabitants, see “The Andaman-

ese." See also “The Archi-
pelago," " Barren Island," " The
Cinques,” “Great Andaman,"
“ Little Andaman," “Narkon-
dam," • Port Blair," "Rutland

Island," "South Andaman.").
Andaman, Little. See "Little Andaman"
Andaman, South. See “South Andaman"
Andaman Strait, 168, 169
Andamanese, the
Aborigines, seclusion of, 173, 184

Remote migration, 184
Kitchen-middens, 184

Predatory voyages, 215
Tribal division, 190, 192, 342
Hostility, 190-192
The Andamanese as enemies, 34
Effects of contact with civilisation, 192

Education, 187
Average duration of life, 187
Infant mortality, 192
Diseases, 40, 187

Andamanese, the continued
Appearance, 185, 186
Average height, 342

Weight, 342
Measurements of some Andamanese,

344
Disposition, 187
Dress, 188
Dialects, 186

Grammar, 186
Weapons and implements, 184, 189
Huts, 46
Food, 190
Position of women, 187
Customs, 187, 188
Belief in spirits, 188
Credence in wizardry, 188
Christian traditions, 189
Musical instrument, 189
Specimens of songs, 189
Manufactures, 189
Articles found to be in demand for

presents and barter, 352
(See Aka-Balawa," " Jara was""Önges,"

and under “Port Blair"')
Anoi-ila, K.N., 295
Anúla Kopáh, K.N., 292
Account of this ceremony as carried out

at Lapáti, K.N., 293
Archipelago, the (Andaman Islands)
General topography, 15
Aka-Balawa, tribe of, 17
Birds, 16, 17

Rats, 17
Area. See under names of islands
Arrows, A., 24, 25, 33, 34, 42; N., 245
Arts, N., 251
Austin Strait, A., 168

Babies, mode of carrying, A., 24
Banian trees, N., 122
Barren Island
Relationship, 174
Elevation, 169
General topography, 10-13
Anchorage, 11
Landing-place, II
Hot spring, II
Interior of the crater, 12, 13
Eruptive cone, 12
Volcanic activity, 13, 14
Lava, 12
Goats, 12
Rats, 14
Crabs, 14
Fish, 14

Birds, 14
Barter, articles found to be in demand for

presents, etc., A.N., 352
Baskets, A., 33; K.N., 48; S.P.,

219

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

133

[ocr errors][merged small]

Bat camp, a (Pteropus nicobaricus), N.,
Bats (Hipposideros nicobarulæ), 126, 127

Fruit (Pteropus nicobaricus), 70, 133, 134
Attempt to rear young, 134. See

“Mammals," and under names of

islands
Batti Malv, N., 66
Beach formation, A., 37
Belief concerning Chaura pots, N., 107;

eclipses, N., 307
In evil spirits, N., 123

In spirits, A., 188
Beliefs, superstitious, N., 231-234
Bench seats, N., 52
Beresford Channel, N., 72, 73
Betel chewing, N., 49, 248

Effect of, 147
Quids, 219, 248
Beverages, N., 247
Birds, A., N., 326-331. See also under

names of islands
Bird's Nest Cape, A., 29
Bird's nests, edible, A., 29
Blyth's dove (Macropygia rufipennis), N.,

III
Body decoration, A., 24, 32, 34, 39; N.,

249
Bompoka

General topography, 103, 105
Area, 105
Population, 105
Water, 105
Plantations, 105
Native legend concerning formation of,

105
Natives of, compared with Kar Nicobar-

ese, 104
Hamilton's account of the Somerera

Islands, 105
Botanic appearance, general, N., 109,

207
Bows, A., 24, 25, 33, 34, 42; N., 245 .
British possession, marks of, N., 97
British punitive expedition, N., 93
Buffalo, N., 99
Building materials, Nicobars rich in, 205
Bulbul, crested, A., 35
Bumila creek, A., 38
Burial ceremonies. See “Kar Nicobarese

ceremonies and observances":
Burial customs, N., 113, 124
Butterflies, N., 126
CAMPING out in Great Nicobar, 163
Canoe building, N., 160

Decoration, N., 79
Masts, N., 79
Outrigger, N., 54
Paddles, N., 54
Sails, N., 79

Canoe building continued
Buying, ceremonies accompanying, N.,

309
Mishaps, N., 308, 317
Sequel to the loss of a Mūs, 296
Reception of the Mūs racing, after a

death in the village, 299
Processions, N., 251

Offerings, N., 295, 296
Canoes, A., 41 ; N., 53, 54, 60, 79

Custom of feeding, N., 85
Chaura natives middlemen in buying

and selling, 308
“Captains,” N., 58
Casuarina Bay, N., 144, 149, 151
Cattle, semi-wild, N., 47, 74, 75
Caves, Little Nicobar, 126, 127
Cellular jail, A., 21. See “Viper Jail,"

“The Andamanese Penal System"
Cemetery, Kamorta, N., 95
Census, A., 342; N, 350
Ceremonial, decay of, N., 124
Ceremonies and observances. See “Kar

