State of Labor in Europe, 1878: Reports from United States Consuls in the Several Countries of Europe on Rates of Wages, Cost of Living to the Laborers, Past and Present Rates, Present Condition of Trade, Business Habits, and Systems, Amount of Paper Money in Circulation, and Its Relative Value to Gold and Silver : for the Several Consular Districts, in Response to a Circular from the Department of State Requesting Information Upon These Subjects ; Together with a Letter from the Secretary of State Transmitting These Reports to the Speaker of the House of Representatives
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1879 - 428 pages
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according agricultural laborers allowed American amount annum average Bank better branches bread capital Carpenters cents cents per day child circulation coal coin condition Consul cost of living daily demand district earn employed employers employés employment England establishments exception factory or workshop five four France Germany give given gold Government habits half hands increase industry inspector interest issue Italy laborers laboring classes land less manufacture marks Masons meals means meat mechanical month named necessaries notes notice o'clock obtained occupier ordinary paper money past period pieces pound present principal provisions railway rates of wages receive referred regard respect rule Scotland showing silver statement town trade United wages paid week weekly women workmen young person
Page 383 - An Act to facilitate the performance of the duties of justices of the peace out of sessions within England and Wales with respect to summary convictions and orders," inclusive of any Acts amending the same.
Page 379 - Act, he shall be entitled upon information duly laid by him to have any other person whom he charges as the actual offender brought before the court at the time appointed for hearing the charge ; and if, after the commission of the offence has been proved, the...
Page 380 - ... conditioned personally to appear at the said sessions, and to try such appeal, and to abide the judgment of the court thereon, and to pay such costs as shall be by the court awarded...
Page 378 - Notices, orders and other such documents under this Act may be in writing or print, or partly in writing and partly in print ; and if the same require authentication by the local authority, the signature thereof by the clerk to the local authority or their surveyor or inspector of nuisances shall be sufficient authentication.
Page 378 - ... by post, shall be deemed to have been served and received respectively at the time when the letter containing the same would be delivered in the ordinary course of post, and in proving such service or sending it shall be sufficient to prove that the letter containing the notice was properly addressed and put into the post.
Page 380 - ... shall proceed against the person whom he believes to be the actual offender in the first instance, without first proceeding against the occupier of the factory or workshop.
Page 370 - ... be provided within a reasonable time ; and if the same is not provided, maintained and used, the factory or workshop shall be deemed not to be kept in conformity with this act.
Page 370 - ... inspector that such inhalation could be to a great extent prevented by the use of a fan or other mechanical means, the inspector may direct a fan or other mechanical means of a proper construction for preventing such inhalation to be provided within a reasonable time.
Page 383 - Court of Summary Jurisdiction " means any justice or justices of the peace, metropolitan police magistrate, stipendiary, or other magistrate or officer, by whatever name called to whom jurisdiction is given by the Summary, Jurisdiction acts, or any acts therein referred to.
Page 374 - The periods of employment (inclusive of meal hours) for any such young person shall not exceed fourteen hours in four separate turns per week, or twelve hours in five separate turns per week, or ten hours in six separate turns per week, or any less number of hours in the accustomed number of separate turns per week, so that such number of turns do not exceed nine ; and...