Nicobarese ceremonies and obser-
vances,” “The Andamanese," and

“The Nicobarese"
Chang-ngeh, N., 161
Character of the locally - born young

generation at Port Blair, A., 344
Charms, N., 83, 85, 116, 124, 132, 143
Chaura, 106

Termed Sombrero, 106
Hamilton's Account of the Somerera

Islands, 105
Area, 106
Population, 106

Decrease of, 350
Anchorage, 106
Trade, 106
Monopolies, 107, 308
Pots, io8

Process of making, 107, 108

Nicobarese belief concerning, 107
Pottery kiln, 108
Natives, 106, 308
Believed to be exponents of wizardry,

296
Feeling of Kar Nicobarese towards,

308
Middlemen in canoe buying and

selling, 308
Door mats, 106
Fruit, 106

Extortion of Chaura middlemen, 308
Children, position of, N., 242
Chital, N., 100
Chitt, N., 56
Christian traditions, A., 189
Cinques, the

General topography, 36, 37
Geology, 175

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Cinques, the-continued

Anchorage, 36
Beach formation, 37
Effect of S.W. monsoon, 37
Native camp, 37

Hut, 37
Civilisation, effects of contact with, A., 192
Cleanliness, N., 248
Climate, A., 173 ; N., 205, 206
Cloth, Shom Pen, 145, 146, 219
Coal, N., 204
Cocktail, a new, 89
Coconut oil, mode of extracting, 52

Toddy, 247
Coconuts, mode of obtaining, 139

Carrying, 139

Opening, 63
Coco palms, legendary origin of, N., 230

Peculiarity of, N., 128

Absence of, in Andamans, 172
Cocos Islands, 172
History of an attempt at colonisation,

181, 182
Coiffure. See under names of islands
Colonel Temple, C.C., at Port Blair, A., 21
Commercial occupations, K.N., 318, 319
Communication with Anda mans, 200
Communication and transport, local, N.,

- 253
Convict Settlement on Kamorta, traces of

the old, N., 95
Convicts. See "Port Blair” and “The

Andamanese Penal System"
Cooking-vessel, Shom Peń, 148, 219

A possible origin of pottery, 219
Corai, N., 80

Banks, A, 170; N., 201

Reefs, 16
Courtship, N., 238-240
Crabs, A., 14; N., 55, 62, 70, 129
Crater, interior of the, Barren Island,

12, 13
Creeks, mangrove, N., 80
Crocodile, N., 69
Crossbow accidents, K.N., 317
Crows, A., 17
Cuckoo (Centropus andamanensis), A., 16
Cultivations. See under names of islands
Customs. See under names of islands
Cyclones, A., 174; N., 206
DAGMAR River, N., 149, 153
Dalrymple Bank, 170
Dampier's sojourn on Great Nicobar, 212
Dampier's voyage from Great Nicobar to

Acheen in a canoe, 254
Dampier's “ Voyages,” extract concerning

his escape from the privateer Cygnet of

London, 255, 256, 260-262
Concerning his sojourn in Great Nicobar,

263-267

Dampier's "Voyages"_continued
Concerning his voyage from Great

Nicobar to Acheen, 267-275
Concerning the Nicobars and inhabi-

tants generally, 256, 257
Concerning Great Nicobar and inhabi-

tants, 257-267
Dance music, N., 87
Dances, Nankauri, 87

Kar Nicobar, 289, 309
Dead, converse with the, K.N., 296
Death Ceremony, Kachal, 116

Similar Malay custom, 116

Among the Arafuras, 304
De Röepstorff, F. H., murder of, 96

Deishi, cf. Henta, N. II6
“Devil expelling," N., 64
" Devil-expelling" leares, 303
“ Devils, scare-," N., 83, 85, 124
Dialects. See "Language"
Diseases, A., 40, 187 ; N., 159, 235; S.P.,

145, 152, 220
Disinterment customs, N., 51. See “ Ex-

humation"
Dislike to strangers, K.N., 317
Divorce, N., 237
Dog-hobble, S.P., 144
Domeat, 154
Domestic animals, N., 219, 243 ; S.P., 219

Feeding, 79
Domestic pigeons, K.N., 47
Door mats, Chaura, 106
Drainage, Great Andaman, 169
Dress. See under names of islands
Dring Harbour, N., 98
Drongo, black racquet-tailed (Dissemuroides

andamanensis), A., 30
Duncan Passage, the, A., 36
EARTHQUAKES, A., 176; N., 205

Felt at Kar Nicobar, 205
Eclipses, belief concerning, N., 307

Custom during, 307
Education, effects of, on Andamanese, 187;

on Nicobarese, 57, 59, 89
Eggs, mega podes', N., 70
Electro-plate possessed by Nicobarese, 81

Prices given for, 81
Elevation, possible result of, N., 73
Elpanam, N., 50, 240
Elton, Captain, drowned at Trinkat,

Sambelong, 154
Empress Peak, 120
Enwan-ng'i, K.N., 295
Eruptive cone on Barren Island, 12
Expedition Harbour, 98
Ř eputed headquarters of piratical savages,

98
Exhumation ceremonies, account of, N., 82,

83. See "Disinterment"
Exports, A., 199, 339, 340

« EelmineJätka »